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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 189884 matches for " GüNTER; "
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Domain Decomposition of an Optimal Control Problem for Semi-Linear Elliptic Equations on Metric Graphs with Application to Gas Networks  [PDF]
Günter Leugering
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/am.2017.88082
Abstract: We consider optimal control problems for the flow of gas in a pipe network. The equations of motions are taken to be represented by a semi-linear model derived from the fully nonlinear isothermal Euler gas equations. We formulate an optimal control problem on a given network and introduce a time discretization thereof. We then study the well-posedness of the corresponding time-discrete optimal control problem. In order to further reduce the complexity, we consider an instantaneous control strategy. The main part of the paper is concerned with a non-overlapping domain decomposition of the semi-linear elliptic optimal control problem on the graph into local problems on a small part of the network, ultimately on a single edge.
The Significance of Solutions Obtained from Ill-Posed Systems of Linear Equations Constituted by Synchrotron Radiation Based Anomalous Small-Angle X-Ray Scattering  [PDF]
Günter Johannes Goerigk
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory (ALAMT) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/alamt.2018.81007
Abstract: Synchrotron radiation based experimental techniques known as Anomalous Small-Angle X-ray Scattering (ASAXS) provide deep insight into the nanostructure of uncountable material systems in condensed matter research i.e. solid state physics, chemistry, engineering and life sciences thereby rendering the origin of the macroscopic functionalization of the various materials via correlation to its structural architecture on a nanometer length scale. The techniques constitute a system of linear equations, which can be treated by matrix theory. The study aims to analyze the significance of the solutions of the stated matrix equations by use of the so-called condition numbers first introduced by A. Turing, J. von Neumann and H. Goldstine. Special attention was given for the comparison with direct methods i.e. the Gaussian elimination method. The mathematical roots of ill-posed ASAXS equations preventing matrix inversion have been identified. In the framework of the theory of von Neumann and Goldstine the inversion of certain matrices constituted by ASAXS gradually becomes impossible caused by non-definiteness. In Turing’s theory which starts from more general prerequisites, the principal minors of the same matrices approach singularity thereby imposing large errors on inversion. In conclusion both theories recommend for extremely ill-posed ASAXS problems avoiding inversion and the use of direct methods for instance Gaussian elimination.
On Henig Regularization of Material Design Problems for Quasi-Linear p-Biharmonic Equation  [PDF]
Peter Kogut, Günter Leugering, Ralph Schiel
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/am.2016.714134
Abstract: We study a Dirichlet optimal design problem for a quasi-linear monotone p-biharmonic equation with control and state constraints. We take the coefficient of the p-biharmonic operator as a design variable in \"\". In this article, we discuss the relaxation of such problem.
ALTSTADTERNEUERUNG IN DEUTSCHLAND
MERTINS,GüNTER;
Investigación y Desarrollo , 2008,
Abstract: in a very brief presentation the author acknowledges the reasons behind the renovation of the historical towns in the old west germany followed by the legal foundation, efforts and public financing and the results that came from that process. it is in this context that some municipalities played a central role in the conservation efforts by emphasizing their political action in the functional revitalization of their cities and the resulting economic growth. to finish the author makes reference to similar processes in the old east germany after the reunification, a process that was largely funded by the subsidies from the european union.
Of empty thoughts and blind intuitions Kant's answer to McDowell
Z?ller, Günter;
Trans/Form/A??o , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-31732010000100005
Abstract: this paper examines the relation between intuition and concept in kant in light of john mcdowell's neo-kantian position that intuitions are concept-laden.2 the focus is on kant's twofold pronouncement that thoughts without content are empty and that intuitions without concepts are blind. i show that intuitions as singular representations are not instances of passive data intake but the result of synthetic unification of the given manifold of the senses by the power of the imagination under the guidance of the understanding. against mcdowell i argue that the amenability of intuitions to conceptual determination is not due some pre-existing, absolute conceptuality of the real but to the "work of the subject."3 on a more programmatic level, this paper seeks to demonstrate the limitations of a selective appropriation of kant and the philosophical potential of a more comprehensive and thorough consideration of his work. section 1 addresses the unique balance in kant's philosophy between the work on particular problems and the orientation toward a systematic whole. section 2 outlines mcdowell's take on the kantian distinction between intuition and concept in the context of the kant readings by sellars and strawson. section 3 exposes mcdowell's relapse into the myth of the given. section 4 proposes a reading of kant's theoretical philosophy as an epistemology of metaphysical cognition. section 5 details kant's original account of sensible intuition in the inaugural-dissertation of 1770. section 6 presents the transition from the manifold of the senses to the synthesis in the imagination and the unification through the categories in the critique of pure reason (1781 and 1787). section 7 addresses kant's formalism in epistemology and metaphysics.
Limnología de un Lago Tropical de Alta Monta?a, en Ecuador: características de los sedimentos y tasa de sedimentación
Gunkel,Günter;
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2003,
Abstract: equatorial high mountain lakes are a special type of lake occurring mainly in the south american andes as well as in central africa and asia. they occur at altitudes of a few thousand meters above sea level and are cold-water lakes (< 20°c). relatively little is known about them. a long-term limnological study was therefore undertaken at lake san pablo, ecuador, to analyze the basic limnological processes of the lake, which has a tendency for eutrophication. sediment quality of san pablo lake is given under consideration of horizontal and vertical distribution using sediment cores. significance of sediments for eutrophication process of lakes is demonstrated using phosphorus concentration of sediments as well as the phosphorus retention capacity of the sediments by ratio fe/p. dating of the sediments is done using 137cs and 210pb, but the activity of 137cs in the sediment was very low nearly at the detection level. sedimentation rate is determined to be 3.5 mm/year and the sediment cores represent about 110 years. p concentration of the sediments is high (~ 5 g/kg dry substance), and p retention capacity by fe is insufficient (fe/p = 4). the sediment quality did not change significantly during the past decades, and the trophic state of san pablo lake was already less or more eutrophic 110 years ago. the contamination of the lake sediments by heavy metals is insignificant.
Zwischen Khao San und Lonely Planet: Aspekte der postmodernen Backpacking-Identit t in Südostasien [Between Khao San and Lonely Planet: Aspects of Postmodern Backpacking Identity in South-East Asia]
Günter Spreitzhofer
ASEAS : ?sterreichische Zeitschrift für Südostasienwissenschaften , 2008,
Abstract: This paper is an attempt to highlight some aspects of postmodern backpacking, which has come to be more appreciated by South-East Asian governments as a development tool after the decrease of package tourist arrivals due to terrorism, diseases and natural disasters. Special focus has been put on backpacking performance, perception and transformation within the region, where the accumulation of youthful travellers has been obvious for more than three decades, when the first underground guidebook for independent travellers was published in the 1970s. Special attention has been given to the increasing commercialization (Lonely Planet) and the booming urban infrastructure (Khao San) of this “anti-tourist” travel style, which seems to attract a new comfort-, shopping- and fun-oriented backpacker clientele rather than the ideologically-minded anti-consumerism backpackers of the early 1980s. However, apart from regional development opportunities and disparities, backpacking offers a wide range of personal development chances for postmodern mobile professionals, who seem to be more interested in western lifestyle traveller enclaves and self-fulfillment than in exploring and understanding foreign cultures. ----- Im Mittelpunkt dieses Beitrages steht eine Diskussion von Aspekten des Rucksacktourismus ( Backpacking“), den zahlreiche südostasiatische Staaten als Entwicklungsmotor entdeckt (und akzeptiert) haben, nachdem die Zahl der Pauschaltouristen aufgrund von Terrorangst, Umweltkatastrophen und regionalen Seuchen drastisch gesunken ist. Besonderer Schwerpunkt wurde auf die regionale Manifestation und Perzeption von Backpacking an der Wiege des Rucksacktourismus gelegt, wo die erste einschl gige Reiseliteratur seit den 1970ern die anfangs anti-touristischen Reisestr me bündelte. Die zunehmende Kommerzialisierung der Backpacker-Infrastruktur in den Quelll ndern (Fallbeispiel: Lonely Planet, ein Reisebuchverlag) und Ziell ndern (Fallbeispiel: Khao San Road, eine Backpackerenklave in Bangkok/Thailand) wird ebenso thematisiert wie der Rollenwandel der einst anti-konsumorientierten Billigreise zum fun-orientierten Lifestyle-Event vor exotischer Kulisse, das pers nlicher Selbstfindung und egozentrierter Wellness- und Adventure-Hype Vorrang vor der Befassung mit fremden Kulturen und Gesellschaftsformen gibt.
Ein neu(art)iges Argument für den Printen Andronikos als Autor von Kallimachos und Chrysorrohe
Günter S. Henrich
Parekbolai : an Electronic Journal for Byzantine Literature , 2012,
Abstract: The author of this paper examines the validity of Emidio Martini’s old assumption (1896/1900) that Andronicus (Comnenus Ducas) Palaeologus, who lived in the first half of the 14th century, was the author of the verse romance Callimachus and Chrysorrhoe. Methodologically, the author employs the “cryptosphragis” system, which he discovered several years ago. He finds out that at the beginning and the end of this romance there exist the following relevant cryptosphragides: at vv. 4-22 Ο ΑΝΔΡΟΝΙΚΟΣ Ο ΔΟΥΚΑΣ Ο ΠΑΛΑΙΟΛΟΓΟΣ ΣΟΥ, and at vv. 2592-2605 Ο ΑΝΔΡΟΝΙΚΟΣ Ο ΚΟΜΝΗΝΟΣ ΣΟΥ.
Basedow1764, Demolux und eine Klage
Günter K. Schlamp
Libreas : Library Ideas , 2009,
Abstract:
Review Essay: Die neue übersichtlichkeit. Lexika, Glossare und W rterbücher zu qualitativer Forschung Review Essay: The New Complexity: Encyclopedias, Glossaries and Dictionaries on Qualitative Research Ensayo: La nueva complejidad: Enciclopedias, glosarios y diccionarios sobre investigación cualitativa
Günter Mey
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2008,
Abstract: Auf dem angloamerikanischen Buchmarkt h lt mit Lexika/W rterbüchern zu qualitativer Forschung ein neues Genre Einzug. Mit dem von JUPP editierten Dictionary und den Keywords von BLOOR und WOOD liegen gleich zwei neue Publikationen vor, nachdem zuvor lediglich das Dictionary von SCHWANDT am Markt war (das nun aber als 3. Auflage gleich "nachgeschoben" wurde). Weitere Titel mit Begriffsdefinitionen und glossar hnliche Darstellungen – nur einmal die Ankündigungen zu Enzyklop dien, auch jene zum Themenfeld "Qualitative Forschung" herangezogen – sind zu erwarten. Die Zunahme solcher Nachschlagewerke ist vor dem Hintergrund der Ausweitung und Differenzierung qualitativer Forschung nicht verwunderlich. Sie verhei en einen schnellen überblick in einem immer unübersichtlicher werdenden Forschungsfeld. überraschend ist dann – obwohl alle von mir besprochenen B nde zusammengenommen mehr als 600 Begriffe definiert und erl utert werden –, dass die Schnittmenge mit nur 30 allerdings sehr klein ist. Und auch im Falle dieser 30 Begriffe finden sich divergierende Beschreibungen und kaum überschneidungen, was die jeweils benannte weiterführende Literatur angeht. Qualitative Forschung wirkt in diesem Licht alles andere als einheitlich und vermittels solcher B nden recht schwer greifbar. Ein zus tzlicher Vergleich der englischsprachigen B nde mit dem derzeit einzigen in Deutsch macht zudem deutlich, das nationale Grenzen trotz aller Internationalisierungsbemühungen nicht überwunden sind: So manchen vertrauten Begriff aus der hiesigen Diskussion wird man in der englischen Literatur vergebens suchen. Insofern bieten die einzelnen B nde zwar eine übersicht, aber übersichtlichkeit stellt sich nur teilweise ein; die Anschaffung eines einzelnen Bandes mag daher nur bedingt sinnvoll erscheinen. Ob solche "fixierten" Nachschlagewerke überhaupt einen Markt (jenseits von Bibliotheken) haben, bleibt offen – vor allem, weil das Internet eine schnelle und umf ngliche Information (etwa Wikipedia) liefert. Im WWW sind allerdings die Ausführungen je nach Autor/Autorin recht h ufig unterschiedlich gestaltet und unterschiedlich umfangreich. Dem gegenüber bieten – und das kann ein Vorteil gerade für Noviz(inn)en sein – zumindest die englischen B nde eine über alle Begriffe hinweg gleiche Struktur und Darstellung. (Und da viele angesichts der Expansion qualitativer Forschung schon wieder Novize/Novizin sind, k nnten sich viele davon angesprochen fühlen.) Aber es ist eine Frage der Zeit, wann ein solch einheitlich gestaltetes Internetlexikon für qualitative Forschung vorliegt, erste Ans tze daz
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