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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 189851 matches for " G. Pronost "
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New antineutrino energy spectra predictions from the summation of beta decay branches of the fission products
M. Fallot,S. Cormon,M. Estienne,A. Algora,V. M. Bui,A. Cucoanes,M. Elnimr,L. Giot,D. Jordan,J. Martino,A. Onillon,A. Porta,G. Pronost,A. Remoto,J. L. Taín,F. Yermia,A. -A. Zakari-Issoufou
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.202504
Abstract: In this paper, we study the impact of the inclusion of the recently measured beta decay properties of the $^{102;104;105;106;107}$Tc, $^{105}$Mo, and $^{101}$Nb nuclei in an updated calculation of the antineutrino energy spectra of the four fissible isotopes $^{235, 238}$U, and $^{239,241}$Pu. These actinides are the main contributors to the fission processes in Pressurized Water Reactors. The beta feeding probabilities of the above-mentioned Tc, Mo and Nb isotopes have been found to play a major role in the $\gamma$ component of the decay heat of $^{239}$Pu, solving a large part of the $\gamma$ discrepancy in the 4 to 3000\,s range. They have been measured using the Total Absorption Technique (TAS), avoiding the Pandemonium effect. The calculations are performed using the information available nowadays in the nuclear databases, summing all the contributions of the beta decay branches of the fission products. Our results provide a new prediction of the antineutrino energy spectra of $^{235}$U, $^{239,241}$Pu and in particular of $^{238}$U for which no measurement has been published yet. We conclude that new TAS measurements are mandatory to improve the reliability of the predicted spectra.
Effet d'un programme de renforcement de la hardiesse sur la qualité de vie au travail d'infirmières fran aises
Philippe Delmas,André Duquette,Marc Bourdeau,Anne-Marie Pronost
L'Infirmière Clinicienne , 2004,
Abstract: Selon Maddi et Kobasa (1984), la hardiesse appara t comme une ressource personnelle permettant aux personnes de demeurer en santé dans un univers pourvoyeur de nombreux stresseurs. Ce constat a été de nombreuses fois exploré auprès de diverses populations d'infirmières. Par contre, malgré la contribution des infirmières à préciser les relations proposées par la théorie de Maddi et Kobasa (1984), il semble exister peu d'études ayant exploré les relations causales entre les variables couramment utilisées par ces dernières comme par exemple : l'épuisement professionnel, le stress per u, le coping. De ce fait, cette étude a pour but d'élaborer un programme de renforcement de la hardiesse et d'évaluer ses effets sur la hardiesse, les stratégies de coping, le stress per u et la qualité de vie au travail d'infirmières fran aises. L'échantillon fut constitué à partir de la population accessible d'un h pital du sud-ouest de la France. Une randomisation de cet échantillon de 70 infirmières a permis la constitution du groupe expérimental et contr le. Le programme d'intervention fut bati à partir des recommandations des concepteurs (Maddi et Kobasa, 1984) si bien que trois techniques furent retenues : le focusing, la reconstruction de situation et l'approche émotivo-rationnelle. Les instruments de mesure furent pour la hardiesse, l'échelle PVS II (Maddi, 1987, 1990) en traduction fran aise (Kérouac et Duquette, 1992) ; pour le stress per u, l'échelle NSS (Gray-Toft et Anderson, 1981a) en traduction fran aise (Duquette et al., 1995), pour les stratégies de coping, l'échelle abrégée en langue fran aise (Bouchard et coll., 1995) du Ways of Coping Questionnaire (Lazarus et Folkman, 1984), pour la qualité de vie au travail, l'échelle de Elizur et Shye (1990) en traduction fran aise (Delmas, Escobar et Duquette, 2001). Les résultats montrent aux trois temps de mesure postérieurs à l'intervention que celle-ci a permis de renforcer le niveau de hardiesse, les stratégies actives de coping, la qualité de vie au travail des infirmières tout en diminuant l'intensité du stress per u et les stratégies de fuite.
First Test of Lorentz Violation with a Reactor-based Antineutrino Experiment
Double Chooz Collaboration,Y. Abe,C. Aberle,J. C. dos Anjos,M. Bergevin,A. Bernstein,T. J. C. Bezerra,L. Bezrukhov,E. Blucher,N. S. Bowden,C. Buck,J. Busenitz,A. Cabrera,E. Caden,L. Camilleri,R. Carr,M. Cerrada,P. -J. Chang,P. Chimenti,T. Classen,A. P. Collin,E. Conover,J. M. Conrad,J. I. Crespo-Anadón,K. Crum,A. Cucoanes,M. V. D'Agostino,E. Damon,J. V. Dawson,S. Dazeley,D. Dietrich,Z. Djurcic,M. Dracos,V. Durand,J. Ebert,Y. Efremenko,M. Elnimr,A. Erickson,M. Fallot,M. Fechner,F. von Feilitzsch,J. Felde,V. Fischer,D. Franco,A. J. Franke,M. Franke,H. Furuta,R. Gama,I. Gil-Botella,L. Giot,M. G?ger-Neff,L. F. G. Gonzalez,M. C. Goodman,J. TM. Goon,D. Greiner,N. Haag,S. Habib,C. Hagner,T. Hara,F. X. Hartmann,J. Haser,A. Hatzikoutelis,T. Hayakawa,M. Hofmann,G. A. Horton-Smith,M. Ishitsuka,J. Jochum,C. Jollet,C. L. Jones,F. Kaether,L. N. Kalousis,Y. Kamyshkov,D. M. Kaplan,T. Katori,T. Kawasaki,G. Keefer,E. Kemp,H. de Kerret,T. Konno,D. Kryn,M. Kuze,T. Lachenmaier,C. E. Lane,T. Lasserre,A. Letourneau,D. Lhuillier,H. P. Lima Jr,M. Lindner,J. M. López-Casta?o,J. M. LoSecco,B. K. Lubsandorzhiev,S. Lucht,D. McKee,J. Maeda,C. N. Maesano,C. Mariani,J. Maricic,J. Martino,T. Matsubara,G. Mention,A. Meregaglia,M. Meyer,T. Miletic,R. Milincic,H. Miyata,Th. A. Mueller,Y. Nagasaka,K. Nakajima,P. Novella,M. Obolensky,L. Oberauer,A. Onillon,A. Osborn,I. Ostrovskiy,C. Palomares,I. M. Pepe,S. Perasso,P. Perrin,P. Pfahler,A. Porta,W. Potzel,G. Pronost,J. Reichenbacher,B. Reinhold,A. Remoto
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.112009
Abstract: We present a search for Lorentz violation with 8249 candidate electron antineutrino events taken by the Double Chooz experiment in 227.9 live days of running. This analysis, featuring a search for a sidereal time dependence of the events, is the first test of Lorentz invariance using a reactor-based antineutrino source. No sidereal variation is present in the data and the disappearance results are consistent with sidereal time independent oscillations. Under the Standard-Model Extension (SME), we set the first limits on fourteen Lorentz violating coefficients associated with transitions between electron and tau flavor, and set two competitive limits associated with transitions between electron and muon flavor.
Precision Muon Reconstruction in Double Chooz
Double Chooz collaboration,Y. Abe,J. C. dos Anjos,J. C. Barriere,E. Baussan,I. Bekman,M. Bergevin,T. J. C. Bezerra,L. Bezrukov,E. Blucher,C. Buck,J. Busenitz,A. Cabrera,E. Caden,L. Camilleri,R. Carr,M. Cerrada,P. -J. Chang,E. Chauveau,P. Chimenti,A. P. Collin,E. Conover,J. M. Conrad,J. I. Crespo-Anadón,K. Crum,A. Cucoanes,E. Damon,J. V. Dawson,D. Dietrich,Z. Djurcic,M. Dracos,M. Elnimr,A. Etenko,M. Fallot,F. von Feilitzsch,J. Felde,S. M. Fernandes,V. Fischer,D. Franco,M. Franke,H. Furuta,I. Gil-Botella,L. Giot,M. G?ger-Neff,L. F. G. Gonzalez,L. Goodenough,M. C. Goodman,C. Grant,N. Haag,T. Hara,J. Haser,M. Hofmann,G. A. Horton-Smith,A. Hourlier,M. Ishitsuka,J. Jochum,C. Jollet,F. Kaether,L. N. Kalousis,Y. Kamyshkov,D. M. Kaplan,T. Kawasaki,E. Kemp,H. de Kerret,D. Kryn,M. Kuze,T. Lachenmaier,C. E. Lane,T. Lasserre,A. Letourneau,D. Lhuillier,H. P. Lima Jr,M. Lindner,J. M. López-Casta no,J. M. LoSecco,B. Lubsandorzhiev,S. Lucht,J. Maeda,C. Mariani,J. Maricic,J. Martino,T. Matsubara,G. Mention,A. Meregaglia,T. Miletic,R. Milincic,A. Minotti,Y. Nagasaka,Y. Nikitenko,P. Novella,M. Obolensky,L. Oberauer,A. Onillon,A. Osborn,C. Palomares,I. M. Pepe,S. Perasso,P. Pfahler,A. Porta,G. Pronost,J. Reichenbacher,B. Reinhold,M. R?hling,R. Roncin,S. Roth,B. Rybolt,Y. Sakamoto,R. Santorelli,A. C. Schilithz,S. Sch?nert,S. Schoppmann,M. H. Shaevitz,R. Sharankova,S. Shimojima,V. Sibille,V. Sinev,M. Skorokhvatov,E. Smith,J. Spitz,A. Stahl,I. Stancu,L. F. F. Stokes,M. Strait,A. Stüken,F. Suekane
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2014.07.058
Abstract: We describe a muon track reconstruction algorithm for the reactor anti-neutrino experiment Double Chooz. The Double Chooz detector consists of two optically isolated volumes of liquid scintillator viewed by PMTs, and an Outer Veto above these made of crossed scintillator strips. Muons are reconstructed by their Outer Veto hit positions along with timing information from the other two detector volumes. All muons are fit under the hypothesis that they are through-going and ultrarelativistic. If the energy depositions suggest that the muon may have stopped, the reconstruction fits also for this hypothesis and chooses between the two via the relative goodness-of-fit. In the ideal case of a through-going muon intersecting the center of the detector, the resolution is ~40 mm in each transverse dimension. High quality muon reconstruction is an important tool for reducing the impact of the cosmogenic isotope background in Double Chooz.
Muon capture on light isotopes in Double Chooz
Double Chooz collaboration,Y. Abe,T. Abrah?o,H. Almazan,C. Alt,S. Appel,J. C. Barriere,E. Baussan,I. Bekman,M. Bergevin,T. J. C. Bezerra,L. Bezrukov,E. Blucher,T. Brugière,C. Buck,J. Busenitz,A. Cabrera,L. Camilleri,R. Carr,M. Cerrada,E. Chauveau,P. Chimenti,A. P. Collin,E. Conover,J. M. Conrad,J. I. Crespo-Anadón,K. Crum,A. S. Cucoanes,E. Damon,J. V. Dawson,H. de Kerret,J. Dhooghe,D. Dietrich,Z. Djurcic,J. C. dos Anjos,M. Dracos,A. Etenko,M. Fallot,J. Felde,S. M. Fernandes,V. Fischer,D. Franco,M. Franke,H. Furuta,I. Gil-Botella,L. Giot,M. G?ger-Neff,H. Gomez,L. F. G. Gonzalez,L. Goodenough,M. C. Goodman,N. Haag,T. Hara,J. Haser,D. Hellwig,M. Hofmann,G. A. Horton-Smith,A. Hourlier,M. Ishitsuka,J. Jochum,C. Jollet,F. Kaether,L. N. Kalousis,Y. Kamyshkov,M. Kaneda,D. M. Kaplan,T. Kawasaki,E. Kemp,D. Kryn,M. Kuze,T. Lachenmaier,C. E. Lane,T. Lasserre,A. Letourneau,D. Lhuillier,H. P. Lima Jr,M. Lindner,J. M. López-Casta?o,J. M. LoSecco,B. Lubsandorzhiev,S. Lucht,J. Maeda,C. Mariani,J. Maricic,J. Martino,T. Matsubara,G. Mention,A. Meregaglia,T. Miletic,R. Milincic,A. Minotti,Y. Nagasaka,D. Navas-Nicolás,P. Novella,L. Oberauer,M. Obolensky,A. Onillon,A. Osborn,C. Palomares,I. M. Pepe,S. Perasso,A. Porta,G. Pronost,J. Reichenbacher,B. Reinhold,M. R?hling,R. Roncin,B. Rybolt,Y. Sakamoto,R. Santorelli,A. C. Schilithz,S. Sch?nert,S. Schoppmann,M. H. Shaevitz,R. Sharankova,D. Shrestha,V. Sibille,V. Sinev,M. Skorokhvatov,E. Smith,M. Soiron,J. Spitz,A. Stahl,I. Stancu,L. F. F. Stokes
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Using the Double Chooz detector, designed to measure the neutrino mixing angle $\theta_{13}$, the products of $\mu^-$ capture on $^{12}$C, $^{13}$C, $^{14}$N and $^{16}$O have been measured. Over a period of 489.5 days, $2.3\times10^6$ stopping cosmic $\mu^-$ have been collected, of which $1.8\times10^5$ captured on carbon, nitrogen, or oxygen nuclei in the inner detector scintillator or acrylic vessels. The resulting isotopes were tagged using prompt neutron emission (when applicable), the subsequent beta decays, and, in some cases, $\beta$-delayed neutrons. The most precise measurement of the rate of $^{12}\mathrm C(\mu^-,\nu)^{12}\mathrm B$ to date is reported: $6.57^{+0.11}_{-0.21}\times10^{3}\,\mathrm s^{-1}$, or $(17.35^{+0.35}_{-0.59})\%$ of nuclear captures. By tagging excited states emitting gammas, the ground state transition rate to $^{12}$B has been determined to be $5.68^{+0.14}_{-0.23}\times10^3\,\mathrm s^{-1}$. The heretofore unobserved reactions $^{12}\mathrm C(\mu^-,\nu\alpha)^{8}\mathrm{Li}$, $^{13}\mathrm C(\mu^-,\nu\mathrm n\alpha)^{8}\mathrm{Li}$, and $^{13}\mathrm C(\mu^-,\nu\mathrm n)^{12}\mathrm B$ are measured. Further, a population of $\beta$n decays following stopping muons is identified with $5.5\sigma$ significance. Statistics limit our ability to identify these decays definitively. Assuming negligible production of $^{8}$He, the reaction $^{13}\mathrm C(\mu^-,\nu\alpha)^{9}\mathrm{Li}$ is found to be present at the $2.7\sigma$ level. Limits are set on a variety of other processes.
Improved measurements of the neutrino mixing angle $θ_{13}$ with the Double Chooz detector
Y. Abe,J. C. dos Anjos,J. C. Barriere,E. Baussan,I. Bekman,M. Bergevin,T. J. C. Bezerra,L. Bezrukov,E. Blucher,C. Buck,J. Busenitz,A. Cabrera,E. Caden,L. Camilleri,R. Carr,M. Cerrada,P. -J. Chang,E. Chauveau,P. Chimenti,A. P. Collin,E. Conover,J. M. Conrad,J. I. Crespo-Anadón,K. Crum,A. S. Cucoanes,E. Damon,J. V. Dawson,J. Dhooghe,D. Dietrich,Z. Djurcic,M. Dracos,M. Elnimr,A. Etenko,M. Fallot,F. von Feilitzsch,J. Felde,S. M. Fernandes,V. Fischer,D. Franco,M. Franke,H. Furuta,I. Gil-Botella,L. Giot,M. G?ger-Neff,L. F. G. Gonzalez,L. Goodenough,M. C. Goodman,C. Grant,N. Haag,T. Hara,J. Haser,M. Hofmann,G. A. Horton-Smith,A. Hourlier,M. Ishitsuka,J. Jochum,C. Jollet,F. Kaether,L. N. Kalousis,Y. Kamyshkov,D. M. Kaplan,T. Kawasaki,E. Kemp,H. de Kerret,D. Kryn,M. Kuze,T. Lachenmaier,C. E. Lane,T. Lasserre,A. Letourneau,D. Lhuillier,H. P. Lima Jr,M. Lindner,J. M. López-Casta?o,J. M. LoSecco,B. Lubsandorzhiev,S. Lucht,J. Maeda,C. Mariani,J. Maricic,J. Martino,T. Matsubara,G. Mention,A. Meregaglia,T. Miletic,R. Milincic,A. Minotti,Y. Nagasaka,Y. Nikitenko,P. Novella,L. Oberauer,M. Obolensky,A. Onillon,A. Osborn,C. Palomares,I. M. Pepe,S. Perasso,P. Pfahler,A. Porta,G. Pronost,J. Reichenbacher,B. Reinhold,M. R?hling,R. Roncin,S. Roth,B. Rybolt,Y. Sakamoto,R. Santorelli,A. C. Schilithz,S. Sch?nert,S. Schoppmann,M. H. Shaevitz,R. Sharankova,S. Shimojima,D. Shrestha,V. Sibille,V. Sinev,M. Skorokhvatov,E. Smith,J. Spitz,A. Stahl,I. Stancu,L. F. F. Stokes,M. Strait,A. Stüken,F. Suekane
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP10(2014)086
Abstract: The Double Chooz experiment presents improved measurements of the neutrino mixing angle $\theta_{13}$ using the data collected in 467.90 live days from a detector positioned at an average distance of 1050 m from two reactor cores at the Chooz nuclear power plant. Several novel techniques have been developed to achieve significant reductions of the backgrounds and systematic uncertainties with respect to previous publications, whereas the efficiency of the $\bar\nu_{e}$ signal has increased. The value of $\theta_{13}$ is measured to be $\sin^{2}2\theta_{13} = 0.090 ^{+0.032}_{-0.029}$ from a fit to the observed energy spectrum. Deviations from the reactor $\bar\nu_{e}$ prediction observed above a prompt signal energy of 4 MeV and possible explanations are also reported. A consistent value of $\theta_{13}$ is obtained from a fit to the observed rate as a function of the reactor power independently of the spectrum shape and background estimation, demonstrating the robustness of the $\theta_{13}$ measurement despite the observed distortion.
Measurement of $θ_{13}$ in Double Chooz using neutron captures on hydrogen with novel background rejection techniques
Double Chooz Collaboration,Y. Abe,T. Abrah?o,H. Almazan,C. Alt,J. C. dos Anjos,J. C. Barriere,E. Baussan,I. Bekman,M. Bergevin,T. J. C. Bezerra,L. Bezrukov,E. Blucher,T. Brugière,C. Buck,J. Busenitz,A. Cabrera,L. Camilleri,R. Carr,M. Cerrada,E. Chauveau,P. Chimenti,A. P. Collin,J. M. Conrad,J. I. Crespo-Anadón,K. Crum,A. S. Cucoanes,E. Damon,J. V. Dawson,J. Dhooghe,D. Dietrich,Z. Djurcic,M. Dracos,A. Etenko,M. Fallot,F. von Feilitzsch,J. Felde,S. M. Fernandes,V. Fischer,D. Franco,M. Franke,H. Furuta,I. Gil-Botella,L. Giot,M. G?ger-Neff,H. Gomez,L. F. G. Gonzalez,L. Goodenough,M. C. Goodman,N. Haag,T. Hara,J. Haser,D. Hellwig,M. Hofmann,G. A. Horton-Smith,A. Hourlier,M. Ishitsuka,J. Jochum,C. Jollet,F. Kaether,L. N. Kalousis,Y. Kamyshkov,M. Kaneda,D. M. Kaplan,T. Kawasaki,E. Kemp,H. de Kerret,D. Kryn,M. Kuze,T. Lachenmaier,C. E. Lane,T. Lasserre,A. Letourneau,D. Lhuillier,H. P. Lima Jr,M. Lindner,J. M. López-Casta?o,J. M. LoSecco,B. Lubsandorzhiev,S. Lucht,J. Maeda,C. Mariani,J. Maricic,J. Martino,T. Matsubara,G. Mention,A. Meregaglia,T. Miletic,R. Milincic,A. Minotti,Y. Nagasaka,D. Navas-Nicolás,P. Novella,L. Oberauer,M. Obolensky,A. Onillon,A. Osborn,C. Palomares,I. M. Pepe,S. Perasso,A. Porta,G. Pronost,J. Reichenbacher,B. Reinhold,M. R?hling,R. Roncin,B. Rybolt,Y. Sakamoto,R. Santorelli,A. C. Schilithz,S. Sch?nert,S. Schoppmann,M. H. Shaevitz,R. Sharankova,D. Shrestha,V. Sibille,V. Sinev,M. Skorokhvatov,E. Smith,M. Soiron,J. Spitz,A. Stahl,I. Stancu,L. F. F. Stokes
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: The Double Chooz collaboration presents a measurement of the neutrino mixing angle $\theta_{13}$ using reactor $\overline{\nu}_{e}$ observed via the inverse beta decay reaction in which the neutron is captured on hydrogen. This measurement is based on 462.72 live days data, approximately twice as much data as in the previous such analysis, collected with a detector positioned at an average distance of 1050m from two reactor cores. Several novel techniques have been developed to achieve significant reductions of the backgrounds and systematic uncertainties. Accidental coincidences, the dominant background in this analysis, are suppressed by more than an order of magnitude with respect to our previous publication by a multi-variate analysis. These improvements demonstrate the capability of precise measurement of reactor $\overline{\nu}_{e}$ without gadolinium loading. Spectral distortions from the $\overline{\nu}_{e}$ reactor flux predictions previously reported with the neutron capture on gadolinium events are confirmed in the independent data sample presented here. A value of $\sin^{2}2\theta_{13} = 0.095^{+0.038}_{-0.039}$(stat+syst) is obtained from a fit to the observed event rate as a function of the reactor power, a method insensitive to the energy spectrum shape. A simultaneous fit of the hydrogen capture events and of the gadolinium capture events yields a measurement of $\sin^{2}2\theta_{13} = 0.088\pm0.033$(stat+syst).
Background-independent measurement of $θ_{13}$ in Double Chooz
Y. Abe,J. C. dos Anjos,J. C. Barriere,E. Baussan,I. Bekman,M. Bergevin,T. J. C. Bezerra,L. Bezrukov,E. Blucher,C. Buck,J. Busenitz,A. Cabrera,E. Caden,L. Camilleri,R. Carr,M. Cerrada,P. -J. Chang,E. Chauveau,P. Chimenti,A. P. Collin,E. Conover,J. M. Conrad,J. I. Crespo-Anadón,K. Crum,A. Cucoanes,E. Damon,J. V. Dawson,D. Dietrich,Z. Djurcic,M. Dracos,M. Elnimr,A. Etenko,M. Fallot,F. von Feilitzsch,J. Felde,S. M. Fernandes,V. Fischer,D. Franco,M. Franke,H. Furuta,I. Gil-Botella,L. Giot,M. G?ger-Neff,L. F. G. Gonzalez,L. Goodenough,M. C. Goodman,C. Grant,N. Haag,T. Hara,J. Haser,M. Hofmann,G. A. Horton-Smith,A. Hourlier,M. Ishitsuka,J. Jochum,C. Jollet,F. Kaether,L. N. Kalousis,Y. Kamyshkov,D. M. Kaplan,T. Kawasaki,E. Kemp,H. de Kerret,T. Konno,D. Kryn,M. Kuze,T. Lachenmaier,C. E. Lane,T. Lasserre,A. Letourneau,D. Lhuillier,H. P. Lima Jr,M. Lindner,J. M. López-Casta?o,J. M. LoSecco,B. K. Lubsandorzhiev,S. Lucht,J. Maeda,C. Mariani,J. Maricic,J. Martino,T. Matsubara,G. Mention,A. Meregaglia,T. Miletic,R. Milincic,A. Minotti,Y. Nagasaka,K. Nakajima,Y. Nikitenko,P. Novella,M. Obolensky,L. Oberauer,A. Onillon,A. Osborn,C. Palomares,I. M. Pepe,S. Perasso,P. Pfahler,A. Porta,G. Pronost,J. Reichenbacher,B. Reinhold,M. R?hling,R. Roncin,S. Roth,B. Rybolt,Y. Sakamoto,R. Santorelli,F. Sato,A. C. Schilithz,S. Sch?nert,S. Schoppmann,M. H. Shaevitz,R. Sharankova,S. Shimojima,V. Sibille,V. Sinev,M. Skorokhvatov,E. Smith,J. Spitz,A. Stahl,I. Stancu,L. F. F. Stokes,M. Strait,A. Stüken
Statistics , 2014, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2014.04.045
Abstract: The oscillation results published by the Double Chooz collaboration in 2011 and 2012 rely on background models substantiated by reactor-on data. In this analysis, we present a background-model-independent measurement of the mixing angle $\theta_{13}$ by including 7.53 days of reactor-off data. A global fit of the observed neutrino rates for different reactor power conditions is performed, yielding a measurement of both $\theta_{13}$ and the total background rate. The results on the mixing angle are improved significantly by including the reactor-off data in the fit, as it provides a direct measurement of the total background rate. This reactor rate modulation analysis considers antineutrino candidates with neutron captures on both Gd and H, whose combination yields $\sin^2(2\theta_{13})=$ 0.102 $\pm$ 0.028(stat.) $\pm$ 0.033(syst.). The results presented in this study are fully consistent with the ones already published by Double Chooz, achieving a competitive precision. They provide, for the first time, a determination of $\theta_{13}$ that does not depend on a background model.
Ortho-positronium observation in the Double Chooz Experiment
Y. Abe,J. C. dos Anjos,J. C. Barriere,E. Baussan,I. Bekman,M. Bergevin,T. J. C. Bezerra,L. Bezrukov,E. Blucher,C. Buck,J. Busenitz,A. Cabrera,E. Caden,L. Camilleri,R. Carr,M. Cerrada,P. -J. Chang,E. Chauveau,P. Chimenti,A. P. Collin,E. Conover,J. M. Conrad,J. I. Crespo-Anadon,K. Crum,A. S. Cucoanes,E. Damon,J. V. Dawson,J. Dhooghe,D. Dietrich,Z. Djurcic,M. Dracos,M. Elnimr,A. Etenko,M. Fallot,F. von Feilitzsch,J. Felde,S. M. Fernandes,V. Fischer,D. Franco,M. Franke,H. Furuta,I. Gil-Botella,L. Giot,M. Goger-Neff,L. F. G. Gonzalez,L. Goodenough,M. C. Goodman,C. Grant,N. Haag,T. Hara,J. Haser,M. Hofmann,G. A. Horton-Smith,A. Hourlier,M. Ishitsuka,J. Jochum,C. Jollet,F. Kaether,L. N. Kalousis,Y. Kamyshkov,D. M. Kaplan,T. Kawasaki,E. Kemp,H. de Kerret,D. Kryn,M. Kuze,T. Lachenmaier,C. E. Lane,T. Lasserre,A. Letourneau,D. Lhuillier,H. P. Lima Jr,M. Lindner,J. M. Lopez-Castano,J. M. LoSecco,B. Lubsandorzhiev,S. Lucht,J. Maeda,C. Mariani,J. Maricic,J. Martino,T. Matsubara,G. Mention,A. Meregaglia,T. Miletic,R. Milincic,A. Minotti,Y. Nagasaka,Y. Nikitenko,P. Novella,L. Oberauer,M. Obolensky,A. Onillon,A. Osborn,C. Palomares,I. M. Pepe,S. Perasso,P. Pfahler,A. Porta,G. Pronost,J. Reichenbacher,B. Reinhold,M. Rohling,R. Roncin,S. Roth,B. Rybolt,Y. Sakamoto,R. Santorelli,A. C. Schilithz,S. Schonert,S. Schoppmann,M. H. Shaevitz,R. Sharankova,S. Shimojima,D. Shrestha,V. Sibille,V. Sinev,M. Skorokhvatov,E. Smith,J. Spitz,A. Stahl,I. Stancu,L. F. F. Stokes,M. Strait,A. Stuken,F. Suekane
Statistics , 2014, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP10(2014)032
Abstract: The Double Chooz experiment measures the neutrino mixing angle $\theta_{13}$ by detecting reactor $\bar{\nu}_e$ via inverse beta decay. The positron-neutron space and time coincidence allows for a sizable background rejection, nonetheless liquid scintillator detectors would profit from a positron/electron discrimination, if feasible in large detector, to suppress the remaining background. Standard particle identification, based on particle dependent time profile of photon emission in liquid scintillator, can not be used given the identical mass of the two particles. However, the positron annihilation is sometimes delayed by the ortho-positronium (o-Ps) metastable state formation, which induces a pulse shape distortion that could be used for positron identification. In this paper we report on the first observation of positronium formation in a large liquid scintillator detector based on pulse shape analysis of single events. The o-Ps formation fraction and its lifetime were measured, finding the values of 44$\%$ $\pm$ 12$\%$ (sys.) $\pm$ 5$\%$ (stat.) and $3.68$ns $\pm$ 0.17ns (sys.) $\pm$ 0.15ns (stat.) respectively, in agreement with the results obtained with a dedicated positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy setup.
A Characterization of the Members of a Subfamily of Power Series Distributions  [PDF]
G. Nanjundan
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/am.2011.26099
Abstract: This paper discusses a characterization of the members of a subfamily of power series distributions when their probability generating functions satisfy the functional equation where a, b and c are constants and is the derivative of f.
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