Abstract:
Using an energy-independent non-Hermitian Hamiltonian approach to open systems, we fully describe transport through a sequence of potential barriers as external barriers are varied. Analyzing the complex eigenvalues of the non-Hermitian Hamiltonian model, a transition to a superradiant regime is shown to occur. Transport properties undergo a strong change at the superradiance transition, where the transmission is maximized and a drastic change in the structure of resonances is demonstrated. Finally, we analyze the effect of the superradiance transition in the Anderson localized regime.

Abstract:
Magnetic materials are usually characterized by anisotropy energy barriers which dictate the time scale of the magnetization decay and consequently the magnetic stability of the sample. Here we present a unified description, which includes coherent rotation and nucleation, for the magnetization decay in generic anisotropic spin systems. In particular, we show that, in presence of long range exchange interaction, the anisotropy energy barrier grows as the volume of the particle for on site anisotropy, while it grows even faster than the volume for exchange anisotropy, with an anisotropy energy barrier proportional to $V^{2-\alpha/d}$, where $V$ is the particle volume, $\alpha \leq d $ is the range of interaction and $d$ is the embedding dimension. These results shows a relevant enhancement of the anisotropy energy barrier w.r.t. the short range case, where the anisotropy energy barrier grows as the particle cross sectional area for large particle size or large particle aspect ratio.

Abstract:
The microcanonical dynamics of an ensemble of random magnetic dipoles in a needle has been investigated. Analyzing magnetic reversal times, a transition between a chaotic paramagnetic phase and an integrable ferromagnetic phase has been numerically found. In particular, a simple criterium for transition has been formulated. Close to the transition point the statistics of average magnetic reversal times and fluctuations have been studied and critical exponents numerically given.

Abstract:
We analyze a 1-d ring structure composed of many two-level systems, in the limit where only one excitation is present. The two-level systems are coupled to a common environment, where the excitation can be lost, which induces super and subradiant behavior, an example of cooperative quantum coherent effect. We consider time-independent random fluctuations of the excitation energies. This static disorder, also called inhomogeneous broadening in literature, induces Anderson localization and is able to quench Superradiance. We identify two different regimes: $i)$ weak opening, in which Superradiance is quenched at the same critical disorder at which the states of the closed system localize; $ii)$ strong opening, with a critical disorder strength proportional to both the system size and the degree of opening, displaying robustness of cooperativity to disorder. Relevance to photosynthetic complexes is discussed.

Abstract:
A quantum Heisenberg model with anisotropic coupling and all-to-all interaction has been analyzed using the Bose-Einstein statistics. In Ref.\cite{jsp} the existence of a classical energy disconnection border (EDB) in the same kind of models has been demonstrated. We address here the problem to find quantum signatures of the EDB. An independent definition of a quantum disconnection border, motivated by considerations strictly valid in the quantum regime is given. We also discuss the dynamical relevance of the quantum border with respect to quantum magnetic reversal. Contrary to the classical case the magnetization can flip even below the EDB through Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling. We evaluate the time scale for magnetic reversal from statistical and spectral properties, for a small number of particles and in the semiclassical limit.

Abstract:
Topological phase space disconnection has been recently found to be a general phenomenon in isolated anisotropic spin systems. It sets a general framework to understand the emergence of ferromagnetism in finite magnetic systems starting from microscopic models without phenomenological on-site barriers. Here we study its relevance for finite systems with long range interacting potential in contact with a thermal bath. We show that, even in this case, the induced magnetic reversal time is exponentially large in the number of spins, thus determining {\it stable} (to any experimental observation time) ferromagnetic behavior. Moreover, the explicit temperature dependence of the magnetic reversal time obtained from the microcanonical results, is found to be in good agreement with numerical simulations. Also, a simple and suggestive expression, indicating the Topological Energy Threshold at which the disconnection occurs, as a real energy barrier for many body systems, is obtained analytically for low temperature.

Abstract:
Using a non-Hermitian Hamiltonian approach to open systems, we study the interplay of disorder and superradiance in a one-dimensional Anderson model. Analyzing the complex eigenvalues of the non-Hermitian Hamiltonian, a transition to a superradiant regime is shown to occur. As an effect of openness the structure of eigenstates undergoes a strong change in the superradiant regime: we show that the sensitivity to disorder of the superradiant and the subradiant subspaces is very different; superradiant states remain delocalized as disorder increases, while subradiant states are sensitive to the degree of disorder.

Abstract:
We analyze a 1-d ring structure composed of many two-levels systems, in the limit where only one excitation is present. The two-levels systems are coupled to a common environment, where the excitation can be lost, which induces super and subradiant behavior. Moreover, each two-levels system is coupled to another independent environment, modeled by a classical white noise, simulating a dephasing bath and described by the Haken-Strobl master equation. Single exciton Superradiance, an example of cooperative quantum coherent effect, is destroyed at a critical dephasing strength proportional to the system size, showing robustness of cooperativity to the action of the dephasing environment. We also show that the coupling to a common decay channel contrasts the action of dephasing, driving the entanglement decay to slow down on increasing the system size. Moreover, after a projective measurement which finds the excitation in the system, the entanglement reaches a stationary value, independent of the initial conditions.

Abstract:
We prove the existence of a non-ergodicity threshold for an anisotropic classical Heisenberg model with all-to-all couplings. Below the threshold, the energy surface is disconnected in two components with positive and negative magnetizations respectively. Above, in a fully chaotic regime, magnetization changes sign in a stochastic way and its behavior can be fully characterized by an average magnetization reversal time. We show that statistical mechanics predicts a phase--transition at an energy higher than the non-ergodicity threshold. We assess the dynamical relevance of the latter for finite systems through numerical simulations and analytical calculations. In particular, the time scale for magnetic reversal diverges as a power law at the ergodicity threshold with a size-dependent exponent, which could be a signature of the phenomenon.

Abstract:
Anderson localization is a paradigmatic coherence effect in disordered systems, often analyzed in the absence of dissipation. Here we consider the case of coherent dissipation, occurring for open system with coupling to a common decay channel. This dissipation induces cooperative Dicke super- and subradiance and an effective long range hopping, expected to destroy Anderson localization. We are thus in presence of two competing effects, i.e localization driven by disorder and delocalization driven by dissipative opening. Here we demonstrate the existence of a {\it subradiant hybrid regime}, emerging from the interplay of opening and disorder, in which subradiant states are {hybrid with both features of localized and extended states}, while superradiant states are extended. We also provide analytical predictions for this regime, confirmed by numerical simulations.