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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 254 matches for " Gaji? Ivanka "
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Oral health in individuals with psychotic disorders
Jovanovi? Svetlana,GajiIvanka
Stomatolo?ki Glasnik Srbije , 2008, DOI: 10.2298/sgs0803180j
Abstract: Mental disorders are an important problem in every national health care service. The importance of psychotic disorders is not only their frequency but also their long-term character, recurrence, association with other diseases, costs and consequences for the family and society. Psychotic disorders (schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorders and depression) and their treatment may result in serious oral diseases. These disorders and medications used to treat them may lead to a series of oral complications and side effects, predominantly high prevalence of carious and extracted teeth, periodontal disease, inadequate oral hygiene, xerostomia, burning mouth syndrome, bad breath and gustatory sense dysfunction. Psychotic disorders affect oral and dental health in two ways. Behavioural changes affect the oral hygiene maintenance and lead to bad habits and attitudes towards oral health. Antipsychotic therapy has adverse effects on oral health. Literature data suggest that oral health in patients with psychotic disorders is poor and highlight the need to develop specific preventive programmes, which would be aimed at improving behaviour of this population at risk in the oral health care system.
Oral health in individuals with psychotic disorders
Jovanovi? Svetlana,GajiIvanka
Stomatolo?ki Glasnik Srbije , 2008, DOI: 10.2298/sgs0802115j
Abstract: Mental disorders are an important problem in every national health care service. The importance of psychotic disorders is not only their frequency but also their long-term character, recurrence, association with other diseases, costs and consequences for the family and society. Psychotic disorders (schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorders and depression) and their treatment may result in serious oral diseases. These disorders and medications used to treat them may lead to a series of oral complications and side effects, predominantly high prevalence of carious and extracted teeth, periodontal disease, inadequate oral hygiene, xerostomia, burning mouth syndrome, bad breath and gustatory sense dysfunction. Psychotic disorders affect oral and dental health in two ways. Behavioral changes affect the oral hygiene maintenance and lead to bad habits and attitudes towards oral health. Antipsychotic therapy has adverse effects on oral health. Literature data suggest that oral health in patients with psychotic disorders is poor and highlight the need to develop specific preventive programmes, which would be aimed at improving behavior of this population at risk in the oral health care system.
Health habits, attitudes and behavior towards oral health of children with epilepsy
Jovanovi? Svetlana,GajiIvanka
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/sarh0704167j
Abstract: Introduction: Children suffering from epilepsy are high at risk of oral diseases primarily due to their underlying medical condition which can have an impact on the maintenance level of oral hygiene, but also due to adverse effects of antiepileptic drugs. Objective. The aim of this paper was to identify habits, attitudes and behavior of children with epilepsy and parents in respect to oral health. Method. The experimental group consisted of 50 children with epilepsy, 24 boys and 26 girls, 7-14 years old, mean age 11.2±2.2 years. The control group consisted of healthy children, matched by age and gender. The instruments of investigation consisted of the structured interview of children and parents concerning oral health habits, attitudes and behavior. We used medical records of children with epilepsy as a source of information on their diagnosis, duration of the illness and current therapy. Statistical analysis was performed by chi-squared test, nonparametric correlation, Wilcoxon’s signed rank test and logistic regression. Results. Results showed that more children with epilepsy and their parents had inappropriate habits and attitudes towards oral health, as well as nutrition habits (p<0.001). Compared to healthy controls, children with epilepsy washed their teeth less often and shorter, they had less knowledge about causes of oral diseases and about influence of oral diseases on general health, and they had worse self-rating of teeth and gum condition. In addition, significantly more children with epilepsy used an incorrect technique of teeth brushing (p<0.001). Characteristics of children’s epilepsy and educational degree of parents had no influence on these differences. Conclusion. Study results showed that children with epilepsy and their parents had worse habits, attitudes and behavior towards oral health than healthy controls and their parents. This difference can be explained primarily by worse parental estimation of oral health and behavior towards oral health in comparison to parents of healthy controls. .
Risk factors for oral changes in children with epilepsy: Informative article
Jovanovi? Svetlana,GajiIvanka,Radivojevi? Vlada
Stomatolo?ki Glasnik Srbije , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/sgs0901033j
Abstract: Epilepsy is the most common neurological disorder in people of all ages. Based on the data regarding the prevalence of epilepsy in other countries, about 12,000 individuals under the age of 18 are estimated to suffer from active epilepsy. Children with epilepsy are a high risk group for oral diseases primarily due to psychiatric and psycho-social consequences of the primary disorder as well as the adverse effects of anti-epileptic therapy. Due to the primary disorder, children with epilepsy have reduced motivation for a number of activities, reduced mental and physical abilities, neglected social contacts, more difficult adoption of knowledge, skills, positive attitudes and behavior as well as general and oral healthcare. In children with epilepsy, there is an additional risk for oral diseases due to the adverse effects of anti-epileptic therapy such as gingival hyperplasia. Studies in other countries and in Serbia showed higher prevalence and frequency of oral diseases compared to the control group of healthy children of the same age. This paper emphasizes the need for dental educational work with children with epilepsy and their parents as well as doctors who treat the primary disorder.
Health habits, attitudes and behavior towards oral health of psychiatric patients
Jovanovi? Svetlana,GajiIvanka,Mandi? Jelena,Mandi? Bojan
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/sarh1004136j
Abstract: Introduction. People with psychiatric disorders are at high risk of oral diseases due to the impact of their primary psychiatric condition and the side-effects of antipsychotic medications. Objective. The aim of this study was to identify habits, attitudes and behavior towards oral health of hospitalized psychiatric patients with psychotic disorders, including mood disorders with psychotic characteristics, as well as to identify factors that could influence those habits, attitudes and behavior. Methods. The experimental group consisted of 186 hospitalized patients with psychiatric disorders (87 males and 99 females), aged from 18 to 59 years (mean age 46.0±8.0 years). The control group consisted of 186 healthy persons matched for age and gender. Data were obtained by using specially designed questionnaires with questions about the subjects' social, economic and demographic characteristics, as well as their habits, attitudes and behaviour concerning their oral health, in a form of a standardized interview. Other medical data were collected from medical documentation of disease history. Statistical analysis was performed by Student's t-test, Chi-square test, ANOVA, Logistic Regression and simultaneous multiple regression. Results. Psychiatric patients have worse habits, attitudes and behavior concerning their oral health in comparison with healthy persons (p<0.001): they wash their teeth more rarely and in a shorter time, have less knowledge of oral diseases and their effect on general health, and visit their dentist more rarely. The obtained results depend on social, economic and demographic characteristics and on the underlying illness of patients. Conclusion. Health educational work concerning oral health of patients should be included in psychiatric treatment, as a part of an existing therapy with the aim of improving the general quality of their life.
Oral lesions in patients with psychiatric disorders
Jovanovi? Svetlana,GajiIvanka,Mandi? Bojan,Mandi? Jelena
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/sarh1010564j
Abstract: Introduction. Oral diseases in psychiatric patients are usually a result of bad oral hygiene and psychopharmaceutical side-effects. Objective. The aim of this study was to detect oral lesions in patients hospitalized in psychiatric institutions with the confirmed diagnosis of psychiatric illness and mood disorder with psychotic characteristics, as well as to discover the factors that can influence these oral lesions. Methods. Cross-section study consisted of 186 hospitalized patients with psychiatric disorders in the experimental group, out of whom 87 were males and 99 females. Patients were aged from 18 to 59 years, mean age 46.0±8.0 years. The control group consisted of 186 healthy persons matched for age and gender. Data on oral lesions were obtained within history and clinical examination of the oral cavity. Other medical data were collected from medical documentation. Statistical analysis was performed by Student’s t-test, chi-square test and logistic regression. Results. Dry mouth was registered in 78.5% of patients. The difference in tongue and lip lesions, burning and stinging symptoms, bruxism, facial pain, low saliva rates, halitosis, taste changes and swallowing difficulties between the patients and healthy persons was highly statistically significant (p<0.001). Age and gender, as well as the factors of main disease, influence burning and stinging, bruxism, low saliva rates, swallowing difficulties, taste changes and facial pain of the psychiatric patients. Conclusion. Results imply that psychiatric patients are more frequently involved with oral lesions than healthy persons. It is necessary to organize specific preventive and educational oral health programmes with these patients, as well as with doctors who treat the basic illness.
BOOK REVIEW: THE IMPLICATION OF THE EU MEMBERSHIP ON IMMIGRATION TRENDS AND IMMIGRANT INTEGRATION POLICIES FOR THE BULGARIAN LABOR MARKET
Ivanka Petkova
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2009,
Abstract:
Implementation of the Domestic Violence Law in the Republika Srpska
Markovi? Ivanka
Temida , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/tem0302053m
Abstract: In this paper author analyzes criminal offence "Violence in family or extended family". This criminal offence was introduced for the first time in the new Criminal Code of the Republika Srpska in 2000 (article 198). In the first part of the paper author exposes characteristics of legal provisions regarding criminal offence "Violence in family or extended family". In the second part practical implementation of this criminal offence is analyzed. For doing that analyzes, the author uses the interviews carried out with representatives of the police, prosecutors judges and representatives of non-governmental organizations. At the end author suggests introduction of certain measures for victim protection such as mandatory arrest of a perpetrator, the increased efficiency of the criminal procedure, restraining orders (regarding communication and contact between perpetrator and victim) and other measures, which should provide adequate implementation of this incrimination and optimal protection of victims of this crime.
Legal protection of victims of domestic violence in Republika Srpska
Markovi? Ivanka
Temida , 2008, DOI: 10.2298/tem0801005m
Abstract: Legal protection of victims of domestic violence in Republika Srpska is analyzed in this work. With regard to the above, the author highlights that in Republika Srpska there are two forms of legal protection from domestic violence they fall within the remit of criminal law and misdemeanor law. Introduction of such protection model was intended for the protection of victims from this form of violent behavior, which is, by its characteristics a specific form of criminal behavior and as such demands special measures of lawful reaction by the state. Protection of victims of domestic violence falling within the remit of criminal law, which is very important since it attaches the same gravity to this and the other forms of criminality giving it a certain degree of criminal-political weight, has not produced expected results. For that reason was adopted a special Law on Protection from Domestic Violence defining the notion of domestic violence, persons considered to be a family members, methods of their protection, as well as the kind and purpose of misdemeanor law related norms with emphasizing the fact that all the proceedings initiated under this law are of an urgent nature. The main driving force leading to the adoption of this Law is to obtain a complete and systematic regulation of domestic violence to enable faster, more efficient and durable protection of the endangered persons. The most important thing about this Law on Protection from Domestic Violence is introduction of protective measures, which could be sentenced against the perpetrator and which, in fact, allow for the protection of victims to family violence. Method of its concrete implementation regulated is by the relevant by-laws. Adoption of law sanctioning domestic violence, either as a criminal act or as a misdemeanor, together with the adoption of by-laws for the implementation of particular protective measures, represent a step forward in combat and prevention of domestic violence. However, the author emphasizes that, despite such normative solutions, we still cannot talk about some important results achieved in the area of combat and prevention of domestic violence. Therefore, a wide-scope action was initiated on the territory of Republika Srpska in the direction not only of combating of family violence, but also finding and eradication of reasons and causes of negative social manifestation. The final goal of this activity is protection of victims, prevention of violence and preservation of a healthy family as a basis of society.
OIL DISPLACEMENT IN MISCIBLE CONDITION
Ivanka Juttner
Rudarsko-Geolo?ko-Naftni Zbornik , 1997,
Abstract: After primary oil recovery in reservoirs remains about 70% of unexploited oil. To improve the recovery of the remaining reserves, injection of a fluid provide the extra energy in a mchunical form. Oil displacement can he achieved by gas injection of lean natural gas, mainly methane, carbon dioxide etc. Oil displacement can be in immiscible or miscible conditions. This paper deals with mechanism of miscible gas drive. On the basis of simulation of the oil displacement process by gas injection into oil field utica the character of process, i. c. a degree of miscibility or immiscibility between the injected fluid and reservoir oil was determined.
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