Abstract:
The relativistic model with two types of planar fermions interacting with the Chern-Simons and Maxwell fields is applied to the study of anyon superconductor. It is demonstrated, that the Meissner effect can be realized in the case of the simultaneous presence of the fermions with a different magnetic moment interactions. Under the certain conditions there occures an extra plateau at the magnetization curve. In the order under consideration the spectrum of the electromagnetic field excitations contains the long-range interaction and one massive "photon" state.

Abstract:
Magnetic moment interaction is shown to play a defining role in the magnetic properties of anyon superconductors. The necessary condition for the existence of the Meissner effect is found.

Abstract:
By considering the area preserving geometric transformations in the configuration space of electrons moving in the lowest Landau level (LLL) we arrive at the Chern-Simons type Lagrangian. Imposing the LLL condition, we get a scheme with the complex gauge fields and transformations. Quantum theory for the matter field in LLL is considered and formal expressions for Read's operator and Laughlin wave function are presented in the second quantized form.

Abstract:
We consider the parity invariant (2+1)-dimensional QED where the matter is represented as a mixture of fermions with opposite spins. It is argued that the perturbative ground state of the system is unstable with respect to the formation of magnetized ground state. Carrying out the finite temperature analysis we show that the magnetic instability disappears in the high temperature regime.

Abstract:
Chern-Simons type gauge field is generated by the means of the singular area preserving transformations in the lowest Landau level of electrons forming fractional quantum Hall state. Dynamics is governed by the system of constraints which correspond to the Gauss law in the non-commutative Chern-Simons gauge theory and to the lowest Landau level condition in the picture of composite fermions. Physically reasonable solution to this constraints corresponds to the Laughlin state. It is argued that the model leads to the non-commutative Chern-Simons theory of the QHE and composite fermions.

Abstract:
The bilayer QH system has four energy levels in the lowest Landau level, corresponding to the layer and spin degrees of freedom. We investigate the system in the regime where all four levels are nearly degenerate and equally active. The underlying group structure is SU(4). At $\nu =1$ the QH state is a charge-transferable state between the two layers and the SU(4) isospin coherence develops spontaneously. Quasiparticles are isospin textures to be identified with SU(4) skyrmions. The skyrmion energy consists of the Coulomb energy, the Zeeman energy and the pseudo-Zeeman energy. The Coulomb energy consists of the self-energy, the capacitance energy and the exchange energy. At the balanced point only pseudospins are excited unless the tunneling gap is too large. Then, the SU(4) skyrmion evolves continuously from the pseudospin-skyrmion limit into the spin-skyrmion limit as the system is transformed from the balanced point to the monolayer point by controlling the bias voltage. Our theoretical result explains quite well the experimental data due to Murphy et al. and Sawada et al. on the activation energy anomaly induced by applying parallel magnetic field.

Abstract:
We present a microscopic theory of skyrmions in the monolayer quantum Hall ferromagnet. It is a peculiar feature of the system that the number density and the spin density are entangled intrinsically as dictated by the W$%_{\infty}$ algebra. The skyrmion and antiskyrmion states are constructed as W$_{\infty }$-rotated states of the hole-excited and electron-excited states, respectively. They are spin textures accompanied with density modulation that decreases the Coulomb energy. We calculate their excitation energy as a function of the Zeeman gap and compared the result with experimental data.

Abstract:
We analyze topological solitons in the noncommutative plane by taking a concrete instance of the quantum Hall system with the SU(N) symmetry, where a soliton is identified with a skyrmion. It is shown that a topological soliton induces an excitation of the electron number density from the ground-state value around it. When a judicious choice of the topological charge density $J_{0}(\mathbf{x})$ is made, it acquires a physical reality as the electron density excitation $\Delta \rho ^{\text{cl}}(\mathbf{x})$ around a topological soliton, $\Delta \rho ^{\text{cl}}(\mathbf{x})=-J_{0}(% \mathbf{x})$. Hence a noncommutative soliton carries necessarily the electric charge proportional to its topological charge. A field-theoretical state is constructed for a soliton state irrespectively of the Hamiltonian. In general it involves an infinitely many parameters. They are fixed by minimizing its energy once the Hamiltonian is chosen. We study explicitly the cases where the system is governed by the hard-core interaction and by the noncommutative CP$^{N-1}$ model, where all these parameters are determined analytically and the soliton excitation energy is obtained.

Abstract:
We present a microscopic theory of the Hall current in the bilayer quantum Hall system on the basis of noncommutative geometry. By analyzing the Heisenberg equation of motion and the continuity equation of charge, we demonstrate the emergence of the phase current in a system where the interlayer phase coherence develops spontaneously. The phase current arranges itself to minimize the total energy of the system, as induces certain anomalous behaviors in the Hall current in the counterflow geometry and also in the drag experiment. They explain the recent experimental data for anomalous Hall resistances due to Kellogg et al. [M. Kellogg, I.B. Spielman, J.P. Eisenstein, L.N. Pfeiffer and K.W. West, Phys. Rev. Lett. \textbf{88} (2002) 126804; M. Kellogg, J.P. Eisenstein, L.N. Pfeiffer and K.W. West, Phys. Rev. Lett. \textbf{93} (2004) 036801] and Tutuc et al. [E. Tutuc, M. Shayegan and D.A. Huse, Phys. Rev. Lett. \textbf{93} (2004) 036802] at $\nu =1$.

Abstract:
Noncommutative geometry governs the physics of quantum Hall (QH) effects. We introduce the Weyl ordering of the second quantized density operator to explore the dynamics of electrons in the lowest Landau level. We analyze QH systems made of $N$-component electrons at the integer filling factor $\nu=k\leq N$. The basic algebra is the SU(N)-extended W$_{\infty}$. A specific feature is that noncommutative geometry leads to a spontaneous development of SU(N) quantum coherence by generating the exchange Coulomb interaction. The effective Hamiltonian is the Grassmannian $G_{N,k}$ sigma model, and the dynamical field is the Grassmannian $G_{N,k}$ field, describing $k(N-k)$ complex Goldstone modes and one kind of topological solitons (Grassmannian solitons).