Abstract:
We consider the most general renormalizable chiral Yukawa model with $SU(3)_{\rm color}$ replaced by $SU(N_c)$, $SU(2)_{\rm L}$ replaced by $SU(N_w )$ and $U(1)_{Y}$ replaced by $U(1)^{N_w -1}$ in the limit $N_c \rightarrow\infty$, $N_w \rightarrow\infty$ with the ratio $\rho=\sqrt{{N_w}\over{N_c}} \ne 0,\infty$ held fixed. Since for $N_w \ge 3$ only one renormalizable Yukawa coupling per family exists and there is no mixing between families the limit is appropriate for the description of the effects of a heavy top quark when all the other fermions are taken to be massless. A rough estimate of the triviality bound on the Yukawa coupling is equivalent to $m_t \le 1~TeV$.

Abstract:
Within the quark model a generalization is proposed of the commonly used annihilation potential to describe antiproton-proton annihilation into two mesons, the so-called $^3P_0$ and $^3S_1$ mechanisms. This generalized potential treats the two mechanisms in a more symmetric way, has additional angular dependence, and results in an expanded set of selection rules.

Abstract:
We perform numerical simulations of the two and three-dimensional spin systems with competing interaction. They describe the model of random surfaces with linear-gonihedric action.The degeneracy of the vacuum state of this spin system is equal to $~~d \cdot 2^{N}~~$ for the lattice of the size $~N^{d}~$. We observe the second order phase transition of the three-dimensional system, at temperature $\beta_{c} \simeq 0.43932$ which almost coincides with $\beta_{c}$ of the 2D Ising model. This confirms the earlier analytical result for the case when self-interaction coupling constant $k$ is equal to zero. We suggest the full set of order parameters which characterize the structure of the vacuum states and of the phase transition.

Abstract:
We consider the most general renormalizable chiral Yukawa model with $SU(3)_{\rm color}$ replaced by $SU(N_c)$, $SU(2)_{\rm L}$ replaced by $SU(N_w )$ and $U(1)_{Y}$ replaced by $U(1)^{N_w -1}$ in the limit $N_c \rightarrow\infty$, $N_w \rightarrow\infty$ with the ratio $\rho=\sqrt{{N_w}\over{N_c}} \ne 0,\infty$ held fixed. Since for $N_w \ge 3$ only one renormalizable Yukawa coupling per family exists and there is no mixing between families the limit is appropriate for the description of the effects of a heavy top quark when all the other fermions are taken to be massless. The large $N=\sqrt{N_{c} N_{w}}$ expansion is expected to be no worse quantitatively in this model that in the purely scalar case and the $N=\infty$ limit is soluble even when the model is regularized non--perturbatively. A rough estimate of the triviality bound on the Yukawa coupling is equivalent to $m_t \le 1~TeV$.

Abstract:
Results for d$\sigma$/d$\Omega$ and $A_N$ in the reaction $\bar{p}p \rightarrow \pi^- \pi^+$ are predicted by a simple quark model. They are compared to recent experimental data from LEAR, as well as to previous predictions from nucleon-exchange models. At low energy the quark model does better than the nucleon-exchange models, but the overall comparison to experiment remains poor. In particular, the double-dip structure of the experimental $A_N$ data is only partly represented. This shortcoming of the simple quark model is traced back to a too small J=2 amplitude. This has interesting implications for the range of this specific annihilation process.

Abstract:
This paper discusses a characterization of the members of a subfamily of power series distributions when their probability generating functions satisfy the functional equation where a, b and c are constants and is the derivative of f.

Abstract:
In this paper, I have explored a significant concept for the miniaturization of microstrip patch antenna configuration by using the double negative (DNG) left-handed Metamaterials, which have dielectric permittivity and magnetic permeability both negative, simultaneously. It is achieved through the concept of phase-compensation by thin slab consist of the double positive (DPS) material, which have dielectric permittivity and magnetic permeability both positive, simultaneously and DNG metamaterials as a substrate of the microstrip patch antenna. By combining the DNG metamaterial slab with the slab made of DPS materials form a cavity resonator whose dispersion relation is independent of the sum of thickness of the slabs filling this cavity but it depends on the ratio of their thicknesses. This cavity constitutes by DPS and DNG material is used as substrate of the microstrip antennas and the DNG material slab is behave as phase compensator.

Abstract:
Here we examine the findings obtained for disaccharide/water mixtures near glass transition that involves cooperative relaxation features on kinetic by viscosity and on thermodynamic behaviour by neutron scattering. Then to address cooperative phenomena that mitigate the Debye-Waller behaviour we invoke Adam-Gibbs’ idea of a cooperative rearranging region. Neutron results suggest that the excess mean square displacement behaves as free volume and is closely connected to an elementary step of the structural relaxation. Then viscosity data evidence a breakdown of the Einstein-Debye relation, decoupling attributed to the intermolecular cooperativity.

Abstract:
Cosmological Models frequently suggest the existence of physical, quantities, e.g. dark energy, we cannot yet observe and measure directly. Their values are obtained indirectly setting them equal to values and accuracy of the associated model parameters which best fit model and observation. Apparently results are so accurate that some researchers speak of precision cosmology. The accuracy attributed to these indirect values of the physical quantities however does not include the uncertainty of the model used to get them. We suggest a Confidence Level Estimator to be attached to these indirect measurements and apply it to current cosmological models.

The decline of ornamental fish populations in their
native habitats due to over-fishing has brought about the development of
ornamental fish aquaculture, to which fish of the Anabantoidei
suborder are important contributors. The genetic variations among species
of this suborder were examined
by mitochondrial gene sequencing analysis using the cytochrome b and
12S genes. According to the cytochrome b gene, the most similar strains
were Trichogaster trichopterus (gold) and Trichogaster trichopterus (blue) (100%). Trichogaster leerii was less similar to them (86.0%), and
an even lower similarity was found between the species T. trichopterus and Trichogaster labiosus (85.6%). The least similarity was observed
betweenBetta betta and the genera Colisa (50.2%) and
Trichogaster (60.1%). The phylogenetic trees of 12S and cytochrome b were very similar. According to 12S, the similarity between Trichogaster
species was high (91.4% - 100%), and between species of this genus and Colisa
lalia,it was lower (88.4%).
In conclusion, sequence analyses, based on cytochrome