Abstract:
We consider Laplacian in a planar strip with Dirichlet boundary condition on the upper boundary and with frequent alternation boundary condition on the lower boundary. The alternation is introduced by the periodic partition of the boundary into small segments on which Dirichlet and Neumann conditions are imposed in turns. We show that under the certain condition the homogenized operator is the Dirichlet Laplacian and prove the uniform resolvent convergence. The spectrum of the perturbed operator consists of its essential part only and has a band structure. We construct the leading terms of the asymptotic expansions for the first band functions. We also construct the complete asymptotic expansion for the bottom of the spectrum.

Abstract:
We consider Dirichlet Laplacian in a thin curved three-dimensional rod. The rod is finite. Its cross-section is constant and small, and rotates along the reference curve in an arbitrary way. We find a two-parametric set of the eigenvalues of such operator and construct their complete asymptotic expansions. We show that this two-parametric set contains any prescribed number of the first eigenvalues of the considered operator. We obtain the complete asymptotic expansions for the eigenfunctions associated with these first eigenvalues.

Abstract:
We consider a planar waveguide with "twisted" boundary conditions. By twisting we mean a special combination of Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions. Assuming that the width of the waveguide goes to zero, we identify the effective (limiting) operator as the width of the waveguide tends to zero, establish the uniform resolvent convergence in various possible operator norms, and give the estimates for the rates of convergence. We show that studying the resolvent convergence can be treated as a certain threshold effect and we present an elegant technique which justifies such point of view.

Abstract:
In the paper the flow in a thin tubular structure is considered. The velocity of the flow stands for a coefficient in the diffusion-convection equation set in the thin structure. An asymptotic expansion of solution is constructed. This expansion is used further for justification of an asymptotic domain decomposition strategy essentially reducing the memory and the time of the code. A numerical solution obtained by this strategy is compared to the numerical solution obtained by a direct FEM computation.

Abstract:
A thin anisotropic elastic plate clamped along its lateral side and also supported at a small area $\theta_{h}$ of one base is considered; the diameter of $\theta_{h}$ is of the same order as the plate relative thickness $h\ll1$. In addition to the standard Kirchhoff model with the Sobolev point condition, a three-dimensional boundary layer is investigated in the vicinity of the support $\theta_{h}$, which with the help of the derived weighted inequality of Korn's type, will provide an error estimate with the bound $ch^{1/2}|\ln h|$. Ignoring this boundary layer effect reduces the precision order down to $|\ln h|^{-1/2}$.

Abstract:
The Stokes equation with the varying viscosity is considered in a thin tube structure, i.e. in a connected union of thin rectangles with heights of order $\varepsilon<<1 $ and with bases of order 1 with smoothened boundary. An asymptotic expansion of the solution is constructed: it contains some Poiseuille type flows in the channels (rectangles) with some boundary layers correctors in the neighborhoods of the bifurcations of the channels. The estimates for the difference of the exact solution and its asymptotic approximation are proved.

Abstract:
Neutron emission measurements by means of helium-3 neutron detectors were performed on solid test specimens during crushing failure. The materials used were marble and granite, selected in that they present a different behaviour in compression failure (i.e., a different brittleness index) and a different iron content. All the test specimens were of the same size and shape. Neutron emissions from the granite test specimens were found to be of about one order of magnitude higher than the natural background level at the time of failure.

Abstract:
In this paper, in the framework of the secondary infall model, the correlation between the central surface density and the halo core radius of galaxy, and cluster of galaxies, dark matter haloes was analyzed, this having recently been studied on a wide range of scales. We used Del Popolo (2009) secondary infall model taking into account ordered and random angular momentum, dynamical friction, and dark matter (DM) adiabatic contraction to calculate the density profile of haloes, and then these profiles are used to determine the surface density of DM haloes. The main result is that $r_\ast$ (the halo characteristic radius) is not an universal quantity as claimed by Donato et al. (2009) and Gentile et al. (2009). On the contrary, we find a correlation with the halo mass $M_{200}$ in agreement with Cardone & Tortora (2010), Boyarsky at al. (2009) and Napolitano et al. (2010), but with a significantly smaller scatter, namely $0.16 \pm 0.05$. We also consider the baryon column density finding this latter being indeed a constant for low mass systems such as dwarfs, but correlating with mass with a slope $\alpha= 0.18 \pm 0.05$. In the case of the surface density of dark matter for a system composed only of dark matter, as in dissipationless simulations, we get $\alpha=0.20 \pm 0.05$. These results leave little room for the recently claimed universality of (dark and stellar) column density.

Abstract:
We study the essential spectra of formally self-adjoint elliptic systems on doubly periodic planar domains perturbed by a semi-infinite periodic row of foreign inclusions. We show that the essential spectrum of the problem consists of the essential spectrum of the purely periodic problem and another component, which is the union of the discrete spectra of model problems in the infinite perturbation strip; these model problems arise by an application of the partial Floquet-Bloch-Gelfand transform.

Abstract:
We consider the spectral Neumann problem for the Laplace operator in an acoustic waveguide $\Pi_{l}^{\varepsilon}$ obtained from a straight unit strip by a low box-shaped perturbation of size $2l\times\varepsilon,$ where $\varepsilon>0$ is a small parameter. We prove the existence of the length parameter $l_{k}^{\varepsilon}=\pi k+O\left( \varepsilon\right) $ with any $k=1,2,3,...$ such that the waveguide $\Pi_{l_{k}^{\varepsilon}}^{\varepsilon }$ supports a trapped mode with an eigenvalue $\lambda_{k}^{\varepsilon}% =\pi^{2}-4\pi^{4}l^{2}\varepsilon^{2}+O\left( \varepsilon^{3}\right) $ embedded into the continuous spectrum. This eigenvalue is unique in the segment $\left[ 0,\pi^{2}\right] $ and is absent in the case $l\neq l_{k}^{\varepsilon}.$ The detection of this embedded eigenvalue is based on a criterion for trapped modes involving an artificial object, the augmented scattering matrix. The main technical difficulty is caused by corner points of the perturbed wall $\partial\Pi_{l}^{\varepsilon}$ and we discuss available generalizations for other piecewise smooth boundaries.