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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 189919 matches for " G. Barbarino "
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Tunneling between helical edge states through extended contacts
G. Dolcetto,S. Barbarino,D. Ferraro,N. Magnoli,M. Sassetti
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.195138
Abstract: We consider a quantum spin Hall system in a two-terminal setup, with an extended tunneling contact connecting upper and lower edges. We analyze the effects of this geometry on the backscattering current as a function of voltage, temperature, and strength of the electron interactions. We find that this configuration may be useful to confirm the helical nature of the edge states and to extract their propagation velocity. By comparing with the usual quantum point contact geometry, we observe that the power-law behaviors predicted for the backscattering current and the linear conductance are recovered for low enough energies, while different power-laws also emerge at higher energies.
UWB Circular Slot Antenna Provided with an Inverted-L Notch Filter for the 5 GHz WLAN Band
Sebastiano Barbarino;Fabrizio Consoli
PIER , 2010, DOI: 10.2528/PIER10040507
Abstract: The study of a planar circular slot antenna for Ultrawideband (UWB) communications is presented. The integration on this antenna of a notch filter, to reduce the possible interferences with the 5 GHz WLAN communications, has been discussed in detail. Four different structures, achieved by etching a suitable pattern on the antenna circular stub, have been considered, and their features have been compared. The antenna with symmetrical and inverted-L cuts shows the best performance, and it has been therefore realized and fully characterized. It shows very good matching features over the UWB band, and notable rejection of the 5 GHz WLAN band.
A new generation photodetector for astroparticle physics: the VSiPMT
G. Barbarino,F. C. T. Barbato,L. Campajola,F. Canfora,R. de Asmundis,G. De Rosa,G. Fiorillo,P. Migliozzi,C. M. Mollo,B. Rossi,D. Vivolo
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2015.01.003
Abstract: The VSiPMT (Vacuum Silicon PhotoMultiplier Tube) is an innovative design we proposed for a revolutionary photon detector. The main idea is to replace the classical dynode chain of a PMT with a SiPM (G-APD), the latter acting as an electron detector and amplifier. The aim is to match the large sensitive area of a photocathode with the performance of the SiPM technology. The VSiPMT has many attractive features. In particular, a low power consumption and an excellent photon counting capability. To prove the feasibility of the idea we first tested the performance of a special non-windowed SiPM by Hamamatsu (MPPC) as electron detector and current amplifier. Thanks to this result Hamamatsu realized two VSiPMT industrial prototypes. In this work, we present the results of a full characterization of the VSiPMT prototype.
Induced Gravitational Collapse in the BATSE era: the case of GRB 970828
R. Ruffini,Jorge A. Rueda,C. Barbarino,C. L. Bianco,H. Dereli,M. Enderli,L. Izzo,M. Muccino,A. V. Penacchioni,G. B. Pisani,Y. Wang
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: Following the recently established "Binary-driven HyperNova" (BdHN) paradigm, we here interpret GRB 970828 in terms of the four episodes typical of such a model. The "Episode 1", up to 40 s after the trigger time t_0, with a time varying thermal emission and a total energy of E_{iso,1st} = 2.60 x 10^{53} erg, is interpreted as due to the onset of an hyper-critical accretion process onto a companion neutron star, triggered by the companion star, an FeCO core approaching a SN explosion. The "Episode 2", observed up t_0+90 s, is interpreted as a canonical gamma ray burst, with an energy of E^{e^+e^-}_{tot} = 1.60 x 10^{53} erg, a baryon load of B = 7 x 10^{-3} and a bulk Lorentz factor at transparency of \Gamma = 142.5. From this Episode 2, we infer that the GRB exploded in an environment with a large average particle density \approx 10^3 particles/cm^3 and dense clouds characterized by typical dimensions of (4 \div 8) x 10^{14} cm and \delta n / n ~ 10. The "Episode 3" is identified from t_0+90 s all the way up to 10^{5-6} s: despite the paucity of the early X-ray data, typical in the BATSE, pre-Swift era, we find extremely significant data points in the late X-ray afterglow emission of GRB 970828, which corresponds to the ones observed in all BdHNe sources. The "Episode 4", related to the Supernova emission, does not appear to be observable in this source, due to the presence of darkening from the large density of the GRB environment, also inferred from the analysis of the Episode 2.
A search for \textit{Fermi} bursts associated to supernovae and their frequency of occurrence
M. Kovacevic,L. Izzo,Y. Wang,M. Muccino,M. Della Valle,L. Amati,C. Barbarino,M. Enderli,G. B. Pisani,L. Li
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201424700
Abstract: Context: Observations suggest that the major fraction of long duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are connected with broad-lines supernovae Ib/c, (SNe-Ibc). The presence of GRB-SNe is revealed by rebrightenings emerging from the optical GRB afterglow $10$--$15$ days, in the rest-frame of the source, after the prompt GRB emission. Aims: \textit{Fermi}-GBM has a field of view (FoV) which is about 6.5 times larger than the FoV of \textit{Swift}, therefore we expect that a number of GRB-SN connections have been missed due to lack of optical and X-ray instruments on board of \textit{Fermi}, which are essential to reveal SNe associated with GRBs. This fact has motivated our search in the \textit{Fermi} catalogue for possible GRB-SN events. Methods: The search for possible GRB-SN associations follows two requirements: (1) SN should fall inside the \textit{Fermi}-GBM error box of the considered long GRB, and (2) this GRB should occur within $20$ days before the SN event. Results: We have found $5$ cases, within $z<0.2$ fulfilling the above reported requirements. One of them, GRB 130702A-SN 2013dx, was already known as GRB-SN association. We have analyzed the remaining $4$ cases and we concluded that three of them are, very likely, just random coincidences, due to the \textit{Fermi}-GBM large error box associated with each GRB detection. We found one GRB possibly associated with a SN 1998bw-like, GRB 120121B/SN 2012ba. Conclusions: The very low redshift of GRB 120121B/SN 2012ba ($z = 0.017$) implies a low isotropic energy of this burst ($E_{iso} = 1.39 \times 10^{48}$) erg. We then compute the rate of \textit{Fermi} low-luminosity GRBs connected with SNe to be $\rho_{0,b} \leq 770\ $Gpc$^{-3}$yr$^{-1}$. We estimate that \textit{Fermi}-GBM could detect $1$--$4$ GRBs-SNe within $z \leq 0.2$ in the next 4 years.
Induced gravitational collapse at extreme cosmological distances: the case of GRB 090423
R. Ruffini,L. Izzo,M. Muccino,G. B. Pisani,J. A. Rueda,Y. Wang,C. Barbarino,C. L. Bianco,M. Enderli,M. Kovacevic
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201423457
Abstract: CONTEXT: The induced gravitational collapse (IGC) scenario has been introduced in order to explain the most energetic gamma ray bursts (GRBs), Eiso=10^{52}-10^{54}erg, associated with type Ib/c supernovae (SNe). It has led to the concept of binary-driven hypernovae (BdHNe) originating in a tight binary system composed by a FeCO core on the verge of a SN explosion and a companion neutron star (NS). Their evolution is characterized by a rapid sequence of events: [...]. AIMS: We investigate whether GRB 090423, one of the farthest observed GRB at z=8.2, is a member of the BdHN family. METHODS: We compare and contrast the spectra, the luminosity evolution and the detectability in the observations by Swift of GRB 090423 with the corresponding ones of the best known BdHN case, GRB 090618. RESULTS: Identification of constant slope power-law behavior in the late X-ray emission of GRB 090423 and its overlapping with the corresponding one in GRB 090618, measured in a common rest frame, represents the main result of this article. This result represents a very significant step on the way to using the scaling law properties, proven in Episode 3 of this BdHN family, as a cosmological standard candle. CONCLUSIONS: Having identified GRB 090423 as a member of the BdHN family, we can conclude that SN events, leading to NS formation, can already occur already at z=8.2, namely at 650 Myr after the Big Bang. It is then possible that these BdHNe originate stem from 40-60 M_{\odot} binaries. They are probing the Population II stars after the completion and possible disappearance of Population III stars.
Gross Chemical Profile and Calculation of Nitrogen-to-Protein Conversion Factors for Five Tropical Seaweeds  [PDF]
Graciela S. Diniz, Elisabete Barbarino, Jo?o Oiano-Neto, Sidney Pacheco, Sergio O. Louren?o
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2011.23032
Abstract: Despite decades of research on marine algae, there are still significant gaps in basic knowledge about chemical composition of these organisms, especially in tropical environments. In this study, the amino acid composition and contents of total nitrogen, phosphorus, lipid, carbohydrate and protein were determined in Asparagopsis taxiformis, Centroceras clavulatum, Chaetomorpha aerea, Sargassum filipendula and Spyridia hypnoides. The seaweeds showed low lipid contents (lower than 5.5% d.w. in all species) and were rich in carbohydrates (more than 16% d.w. in all seaweeds). The percentage of nitrogen, phosphorus and protein varied widely among species, which red algae showed the highest con-centrations. The amino acid composition was similar among the seaweeds, which glutamic acid, aspartic acid and leu-cine as the most abundant. All species are poor in histidine. An average of 24.2% of the total nitrogen is non-proteinaceous. From data of total amino acid and total nitrogen, specific nitrogen-to-protein conversion factors were calculated for each species. The nitrogen-to-protein conversion factors calculated ranged from 4.51 to 5.21, with an overall average of 4.86. These findings show that the traditional conversion factor of 6.25 should be avoided for seaweeds, since it overestimates the actual protein content.
Temporal Variations of the Chemical Composition of Three Seaweeds in Two Tropical Coastal Environments  [PDF]
Andyara Nascimento, Carina Coelho-Gomes, Elisabete Barbarino, Sergio Oliveira Louren?o
Open Journal of Marine Science (OJMS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojms.2014.42013

The seaweeds Chaetomorpha antennina, Gymnogongrus griffithsiae and Ulva fasciata were studied regarding tissue concentrations of total nitrogen, total phosphorus, total protein, hydrosoluble protein, total carbohydrate, chlorophyll a and total carotenoid throughout a 39-month survey in two coastal environments of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. One of the sites (Itapuca Stone) has high concentrations of dissolved nutrients and an intense long-term process of cultural eutrophication; the second site (Bananal Inlet) is thought to have lower concentrations of dissolved nutrients and no relevant anthropic impact. Seaweeds experienced changes in the concentrations of the substances in the thalli; however they did not show any cyclic seasonal pattern, except for pigments, with lower values in summer in both sites. The differences found for each species in each sampling at the sites were small (e.g. U. fasciata, more total nitrogen at Itapuca Stone) or absent (e.g. C. antennina, no significant differences for hydrosoluble protein in the sites). Differences in the concentrations of dissolved nutrients in the sites did not generate contrasting chemical profiles in the seaweeds. There is no evidence of nitrogen- or phosphorus-limitation in any season. It is presumable that the concentrations of dissolved nutrients at the nutrient-poorer site are sufficient to generate high concentrations of the substances in the thalli of the species

NOE, a Neutrino Oscillation Experiment at Gran Sasso Laboratory
Paolo Bernardini,Giancarlo Barbarino,Fausto Guarino
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: The project of a large underground experiment (NOE) devoted to long baseline neutrino oscillation measurement is presented. The apparatus is composed by calorimetric modules interleaved with TRD modules and has been optimized to be sensitive in the region of sin2 2theta and Dm2 suggested by the atmospheric neutrino oscillation signal.
Multidimensional data classification with artificial neural networks
P. Boinee,F. Barbarino,A. De Angelis
Computer Science , 2004,
Abstract: Multi-dimensional data classification is an important and challenging problem in many astro-particle experiments. Neural networks have proved to be versatile and robust in multi-dimensional data classification. In this article we shall study the classification of gamma from the hadrons for the MAGIC Experiment. Two neural networks have been used for the classification task. One is Multi-Layer Perceptron based on supervised learning and other is Self-Organising Map (SOM), which is based on unsupervised learning technique. The results have been shown and the possible ways of combining these networks have been proposed to yield better and faster classification results.
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