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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 600710 matches for " GARCíA DE ALBA GARCíA "
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rese a de "Los corregidores don Miguel Domínguez y do a María Josefa Ortiz y los inicios de la Independencia, México, Edición del Autor, 2002" de Gabriel Agraz García de Alba
Gabriel Agraz García de Alba
Tzintzun. Revista de Estudios Históricos , 2004,
Abstract:
Planeación urbana municipal, áreas verdes y propiedad privada en Puebla, México. Caso exrancho Rementería Municipal Urban Planning, Green Areas and Private Property in Puebla, Mexico. Case Study: Exrancho Rementería Planejamento Urbano Municipal, áreas verdes e da Propriedade Privada em Puebla, no México. Estudo de Caso: Rementeria Exrancho Rementería
Emma Regina Morales García de Alba
Cuadernos de Vivienda y Urbanismo , 2009,
Abstract: Resumen La dotación de áreas verdes en ciudades como Puebla -en México- es muy limitada debido a la incapacidad del municipio para incidir en la planeación y ordenamiento de su propio territorio. La metodología de investigación comprende el análisis de un caso vinculado a tres aspectos: concepto de propiedad, áreas verdes y planeación urbana municipal. Se eligió el caso exrancho Rementería para esta investigación por la complejidad social, legal, política y medioambiental que representa una propiedad privada considerada área verde por el municipio sin un proyecto de intervención. El resultado de este análisis no resulta un modelo en sí, sino un cúmulo de experiencias que buscan ayudar a las autoridades en el proceso de instrumentación de acciones ciudadanas, ya que la transformación de la ciudad y la dotación de espacios públicos y áreas verdes solamente puede lograrse mediante la unión de las voluntades inmersas: sector público, iniciativa privada y población civil. Abstract Providing green areas in cities like Puebla in Mexico is limited due to the incapacity of the Municipality to coordinate its own territorial planning and land use. The investigation methodology includes the analysis of case linked to three aspects: property, green areas and municipal urban planning. The case ExRancho Rementería was chosen for this investigation because of its social, legal, political and environmental complexity where a private property is considered as green area by the municipality without an intervention project. The result of this analysis is not a model but a compilation of experiences useful for municipal authorities to instrument policies with citizen actions to transform the city and provide green areas and public space binding common purposes from public sector, private sector and civil population. Resumo A dota o de áreas verdes em cidades como Puebla –México- é muito limitada devido à incapacidade do Município para incidir no planejamento e ordenamento de seu próprio território. A metodologia de investiga o compreende a análise de um caso vinculado a três aspectos: conceito de propriedade, áreas verdes e planejamento urbano municipal. Escolheu-se o caso ex-rancho Rementería para esta pesquisa pela complexidade social, legal, política e médio-ambiental que representa uma propriedade privada considerada área verde pelo município sem que houvesse um projeto de interven o. O resultado desta análise n o é um modelo em si, sen o um cúmulo de experiências que tentam ajudar às autoridades no processo de instrumenta o de a es cidad s, já que a transforma o
EDUCAR EN LA PARTICIPACIóN COMO EJE DE UNA EDUCACIóN CIUDADANA. REFLEXIONES Y EXPERIENCIAS.
Francisco F. García,Nicolás de Alba Fernández
Didáctica Geográfica , 2007,
Abstract: RESUMEN: Los graves problemas sociales y ambientales de nuestro mundo exigen una educación que permita a los alumnos comprender mejor esos problemas y actuar en consecuencia. De ahí la importancia de una Educación para la Ciudadanía centrada en la participación ciudadana. Pero esa meta no está exenta de dificultades, debido a diversos factores, como la formación del profesorado o las limitaciones del contexto escolar. Partiendo de estas reflexiones, se analizan las experiencias de tres programas educativos, desarrollados en la provincia de Sevilla, que pretenden fomentar la participación de ni os y jóvenes en su ciudad. PALABRAS-CLAVE: Educación para la Ciudadanía; Participación ciudadana; Experiencias educativas innovadoras. ABSTRACT: The serious social and environmental problems of our world demand an education that allows the students to understand those problems better and to act in consequence. Therefore, the importance of an Education for Citizenship centered in the citizen participation. But that goal doesn’t lack difficulties, due to different factors, such as teachers’ training or the limitations of school context. Taking these reflections into account, we analyze the experiences of three educative programmes, developed in the province of Seville, that try to foment the participation of children and young people in their town. KEYWORDS: Education for Citizenship; Citizen Participation; Innovative Educational Experiences. RéSUMé: Les graves problèmes sociaux et environnementaux de notre monde exigent une éducation qui permet aux élèves de comprendre mieux ces problèmes et d'agir en conséquence. Donc l'importance d'une éducation à la Citoyenneté centrée à la participation des citoyens. Mais cet objectif n'est pas exempt de difficultés, à cause de divers facteurs, comme la formation du professorat ou les limitations du contexte scolaire. à partir de ces réflexions, on analyse les expériences de trois programmes éducatifs, développés dans la province de Séville, qui prétendent favoriser la participation des enfants et des jeunes dans leur ville. MOTS CLé: éducation à la citoyenneté; Participation des citoyens; Expériences éducatives innovatrices.
Prevalencia del síndrome de desgaste profesional (burnout) en odontólogos mexicanos del sector educativo y privado
Casta?eda Aguilera,Enrique; García de Alba García,Javier Eduardo;
Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo , 2012, DOI: 10.4321/S0465-546X2012000300009
Abstract: objective: to determine the prevalence of burnout (burnout) in dental education and private sector. material and methods: methods: observational, descriptive and cross through the dental staff census metropolitan area of guadalajara, mexico at the university of guadalajara and those in private practice, attended by 135 of the mapplying to the maform of identification and the maslach burnout inventory-human services survey in a self-administered. descriptive statistics and inferential analyzes were performed using spss15.0 support and epi-infov6.1. results: we achieved 90.0 % response. was detected a frequency of burnout (burnout) in 50.3 % of them. there were significant differences in function to be under 40 years of age. negative correlation was observed between emotional exhaustion and depersonalization subscales and positive relationship between lacks of personal accomplishment at work. conclusions: the syndrome of burnout (burnout) is frequent (50.3 %) for dentists, the main risk factors: work in private practice, being female, under 40 years old without regular partner and with more than 15 years with partner, partner not working, no children, be a specialist, with less than 10 years of work and the current job more than 10 years work in the morning shift, permanent recruitment and have other work. involvement of the emotional exhaustion and depersonalization behaves like syndrome. the average levels of the subscales are generally near normal.we found a negative correlation between emotional exhaustion and depersonalization subscales and positive relationship between lacks of personal fulfillment in working with the presence of the syndrome. it is necessary to establish preventive or intervention at the individual, social or organizational to reduce the prevalence found.
Dominio cultural del autocuidado en diabeticos tipo 2 con y sin control glucémico en México
Salcedo-Rocha,Ana L; Alba-García,Javier E García de; Sevila,Elizabeth;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102008000200010
Abstract: objective: to analyze the main elements related with the cultural domain of self-health care in type 2 diabetes patients with and without good blood glucose control. methods: descriptive study comprising diabetes patients, 57 with and 76 without good blood glucose control, with an average age of 60 years, who attended a social security family clinic in mexico in 2003. a cognitive anthropology approach using free lists and a structured questionnaire was applied and a semantic model and average cultural knowledge based on six questions about their illness was developed by consensus analysis. results: sociodemographic information of both groups showed significant differences. the comparison of all semantic models revealed similar structures with the exception of "what do you understand exercise is" (p<0.05). the average cultural knowledge was similar in both groups except for that related to "how family can help an adult be healthy", which was statistically higher in those patients with good blood glucose control. conclusions: the study findings show a different semantic structure on exercise conception between both diabetes groups studied as well as different average cultural knowledge on family support for patient's health. these findings should be taken into account in the development of education, self-care and medical care programs specific to the knowledge of type 2 diabetes patients.
Prevalencia del síndrome de agotamiento profesional (burnout) en médicos familiares mexicanos: análisis de factores de riesgo
Casta?eda Aguilera,Enrique; García de Alba García,Javier E.;
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2010,
Abstract: introduction: burn-out syndrome refers to a psycho-social problem that is common among physicians. objective: to determine its prevalence and risk factors in mexican family physicians. method: observational, descriptive-cross-sectional study, by means of self-administration of the maslach burnout inventory - human services survey (mbi-hss) in a random sample with proportional allocation of 240 physicians. the descriptive statistics and the inferential analysis were made with support of the spss 12.0 and epi-info v 6.1. results: 97.5% of the answers were obtained. we detected burnout syndrome in 41.6% of the physicians. we found significant differences based on gender, age group, number of children, seniority, and type ofjob contract. conclusions: burn-out syndrome is frequent (41.6%) in family physicians, and its main risk factors are: being a woman, 40 years-old or more, with children, with a minimum of 10 years at the workplace, and a long-term contract. emotional exhaustion and depersonalization had a negative correlation, and lack of personal accomplishments at work had a positive correlation with the syndrome. it is necessary to establish preventive measures and interventions at the individual, social, and organizational levels to reduce its prevalence.
Depresión en el personal sanitario femenino y el análisis de los factores de riesgos sociodemográficos y laborales
Casta?eda Aguilera,Enrique; García de Alba García,Javier E.;
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2011,
Abstract: objective: to determine the prevalence of depression in women healthcare workers and to analyze the socio-demographic and work-related risk factors. material and methods: this is an observational, descriptive, and transversal study. 190 female healthcare workers of the mexican social security institute were assessed by an identification form and a self-administered diagnostic clinical questionnaire of depressive symptoms. results: the response rate was 86.0%. all were women, 52.2% were over 40 years old, 61.0% had a steady partner, and 75.3% reported having children. 51.5% had more than 12 years of schooling 71.0% had been at the institution over 10 years, and 56.3% had been at their current position for less than 10 years. 52.1% had the afternoon shift, 90.0% were hired directly, and 8.6% had no other job outside the institution. depression was detected in 18.9% of the women. 9.5% had anxiety reactions, 8.4% moderate depression, and 1.1% severe depression. there were no significant differences according to socio-demographic and work-related variables, except for having a stable partner, being at the institution for more than 10 years, working only at the institution, and non-use of tobacco and alcohol. conclusions: depression showed a prevalence of 18.9%. risk factors were being a social worker, being more than 40 years old, having a stable partner for less than 15 years, having children, having over 12 years of schooling, working for more than 10 years at the institution in the current position, having the morning shift, being a direct hire employee, and not having another job outside the institution.
Prevalencia del síndrome de agotamiento profesional (burnout) en médicos familiares mexicanos: análisis de factores de riesgo Prevalence Of Burn-out Syndrome In Mexican Family Physicians: Analysis of Risk Factors
Enrique Casta?eda Aguilera,Javier E. García de Alba García
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2010,
Abstract: Introducción: El síndrome de agotamiento profesional (burnout) se refiere a un problema de tipo psicosocial que se presenta más frecuentemente entre los médicos. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia y los factores de riesgo en los médicos familiares mexicanos. Método: Estudio observacional, descriptivo-transversal, mediante muestra aleatoria con asignación proporcional de 240 profesionales aplicándoseles el Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey en forma autoadministrada. Las estadísticas descriptivas y el análisis inferencial se realizó con apoyo del SPSS 12.0 y Epi-info V 6.1. Resultados: Se logró el 97,5% de respuesta. Se detectó una frecuencia del síndrome de agotamiento profesional en el 41,6% de los profesionales. Se obtuvieron diferencias significativas en función del sexo, grupo de edad, tener hijos, antigüedad en la institución y tipo de contratación. Conclusiones: El síndrome de agotamiento profesional es frecuente (41,6%) en los médicos familiares, y sus principales factores de riesgo: el ser mujer, mayor de 40 a os, con hijos, con 10 a os o más de antigüedad institucional y contratación de base. La afectación del agotamiento emocional se comporta como el síndrome. Se encontró una correlación negativa entre las subescalas agotamiento emocional y despersonalización y positiva entre la falta de realización personal en el trabajo con la presencia del síndrome. Es necesario establecer medidas preventivas o de intervención en los planos individual, social u organizacional para reducir la prevalencia encontrada. Introduction: Burn-out syndrome refers to a psycho-social problem that is common among physicians. Objective: To determine its prevalence and risk factors in Mexican family physicians. Method: Observational, descriptive-cross-sectional study, by means of self-administration of the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) in a random sample with proportional allocation of 240 physicians. The descriptive statistics and the inferential analysis were made with support of the SPSS 12.0 and Epi-info V 6.1. Results: 97.5% of the answers were obtained. We detected Burnout syndrome in 41.6% of the physicians. We found significant differences based on gender, age group, number of children, seniority, and type ofjob contract. Conclusions: Burn-out syndrome is frequent (41.6%) in family physicians, and its main risk factors are: Being a woman, 40 years-old or more, with children, with a minimum of 10 years at the workplace, and a long-term contract. Emotional exhaustion and depersonalization had a negative correlation, and la
Depresión en el personal sanitario femenino y el análisis de los factores de riesgos sociodemográficos y laborales Depression in Female Healthcare Workers and Analysis of Socio-demographic and Work-related Risk Factors
Enrique Casta?eda Aguilera,Javier E. García de Alba García
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2011,
Abstract: Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de depresión en el personal sanitario femenino y analizar los factores de riesgo sociodemográficos y laborales. Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal, con 190 mujeres del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, a quienes se les aplicó una ficha de identificación y el cuestionario clínico de diagnóstico para cuadros depresivos. Resultados: La tasa de respuesta fue del 86,0%. El 52,2% tenía más de 40 a os de edad; el 61,0%, pareja estable; el 75,3%, hijos, y el 51,5%, nivel de escolaridad mayor a 12 a os. El 71,0% mostró una antigüedad institucional mayor de 10 a os y el 56,3% reveló una antigüedad en el puesto de actual menor a 10 a os; predominaron el turno vespertino en el 52,1%, la contratación de base en el 90,0% y el no tener otro trabajo en el 8,6%. Se detectó depresión en 18,9%; 9,5% presentó reacción de ansiedad; 8,4%, depresión moderada, y 1,1%, depresión severa. No hubo diferencias significativas en las variables socio-demográficas y laborales, a excepción de tener pareja estable, antigüedad institucional mayor de 10 a os, trabajar solamente en la institución, tabaquismo y alcoholismo negativos. Conclusiones: La depresión presentó una prevalencia del 18,9%. Los factores de riesgo fueron: ser trabajadora social, mayor de 40 a os, con pareja estable y con menos de 15 a os con ella, tener hijos, escolaridad mayor de 12 a os, con más de 10 a os de antigüedad institucional y en el puesto actual de trabajo, turno matutino, contratación de base y no tener otro trabajo aparte del institucional. Objective: To determine the prevalence of depression in women healthcare workers and to analyze the socio-demographic and work-related risk factors. Material and methods: This is an observational, descriptive, and transversal study. 190 female healthcare workers of the Mexican Social Security Institute were assessed by an identification form and a self-administered diagnostic clinical questionnaire of depressive symptoms. Results: The response rate was 86.0%. All were women, 52.2% were over 40 years old, 61.0% had a steady partner, and 75.3% reported having children. 51.5% had more than 12 years of schooling 71.0% had been at the institution over 10 years, and 56.3% had been at their current position for less than 10 years. 52.1% had the afternoon shift, 90.0% were hired directly, and 8.6% had no other job outside the institution. Depression was detected in 18.9% of the women. 9.5% had anxiety reactions, 8.4% moderate depression, and 1.1% severe depression. There were no significant differences according to s
Prevalencia del síndrome de desgaste profesional (burnout) en odontólogos mexicanos del sector educativo y privado Prevalence of the syndrome of professional exhaustion (burnout) in mexican dentists of the education sector and private
Enrique Casta?eda Aguilera,Javier Eduardo García de Alba García
Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo , 2012,
Abstract: Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia del síndrome de desgaste profesional (burnout) en odontólogos del sector educativo y privado. Material y métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal, mediante el censo del personal odontológico de la Zona Metropolitana de Guadalajara, México de la Universidad de Guadalajara y los que ejercen la práctica privada, donde participaron 135 de ellos aplicándoseles una ficha de identificación y el Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey en forma auto-administrada. Las estadísticas descriptivas y el análisis inferencial se realizaron con apoyo del SPSS 15.0 y Epi-infoV6.1. Resultados: Se logró el 90,0 % de respuesta. Se detectó una frecuencia del síndrome de desgaste profesional (burnout) en el 50,3 % de ellos. Se obtuvieron diferencias significativas en función a ser menor de 40 a os de edad. Se observó la correlación negativa entre las subescalas agotamiento emocional y despersonalización y positiva entre la falta de realización personal en el trabajo. Conclusiones: El síndrome de desgaste profesional (burnout) es frecuente (50,3 %) en los odontólogos, sus principales factores de riesgo: laborar en la práctica privada, el ser mujer, menor de 40 a os de edad, sin pareja estable y con más de 15 a os con pareja, el no trabajar la pareja, sin hijos, ser especialista, con menos de 10 a os de antigüedad laboral y en el puesto actual de trabajo más de 10 a os, laborar en el turno matutino, contratación definitiva y el tener otro trabajo. La afectación del agotamiento emocional y la despersonalización se comporta como el síndrome. Los niveles medios de las subescalas se encuentran en general cerca de la normalidad. Se encontró una correlación negativa entre las subescalas agotamiento emocional y despersonalización y positiva entre la falta de realización personal en el trabajo con la presencia del síndrome. Es necesario establecer medidas preventivas o de intervención en los niveles individual, social u organizacional para reducir la prevalencia encontrada. Objective: To determine the prevalence of burnout (burnout) in dental education and private sector. Material and methods: Methods: Observational, descriptive and cross through the dental staff census metropolitan area of Guadalajara, Mexico at the University of Guadalajara and those in private practice, attended by 135 of the mapplying to the maform of identification and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey in a self-administered. Descriptive statistics and inferential analyzes were performed using SPSS15.0 support and Epi-infoV6.1. Results: W
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