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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 483625 matches for " Georgia Garmendía Hernández "
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Propuesta de una metodología de tratamiento en la atención multidisciplinaria del paciente fisurado labio-alveolo-palatino
Garmendía Hernández,Georgia; Felipe Garmendía,ángel Mario; Vila Morales,Dadonim;
Revista Cubana de Estomatolog?-a , 2010,
Abstract: the aim of present paper is to propose a treatment methodology for children maxillofacial surgeons in primary multidisciplinary care for patients presenting with cleft palate to unify the treatment criteria and to systematize the care to this type of patient in our country. a bibliographic review in the internet was carried out in search of original articles approaching this subject matter founding that in some health institutions in mexico, chile, colombia and brazil there are treatment protocols for the multidisciplinary care of cleft palate.
Propuesta de una metodología de tratamiento en la atención multidisciplinaria del paciente fisurado labio-alveolo-palatino Proposal for a treatment methodology in multidisciplinary care of patient presenting with cleft palate
Georgia Garmendía Hernández,ángel Mario Felipe Garmendía,Dadonim Vila Morales
Revista Cubana de Estomatolog?-a , 2010,
Abstract: El presente trabajo tiene como propósito proponer a los cirujanos maxilofaciales dedicados a la cirugía maxilofacial pediátrica una metodología de tratamiento en la atención multidisciplinaria al paciente fisurado labio alveolo palatino, de manera tal que se unifiquen los criterios de tratamiento y sistematice la atención a este tipo de paciente en todo el país. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica en la Internet, en la búsqueda de artículos originales que abordaron esta temática y se encontró que en algunas instituciones de salud en México, Chile, Colombia y Brasil existen protocolos de tratamiento para la atención multidisciplinaria del fisurado labio-alveolo-palatino. The aim of present paper is to propose a treatment methodology for Children Maxillofacial Surgeons in primary multidisciplinary care for patients presenting with cleft palate to unify the treatment criteria and to systematize the care to this type of patient in our country. A bibliographic review in the Internet was carried out in search of original articles approaching this subject matter founding that in some health institutions in Mexico, Chile, Colombia and Brazil there are treatment protocols for the multidisciplinary care of cleft palate.
Aplicación de distracción osteogénica mandibular en ni os con el síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sue o Application of a mandibular osteogenic distraction in children with sleep obstructive apnea
Dadonim Vila Morales,Georgia Garmendía Hernández,ángel Mario Felipe Garmendía,Fausto Suárez Bosch
Revista Cubana de Estomatolog?-a , 2010,
Abstract: Objetivos: mostrar los resultados de los primeros pacientes con síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sue o (SAOS) de tipo periférico esqueletal tratados en nuestro país con osteogénesis por distracción mandibular. Métodos: se trataron 9 pacientes con distracción osteogénica mandibular bilateral, con distractores marca Leibinger y Synthes. El periodo de latencia fue de 72 horas. La tasa de distracción mandibular, a razón de 1,0 mm cada 12 horas y la contención fue de 8 semanas. Luego se inició el tratamiento ortodóncico posquirúrgico. Se evaluaron los resultados a través de polisomnografía y estudios cefalométricos antes de la intervención, luego y al a o del tratamiento. Resultados: el 89 % de los casos fueron curados, el 11 % tuvo mejoría. Dentro de las complicaciones encontradas, el 55 % de los pacientes presentaron limitación temporal de la apertura bucal, que remitió con fisioterapia, y dos pacientes necesitaron traqueostomía con fines anestésicos. Conclusiones: la osteogénesis por distracción mandibular resultó ser un método terapéutico eficaz para el tratamiento del SAOS de tipo periférico, esqueletal. Objectives: to show the results from the first patients presenting with sleep obstructive apnea syndrome (SOAS) of skeletal peripheral type treated in our country with osteogenesis by mandibular distraction. Methods: Nine patients were treated with bilateral mandibular osteogenic distraction using Leibinger and Synthes distraction devices. Latency period was of 72 hours. Mandibular distraction rate at 1,0 mm each 12 hours and restraint was of 8 weeks. Then, postsurgical orthodontics treatment was started. Results were assessed by polysomnography and cephalometry studies before intervention, after it and at a year of treatment. Results: The 89 % of cases had a good recovery, the 11 % showed an improvement. Complications included: a temporary limitation of mouth opening in 55 % disappearing with physiotherapy and two patients needed tracheostomy for anesthetic purposes. Conclusions: Osteogenesis by mandibular distraction was an effective therapeutical method for treatment of peripheral skeletal SOAS.
QUEILONASO Y ESTAFILORRAFIA PRECOZ EN UN TIEMPO QUIRURGICO: RESULTADOS POSTOPERATORIOS. 1990-2006
Garmendía Hernández,Georgia; Felipe Garmendia,Angel Mario; Vila Morales,Dadonim;
Revista Habanera de Ciencias M??dicas , 2008,
Abstract: the combined cleft palate fissures are among the most difficult to treat morph physiological abnormalities. in the last decades, there has been a valuation in whether to treat precociously the soft palate along with the lip with the purpose to obtain better aesthetical and functional results. this investigation has the reason to evaluate the results of the application of palatorrhaphy in patients with cleft lip (plap) or their combinations, who were treated in our service in the last 15 years, regarding: sample presentations, maxillary growth and development, occlusion, phonetic and aesthetic results. a descriptive study was performed in a universe of 207 patients with cleft lip and palate fissures (clpf) that were surgically intervened in our service, the sample was made out of the 122 who were submitted to such technique. the 40,2% of the patients had clpf out of which the 69,4% was unilateral and the rest bilateral. the 56, 5%, isolated non syndromic palate fissure and only the rest were complete. the total of the sample had a normal growth and development. the 97% of the sample were evaluated as aesthetically satisfactory and the 91% was phonetically evaluated as favorable. results speak in favor of this technique for the treatment of these fissures.
QUEILONASO Y ESTAFILORRAFIA PRECOZ EN UN TIEMPO QUIRURGICO: RESULTADOS POSTOPERATORIOS. 1990-2006 Precocious palatorhaphy and staphylorhaphy in one surgical session: Postoperatory results. 1990-2006
Georgia Garmendía Hernández,Angel Mario Felipe Garmendia,Dadonim Vila Morales
Revista Habanera de Ciencias M??dicas , 2008,
Abstract: Las fisuras labio-alveolo-palatina combinadas entre sí, constituyen alteraciones morfofisiológicas y estéticas muy difíciles de tratar. En las últimas décadas se ha valorado la conveniencia de realizar el cierre del paladar blando muy temprano conjuntamente con el cierre del labio con el propósito de obtener mejores resultados estéticos y funcionales. La presente investigación tiene el propósito de evaluar los resultados de la aplicación de Queiloestafilorrafia precoz en los pacientes con fisuras labio-alveolo-palatina (PLAP) o sus combinaciones, tratados en nuestro Servicio, en los últimos 15 a os, en cuanto a: presentación de la muestra, crecimiento y desarrollo maxilar, oclusión, resultados estéticos y foniátricos. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en un universo de 207 pacientes con FLAP operados en nuestro Servicio, cuya muestra la constituyó los 122 que se sometieron a la mencionada técnica. El 40.2% de la muestra presentó FLAP, de los cuales 69.4% fueron unilaterales y el resto bilaterales. El 56.5% presentó Fisura palatina no sindrómica aislada y sólo la mitad de ellas eran completas. La totalidad de la muestra presentó un crecimiento y desarrollo y oclusiones normales. El 97% de la muestra fueron evaluados como estéticamente satisfactorios y el 91% fue evaluado foniátricamente como favorable. EL empleo de la queiloestafilorrafia precoz constituye un abaratamiento para el Estado, del gasto per cápita en pacientes figurados de $ 6 033.25 MN. Los resultados avalan esta técnica como favorable para el tratamiento de las FLAP. The combined cleft palate fissures are among the most difficult to treat morph physiological abnormalities. In the last decades, there has been a valuation in whether to treat precociously the soft palate along with the lip with the purpose to obtain better aesthetical and functional results. This investigation has the reason to evaluate the results of the application of palatorrhaphy in patients with cleft lip (PLAP) or their combinations, who were treated in our service in the last 15 years, regarding: sample presentations, maxillary growth and development, occlusion, phonetic and aesthetic results. A descriptive study was performed in a universe of 207 patients with cleft lip and palate fissures (CLPF) that were surgically intervened in our service, the sample was made out of the 122 who were submitted to such technique. The 40,2% of the patients had CLPF out of which the 69,4% was unilateral and the rest bilateral. The 56, 5%, isolated non syndromic palate fissure and only the rest were complete. The total of the sample had
Aplicación de distracción osteogénica mandibular en ni?os con el síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sue?o
Vila Morales,Dadonim; Garmendía Hernández,Georgia; Garmendía,ángel Mario Felipe; Suárez Bosch,Fausto; Sánchez Cabrales,Ernesto; álvarez Arredondo,Blanca;
Revista Cubana de Estomatolog?-a , 2010,
Abstract: objectives: to show the results from the first patients presenting with sleep obstructive apnea syndrome (soas) of skeletal peripheral type treated in our country with osteogenesis by mandibular distraction. methods: nine patients were treated with bilateral mandibular osteogenic distraction using leibinger and synthes distraction devices. latency period was of 72 hours. mandibular distraction rate at 1,0 mm each 12 hours and restraint was of 8 weeks. then, postsurgical orthodontics treatment was started. results were assessed by polysomnography and cephalometry studies before intervention, after it and at a year of treatment. results: the 89 % of cases had a good recovery, the 11 % showed an improvement. complications included: a temporary limitation of mouth opening in 55 % disappearing with physiotherapy and two patients needed tracheostomy for anesthetic purposes. conclusions: osteogenesis by mandibular distraction was an effective therapeutical method for treatment of peripheral skeletal soas.
Osteogénesis por distracción esquelética maxilomandibular: Análisis de esta novedosa terapéutica
Vila Morales,Dadonim; Garmendía Hernández,Georgina;
Revista Cubana de Estomatolog?-a , 2005,
Abstract: the process of generation of a new bone by lengthening the osteal callus is called osteogenesis by distraction. this process is also applied to bones of the craniofacial skeleton and, specially, to the mandible to treat mandibular defects appearing in different syndromes, such as treacher collins, hemifacial microsomy, pierre robins, obstructive sleeping apnea, and other deformities secondary to ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint and traumas. a bibliographic review of the topic was made. our study of 45 series published showed that the extraoral was the most used type of distractor, that the mandible was the most treated bone, that only 4.4 % of the authors conduct cephalometric studies to evaluate the results, and that partial avulsion of the pins, pain in the tma and limitation to open the mouth were the most frequent complications.
Osteogénesis por distracción esquelética maxilomandibular: Análisis de esta novedosa terapéutica OSTEOGENESIS BY MAXILLOMANDIBULAR SKELETAL DISTRACTION: ANALYSIS OF THIS NOVEL THERAPEUTICS
Dadonim Vila Morales,Georgina Garmendía Hernández
Revista Cubana de Estomatolog?-a , 2005,
Abstract: El proceso de generación de nuevo hueso por estiramiento del callo óseo se denomina osteogénesis por distracción. Este proceso se aplica también a los huesos del macizo craneofacial, y en especial a la mandíbula, para tratar defectos mandibulares que aparecen en diferentes síndromes, como el Treacher Collins, microsomía hemifacial, Pierre Robins, apnea obstructiva del sue o y otras deformidades secundarias a anquilosis de la articulación temporomandibular y traumas. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica del tema. Nuestro estudio de 45 series publicadas arrojó que el tipo de distractor más usado es el extraoral, que el hueso más tratado es la mandíbula, que solo el 4,4 % de los autores realizan estudios cefalométricos para la evaluación de los resultados y que las complicaciones más frecuentes son la avulsión parcial de los pines, dolor en la ATM y limitación de la apertura bucal. The process of generation of a new bone by lengthening the osteal callus is called osteogenesis by distraction. This process is also applied to bones of the craniofacial skeleton and, specially, to the mandible to treat mandibular defects appearing in different syndromes, such as Treacher Collins, hemifacial microsomy, Pierre Robins, obstructive sleeping apnea, and other deformities secondary to ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint and traumas. A bibliographic review of the topic was made. Our study of 45 series published showed that the extraoral was the most used type of distractor, that the mandible was the most treated bone, that only 4.4 % of the authors conduct cephalometric studies to evaluate the results, and that partial avulsion of the pins, pain in the TMA and limitation to open the mouth were the most frequent complications.
Ahogamiento y sumersión accidentales: mortalidad en Cuba, 1987-2002 Accidental drowning and submersion: mortality in Cuba, 1987 - 2002
Mariela Hernández Sánchez,René García Roche,Francisco Valdés Lazo,Georgia Díaz-Pereda Fernández
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología , 2005,
Abstract: Los ahogamientos y sumersiones constituyen la tercera causa de muerte accidental en Cuba. Con el objetivo de identificar el comportamiento de la mortalidad por este tipo de accidente, se hizo un estudio descriptivo de las defunciones por ahogamiento y sumersión ocurridas en el país durante el período 1987-2002. Las fuentes de información fueron las bases de datos de la Dirección Nacional de Estadísticas del Ministerio de Salud Pública y los estimados de población de la Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Las variables recogidas fueron: edad, sexo, causa del accidente, provincia de residencia y poblaciones. Los indicadores calculados: tasas de mortalidad, razón estandarizada de mortalidad y porcentajes. Las tasas de mortalidad por ahogamiento y sumersión accidentales en Cuba variaron de 3,4 x 100 000 habitantes en 1987 a 2,8 en el 2002. Entre las provincias con mayores tasas se destacaron Santiago de Cuba, Las Tunas, Holguín y el Municipio Especial Isla de la Juventud. Las edades más jóvenes y el sexo masculino fueron los más afectados. Todo esto denota la necesidad de fortalecer las medidas para prevenir este tipo de accidente. The drownings and submersions are the third cause of accidental death in Cuba. In order to identify the behavior of mortality from this type of accident, a descriptive study of deaths resulting from drowning and submersion ocurred in Cuba from 1987 to 2002 was made. The sources of information were the databases of the National Division of Statistics of the Ministry of Public Health and the population estimates of the National Office of Statistics. The variables collected were: age, sex, cause of accident, province of residence and populations. The following indicators were calculated: mortality rates, standardized ratio of mortality and percentages. The mortality rates from accidental drowning and submersion in Cuba ranged from 3.4 x 100 000 inhabitants in 1987 to 2.8 in 2002. Santiago de Cuba, Las Tunas, Holguín and the Special Municipality of Isla de la Juventud had the highest rates. The youngest and the males were the most affected. All this shows the need to strengthen the measures to prevent this type of accident.
Ahogamiento y sumersión accidentales: mortalidad en Cuba, 1987-2002
Hernández Sánchez,Mariela; García Roche,René; Valdés Lazo,Francisco; Díaz-Pereda Fernández,Georgia; Ferrer Ferrer,Lillian;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 2005,
Abstract: the drownings and submersions are the third cause of accidental death in cuba. in order to identify the behavior of mortality from this type of accident, a descriptive study of deaths resulting from drowning and submersion ocurred in cuba from 1987 to 2002 was made. the sources of information were the databases of the national division of statistics of the ministry of public health and the population estimates of the national office of statistics. the variables collected were: age, sex, cause of accident, province of residence and populations. the following indicators were calculated: mortality rates, standardized ratio of mortality and percentages. the mortality rates from accidental drowning and submersion in cuba ranged from 3.4 x 100 000 inhabitants in 1987 to 2.8 in 2002. santiago de cuba, las tunas, holguín and the special municipality of isla de la juventud had the highest rates. the youngest and the males were the most affected. all this shows the need to strengthen the measures to prevent this type of accident.
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