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OALib Journal期刊

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Analysis and Assessment of Flora and Fauna in the Southern Part of Albania
Albina SINANI,Gentian RUSPI,Jostina DHIMITRI
Journal of Settlements and Spatial Planning , 2011,
Abstract: The forest flora is the most marvellous wreath and ornament of the earth ecosystem in the region of Gjirokastra. It is the greatest earthbound potential because it protects the ground and the water, it improves the microclimate, it protects the agricultural crops, it favours tourism, hunting and re-creation activities. It charms the environment after all. The ecosystem of Gjirokastra region has been changing a lot for the last 50 years as a result of wide historical, socio-economic, political and demographical factors, which in return have helped in its latest physiognomy. The fulfilment of social and economic needs of the community should be realized within the product boundary of forest ecosystem and the protection of their biological potential. The multifunctional, sustainable and integrated use of forests is exceptionally necessary; the forests are the only biotype, able to realize the dynamic development of ecosystem, which actually is exposed to danger. The existence of original and untrodden forests is of a great importance.
The International Court of Justice and applied forms of reparation for international human rights and humanitarian law violations
Gentian Zyberi
Utrecht Law Review , 2011,
Abstract: The International Court of Justice has contributed significantly to developing and interpreting different legal aspects concerning reparations which are due to states or individuals for internationally wrongful acts committed against them. This paper will analyze a number of decisions by this Court that provide for either state or individual reparations for violations of international human rights and humanitarian law. That analysis is structured according to the four types of reparations applied in the relevant decisions, notably restitution, compensation, satisfaction and guarantees of non-repetition. Although these decisions generally provide a limited discussion on the implementation or specific modalities of reparations, the fundamental rules and principles of the applicable types of reparations establish legal obligations vis-à-vis states, or natural and legal persons affected by such violations.
Book Review: Aidan Hehir, Humanitarian Intervention (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009)
Gentian Zyberi
Merkourios : Utrecht Journal of International and European Law , 2011,
Abstract:
Hypercomputation: Towards an extension of the classical notion of Computability?
Gentian Kasa
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: The purpose of this thesis is to make an analysis of the concept of Hypercomputation and of some hypermachines. This thesis is separated in three main parts. We start in the first chapter with an analysis of the concept of Classical Computability with the Turing Machine and the Church-Turing thesis as a main reference and afterwards, in the second chapter, we continue with an analysis of hypercomputation and some hypermachines. Attention is given to the possible physical realization of these machines and their usefulness. In the third chapter a superficial introduction to Quantum Computing is made and a brief analysis to a quantum hypercomputational model, Tien D. Kieu's Adiabatic Quantum Computing.
Inapplicability of advance directives in a paternalistic setting: the case of a post-communist health system
Gentian Vyshka, Jera Kruja
BMC Medical Ethics , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6939-12-12
Abstract: The question of 'medically futile' interventions and pointless life-prolonging treatment has been discussed by several authors. Dutch physicians call such interventions 'medisch zinloos' (senseless), and the Netherlands, as one of the first states to legislate on end-of-life situations, actually regulates such issues through appropriate laws. In contrast, leaving an 'advance directive' is not a viable option for Albanian ailing individuals of advanced age. Verbal requests are provided during periods of mental competence, but unfortunately such instructions are rarely taken seriously, and none of them has ever been upheld in a legal or other official forum.End-of-life decisions, treatment refusal and do-not-resuscitate policies are hazardous options in Albania, from the legal point of view. Complying with them involves significant risk on the part of the physician. Culturally, the application of such instructions is influenced from a mixture of religious beliefs, death coping-behaviors and an immense confusion concerning the role of proxies as decision-makers. Nevertheless, Albanian tradition is familiar with the notion of 'amanet', a sort of living will that mainly deals the property and inheritance issues. Such living wills, verbally transmitted, may in certain cases include advance directives regarding end-of-life decisions of the patient including refusal or termination of futile medical treatments. Since these living wills are never formally and legally validated, their application is impossible and treatment refusal remains still non practicable. Tricks to avoid institutional treatment under desperate conditions are used, aiming to provide legal coverage for medical teams and relatives that in extreme situations comply with the advice of withholding senseless treatment.Until a few decades ago the application of a paternalistic philosophy in the state-run medical health system was normal practice in Albania. Decisions by the medical staff were rarely, if ever, d
Death rituals in Albania: an anthropological review
VYSHKA GENTIAN,?IPI BARDHYL
Antrocom : Online Journal of Anthropology , 2010,
Abstract: The structure of death rituals differs consistently amongregions of Albania. The death ritual contains very strongpatriarchal features in the Northern part of the country; insouthern regions (next to the seashore) and in Albaniancommunities living elsewhere in the Mediterranean basin, thefeatures are more animistic; the females playing an importantrole in grief proclamation, suggesting a more matriarchalorientedritual organization. The wailing of men in the northernAlbania, the so-called gjama, is an organized ritual of cryingfor the dead person, and till recently it has been accompaniedwith self-punishing behaviors such as face scratching etc. Thewailing of women is acceptable and codified as well in thenorthern areas (the so-called wailing of milk). A differentsituation, probably related to the social organization and to thegender role of females, is apparent in southern Albania. Thedeath rituals hereby are mainly accompanied from the socalled“kuja”, (wailing through words) more impressive andloquacious than the northern masculine “gjama”. Similaritieswith Greek and Hellenic rituals (“Thrênos” and “Go s”) aresuggested; probably embedding multiple cross-acting andinter-related influences.
Carpal tunnel syndrome: Diagnosis and surgical treatment  [PDF]
Faton Morina, Cen Bytyqi, Aziz Mustafa, Gentian Morina
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.44035
Abstract: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a compressive idiopathic neuropathy, most commonly affecting the median nerve in the upper extremity. CTS have high prevalence, with up to 70% of cases in women aged between 45 and 60 years. Typical manifestations of CTS are numbness of the index and middle fingers, which also become painful and cause the patient to awaken from sleep. In the period from January 2008 to October 2011 at the Orthopedics Clinic of the University of Kosovo, surgery for decompression of the median nerve was performed for 32 patients with CTS. The patients had an average age of 49.1 years. After surgery, 81.25% of the patients experienced complete improvement, whereas partial improvements were noted in 18.75% of the patients. This treatment is easy and feasible, has high efficiency, can be performed under local anaesthesia, and confers improvements in terms of return to daily activities, with low risk of complications or relapse.
Placenta increta causing hemoperitoneum in the 26th week of pregnancy: a case report
Gentian Vyshka, Nuredin ?apari, Elmas Shaqiri
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-4-412
Abstract: A 34-year-old Caucasian Albanian woman, gravida 2, para 1, was admitted to the emergency department of our hospital for acute abdominal pain associated with profound secondary anemia. An anatomopathological diagnosis of placenta increta destruens was made. An urgent hysterectomy was performed after resuscitation procedures, applied due to the severe anemia and the abdominal drama accompanying the case. Intra-operatively, a uterus-saving procedure was found to be impossible, and hysterectomy remained the only surgical option. The uterine structures were sent for further microscopic evaluation. On histological examination, deep trophoblastic infiltration of the uterine wall was observed, justifying the surgeon's decision. Our patient received blood transfusions and antibiotics. Her sutures were removed on the eighth postoperative day and she was discharged the following day in a stable condition.This case, describing a patient with uterine rupture and massive hemorrhage, illustrates a serious and potentially fatal complication of placenta previa. In such cases, surgery is essential, and hysterectomy may be the only viable option.Placenta increta is a serious complication of pregnancy. It is characterized by entire or partial absence of the decidua basalis, and by the incomplete development of the fibrinoid (Nitabuch's) layer. Although it is considered a rare occurrence with a prevalence of approximately 1 in 2500-7000, it is associated with high morbidity and sometimes with a lethal outcome, mainly as a result of severe bleeding, uterine rupture and infections [1].Correlations have been suggested with placenta previa, previous uterine curettage, previous cesarean sections, multiparity (six or more pregnancies), and advanced maternal age [2]. The precise etiology of this condition remains unclear.A 34-year-old Caucasian Albanian woman was admitted during the 26th week of her second pregnancy for severe anemia and diffuse abdominal pain, and with the suspicion of uterin
Genetic diversity revealed by AFLP markers in Albanian goat breeds
Hoda Anila,Sena Lumturi,Hykaj Gentian
Archives of Biological Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/abs1202799h
Abstract: The amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) technique with three EcoRI/TaqI primer combinations was used in 185 unrelated individuals, representative of 6 local goat breeds of Albania, and 107 markers were generated. The mean Nei’s expected heterozygosity value for the whole population was 0.199 and the mean Shannon index was 0.249, indicating a high level of within-breed diversity. Wright’s FST index, Nei’s unbiased genetic distance and Reynolds’ genetic distance were calculated. Pairwise Fst values among the populations ranged from 0.019 to 0.047. A highly significant average FST of 0.031 was estimated, showing a low level of breed subdivision. Most of the variation is accounted for by differences among individuals. Cluster analysis based on Reynolds’ genetic distance between breeds and PCA were performed. An individual UPGMA tree based on Jaccard’s similarity index showed clusters with individuals from all goat breeds. Analysis of population structure points to a high level of admixture among breeds.
A simple apparatus for measuring the blood urea, manufactured by Dr. Luigj Benusi in 1943 in Albania
Flamur Tartari,Stiliano Buzo,Gentian Vyshka
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine , 2009,
Abstract: The apparatus invented by Dr. Luigj Benusi in 1943, in Tirana, was a practical application of the Kowarsky technique and Ambard laws, helping in determining blood urea levels and very important to a variety of diseases, mainly kidney disorders.The apparatus was invented and prepared from very simple laboratory materials, such as glasses, test tubes, corks and volumetric cylinders. Technologically, it was based upon the determination of blood urea through hypobromite, and, among the advantages of the apparatus of Benusi, were its extreme simplicity, the smaller amount of blood needed for producing results (2 milliliters), as well as an easiest way to clean up and to manage the apparatus from a practical point of everyday use.
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