Abstract:
We derive the spectra of D=2, SU(3) supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics in all fermionic sectors. Moreover, we provide exact expressions for the corresponding eigenvectors in the sectors with none and one fermionic quantum. We also generalize our results obtained in a cut Fock space to the infinite cut-off limit.

Abstract:
In its broadest terms, doctoral dissertation entitled "Track structure modelling for ion radiotherapy" is part of the supporting research background in the development of the ambitious proton radiotherapy project currently under way at the Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN in Krak\'ow. Another broad motivation was the desire to become directly involved in research on a topical and challenging subject of possibly developing a therapy planning system for carbon beam radiotherapy, based in its radiobiological part on the Track Structure model developed by prof. Robert Katz over 50 years ago. Thus, the general aim of this work was, firstly, to recapitulate the Track Structure model and to propose an updated and complete formulation of this model by incorporating advances made by several authors who had contributed to its development in the past. Secondly, the updated and amended (if necessary) formulation of the model was presented in a form applicable for use in computer codes which would constitute the "radiobiological engine" of the future therapy planning system for carbon radiotherapy, which the Krak\'ow ion radiotherapy research group wishes to develop. Lastly, currently available radiobiology data were analysed in terms of Track Structure Theory to supply exemplary parameters for cell lines (preferably, exposed in normal and anoxic conditions) to be used as possible input for carbon ion radiotherapy planning studies.

Abstract:
We report on the status of large volume simulations with 2+1 dynamical fermions which are being performed by the CLS initiative. The algorithmic details include: open boundary conditions, twisted mass reweighting and RHMC, whereas the main feature of the simulation strategy is the approach to the physical point along a trajectory of constant trace of the mass matrix. We comment on the practical side of the above issues using as examples some of the newly generated ensembles, which presently cover lattice spacings between 0.05 fm and 0.11 fm and pion masses between 150 MeV and 415 MeV.

Abstract:
HQET is an effective theory for QCD with N_f light quarks and a massive valence quark if the mass of the latter is much bigger than Lambda_QCD. As any effective theory, HQET is predictive only when a set of parameters has been determined through a process called matching. The non-perturbative matching procedure including 1/m_b terms, developped by the ALPHA collaboration, consists of 19 carefully chosen observables which are precisely computable in lattice QCD as well as in lattice HQET. The matching conditions are then a set of 19 equations which relate the QCD and HQET values of these observables. We present a study of one-loop corrections to two generic matching observables involving correlation function with an insertion of the A_0 operator. Our results enable us to quantify the quality of the relevant observables in view of the envisaged non-perturbative implementation of this matching procedure.

Abstract:
We describe the generalization of the recently derived solutions of D=2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics with SU(3) gauge group to the generic case of SU(N) gauge group. We discuss the spectra and eigensolutions in bosonic as well as fermionic sectors.

Abstract:
The study of the CKM matrix elements with increasing precision requires a reliable evaluation of hadronic matrix elements of axial and vector currents which can be done with Lattice QCD. The tiniest entry, |V_{ub}|, can be estimated independently from B to tau nu and B to pi l nu decays. The ALPHA collaboration has undertaken the effort to evaluate non-perturbatively the decay constant f_B and the f^+(q) form factor for q^2 close to q_{max}^2 entering these determinations. Since for the b quark m_b >> a^{-1} for available lattice sizes, an effective description of the b quark is necessary. HQET provides an example of the latter. As any effective theory, HQET is predictive only when a set of parameters have been determined through a process called matching. The non-perturbative matching procedure applied by the ALPHA collaboration consists of 19 matching conditions needed to fix all the relevant parameters at order 1/m_B of the HQET action and the axial and vector currents. We present a study of one-loop corrections to two representative matching conditions. Our results enable us to quantify the quality of the observables used in the matching procedure.

Abstract:
Two-dimensional non-abelian quantum field models provide a useful laboratory for analytic and numerical investigations of quantum theories with gauge symmetry. They can exhibit various features, such as charge confinement, which are known from D=4 theories like QCD. Several analytic predictions concerning the spectra of two-dimensional systems with adjoint matter were postulated and numerical results were obtained using Discrete Light Cone Quantization techniques, however none of them has been checked via Monte Carlo simulations. In this Letter we present two such models which are particularly interesting from the physical point of view and discuss first numerical results.

Abstract:
We analyze the problem of screening in 1+1 dimensional gauge theories. Using QED2 as a warm-up for the non-abelian models we show the mechanism of the string breaking, in particular the vanishing overlap of the Wilson loops to the broken-string ground state that has been conjectured in higher-dimensional analyses. We attempt to extend our analysis to non-integer charges in the quenched and unquenched cases, in pursuit of the numerical check of a renowned result for the string tension between arbitrarily-charged fermions in the massive Schwinger model.

Abstract:
We report on our non-perturbative investigations of supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics with 4 supercharges. We employ two independent numerical methods. First of them is the cut Fock space method whose numerical implementation was recently generalized to include the SU(N) gauge group. It allowed us to calculate for the first time the spectrum of the model with SU(3) symmetry in all fermionic sectors. Independently, we implemented the Rational Hybrid Monte Carlo algorithm and reproduced the accessible part of the low-energy spectrum of the model with SU(2) gauge symmetry. We argue that by simulating at imaginary chemical potential one can get access to observables defined in sectors of Hilbert space with a given quark number.