Abstract:
In the standard model, the top quark decay width \Gamma_t is computed from the exclusive t -> bW decay. We argue in favor of using the three body decays t-> bf_i\bar{f}_j to compute \Gamma_t as a sum over these exclusive modes. As dictated by the S-matrix theory, these three body decays of the top quark involve only asymptotic states and incorporate the width of the W boson resonance in a natural way. The convolution formula (CF) commonly used to include the finite width effects is found to be valid, in the general case, when the intermediate resonance couples to a conserved current (limit of massless fermions in the case of W bosons). The relation Gamma_t=\Gamma(t-> bW) is recovered by taking the limit of massless fermions followed by the W boson narrow width approximation. Although both calculations of \Gamma_t are different at the formal level, their results would differ only by tiny effects induced by light fermion masses and higher order radiative corrections.

Abstract:
We update the determination of |V_us| using semielectronic and semimuonic decays of K mesons. A modest improvement of 15% with respect to its present value is obtained for the error bar of this matrix element when we combine the four available semileptonic decays. The combined effects of long-distance radiative corrections and nonlinear terms in the vector form factors can decrease the value of |V_us| by up to 1%. Refined measurements of the decay widths and slope form factors in the semimuonic modes and a more accurate calculation of vector form factors at zero momentum transfer can push the determination of |V_us| at a few of percent level.

Abstract:
We propose the relations 1/e - e =3 and tan(2theta_W)=3/2, where e is the positron charge and theta_W is the weak angle. Present experimental data support these relations to a very high accuracy. We suggest that some duality relates the weak isospin and hypercharge gauge groups of the standard electroweak theory.

Abstract:
The elastic and radiative pion(+)-proton scattering are studied in the framework of an effective Lagrangian model for the Delta^{++} resonance and its interactions. The finite width effects of this spin-3/2 resonance are introduced in the scattering amplitudes through a complex mass scheme to respect electromagnetic gauge invariance. The resonant pole (Delta^{++}) and background contributions (rho^0, sigma, Delta and neutron states) are separated according to the principles of the analytic S-matrix theory. The mass and width parameters of the \Delta^{++} obtained from a fit to experimental data on the total cross section are in agreement with the results of a model-independent analysis based on the analytic S-matrix approach. The magnetic dipole moment determined from the radiative pion-proton scattering is mu_Delta^{++}=(6.14 +/- 0.51) nuclear magnetons.

Abstract:
We study the elastic and radiative pi+ p scattering within a full dynamical model which incorporates the finite width effects of the Delta++. The scattering amplitudes are invariant under contact transformations of the spin 3/2 field and gauge-invariance is fulfilled for the radiative case. The pole parameters of the Delta++ obtained from the elastic cross section are m_Delta = 1211.2 \pm 0.4 MeV and Gamma_Delta = 88.2 \pm 0.4 MeV. From a fit to the most sensitive observables in radiative pi+ p scattering, we obtain mu_Delta = 6.14 \pm 0.51 e/2m_p for the magnetic dipole moment of the Delta++.

Abstract:
We study the Delta^{++} contributions to elastic and radiative \pi^+p scattering within an effective Lagrangian model which incorporates the Delta, N, rho and sigma meson degrees of freedom. This model provides a description of the Delta resonance and its interactions that respects electromagnetic gauge invariance and invariance under contact transformations when finite width effects are incorporated. Following recent developments in the description of unstable gauge bosons, we use a complex mass scheme to introduce the finite width of the Delta^{++} without spoiling gauge invariance. The total cross section of elastic \pi^+p scattering, whose amplitude exhibits the resonant plus background structure of S-matrix theory, is used to fix the mass, width and strong coupling of the \Delta resonance. The differential cross section of elastic scattering is found in very good agreement with experimental data. The magnetic dipole moment of the Delta^{++}, \mu_{Delta}, is left as the only adjustable parameter in radiative \pi^+p scattering. From a fit to the most sensitive configurations for photon emission in this process, we obtain \mu_{\Delta} = (6.14 +-0.51)e/2m_p, in agreement with predictions based on the SU(6) quark model.

Abstract:
Based on the description of unstable $K_{L,S}$ particles in quantum field theory (QFT), we compute the time-dependent probabilities for transitions between asymptotic states in $\tau^{\pm} \to [\pi^+\pi^-]_K\pi^{\pm}\nu$ decays, where the pair $[\pi^+\pi^-]_K$ is the product of (intermediate state) neutral kaon decays. Then we propose a definition of $\tau$ decays into $K_L$ and $K_S$ states, which reflects into the cancellation between their CP rate asymmetries, thus solving in a natural way the paradox pointed out previously in litterature. Since our definition of $K_{L,S}$ final states in $\tau$ decays is motivated on experimental grounds, our predictions for the integrated CP rate asymmetries can be tested in a dedicated experiment.

Abstract:
We study the possibility that the magnetic dipole moment of light charged vector mesons could be measured from their effects in \tau^- --> V^-\nu_{\tau}\gamma decays. We conclude that the energy spectrum and angular distribution of photons emitted at small angles with respect to vector mesons is sensitive the effects of the magnetic dipole moment. Model-dependent contributions and photon radiation off other electromagnetic multipoles are small in this region. We also compute the effects of the magnetic dipole moment on the integrated rates and photon energy spectrum of these $\tau$ lepton decays.

Abstract:
The contribution of the rho^{\pm} vector meson to the tau -> pi pi nu gamma decay is considered as a potential source for the determination of the magnetic dipole moment of this light vector meson. In order to keep gauge-invariance of the whole decay amplitude, a procedure similar to the fermion loop-scheme for charged gauge bosons is implemented to incorporate the finite width effects of the rho^{\pm} vector meson. The absorptive pieces of the one-loop corrections to the propagators and electromagnetic vertices of the rho^{\pm} meson and W^{\pm} gauge boson have identical forms in the limit of massless particles in the loops, suggesting this to be a universal feature of spin-one unstable particles. Model-dependent contributions to the tau -> pi pi nu gamma decay are suppressed by fixing the two-pion invariant mass distribution at the rho meson mass value. The resulting photon energy and angular distribution is relatively sensitive to the effects of the rho magnetic dipole moment.

Abstract:
We consider the effects of anomalous magnetic dipole moments of vector mesons in the decay distribution of photons emitted in two-pseudoscalar decays of charged vector mesons. By choosing a kinematical configuration appropriate to isolate these effects from model-dependent and dominant bremsstrahlung contributions, we show that this method can provide a valid alternative for a measurement of the unknown magnetic dipole moments of charged vector mesons.