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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1201 matches for " Ghani Rehman "
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Ghani Rehman,Abdul Qadir Khan,Nadeem Haider Bukhari
Academic Research International , 2012,
Abstract: The present study aims to look into the problems faced by Pashto speakers, while learning English. The study particularly focuses on the pronunciation of English consonants, which are not found inPashto phonemic inventory. It further looks into the role of L1 in the pronunciation of the target English consonants. The study identifies that five English consonants namely, the labio-dental voiceless fricative /f/, the labiodentals voiced fricative /v/, the dental voiceless fricative /θ/, the dentalmvoiced fricative /e/ and the post-alveolar voiced fricative / / are problematic for Pashto speakers.The study further shows that these consonants are replaced by L1 sounds: 1) English labio dental fricative /f, v/ are pronounced as bilabial voiceless stop /p/ and bilabial approximant /w/; 2) Englishdental fricatives /θ, e/ are replaced by dental stops /t , d / ; 3) palatal voiced fricative / / is replaced by palato-alveolar voiced affricate /d /. It is suggested that English language learners with Pashto background should be properly trained to acquire correct English pronunciation.
Towards Semantic Mutation Testing of Aspect-Oriented Programs  [PDF]
Abdul Azim Abdul Ghani
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2013.610A002

Aspect-oriented programs have received much attention from software testing researchers. Various testing techniques and approaches have been proposed to tackle issues and challenges when testing aspect-oriented programs including traditional mutation testing. In traditional mutation testing of aspect-oriented programs, mutants are generated by making small changes to the syntax of the aspect-oriented language. Recently, a new approach known as semantic mutation testing has been proposed. This approach mutates the semantics of the language in which the program is written. The mutants generated misunderstandings of the language which are different classes of faults. Aspect-oriented programming presents itself with different properties that can be further explored with respect to semantic mutation testing. This paper describes various possible scenarios that semantic mutation testing strategy might have particular value in testing aspect-oriented programs.

Thrombocytopenia, an Overlooked Hematological Derangement in Hair Dye Poisoning  [PDF]
Rizwan Naseer, AliRaza Ghani
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2015.48055
Abstract: Thrombocytopenia is a common hematological disorder characterized by abnormally low number of platelets in circulating blood from multiple causes. The fundamental mechanisms involved are: ineffective production of platelets by the bone marrow, accerlated destruction of platelets or platelet splenic sequestration. Hair dye, containing Paraphenyllinediamaine has been linked to allergic reaction, nephrotoxicity, mutagenicity and hematological derangements as anemia. A female showed a clinical spectrum of decreasing platelet count along with anemia due to oral ingestion of hair dye. It is important to consider thrombocytopenia in management plan as it may impact the clinical outcome.
Jovian Problem: Performance of Some High-Order Numerical Integrators  [PDF]
Shafiq Ur Rehman
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2013.33028

N-body simulations of the Sun, the planets, and small celestial bodies are frequently used to model the evolution of the Solar System. Large numbers of numerical integrators for performing such simulations have been developed and used; see, for example, [1,2]. The primary objective of this paper is to analyse and compare the efficiency and the error growth for different numerical integrators. Throughout the paper, the error growth is examined in terms of the global errors in the positions and velocities, and the relative errors in the energy and angular momentum of the system. We performed numerical experiments for the different integrators applied to the Jovian problem over a long interval of duration, as long as one million years, with the local error tolerance ranging from 10-16 to 10-18.

Accuracy and Computational Cost of Interpolation Schemes While Performing N-Body Simulations  [PDF]
Shafiq Ur Rehman
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2014.45037
Abstract: The continuous approximations play a vital role in N-body simulations. We constructed three different types, namely, one-step (cubic and quintic Hermite), two-step, and three-step Hermite interpolation schemes. The continuous approximations obtained by Hermite interpolation schemes and interpolants for ODEX2 and ERKN integrators are discussed in this paper. The primary focus of this paper is to measure the accuracy and computational cost of different types of interpolation schemes for a variety of gravitational problems. The gravitational problems consist of Kepler’s two-body problem and the more realistic problem involving the Sun and four gas-giants—Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. The numerical experiments are performed for the different integrators together with one-step, two-step, and three-step Hermite interpolation schemes, as well as the interpolants.
Redescription of Macrophthalmus (Ventius) latreillei Desmarest, 1822 with a Note on its Identification
Naseem Ghani
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2002,
Abstract: The species Macrophthalmus (Ventius) latreillei (Desmarest, 1822) is described from the Northern Arabian Sea. The species is widespread in the Indian Ocean. Where it is probably endemic. It is described and illustrated for the first time from Pakistan.
Lannywati Ghani
Media of Health Research and Development , 2012,
Abstract: Menopause, especially the symptoms and complications, is always an interesting topic to be discussed. It is actually a normal part of woman's life entering ages of 50. The symptoms of menopause are highly individual to each woman. Some may experience multiple physical and psychological symptoms that may continue to social impacts. Misinterpretation as other disease symptoms could happen and lead to incorrect treatment. Many studies have been done to learn more about the menopause physiological process, symptoms, complication, and treatment. So many preventive and treatment options are offered, including hormone therapy and practicing healthy life style. By understanding the menopause, it is expected that symptoms could be controlled and complications could be avoided. Key words : Woman, Menstrual Period, Menopause, Healthy
Usman Ghani
The Professional Medical Journal , 1995,
Perception of Menopausal Symptoms among Educated versus Non Educated Women by Using Menopausal Rating Scale (MRS)  [PDF]
Syeda Fakhar Batool, Yasmeen Saggu, Mansoor Ghani
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.48063

Background: A cross sectional comparative study was conducted in a well populated city named Rawalpindi, which is located in the Northern part of Pakistan. Objectives: This study was aimed to document the comparison of menopausal-related symptoms among educated and non educated women of Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Methods: MRS was used to measure the intensity of menopausal symptoms. 100 educated and 100 uneducated women were selected for study purpose. Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Military Hospital and Combined Military Hospital were selected as a study setting. Findings: Correlation & Fisher exact test was applied for statistical analysis. The intensity of symptoms reported by Educated women as: sleeping problems (93.0%); heart discomfort (80.0%); hot flushes and sweating (70.0%); joint and muscular pain (52.0); depressive mood (63.0%); irritability (42%); anxiety (60.0%). physical and mental exhaustion; (48.0%); sexual problem (61.0%); dryness of vagina (57.0%); and bladder problem (65.0%). The severity of symptoms in uneducated women; sleeping problems (77.0%); heart discomfort (73.0%); hot flushes (69.0%); joint and muscular pain (66.0); depressive mood (71.0%); irritability (58%); anxiety (80.0%). physical and mental exhaustion (70.0%); sexual problem (66.0%); dryness of vagina (70.0%); and bladder problem (83.0%). Conclusions: Somatic symptoms were high in educated women as compare to uneducated women while the prevalence of psychological and Urogenital symptoms were high in uneducated women as compare to educated women.

Anxiety and Achievement in Statistics: A Systematic Review on Quantitative Studies  [PDF]
Farah Hani Abdul Ghani, Siti Mistima Maat
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.914168
Abstract: Statistics is a challenging course for students and of which is often associated with subsequent concerns that may affect statistical achievement. Therefore, this study aims to identify the relationship between statistical concerns and statistical achievement in the systematic literature review context. This study also identifies the statistical method used in articles relating to the relationship between statistical concerns and statistical achievement. Four electronic databases were used; ERIC, DOAJ, ScienceDirect and Google Scholar. The eligibility of article selection is based on a few criteria that assess the relationship between anxiety and statistical achievement, quantitative research, access and use of Malay and English. 10 articles fulfilled the eligibility selection criteria. Extraction of data is based on the name of the researcher and the year, country, title, sample size, instrument, statistical component of statistical concerns, statistical methods and findings. The findings revealed that most of studies reported statistical concerns negatively affecting statistical achievements either directly or indirectly. Additionally, the findings also reported statistical methods frequently used in the study article were Structural Equation Modeling, correlations of 4 articles using this method followed by regression method, ANCOVA and MANCOVA. The results of this systematic literature survey provide insights of relationship between statistical concerns and statistical achievements. To conclude, educators should consider assessing the method of teaching that they use on students who are facing statistical concerns.
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