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Frecuencia Y Correlación De Obesidad Por índice De Masa Corporal, Circunferencia Abdominal Y Porcentaje De Grasa Corporal En Una Consulta De Medicina Interna De Atención Primaria
Georges Agobian,Salpi Agobian,Luís Eduardo Traviezo Valles
Salud, Arte y Cuidado , 2008,
Abstract: Determine frequency and correlation of obesity by Body mass index (BMI), waistCircumference (WC) and Fat Percentage (Fat%), in the Internal Medicine consultation ofUrban Ambulatory type II Dr Ramón E. Gualdrón of Barquisimeto. Descriptive study in 225patients between 20 and 69 years old, pregnant women were excluded, during the periodSeptember 2006 to July 2007. The BMI [Weight (kg.)/Height (m2)], waist circumference(NHANES III method) and the percentage of fat (skinfold of triceps, abdominal, suprailiacand thigh. Jackson and Pollock equation and classified by the Institute for Aerobics Researchof Dallas standards. With SPSS 11.5 determine for qualitative variables Chi2 for qualitativevariables for test of independent samples considering statistical significant with p < 0.05 andthe Kendall coefficient for association considering statisticalsignificant with p < 0.01. Thirty-seven percent presented obesity by BMI, 72% presentedabdominal obesity and 63% percentage of corporal fat in the poor and very poor category.Female demonstrate greater percentage of obesity by BMI and abdominal sex being statisticalsignificant. These results show a light association between both BMI and WC and Fat%considering statistical significant. Exists a high frequency of obesity in this primary caresetting of Internal Medicine consultation and BMI, WC and fat% were a light associatedconsidering statistical significant
Predominio de Blastocystis hominis sobre otros enteroparásitos en pacientes del municipio Palavecino, estado Lara, Venezuela
Traviezo Valles,Luis Eduardo; Triolo Mieses,María; Agobian,Georges;
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical , 2006,
Abstract: from january 2000 to january 2004, the frequency of enteroparasites was determined in 3 060 patients (1 356 males and 1 704 females) aged one month to95 years, who came from cabudane (urban area) 10° 02′10′′ nl - 69° 15′41′′ wl and from agua viva(periurban area) 10° 02′ nl- 69° 17′wl, in palavecino municipality located in the state of lara, venezuela. a cross-sectional descriptive study was applied in this zone characterized by semi-arid warm climate and tropical dry forest-type vegetation. a coproparasitological study was performed through direct examination (0,85% saline solution and lugol) and kato′s concentrate techniques. this study detected 1 439 infected people (47%) where blastocytis hominis was the most frequent parasite with 842 individuals (27,5%), followed by endolimax nana (9,1%),entamoeba coli (8,8%), giardia lamblia (6,5%), entamoeba histolytica (3,8%), iodamoeba butschilii (2%), pentatrichomonas hominis(0,9%), chilomastix mesnili (0,5%), dientamoeba fragilis (0,4%), balantidium coli(0,03%), ascaris lumbricoides (3,7%), trichuris trichiura(3%), hymenolepis nana(0,3%),enterobius vermicularis (0,1%),strongyloides stercoralis (0,03%) and ancylostomideos (0,03%).
Predominio de Blastocystis hominis sobre otros enteroparásitos en pacientes del municipio Palavecino, estado Lara, Venezuela Predominance of Blastocystis hominis over other enteroparasites in patients from Palavecino municipality, State of Lara, Venezuela
Luis Eduardo Traviezo Valles,María Triolo Mieses,Georges Agobian
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical , 2006,
Abstract: Se determinó, entre enero de 2000 a enero de 2004 la frecuencia de enteroparásitos en 3 060 pacientes (1 356 masculinos y 1 704 femeninos) con edades comprendidas entre 1 mes y 95 a os, procedentes de las poblaciones de Cabudare (zona urbana) 10o 02' 10'' LN - 69o 15' 41'' LO y de Agua Viva (zona periurbana) 10o 02' LN - 69o 17' LO, ambas pertenecientes al municipio Palavecino del estado Lara, Venezuela, con un clima semiárido, cálido y una vegetación de tipo bosque seco tropical, donde se aplicó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal. Se realizó un estudio coproparasitológico utilizando las técnicas de examen directo (solución salina 0,85 % y lugol) y el concentrado de Kato, detectándose 1 439 infectados (47 %) donde Blastocystis hominis fue el parásito más abundante con 842 individuos infectados (27,5 %), seguido de Endolimax nana (9,1 %), Entamoeba coli (8,8 %), Giardia lamblia (6,5 %), Entamoeba histolytica (3,8 %), Iodamoeba butschlii (2 %), Pentatrichomonas hominis (0,9 %), Chilomastix mesnili (0,5 %), Dientamoeba fragilis (0,4 %), Balantidium coli (0,03 %), Ascaris lumbricoides (3,7 %), Trichuris trichiura (3 %), Hymenolepis nana (0,3 %), Enterobius vermicularis (0,1 %), Strongyloides stercoralis (0,03 %) y Ancylostomideos ( 0,03 %). From January 2000 to January 2004, the frequency of enteroparasites was determined in 3 060 patients (1 356 males and 1 704 females) aged one month to95 years, who came from Cabudane (urban area) 10° 02′10′′ NL - 69° 15′41′′ WL and from Agua Viva(periurban area) 10° 02′ NL- 69° 17′WL, in Palavecino municipality located in the state of Lara, Venezuela. A cross-sectional descriptive study was applied in this zone characterized by semi-arid warm climate and tropical dry forest-type vegetation. A coproparasitological study was performed through direct examination (0,85% saline solution and lugol) and Kato′s concentrate techniques. This study detected 1 439 infected people (47%) where Blastocytis hominis was the most frequent parasite with 842 individuals (27,5%), followed by Endolimax nana (9,1%),Entamoeba coli (8,8%), Giardia lamblia (6,5%), Entamoeba histolytica (3,8%), Iodamoeba butschilii (2%), Pentatrichomonas hominis(0,9%), Chilomastix mesnili (0,5%), Dientamoeba fragilis (0,4%), Balantidium coli(0,03%), Ascaris lumbricoides (3,7%), Trichuris trichiura(3%), Hymenolepis nana(0,3%),Enterobius vermicularis (0,1%),Strongyloides stercoralis (0,03%) and Ancylostomideos (0,03%).
DETECCIóN DEL VIRUS DEL PAPILOMA HUMANO MEDIANTE CITOLOGíA URETRAL EN PACIENTES MASCULINOS DEL ESTADO LARA
Agobian Georges,Valderrama Elvis,Prieto María,Ramones ángel
Salud, Arte y Cuidado , 2011,
Abstract: In order to determine urethral cytology findings of HPV in male patients of program Sexually Transmitted Infections of Lara state and identify the exposure to risk factors for transmission of this virus. We performed a descriptive sectional study, no probabilistic sample accidental of 94 individuals over 20 years of age during the period September-November 2009, also applied a structured questionnaire with closed questions, the data were processed using SPSS 11.5 for Windows, represented in absolute values and percentages. The frequency of positive findings consistent with HPV in urethral cytology was 14.89%. Among the risk factors studied with findings consistent with HPV urethral cytology found, history of sex with partner carriers of warts, cytology or biopsy positive for HPV with 28.57%, age of first intercourse less than 16 years with 19.05%, ≥ 10 sexual partners with 18.18%, occasional use of condoms, with 16.67%, 16.36% with smoking, contact with sex workers 10.00%. Patients with findings consistent with HPV cytology urethral papillomas showed 64.29%, as 62.50% with urethral cytology negative. It was concluded that the diagnosis of HPV in addition to the urethral smear necessary the application of other complementary research methods.
NIVEL DE CONOCIMIENTO SOBRE INFECCIONES DE TRANSMISIóN SEXUAL EN ESTUDIANTES DEL LICEO BOLIVARIANO “RAFAEL MONASTERIOS” DE BARQUISIMETO
Georges Agobian,Lisett Alfonzo,Verónica Alvarado,José Cordero
Salud, Arte y Cuidado , 2008,
Abstract: The level of knowledge was established on Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) before andafter the application of an educational workshop and the principal source of information amonghigh school students of the Lyceum Bolivariano "Rafael Monasterios" of Barquisimeto, in thelast four-month of 2007, with a study of quasi-experimental type, with accidental sampling of48 students of a population of 237, applying a survey constructed with closed questions ofsimple selection. Obtaining that 8,33% of the participants corresponded to the satisfactorycategory before the workshop and later to the same one it increased to 62,50%. As for thechangeable age appreciated that the level of knowledge increased considerably in all the groupsafter the application of the workshop. With regard to the sex, both in the feminine and in themasculine, the percentage of the participants who were located in the satisfactory categoryincreased notably later to the workshop, being more evident in the feminine sex. On havingevaluated the topics on generalities, mechanisms of transmission and methods of prevention ofthe STI, one thought that before the workshop the level of knowledge was satisfactory in56,25%, 12,50% and 25% respectively and after the same one the percentages obtained for thesame category were 93,75%, 66,67% and 60,41%. The parents constituted the principal sourceof information, followed by the teachers. This study constitutes a contribution to provide basesthat they contribute to the strengthening of the educational existing programs on the STIdirected the teenagers.
Ensuring Effectiveness of Economic and Monetary Policies through Considering Economic Schools of Thought: Lebanon 1990-2010  [PDF]
Georges N. Nehme
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.24020
Abstract: Decision makers and executives should have a macroeconomic approach in planning and fixing economic and monetary policies for their countries. A national economy should be considered as a system including three interdependent markets: Financial market, Labor market, and Goods and Services market. Any attempt to practice an economic or monetary policy emphasizing on one or two of these markets and neglecting the third will lead to public debts, high unemployment and/or inflation rates. This neglect will also increase the financial crises risk especially for developing countries. These developing countries are suffering from being not able to apply liberal policies, compete in the international multilateral trade system, and benefit from globalization. Why Lebanese government is still insisting on applying liberal policies, high tax rate, low government expenses and investments, fixed exchange rate, and high interest rate? Is it reasonable and possible to have a developed financial market with bank deposits equaling three times the Lebanese GDP, and at the same time, a very weak labor and goods and services markets characterized by 18% unemployment rate and a very low consumers’ purchasing power? How does Lebanon have a huge public debt equaling twice its national GDP and be considered by the IMF as the fourth country in economic growth progression in the region? Why not considering Mundell’s incompatibility triangle and Kaldor’s magic square to analyze this critical economic situation? Is switching from a currency board to a forward-looking crawling PEG one of the factors to break this vicious circle?
Competitive Advantage of Nations and Multilateral Trade System: How Can Lebanon Benefit from Trade Liberalization without Enhancing Its Strategic Industries?  [PDF]
Georges N. Nehme, Eliane Nehme
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.24023
Abstract: International trade theories explain the advantage of nations to adopt a liberal trade model and to participate in the multilateral trade system via liberalizing their systems by eliminating trade quotas, tariff barriers and other forms of protectionism. The influence of international institutions on trade flow, mainly the World Trade Organization (WTO), has been important. The WTO contributed by helping and advising governments so that they would benefit from multilateral agreements by granting preferential treatments for developing countries joining the institution, and making them learn from other countries’ experiences in the accession process. Both liberalizing and protecting local production have advantages and weaknesses; how do existing theories about trade policy explain this landscape? Liberalizing the economy proved to be beneficial for some countries, while others suffered from distasting consequences on domestic production, employment and purchasing power. Some researches explained that large-scale changes in political institutions, especially in the direction of democracy, may be necessary for the kind of massive trade liberalization that has occurred. Changes in preferences cannot be overlooked in some economies while explaining the rush to free trade. The reciprocal impact of trade on domestic policies and the international political system is important. Analyzing the hypotheses about nation’s competitiveness and its dependence on the capacity of its industry to innovate and upgrade deems indispensable. This paper will be testing the relevancy from applying Michael Porter’s diamonds theory and the Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson model on developing economies, mainly Lebanon, in order to gain national competitive advantages while having strong regional and international rivals. Do companies gain advantage against the world’s best competitors because of pressure and challenges? Lebanese productive companies are suffering from lack of competitiveness because of weak governmental support and absence of public planning to enhance strategic industries by developing a strong flexible export based model. With a 2.6 billons dollars deficit of its balance of payment, how can Lebanese government join the WTO and liberalize its trade system while avoiding its negative impact on national and social prosperity?
From the Search for a Molecular Code of Memory to the Role of Neurotransmitters: A Historical Perspective
Georges Chapouthier
Neural Plasticity , 2004, DOI: 10.1155/np.2004.151
Abstract: The history of the neurochemistry of mnesic processes can be divided into two main periods: the first (1946-1978) was inspired by the results of molecular genetics, providing evidence for storage of hereditary information in the DNA of genes. Therefore, the chemical bases for memory were investigated in the macromolecules of the brain. Such attempts were relatively unsuccessful, which led to a second period (starting in 1978) with the research emphasizing, in a less ambitious way, the role of the molecular correlates of mnesic processes, in particular in the main transmitter systems of the brain.
Impact of 2004 Tsunami in the Islands of Indian Ocean: Lessons Learned
Georges Ramalanjaona
Emergency Medicine International , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/920813
Abstract: Tsunami of 2004, caused by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake, is the most devastating tsunami in modern times, affecting 18 countries in Southeast Asia and Southern Africa, killing more than 250,000 people in a single day, and leaving more than 1.7 million homeless. However, less reported, albeit real, is its impact in the islands of the Indian Ocean more than 1,000 miles away from its epicenter. This is the first peer-reviewed paper on the 2004 tsunami events specifically in the eleven nations bordering the Indian Ocean, as they constitute a region at risk, due to the presence of tectonic interactive plate, absence of a tsunami warning system in the Indian Ocean, and lack established communication network providing timely information to that region. Our paper has a dual objective: the first objective is to report the 2004 tsunami event in relation to the 11 nations bordering the Indian Ocean. The second one is to elaborate on lessons learned from it from national, regional, and international disaster management programs to prevent such devastating consequences of tsunami from occurring again in the future. 1. Introduction Tsunami is a series of ocean waves typically caused by large undersea earthquakes or volcano eruptions at tectonic plate boundaries. These surges of water may reach 100 feet and cause widespread destruction when they crash ashore. They race across the sea at a speed up to 500 miles per hour and cross the entire Pacific Ocean in less than one day. Their long wavelength means that they lose very little energy along the way. Tsunami of December 2004, caused by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake, is the most infamous tsunami of modern times with disastrous consequences in many areas [1](i)humanitarian toll: it affected more than 18 countries from Southeast Asia to Southern Africa, killing more than 250,000 people in a single day and leaving more than one million homeless,(ii)economic toll: it left several million of dollars of economic loss affecting fishing and tourist industries,(iii)environmental and medical threats including water pollution and flooding and endemic diseases. The rationale for writing this paper is to report the tsunami events in the eleven nations bordering the Indian Ocean, as they received less publicity than their Southeast Asian countries counterpart although the 2004 tsunami had real humanitarian, economic, and environmental impact in these regions more than 1,000 miles away from the epicenter [2]. Furthermore, these regions are at risk from the devastating effects of future tsunami due to the presence of a tectonic interactive
Estrategias de comunicación y marketing urbano
Benko,Georges;
EURE (Santiago) , 2000, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612000007900004
Abstract: territorial marketing is an ancient phenomenon, but since the 1980?s, it has intensified. rivalry and competition between cities and regions are clearly put at the fore. this renewal of communication strategies has economic and social foundations: globalization and widening of competition; the local as a social and economic phenomenon; the fast evolution of communication; and, finally, the evolution of marketing itself. this article analyses this new field of study, linked to the representation of space, and its methods
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