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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 29108 matches for " Gary Yia Lee "
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The Shaping of Traditions: Agriculture and Hmong Society
Gary Yia Lee
Hmong Studies Journal , 2006,
Abstract: This article argues that throughout Hmong history, Hmong agriculture and the associated economic system have been determining forces affecting and giving rise to many social customs and religiousbeliefs. The paper provides numerous historical and contemporary examples of how Hmong agriculture practices in Asia have shaped important aspects of Hmong culture and religious beliefs.
Cultural Identity In Post-Modern Society: Reflections on What is a Hmong?
Gary Yia Lee
Hmong Studies Journal , 1996,
Abstract: There is no easy answer to the question of what constitutes the cultural identity of a person or human group. When is someone a Hmong and what are the characteristics of such a person? How is this personal identity moulded into a shared image at the group level? Some may say that there is such a thing as a true Hmong, but many others will argue that there is no such a person today when many Hmong have been assimilated into the local cultures and languages ofthe majority societies in which they now live in China, Southeast Asia or in the West.To grapple with this issue, I will take a dialectic approach which will attempt to arrive at what is considered true by eliminating differences and by synthesising common grounds or potentialsimilarities. I will begin by looking at different concepts from a collective perspective, followed by a similar examination at the personal level focusing on what I regard as being the majorcharacteristics of the Hmong as individuals and as a people. I will then draw my conclusion in the light of the Hmong's diaspora and the globalisation of their contacts today.
Diaspora and the Predicament of Origins: Interrogating Hmong Postcolonial History and Identity
Gary Yia Lee
Hmong Studies Journal , 2008,
Abstract: This paper examines two basic issues that have been of major concern to the Hmong in the diaspora: (1). What is their historical and geographic origin; and (2) are the Hmong part of the Miao nationality in China, and should they accept being known under this generic name?There have been many theories about where the Hmong originally came from, ranging from Mesopotamia in the Middle East during Biblical times, the North Pole, Siberia, to Mongolia and China. This paper consolidates these many propositions with their supporting evidence, and draws its own surprising conclusion as to the real location of the original homeland of the Hmong. Depending on what they regard as their origin and which history they wish to be aligned with, the Hmong may have to reconsider being known as Miao or Meo, a name which most have vehemently rejected because of its derogatory connotation, especially among the more politically conscious Hmong now living in Western countries.
Interlayer exchange coupling in Fe/Cr multilayers
L. Tsetseris,Byungchan Lee,Yia-Chung Chang
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.55.11586
Abstract: We investigate the origin of the long period oscillation of the interlayer exchange coupling in Fe/Cr trilayer systems. Within the stationary phase approximation the periods of the oscillations are associated with extremal vectors of the Fermi sphere of Cr. Using a realistic tight-binding model with spin-orbit interaction we calculate the coupling strength for each extremal vector based on the spin-asymmetry of the reflection amplitude for a propagating state impinging from the Cr to Fe layer. We find that for (001) and (110) growth direction the biggest coupling strength comes from the extremal vector centered at the ellipsoid N of the Fermi surface of Cr.
Haciendo científicos e ingenieros para propósitos nacionales en usa: desde la guerra fría hasta la competitividad económica
Juan Lucena,Gary Lee
Historia Crítica , 1995,
Dreaming Across the Oceans: Globalization and Cultural Reinvention in the Hmong Diaspora
Gary Y. Lee
Hmong Studies Journal , 2007,
Abstract: The Hmong in Laos did not have any commercially produced media until after 1975 when 200,000 of them became refugees and were resettled in Western countries. Since then, they have produced many Hmong music cassettes, video documentaries and movies in America, Laos and Thailand for the eager consumption of the older members of the Hmong diaspora. These modern songs and videos often allude to aspects of Hmong life and culture in Asia which are missing in the new life in the West. This emphasis on "images' and texts from the past arises from a deep nostalgia for the homeland, the trauma of war and their relatively recent forced departure, guilt over those left behind,access to capital and modern media technology, and more importantly a world-wide market. It is argued that these moving video images and new singing voices constitute a form of cultural reinvention that connects the Hmong together as a global community, and brings them a new changing identity, a new level of transnational group consciousness both in the diaspora and in the homeland.
Comparison of Multimodality Image-Based Volumes in Preclinical Tumor Models Using In-Air Micro-CT Image Volume as Reference Tumor Volume  [PDF]
Yongsook C. Lee, Gary D. Fullerton, Beth A. Goins
Open Journal of Medical Imaging (OJMI) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojmi.2015.53016
Abstract: Purpose: Changes in tumor volume are used for therapy response monitoring in preclinical studies. Unlike prior studies, this article introduces in-air micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) image volume as reference tumor volume in rodent tumor models. Tumor volumes determined using imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), micro-CT and ultrasound (US), and with an external caliper are compared with the reference tumor volume. Materials and Methods: In vivo MR, US and micro-CT imaging was performed 4, 6, 9, 11 and 13 days after tumor cell inoculation into nude rats. On the day of the imaging study, in vivo caliper measurements were also made. After in vivo imaging, tumors were excised followed by in-air micro-CT imaging and ex vivo caliper measurements of excised tumors. The in-air micro-CT image volume of excised tumors was determined as reference tumor volume. Then tumor volumes were calculated using formula V = (π/6) × a × b × c, where a, b and c are maximum diameters in three perpendicular dimensions determined by the three image modalities and caliper, and compared with reference tumor volume by linear regression analysis as well as Bland-Altman plots. Results: The correlation coefficients (R2) of the regression lines for in vivo tumor volumes measured by the three imaging modalities were 0.9939, 0.9669 and 0.9806 for MRI, US and micro-CT respectively. For caliper measurements, the coefficients were 0.9274 and 0.9819 for caliperin vivo and caliperex vivo respectively. In Bland-Altman plots, the average of tumor volume difference from reference tumor volume (bias) was significant for caliper and micro-CT, but not for MRI and US. Conclusion: Using the in-air micro-CT image volume as reference tumor volume, tumor volume measured by MRI was the most accurate among the three imaging modalities. In vivo caliper volume measurements showed unreliability while ex vivo caliper measurements reduced errors.
Nurse staffing, direct nursing care hours and patient mortality in Taiwan: the longitudinal analysis of hospital nurse staffing and patient outcome study
Yia-Wun Liang, Wen-Yi Chen, Jwo-Leun Lee, Li-Chi Huang
BMC Health Services Research , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-12-44
Abstract: Through stratified random sampling, a total of 108 wards selected from 32 hospitals in Taiwan were collected over a consecutive seven month period. The mixed effect logit model was used to explore the relationship between nurse staffing and patient mortality.The medians of direct-nursing-care-hour, and nurse manpower were 2.52 h, and 378 persons, respectively. The OR for death between the long direct-nursing-care-hour (> median) group and the short direct-nursing-care-hour (≦median) group was 0.393 (95% CI = [0.245, 0.617]). The OR for death between the high (> median) and the low (≦median) nurse manpower groups was 0.589 (95% CI = [0.381, 0.911]).Findings from this study demonstrate an association of nurse staffing and patient mortality and are consistent with findings from similar studies. These findings have policy implications for strengthening the nursing profession, nurse staffing, and the hospital quality associated with nursing. Additional research is necessary to demonstrate adequate nurse staffing ratios of different wards in Taiwan.The Institute of Medicine's (IOM) report "Keeping Patients Safe: Transforming the Work Environment of Nurses" indicates that low nurse staffing in hospitals is one of the causes contributing to 98,000 preventable deaths each year in the United States [1]. Physicians have also cited inadequate nurse staffing as a major impediment to providing high quality hospital care [2]. Because of an aging nurse workforce, problems with retention and difficulty with recruiting young people into the field, coupled with the severe nursing shortage seemingly will continue to exist in the U.S. [3]. Furthermore, the U.S. nursing shortage is projected to grow to 260,000 registered nurses (RN) by 2025. A shortage of this magnitude would be twice as large as any nursing shortage experienced in U.S. since the mid-1960s [4]. A large majority of hospitals in Taiwan are also short of nurses and the nurses shortage has been especially serious in recent y
Monodromy of plane curves and quasi-ordinary surfaces
Gary Kennedy,Lee J. McEwan
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: We develop recursive formulas for the horizontal and vertical monodromies of a quasi-ordinary surface. These are monodromies associated to the Milnor fiber of a slice transverse to a component of the singular locus. In the course of working out these recursions, we have discovered what appears to be a new way to express the monodromy associated to the Milnor fibration of a singular plane curve.
26th Annual San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, San Antonio, Texas, USA, 3–6 December 2003: update on preclinical and translational research
Adrian V Lee, Gary Chamness, Steffi Oesterreich
Breast Cancer Research , 2004, DOI: 10.1186/bcr758
Abstract: The 26th Annual San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium was held in San Antonio, Texas on 3–6 December 2003. Over the past 26 years this meeting has evolved into the largest conference in the world devoted solely to breast cancer research. This year there were more than 700 abstract presentations, from 6000 attendees representing 80 countries. This not only included physicians and scientists who presented the newest information on prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of breast cancer, but also included breast cancer patient advocates. In the spirit of the late William L McGuire, who co-founded this symposium with Charles A Coltman Jr in 1978, cellular and molecular biology with translational potential was presented, and the highlights will now be discussed.The meeting was opened by a plenary lecture on stem cells in normal breast development and breast cancer by Max Wicha (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA). Wicha pointed out that many features of stem cells are also shared with breast cancer cells, including the ability to self renew and differentiate, telomerase activity, resistance to damaging agents, and anchorage-independent growth and survival (abstract P1 [1]).Wicha has developed a new in vitro culture system allowing the propagation of putative stem cells from normal breast tissue [2]. In this situation, cells grow in perfect spheroids, termed mammospheres, and show the two classic features of stem cells: the ability both to self renew and to differentiate. Microarray analysis of these cells showed expression of many genes that are similar to those expressed in hemopoetic cells, neuronal cells, and embryonic stem cells. Importantly, when overexpressed in the mammary gland, many of these genes result in tumorigenesis.Wicha went on to show that breast cancers contain putative cancer stem cells that can be selected by specific cell surface markers such as CD44 and CD24. Blockade of the Notch 4 ligand, which is highly expressed in normal stem cells, c
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