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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7829 matches for " Gabriel Dutier "
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Dicke Coherent Narrowing in Two-Photon and Raman Spectroscopy of Thin Vapour Cells
Gabriel Dutier,Petko Todorov,Ismahène Hamdi,Isabelle Maurin,Solomon Saltiel,Daniel Bloch,Martial Ducloy
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.72.040501
Abstract: The principle of coherent Dicke narrowing in a thin vapour cell, in which sub-Doppler spectral lineshapes are observed under a normal irradiation for a l/2 thickness, is generalized to two-photon spectroscopy. Only the sum of the two wave vectors must be normal to the cell, making the two-photon scheme highly versatile. A comparison is provided between the Dicke narrowing with copropagating fields, and the residual Doppler-broadening occurring with counterpropagating geometries. The experimental feasibility is discussed on the basis of a first observation of a two-photon resonance in a 300 nm-thick Cs cell. Extension to the Raman situation is finally considered.
Testing the distance-dependence of the van der Waals interaction between an atom and a surface through spectroscopy in a vapor nanocell
Athanasdios Laliotis,Isabelle Maurin,Petko Todorov,Ismahène Hamdi,Gabriel Dutier,Alexander Yarovitski,Solomon Saltiel,Marie-Pascale Gorza,Michèle Fichet,Martial Ducloy,Daniel Bloch
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1117/12.726798
Abstract: This paper presents our current measurements in a vapor nanocell aiming at a test of the distance-dependence of the atom-surface interaction, when simple asymptotic descriptions may turn to be not valid. A state-of-the-art of atom-surface interaction measurements is provided as an introduction, along with the comparison with the theory of the van der Waals (or Casimir-Polder) interaction; it is followed by a presentation of the most salient features of nanocell spectroscopy
Exploring the van der Waals Atom-Surface attraction in the nanometric range
Michèle Fichet,Gabriel Dutier,Alexander Yarovitski,Petko Todorov,Ismahène Hamdi,Isabelle Maurin,Solomon Saltiel,David Sarkisyan,Marie-Pascale Gorza,Daniel Bloch,Martial Ducloy
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/77/54001
Abstract: The van der Waals atom-surface attraction, scaling as C3 z-3 for z the atom-surface distance, is expected to be valid in the distance range 1-1000 nm, covering 8-10 orders of magnitudes in the interaction energy. A Cs vapour nanocell allows us to analyze the spectroscopic modifications induced by the atom-surface attraction on the 6P3/2->6D5/2 transition. The measured C3 value is found to be independent of the thickness in the explored range 40-130 nm, and is in agreement with an elementary theoretical prediction. We also discuss the specific interest of exploring short distances and large interaction energy.
Laser spectroscopy with nanometric gas cells : distance dependence of atom-surface interaction and collisions under confinement
Ismahène Hamdi,Petko Todorov,Alexander Yarovitski,Gabriel Dutier,Isabelle Maurin,Solomon Saltiel,Yuanyuan Li,Arturo Lezama,Tigran Varzhapetyan,David Sarkisyan,Marie-Pascale Gorza,Michèle Fichet,Daniel Bloch,Martial Ducloy
Physics , 2005,
Abstract: The high sensitivity of Laser Spectroscopy has made possible the exploration of atomic resonances in newly designed "nanometric" gas cells, whose local thickness varies from 20nm to more than 1000 nm. Following the initial observation of the optical analogous of the coherent Dicke microwave narrowing, the newest prospects include the exploration of long-range atom surface van der Waals interaction with spatial resolution in an unprecedented range of distances, modification of atom dielectric resonant coupling under the influence of the coupling between the two neighbouring dielectric media, and even the possible modification of interatomic collisions processes under the effect of confinement.
The Mind-Body Problem Today  [PDF]
Gabriel Vacariu
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2011.11005
Abstract: An old philosophical problem, the mind-body problem, has not been yet solved by philosophers or scientists. Even if in cognitive neuroscience has been a stunning development in the last 20 years, the mind-body problem remained unsolved. Even if the majority of researchers in this domain accept the identity theory from an ontological viewpoint, many of them reject this position from an epistemological viewpoint. In this context, I consider that it is quite possible the framework of this problem to be wrong and this is the main reason the problem could not be solved. I offer an alternative, the epistemologically different worlds perspective, that replace the world or the universe. In this new context, the mind-body problem becomes a pseudo-problem.
Analysis of Dynamics Fields in Noninertial Systems  [PDF]
Gabriel Barceló
World Journal of Mechanics (WJM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjm.2012.23021
Abstract: In this paper, I present evidence that there exists an unstructured area in the present general assumptions of classical mechanics, especially in case of rigid bodies exposed to simultaneous noncoaxial rotations. To address this, I propose dynamics hypotheses that lead to interesting results and numerous noteworthy scientific and technological applications. I constructed a new mathematical model in rotational field dynamics, and through this model, results based on a rational interpretation of the superposition of motions caused by torques were obtained. For this purpose, I analyze velocity and acceleration fields that are generated in an object with intrinsic angular momentum, and assessed new criteria for coupling velocities. In this context, I will discuss reactions and inertial fields that cannot be explained by classical mechanics. The experiments have been analyzed and explained in a video accompanying this text. I am not aware of any concurrent study on the subject and conclusions evidenced in this paper, preventing us from making additional theoretical com- parisons or indicate to the reader other sources to compare criteria.
Proposal of New Criteria for Celestial Mechanics  [PDF]
Gabriel Barceló
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2013.34044
Abstract:

Based on a new interpretation on the behavior of rigid bodies exposed to simultaneous non-coaxial rotations, we have developed a hypothesis: the Theory of Dynamics Interactions, which can be applied to understand celestial mechanics. We have analyzed the velocity and acceleration fields generated in a rigid body with intrinsic angular momentum, when exposed to successive torques, to assess new criteria for this speeds coupling. In this context, reactions and inertial fields take place, which cannot be justified by means of classical mechanics. We believe that the results obtained after the analysis of dynamics fields systems accelerated by rotation will allow us to conceive a new perspective in celestial dynamics, astrometry, stellar dynamics and galactic astronomy, unknown up to date. After carrying out ample research, we have come to the conclusion that there still exists an unstructured scientific area under the present general assumptions and, more specifically, in the area of dynamic systems submitted to rotational accelerations. The aim of this paper is to present information of the surprising results obtained, and to attract the interest towards the investigation of this new area of knowledge in rotational non-inertial dynamics, and its multiple and remarkable scientific applications.

YintelligenceTM: The Mapping of the Pre-Heaven or FuXi Hexagrams to the Post-Heaven or King Wen Hexagrams  [PDF]
Gabriel Felley
Chinese Studies (ChnStd) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/chnstd.2013.24032
Abstract: The Yijing易經belongs to the famous group of the five classics. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, the Four Books and Five Classics四書五經 were the subject of mandatory study by those Confucian scholars who wished to become government officials. The Yijing (Faure & Javary, 2002) consists of 64 figures called hexagrams 卦 formed by six Yin (broken) or Yang (unbroken) lines and commentaries on each of these hexagrams and their lines. The whole set of the hexagrams and their interdependencies make a dynamic model for the understanding or the anticipating of the different steps change goes through. The Yijing does not predict the future but gives a snap-shot of the actual situation and the holistic potentialities which may be deployed or not in order to better adapt to the on-going change. The different stages of a change are explained by the Yin-Yang polarity and the never-ending transformation of old-Yin 老陰in young-Yang少陽, old-Yang老陽, young-Yin少陰 and old-Yin again. The 64 hexagrams are built by pairing the 8 basic trigrams obtained by adding to each bigram a supplementary Yin or Yang line. Figure 1 depicts a 4-regions space (East/young Yang, South /old Yang, West/young Yin, North/old Yin) and a cyclic movement. A forthcoming article will explain the relation between this space organization and the whole set of 64 hexagrams as a network. The cyclic change is of major interest. Purpose: The 64 hexagrams of the Yijing are organized in 16 “first degree” nuclear families (Javary, 1997), which may be consolidated in 4 “second degree” nuclear families. There are another 16 families organizing the 64 hexagrams in a different structure. In the literature they are called the pre-heaven先天 hexagrams (Schlumberger, 1987), and in this paper they are referred to as the FuXi伏羲 hexagrams. They form 16 cyclic families, whose structure will be analyzed in this paper. This cyclicity induces a “predecessor-successor” relationship between the hexagrams belonging to the same FuXi family: H1H2H3H4H1. While the 4 members of each nuclear family are centered on a “master” hexagram that corresponds to a common inner lines’ structure, each FuXi family is cyclically structured and we call the hexagrams belonging to the
Theory of Dynamic Interactions: The Flight of the Boomerang  [PDF]
Gabriel Barceló
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2014.27063
Abstract:

We propose a new interpretation of the dynamic behavior of the boomerang and, in general, of the rigid bodies exposed to simultaneous non-coaxial rotations. We have developed a new rotational non-inertial dynamics hypothesis, which can be applied to understand both the flight of the boomerang as well as celestial mechanics. The boomerang is a particularly significant, intriguing and widely known case of bodies in rotation. We have analyzed the velocity and acceleration fields generated when rigid bodies are exposed to successive torques, in order to assess new criteria for this speed coupling. In this context, reactions and inertial fields that cannot be justified by means of classical mechanics take place. Accordingly, we propose a new Theory of Dynamic Interactions. We believe that the results obtained will enable us to conceive a new perspective in dynamics, unknown to date. After carrying out ample research, we have come to the conclusion that there still exists an unstructured scientific area in non-inertial dynamics systems subject to rotational accelerations. The aim of this paper is to present information of the surprising results obtained and to attract interest in research into dynamic field systems accelerated by rotation, and the multiple and remarkable scientific applications arising thereof. We further propose the boomerang as a clear example of the application of the Theory of Dynamic Interactions.

Common Factors in International Bond Returns and a Joint ATSM to Match Them  [PDF]
Christian Gabriel
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2014.47067
Abstract:

The existence of common factors in international bond markets is an important cause for modelling different term structures of interest rates jointly. This paper investigates the common factors of US and UK treasury yields in the period of 1983 to 2012. A principal component analysis motivates the type of joint ATSM for modelling the yield curves of two distinct economies. In sum, two common factors explain 85% of the yield variation and the model factors have a solid economic intuition.

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