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ANALYTICAL STUDY OF CURCUMIN CONTENT IN DIFFERENT DOSAGE FORMS CONTAINING TURMERIC EXTRACT POWDER AND TURMERIC OLEORESIN
Rane Rajashree,Gangolli Divya,Patil Sushma,Ingawale Kanchan
International Research Journal of Pharmacy , 2013, DOI: 10.7897/2230-8407.04338
Abstract: Different dosage forms namely tablets, capsules, creams and syrups were analysed for curcumin content, by the well-known spectrophotometric method. Turmeric extract powder was used as a source of curcumin in capsule and tablet formulations. Turmeric oleoresin was used as a source of curcumin in cream formulation. Additionally, syrup formulations containing turmeric extract powder as well as turmeric oleoresin, separately, were also tested for their curcumin contents. Analytical results for curcumin content were found to be satisfactory in tablets and capsules containing turmeric extract powder. Whereas, in case of syrup containing turmeric extract powder, analytical findings for curcumin content, did not meet the expected specifications. However, when turmeric powder was replaced by the same quantity of oleoresin having similar strength, in cream and syrup, the results met the expected values, at the initial stages. But analysis data over a period of 1Year testing, showed declination in the initial findings due to unstability of turmeric oleoresin for long duration.
Hospital-Acquired Anaemia Secondary to Phlebotomy in Elderly Patients  [PDF]
Divya Tiwari, Caroline Rance
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2014.32012
Abstract:


Introduction: Anaemia contributes to increased morbidity and mortality in hospitalised patients, yet unnecessary blood tests from inpatients may actually induce a “hospital acquired anaemia” (HAA). This study examines the incidence of phlebotomy-induced anaemia during a hospital admission. Methods: Patients admitted to the Royal Bournemouth Hospital between 2009 and 2011 for a period of more than two weeks were identified. Those with normal haemoglobins on admission (Hb > 130 g/dL in men; Hb > 120 g/dL in women) were selected to be included in the study. One hundred and sixty two patients were randomly selected from this group and their admission and discharge haemoglobin was recorded, and the change in Hb was calculated. The number of blood tests taken during admission was calculated from each patient from which volume of blood lost was determined. Age, sex and co-morbidities, bleeding complications and blood transfusions were noted. T-test for unequal variance was used for analysis. Results: Of the 162 patients, 69 (42.5%) developed a HAA (defined as haemoglobin drop from normal to <110 g/dL). The average number of blood tests taken in the anaemia group was 37, compared to only 23 in the “no-anaemia” group. i.e. 132 mls in the anaemia group vs. only 80.2 mls in no-anaemia group. Further analysis of the anaemia group revealed that 40 patients developed a “mild anaemia” (defined as drop in Hb from normal to <110 g/dL) and 29 developed a moderate/severe anaemia (drop from a normal Hb at admission to <100 g/dL). Significantly higher volume of blood was withdrawn from this moderate/severe anaemia group compared to those that developed a mild anaemia 177.9 mls vs. 121.34 mls (p-Value 0.007, F = 0.001) 95% CI 2.08 to 9.22. Conclusion: This study suggests that patients admitted for inpatient stays of more than two weeks may be at high risk of HAA as a consequence of diagnostic blood loss. This anaemia in turn may have detrimental consequences, especially in patients with pre-existing cardio-respiratory disease. There needs to be increased awareness of the risk posed to patients as a result of diagnostic phlebotomy and further studies are required to study its impact on LOS, morbidity and mortality outcomes.

Testability Models for Object-Oriented Frameworks  [PDF]
Divya Ranjan, Anil Kumar Tripathi
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2010.36061
Abstract: Frameworks are time-tested highly reusable architectural skeleton structures. They are designed ‘abstract’ and ‘inco- mplete’ and are designed with predefined points of variability, known as hot spots, to be customized later at the time of framework reuse. Frameworks are reusable entities thus demand stricter and rigorous testing in comparison to one- time use application. The overall cost of framework development may be reduced by designing frameworks with high testability. This paper aims at discussing a few metric models for testability analysis of object-oriented frameworks in an attempt to having quantitative data on testability to be used to plan and monitor framework testing activities so that the framework testing effort and hence the overall framework development effort may be brought down.
Variability-Based Models for Testability Analysis of Frameworks  [PDF]
Divya Ranjan, Anil Kumar Tripathi
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2010.35051
Abstract: Frameworks are developed to capture the recurring design practices in terms of skeletons of software subsystems/ systems. They are designed ‘abstract’ and ‘incomplete’ and are designed with predefined points of variability, known as hot spots, to be customized later at the time of framework reuse. Frameworks are reusable entities thus demand stricter and rigorous testing in comparison to one-time use application. It would be advisable to guaranty the production of high quality frameworks without incurring heavy costs for their rigorous testing. The overall cost of framework development may be reduced by designing frameworks with high testability. This paper aims at discussing various metric models for testability analysis of frameworks in an attempt to having quantitative data on testability to be used to plan and monitor framework testing activities so that the framework testing effort and hence the overall framework development effort may be brought down. The models considered herein particularly consider that frameworks are inherently abstract and variable in nature.
High frequency multiplication of shoots using axillary buds for production of elite lines of Stevia rebaudiana  [PDF]
Kavyashree Rangappa, Divya Shalini Aind
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2013.47102
Abstract: An efficient repeatable protocol has been developed for rapid clonal multiplication of an endemic, perennial herb Stevia rebaudiana using juvenile axillary buds from in vivo grown seedlings. MS basal medium supplemented with BAP (8.88 μM) and NAA (5.37 μM) was found to be the most suitable medium for initiation of shoots with 92% response. The repeated subculture resulted in high-frequency shoot multiplication (9.82 ± 1.93) at the average rate of 3-fold per subculture. The axenic multiple shoots were rooted ex-vitro on horticultural grate soilrite mix-peat:perlite:vermiculate (1:1:1 v/v) with half strength MS salts fortified with NAA (5.37 μM). The complete plantlets were successfully established in soil with 86% survival frequency. The statistical analysis of the data pertaining to multiple shoots and root formation revealed significant difference between and within the treatments.
Digital Watermarking Algorithm based on Singular Value Decomposition and Arnold Transform
Divya Saxena
International Journal of Electronics and Computer Science Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: basically the Watermarking process is use for hiding secret information for labeling digital picture. This paper presents a method of watermark embedding and extracting which is based on SVD (singular value decomposition) and Arnold Transform. The SVD is a linear algebra technique used for diagonalizable matrices and it transfer of convert most of the signal energy into very few singular values. The embedded position is selected according to the secret key which is obtained during the course of the scrambling degree calculation in Arnold transform. The experimental results showed that the Arnold transformation helpful in digital watermarking process. A group of experiments are used for test the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm, and experimental results show that the scheme is effectiveness and robust against different image processing operation. The experimental results show that the proposed method has high PSNR and NC results under general image processing.
Predictor of cardiovascular disease with respect to BMI, WHR and lipid profile in females of three population groups
Divya Bishnoi
Biology and Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: The present study focused on females of three population groups namely Bishnoi, Sikh and Hindu from two Northernstates of India (Punjab and Rajasthan) with the primary objectives (i) to describe the basic design for regressionrelationship and correlation between the phenotypes of blood pressure, anthropometric measurements and metabolicvariables and (ii) to compare the three population groups and find out the significant predicators for cardiovasculardisease. A total of 310 females were recruited from the three population groups. All the anthropometric andphysiometric measurements were taken on each individual using standard technique. Females of Hindu populationwere at a higher risk, Sikh at a moderate and Bishnoi at lower risk in case of comparison with respect to BMI, weight,waist circumference, total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL and Cho-HDL ratio. Since waist circumference is a measureof android obesity, it is found to be a significant predictor of cardiovascular disease across all the three populations.Physical inactivity, on the other hand, demonstrated a strong association with the elevation of cardiovascular diseaserisk. It can now be concluded that cardiovascular disease in females should not be taken casually, rathercardiovascular disease risk factors should be addressed much earlier than menopause.
Low Dose Combined Spinal Epidural for Caesarean Section in Peripartum Cardiomyopathy - A Case Report with Review of Literature
Divya Sethi
Indian Anaesthetists' Forum , 2012,
Abstract: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare but life threatening condition and anaesthetic management of a patient with PPCM for caesarean section is often a major challenge. There is a growing literature suggesting that low dose CSE preserves the maternal hemodynamics and hence may be a suitable regional anaesthesia technique for CS in high risk obstetric patients with cardiac disease.
La diffusion spatiale de l’informatique en Inde
Divya Leducq
EchoGéo , 2009,
Abstract: L’Inde est une puissance émergente qui s’affirme, entre autres, à travers son secteur des services informatiques aux entreprises. Dans ce pays, lesTechnologies de l’Informationet de la Communication (TIC) sont per ues comme un moteur de développement. Le modèle du cluster géographique et économiques’est imposé progressivement comme outil d’aménagement dans l’ensemble des politiques sectorielles menées par l’état indien et reprises par les états fédérés. La diffusion de cet outil est liée aux succès qui ont fait la renommée de l’Inde dans le secteur des logiciels, aux bénéfices attendus en matière d’innovation, mais aussi à des raisons pratiques et foncières. Cet article présente à travers un prisme géoéconomique les stratégies de développement successives basées sur la création de clusters TIC multi-échelles,en analysant l’exemple précis de l’état du Kerala. India is an emergent superpower which asserts itself through outsourced services, the so-called “IT industry”. Beyond the fact that InfoTech are seen as a trickle-down development engine, it is the cluster which has become gradually a town planning measure in the sectoral policies followed by the central government and the regional states. The diffusion of this spatial model can be explained by the success stories which made the reputation of India and the expected benefits in terms of innovation. This article analyzes the successive strategies of development based on IT clusters through a geographical and economical prism. The role of the scales and of the actors will be emphasized, while resting on the specific instance of the Kerala state.
The role of non government organizations in cancer control programmes in developing countries
Parashar Divya
Indian Journal of Palliative Care , 2004,
Abstract:
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