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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 224436 matches for " Gaetano R. Barile "
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The ERCC6 Gene and Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Dominique C. Baas,Dominiek D. Despriet,Theo G. M. F. Gorgels,Julie Bergeron-Sawitzke,André G. Uitterlinden,Albert Hofman,Cornelia M. van Duijn,Joanna E. Merriam,R. Theodore Smith,Gaetano R. Barile,Jacoline B. ten Brink,Johannes R. Vingerling,Caroline C. W. Klaver,Rando Allikmets,Michael Dean,Arthur A. B. Bergen
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013786
Abstract: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible visual loss in the developed countries and is caused by both environmental and genetic factors. A recent study (Tuo et al., PNAS) reported an association between AMD and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (rs3793784) in the ERCC6 (NM_000124) gene. The risk allele also increased ERCC6 expression. ERCC6 is involved in DNA repair and mutations in ERCC6 cause Cockayne syndrome (CS). Amongst others, photosensitivity and pigmentary retinopathy are hallmarks of CS.
Are Background Feelings Intentional Feelings?  [PDF]
Emilia Barile
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2014.44058
Abstract: I address the problem of the intentionality of “feeling”, considering the study-case of “background feelings” (malaise, tension, etc.) in Damasio (2003, 2010). Background feelings, in fact, are “border case” feelings: These feelings seem lacking intentionality, at least by the meaning that their intentional content is not any object in the world they refer to. Differently from other feelings connected to intentional states (such as emotions, for ex., feelings are mainly considered arising from), background feelings reveal a bodily nature of feeling at its core, while intentionality of feelings, when any, rather depends on the intentionality of the states feelings concern. Background feelings reveal an intimate, immediate relation to our own body we can’t catch considering feelings always and only connected to emotions. The intimate relation to the body, coming in “foreground” in these feelings only, should shed more light on another key feature of feelings, namely their phenomenality, more than their “supposed” intentionality.
Role and Discipline Relationships in a Transdisciplinary Biomedical Team: Structuration, Values Override and Context Scaffolding
Gaetano R. Lotrecchiano
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: Though accepted that "team science" is needed to tackle and conquer the health problems that are plaguing our society significant empirical evidence of team mechanisms and functional dynamics is still lacking in abundance. Through grounded methods the relationship between scientific disciplines and team roles was observed in a United States National Institutes of Health-funded (NIH) research consortium. Interviews and the Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument (OCAI) were employed.. Findings show strong role and discipline idiosyncrasies that when viewed separately provide different insights into team functioning and change receptivity. When considered simultaneously, value-latent characteristics emerged showing self-perceived contributions to the team. This micro/meso analysis suggests that individual participation in team level interactions can inform the structuration of roles and disciplines in an attempt to tackle macro level problems.
M. Barile,A. Mormile,R. Mercogliano,N. Murru
Italian Journal of Food Safety , 2011, DOI: 10.4081/ijfs.2011.1.23
Abstract: Listeria monocytogenes is the causative agent of listeriosis typically caused by ready-to-eat processed food that have a refrigerated shelf-life, but lightly preserved fish products also belong to a high-risk category. Aim of the work was to evaluate antimicrobial activity linked bacteriocin-producing of LAB isolated from gilthead breams and sea basses fillets packaged in modified atmospheres. Fifty-five LAB strains were screened against 21 strains of Listeria monocytogenes, 1 Listeria innocua held in the culture collection of Department of Zootechnical Sciences and Food Ispection (SIA) and submitted to antagonistic activity using the spot on lawn and the agar well diffusion assay. Lactococcus lactis sub. lactis Sa31 was able to produce bacteriocin in agar and different broth medium. The bacteriocin man31 showed sensitivity to trypsin, pronase E and papain, inactivation at temperatures ≥ 100°C, bactericidal mode of action and antilisterial act, rapidly. The bacteriocin man31 caused a reduction of L. monocytogenes c growth about log10 > 3 UFC/ml, when was applied on indicator strain at 20,480 AU/ml concentration, in vitro.
Employing fuzzy logic in the diagnosis of a clinical case  [PDF]
Gaetano Licata
Health (Health) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.23031
Abstract: Fuzzy logic is a logical calculus which operates with many truth values (while classical logic works with the two values of true and false). Since fuzzy logic considers the truth of scientific statements like something softened, it is fruitfully applied to the study of biological phenomena, biology is indeed considered the field of complexity, uncertainty and vagueness. In this paper fuzzy logic is successfully applied to the clinical diagnosis of a patient who suffers from different diseases bound by a complex causal chain. In this work it is presented a mathematical foundation of fuzzy logic (with connectives and inference rules) and then the application of fuzzy reasoning to the study of a clinical case. Probabilistic logic is widely considered the unique logical calculus useful in clinical diagnosis, thus the usefulness of fuzzy logic and its relation with probabilistic logic is here explored. The presentation of the case is supplied with all the features necessary to affect a clinical diagnosis: physical exam, anamnesis and tests.
On the Relaxational Properties of a Quantum Dipolar Spin Glasses Model  [PDF]
Gaetano Busiello
World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics (WJCMP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjcmp.2012.23020
Abstract: The dissipative part of the linear magnetic dynamic susceptibility of dipolar spin glasses is considered. Due to the transition of the system (at enough high concentration of the magnetic dipoles) from a paramagnetic phase to magnetic dipolar one, an anomalous temperature dependence of the dissipative part of the magnetic susceptibility is found. Our results are in qualitative agreement with experiments performed on the dipolar-coupled Ising magnet LiHoxY1-xF4.
Out-of-Equilibrium Dissipative ac—Susceptibility in Quantum Ising Spin Glass  [PDF]
Gaetano Busiello
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2013.46108

The imaginary part of the non-equilibrium magnetic susceptibility of Ising spin glass in a transverse field under time-dependent longitudinal external magnetic field has been calculated at very low temperature on the basis of quantum droplet model and quantum linear response theory. Quantum and aging effects on the low temperature dynamics of the model are discussed. A comparison with recent theoretical and experimental data in spin glass is made.

Education to Theatricality inside Secondary School, Art and Body  [PDF]
Gaetano Oliva
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.519197
Abstract: The aim of this study was to present results of Education to Theatricality (IT: Educazione alla Teatralità) as scientific research and innovative pedagogy in the sector of the education of the person. Education to Theatricality has a lot of purposes to contribute to the psycho-physic well-being of each person; particularly it wants to help everyone to realize himself, as human being and as social actor; it wants to give everybody the chance to reveal his own diversity and specificity, because everybody has a message to convey through his body and his voice. The Education to Theatricality wants to stimulate skills, it wants to develop a better awareness of interpersonal relationships; it wants also give space to the assignment meaning process, because it considers “doing” as important as thinking, which permits to develop awareness about personal acts. Education to Theatricality is a science that includes pedagogy, sociology, human sciences, psychology and performative art in general. The scientific nature of this discipline allows to apply it to the most part of the contexts and of the persons, because it has in the centre of its pedagogical process the human being, as such he is and not necessarily with any skill. The training of the actor-person is one of the most important principles of the Education to Theatricality: the most important purpose is the development of the creativity and the imagination through a work, based on scientific principles that the actor-person leads on himself. The ultimate aim of this science is not to transform the human in an actor-object, shaping him just for packed shows that can be easily sold, but to allow him to enhance his own qualities respecting his personality. The theatrical activity in the school and in the educational centers for children teenagers stimulates and protects the inventive skills of the students.
Education to Theatricality and Neutral Mask: Psycho-Pedagogical Approach  [PDF]
Gaetano Oliva
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.711169
Abstract: Education to Theatricality is pedagogical and artistic research; it is a science that includes different disciplines such as pedagogy, sociology, human sciences, psychology and the performing arts in general. The scientific basis of this discipline allows us to apply it in all possible contexts and with any individual, because it keeps the man in the center of its pedagogical process. One of the fundamental principles of Education to Theatricality is the development of the actor-person; the main aim is the development of creativity and imagination through a scientific training led by the actor on himself. This article introduces and analyses the Neutral Mask as an important element of theatrical pedagogy in relationship to its psyco-pedagogical aspect and as an educative instrument to train a person and to improve the development of creativity. The state of rest, calm, relaxing or suppleness silence is the starting point of every expression. The exercises with the neutral mask help students to investigate their inner world. When you wear the mask, you destroy the conception of time and of normally shared space, and the student has the opportunity to “dig” inside himself, facing his own identity. This essay presents the birth of the Neutral Mask in the Vieux Colombier School in Paris and explains its role in Jacques Copeau’s pedagogy; then the article analyses the psycho-pedagogical elements that characterize its use in a laboratory of expressive arts; it gives a definition of laboratory and gives some exercises; in the end it specifies the role of masks in the dramatic play. Education to Theatricality as pedagogy uses the expressive arts into the theatre workshop to lead the subject onto a path of growth and training, activating the original potential skills of this person. An instrument such as the Neutral Mask, used during a theatrical workshop, allows to develop a greater self-awareness. By learning a silent language, a student can deepen the perception of his body and of his self-awareness through the use of Neutral Mask during a theatre workshop.
Multiple semiclassical states for singular magnetic nonlinear Schrodinger equations
Sara Barile
Electronic Journal of Differential Equations , 2008,
Abstract: By means of a finite-dimensional reduction, we show a multiplicity result of semiclassical solutions $u: mathbb{R}^N omathbb{C}$ to the singular nonlinear Schrodinger equation $$ Big( frac{varepsilon}{i} abla - A(x)Big)^2 u + u+(V(x)-gamma(varepsilon)W(x)) u = K(x) | u|^{p-1} u, quad x in mathbb{R}^N, $$ where $N geq 2$, $1 < p < 2^{*}-1$, $A(x), V(x)$ and $K(x)$ are bounded potentials. Such solutions concentrate near (non-degenerate) local extrema or a (non-degenerate) manifold of stationary points of an auxiliary function $Lambda$ related to the unperturbed electric field $V(x)$ and the coefficient $K(x)$ of the nonlinear term.
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