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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 186637 matches for " Garcia de Almeida "
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Implementa??o da política de saúde indígena no Pólo-base Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: entraves e perspectivas
Chaves, Maria de Betania Garcia;Cardoso, Andrey Moreira;Almeida, Celia;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2006000200007
Abstract: this article discusses the brazilian national policy for indigenous people's health, formulated in the 1990s as part of the national health reform movement and based on the creation (in 1999) of the indigenous healthcare sub-system. coordinated at the central government level under the administration of the national health foundation/ministry of health, the implementation of this sub-system required adaptations in the organization of health services systems at the local level, with the creation of special indigenous health districts. this configuration showed the need for dialogue and negotiation among the various institutions involved with indigenous affairs, from the perspective of overcoming various conflicts and operational difficulties. the current analysis identifies the difficulties in the implementation of a differentiated indigenous health policy under federal responsibility and within the decentralized brazilian unified health system (sus), since the absence of specific mechanisms and instruments regulating the operationalization of these services at the local level and the lack of more effective supervision and on-going evaluation of this policy mean that differentiated care for the indigenous population is subject to both the vices and virtues of local policy.
Drosophila melanogaster Meigen: 3. sensibilidade ao carbofuran e biomonitoramento de seus resíduos em repolho
Almeida, Garcia Rodrigues de;Reyes, Felix G. R.;Rath, Susanne;
Química Nova , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-40422001000600011
Abstract: the susceptibility of drosophila melanogaster to carbofuran and the use of this organism in biomonitoring residues of the insecticide in cabbage was evaluated. under the conditions of the bioassay, residues-film bioassay in petri dish, carbofuran degraded depending on the temperature and time of exposure. bioassays conducted with d. melanogaster showed that its toxicity increases with temperature (20 to 35 °c). lc50 values, calculated as a function of temperature, ranged from 3.6 to 10.5 mg/g body weight (bw) for males and from 2.9 to 8.7 mg/g bw for females. the formulated product furadan? g was applied on cabbage (brassica oleracea, var. capitata) and the residues of carbofuran were determined by bioassay. the determination limit of the bioassay was 0.1 mg/kg and the method presented reproducibility with coefficient variation of 17 %. the validation of the bioassay by high performance liquid chromatography confirms the viability of the bioassay with d. melanogaster in monitoring the residues of carbofuran in cabbage.
Diferenciais intra-urbanos de peso ao nascer no município de S?o Paulo
Minuci,Elaine Garcia; Almeida,Márcia Furquim de;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102009005000011
Abstract: objective: to identify intra-urban differentials and risk factors in low birth weight prevalence. methods: information was gathered in the live birth declarations made by mothers residing in the city of s?o paulo (southern brazil), and obtained through the live birth information system and the seade foundation, for the period between 2002 and 2003, totaling 388,980 live births. the addresses were georeferenced in census tracts and classified into six vulnerability groups according to the s?o paulo state social vulnerability index. to identify potential risk factor logistic regression analysis was performed. results: a positive growth trend was observed in the prevalence of low birth weight with an increase in the vulnerability rate (from 6.8% to 8.1%). there were significant differences among groups in terms of mothers' demographics, prenatal care and the proportion of non-preterm low weight births. in the low birth weight non-preterm group, a proxy measure to estimate intra-uterine growth delay, residing in vulnerable areas (1.29;1.17-1.43) and unfavorable mothers' demographics, such as teenage mothers (1.13;1.04-1.22), low schooling (1.26;1.17-1.35) and high number of children (1.10;1.01-1.20) were considered risk factors, as were older mothers (1.38;1.30-1.47), and single mothers (1.15;1.11-1.20). the lack of prenatal care produced the highest risk of low weight at birth in preterm (3.39;2.86-4.02) and non-preterm births (2.12;1.87-2.41). there was a decrease in the risk for low birth weight with an increase in prenatal care appointments in preterm and non-preterm births. conclusions: there are low birth weight prevalence differences across vulnerability groups. prenatal care proved to be unequal across vulnerability groups and its high risk in terms of low birth weight shows the importance of increasing the access to and the quality of healthcare services.
Drosophila melanogaster Meigen: 3. sensibilidade ao carbofuran e biomonitoramento de seus resíduos em repolho
Almeida Garcia Rodrigues de,Reyes Felix G. R.,Rath Susanne
Química Nova , 2001,
Abstract: The susceptibility of Drosophila melanogaster to carbofuran and the use of this organism in biomonitoring residues of the insecticide in cabbage was evaluated. Under the conditions of the bioassay, residues-film bioassay in Petri dish, carbofuran degraded depending on the temperature and time of exposure. Bioassays conducted with D. melanogaster showed that its toxicity increases with temperature (20 to 35 °C). LC50 values, calculated as a function of temperature, ranged from 3.6 to 10.5 mg/g body weight (bw) for males and from 2.9 to 8.7 mg/g bw for females. The formulated product Furadan G was applied on cabbage (Brassica oleracea, var. capitata) and the residues of carbofuran were determined by bioassay. The determination limit of the bioassay was 0.1 mg/kg and the method presented reproducibility with coefficient variation of 17 %. The validation of the bioassay by high performance liquid chromatography confirms the viability of the bioassay with D. melanogaster in monitoring the residues of carbofuran in cabbage.
Implementa o da política de saúde indígena no Pólo-base Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: entraves e perspectivas
Chaves Maria de Betania Garcia,Cardoso Andrey Moreira,Almeida Celia
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2006,
Abstract: Este artigo discute a Política Nacional de Saúde Indígena, formulada na década de 90 como parte da reforma sanitária brasileira, tendo como marco a cria o, em 1999, do Subsistema de Aten o à Saúde Indígena. Coordenado pelo nível central, sob gest o da Funda o Nacional de Saúde/Ministério da Saúde, a implementa o desse subsistema exigiu adapta es na organiza o dos sistemas de servi os de saúde em nível local, formulando-se os Distritos Sanitários Especiais Indígenas. Essa conforma o evidenciou a necessidade de interlocu o e negocia o entre as diversas institui es vinculadas à quest o indígena, na perspectiva de superar conflitos de múltipla natureza e dificuldades operacionais. A análise realizada neste trabalho aponta as dificuldades de implementa o de uma política de saúde indígena diferenciada, sob a responsabilidade federal, no ambito do SUS descentralizado, pois a ausência de mecanismos e instrumentos específicos que regulamentem a operacionaliza o desses servi os em nível local, assim como a falta de supervis o mais efetiva e avalia o permanente de resultados da implementa o dessa política, fazem com que a aten o diferenciada à popula o indígena esteja submetida às vicissitudes ou virtudes da política local.
Consumo e valor nutritivo de alimentos utilizados para Bicudo-verdadeiro (“Sporophila maximiliani”) Consumption and nutritive value of feedstuffs used for great-billed seed finch (“Sporophila maximiliani”)
Diovani Paiano,Vanessa Jaime de Almeida Magalh?es,Marco Antonio de Almeida Magalh?es Junior,Elis Regina de Moraes Garcia
Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produ??o Animal , 2011,
Abstract: Foi conduzido um estudo para determinar o consumo e o valor nutritivo do alpiste comum (Phalaris Canariensis L.), arroz (Oryza Sativa L.), pain o verde (Panicum Miliaceum L.) e capim-arroz (Echinochloa Spp) para Bicudo-verdadeiro (Sporophila maximiliani). Foram utilizadas 24 fêmeas adultas com idade média de dois anos, distribuídas em um delineamento inteiramente ao acaso, com quatro tratamentos, três repeti es e duas aves por unidade experimental. Foi utilizado o método de coleta total de excretas para determinar os coeficientes de metaboliza o aparente da matéria seca, proteína e energia, assim como os valores de energia metabolizável aparente e corrigida para o balan o de nitrogênio. N o houve diferen a nos consumos, com média de 3,55±0,11 gramas de alimento/ave/dia. O arroz apresentou os melhores valores para os coeficientes de metaboliza o da matéria seca (90,57%) e da energia (90,55%). Os coeficientes de metaboliza o da proteína n o diferiram entre os alimentos. Os melhores valores de energia metabolizável foram obtidos para o alpiste (3.612kcal/EM kg) e o capim-arroz (3.509kcal/EM kg). An experiment was carried out to determinate the nutritive value and consumption of canary grass (Phalaris canariensis L.), rice (Oryza sativa L.), proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) and barnyard grass (Echinochloa spp) for the Great-billed Seed Finch (Sporophila maximiliani). Twenty four adult females averaging two years of age were assigned to a completely randomized design with four treatments, three replicates and two birds per pen. Fecal output was used to determine dry matter, protein and energy metabolizable coefficients, and also the values of apparent metabolizable energy and corrected by nitrogen. No differences were observed in consumption, with 3.55±0.11g of feedstuff/birds/day. Rice provided the best values for metabolization coefficients of dry matter (90.57%) and energy (90.55%). No differences were observed for protein metabolizable coefficients. The best values for metabolizable energy were obtained from canary grass (3,612kcal/ME kg) and barnyard grass (3,509kcal/ME kg).
Espessura do processo alveolar da regi?o anterior da maxila e mandíbula em pacientes com discrepancia óssea antero-posterior
Garcia, Rachel de Mattos;Claro, Cristiane Aparecida de Assis;Chagas, Rosana Villela;Almeida, Gerval de;
Revista Dental Press de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-54192005000500014
Abstract: the purpose of the present study was to assess the thickness of the alveolar process on the anterior region of maxilla and mandible of patients with antero-posterior discrepancy. the thickness of the alveolar process on the anterior regions of maxilla and mandible was measured by lateral cephalograms from fifty two patients with ages between seven to thirteen years. all the patients included on this study had the mandibular plan angle between 20 and 30 degrees and antero-posterior bone discrepancy between maxilla and mandible. the statistical analysis (chi-square test) revealed independence between the thickness of the maxilla and mandible alveolar process and the patient age. however, a statistical dependence was found between the type of the malocclusion and the thickness of the buccal bone on anterior region of maxilla. the patients with class iii malocclusion showed a higher percentage of buccal bone reduction on the anterior region of maxilla when compaired with classe ii patients. the patients with trend to vertical growing had a reduced dimension of the maxilla lingual bone and mandible buccal region.
Efeito de Dois Níveis de Lisina e do Sexo sobre o Rendimento e Qualidade da Carne de Peito de Frangos de Corte
Almeida, Ibiara Correia de Lima;Mendes, Ariel Antonio;Oliveira, Edson Gon?alves de;Garcia, Rodrigo Garófallo;Garcia, Edivaldo Antonio;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982002000700017
Abstract: an experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary lysine levels and sex on breast yield and breast meat quality. two thousand ross day-old chicks were reared in a 2x2 randomized factorial design (two sex and two dietary lysine levels). birds fed starter diets (1 - 21 days), growing (22 - 42 days) and finishing (42 - 49 days) with 100% of nrc (1994) lysine requirement, or 110% in the starter and growing and 120% in the finishing diets. recommended lysine levels were 1.10, 1.00 and .85%, while high lysine levels were 1.21, 1.10 and 1.02%, respectively, for starter, growing and finishing diets. broilers were slaughtered at 28, 35, 42 and 49 days of age for breast meat evaluation. dietary lysine level did not affect breast meat ph, chemical composition, cooking loss and tenderness. breast height, width and length were lower, at all ages, when broilers fed diets with high lysine levels. it was concluded that recommended nrc (1994) lysine levels are adequate to maximize breast meat yield and quality.
Ocorrência de neutropenia em mulheres com cancer de mama durante tratamento quimioterápico
Gozzo, Thaís de Oliveira;Nascimento, Talita Garcia do;Panobianco, Marislei Sanches;Almeida, Ana Maria de;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002011000600014
Abstract: objective: to analyze the occurrence of neutropenia induced by drugs used in chemotherapy treatment for women with breast cancer. methods: retrospective study, with assessment of 72 records, between 2003-2006. results: of the 558 cycles of chemotherapy performed, there were 152 adverse events registered in adjuvant and neoadjuvant therapy periods, totaling 43 cases of haematological toxicity. regarding the occurrence of neutropenia, 43% had at least one episode during treatment. hypothesis tests to compare the mean values of white blood cells from women who did or did not present with neutropenia pointed to statistically significant values in cycles two and three of neoadjuvant therapy and in cycles two, three and four in the adjuvant therapy. conclusion: neutropenia in both the adjuvant and neoadjuvant therapy occurred beginning with the second cycle and was maintained during treatment, and was statistically significant when compared women who had to those who did not have this occurrence.
Confiabilidade de escalas de comprometimento neurológico em pacientes com acidente vascular cerebral
Caneda, Marco Aurélio Gralha de;Fernandes, Jefferson Gomes;Almeida, Andrea Garcia de;Mugnol, Fabiana Eloisa;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2006000400034
Abstract: scales for the assessment of neurological impairment are employed in clinical trials, outcome evaluation and in therapeutic decisions. we evaluated the reliability of the portuguese version of the rankin scale (rs), barthel index (bi) and the nihss (national institute of health stroke scale) in 51 stroke patients, estimating the agreement of the results for examiners. the interrater reliability was measured using the kappa coefficient and intraclass correlation coefficient. the rs showed moderate, substantial and excellent coefficients of agreement. the bi showed from substantial to excellent coefficients of agreement as a whole and also for its constituents. this scale was stratified in prognostic and functional groups, both presenting coefficients of agreement from substantial to excellent. the nihss presented excellent agreement on its total and substantial agreements on its individual items. the nihss was also stratified in groups of points, which presented moderate or excellent coefficient, and in groups of congruous items, wich showed a moderate to excellent agreement. these results suggest that the portuguese version of the rs, bi and the nihss present adequate reliability.
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