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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 196136 matches for " Fredyc Díaz Castillo "
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In vitro antimalarial activity of fractions and constituents isolated from Tabebuia billbergii Actividad antimalárica in vitro de fracciones y constituyentes aislados de Tabebuia billbergii
Harold Gómez-Estrada,Ricardo Gaitán-Ibarra,Fredyc Díaz-Castillo,Hilda A Pérez
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: in vitro antimalarial activity of naphthoquinones (1-5), isolated from Tabebuia billbergii (Bureau & K. Schum.) Standl., was investigated. Tabebuia billbergii, commonly known as guayacán, is a plant traditionally used in the Amazon in numerous conditions like bacterial and fungal infections, fever, syphilis, malaria, trypanosomiasis, as well as stomach and bladder disorders, and tumours. Objective: to study the dichloromethane extracts of both the trunk and the inner bark of Tabebuia billbergii and to demonstrate the antimalarial activity of some of its bioactive components. Methods: some bioactive components were evaluated for the antimalarial activity against Plasmodium berghei, by using the inhibition of the differentiation cycle of the parasite measure by the 3H-hypoxanthine incorporation and compared to that obtained for chloroquine. Results: conventional chromatographic techniques and bioassay-guided fractionation (Artemia salina) allowed isolating from the active fractions one naphthoquinone (lapachol) and four naphtho-furan-4,9-diones. These compounds proved to have an important antiplasmodial effect, with very encouraging IC50's, especially when compared to the results shown by Chloroquine in the same experiment. In addition, two triterpenes, β-sitosterol and stigmasterol, were obtained from the bark. Conclusions: the activity-guided fractionation (A. salina) of dichloromethane extracts of the trunk and the inner bark of Tabebuia billbergii led to the isolation and the identification of five quinonoid compounds with antiplasmodial effect. The significant inhibitory activity in vitro against Plasmodium berghei observed for compound 2-acetyl-naphtho-[2,3b]-furan-4,9-dione allow us to present them as a potential antimalarial compound. Introducción: se evaluó la actividad antimalárica in vitro de una serie de naftoquinonas (1-5), aisladas de Tabebuia billbergii (Bureau & K. Schum.) Standl., que es conocida comúnmente como guayacán, una planta utilizada tradicionalmente en la Amazonía en numerosos problemas de salud como infecciones bacterianas y fúngicas, fiebre, sífilis, paludismo, tripanosomiasis, así como en problemas estomacales, tumores y trastornos de la vejiga. Objetivo: estudiar los extractos en diclorometano tanto del tronco como la corteza interna de Tabebuia billbergii y evaluar la actividad antimalárica de algunos de sus componentes bioactivos. Métodos: la actividad antimalárica contra Plasmodium berghei se evaluó en algunos componentes bioactivos, por la inhibición del ciclo de la diferenciación de la medida de los parásit
Actividad larvicida de extractos etanólicos de Tabernaemontana cymosa y Trichilia hirta sobre larvas de estadio III y IV de Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) Larvicidal activity of ethanol extracts of Tabernaemontana cymosa and Trichilia hirta against III and IV stage larvae of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae)
Fredyc Díaz Castillo,Sandra Marcela Morelos Cardona,Moisés Carrascal Medina,Yina Pájaro González
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales , 2012,
Abstract: Introducción: el mosquito Aedes aegypti es el principal vector de los virus del dengue y la fiebre amarilla. Una de las formas actuales para combatir estas enfermedades es el control del vector. Sin embargo, los problemas causados por los insecticidas sintéticos y la resistencia adquirida por los mosquitos, hacen cada vez más difícil esta lucha. Las plantas constituyen una fuente alternativa al uso de insecticidas sintéticos. Objetivos: evaluar la actividad larvicida para el mosquito Aedes aegypti, de los extractos etanólicos y fracciones activas, de diferentes órganos vegetales de las especies Trichilia hirta L. y Tabernaemontana cymosa Jacq. Métodos: en este estudio se utilizaron larvas de Aedes aegypti en estadios III y IV. Los extractos etanólicos totales se obtuvieron por maceración del material vegetal seco y molido, durante una semana y posterior secado a presión reducida con un rotoevaporador. La obtención de fracciones y subfracciones, se realizó por cromatografía de columna abierta, usando solventes de diferentes polaridades. La actividad larvicida se evaluó bajo protocolos recomendados por la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Resultados: los extractos etanólicos de corteza de Trichilia hirta y flores, corteza y hojas de Tabernaemontana cymosa, no mostraron actividad larvicida. El extracto de semillas de Trichilia hirta mostró una actividad moderada con una CL50 y CL90 de 219,2 y 331,4 mg/L respectivamente. El extracto etanólico de semillas de Tabernaemontana cymosa, la fracción F008 y la subfracción F011, mostraron una buena actividad larvicida con CL50 de 35,1; 20,9, y 14,98 mg/L, respectivamente. Conclusiones: según los resultados, se consideró como promisorio el extracto de semillas de Tabernaemontana cymosa para la obtención de metabolitos secundarios con actividad larvicida. Introduction: Aedes aegypti is the main vector of dengue and yellow fever. One way to combat these diseases today is the vector control. However, the problems caused by synthetic insecticides and the acquired resistance by mosquitoes, turn this control into a more difficult struggle every day. The plants offer an alternative source to the use of synthetic insecticides. Objectives: the objective of this study was to evaluate the larvicidal activity of the ethanol extracts and active fractions of different organs of Trichilia hirta L. and Tabernaemontana cymosa Jacq. Methods: in this study, Aedes aegypti larvae in III and IV stages were used. The total ethanol extracts were obtained by maceration of dried and ground plant material for a week and then dried at reduced p
In vitro antimalarial activity of fractions and constituents isolated from Tabebuia billbergii
Gómez-Estrada,Harold; Gaitán-Ibarra,Ricardo; Díaz-Castillo,Fredyc; Pérez,Hilda A; Medina,José D;
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales , 2012,
Abstract: introduction: in vitro antimalarial activity of naphthoquinones (1-5), isolated from tabebuia billbergii (bureau & k. schum.) standl., was investigated. tabebuia billbergii, commonly known as guayacán, is a plant traditionally used in the amazon in numerous conditions like bacterial and fungal infections, fever, syphilis, malaria, trypanosomiasis, as well as stomach and bladder disorders, and tumours. objective: to study the dichloromethane extracts of both the trunk and the inner bark of tabebuia billbergii and to demonstrate the antimalarial activity of some of its bioactive components. methods: some bioactive components were evaluated for the antimalarial activity against plasmodium berghei, by using the inhibition of the differentiation cycle of the parasite measure by the 3h-hypoxanthine incorporation and compared to that obtained for chloroquine. results: conventional chromatographic techniques and bioassay-guided fractionation (artemia salina) allowed isolating from the active fractions one naphthoquinone (lapachol) and four naphtho-furan-4,9-diones. these compounds proved to have an important antiplasmodial effect, with very encouraging ic50's, especially when compared to the results shown by chloroquine in the same experiment. in addition, two triterpenes, β-sitosterol and stigmasterol, were obtained from the bark. conclusions: the activity-guided fractionation (a. salina) of dichloromethane extracts of the trunk and the inner bark of tabebuia billbergii led to the isolation and the identification of five quinonoid compounds with antiplasmodial effect. the significant inhibitory activity in vitro against plasmodium berghei observed for compound 2-acetyl-naphtho-[2,3b]-furan-4,9-dione allow us to present them as a potential antimalarial compound.
Química y biología del extracto etanólico del epicarpio de Crescentia cujete L. (totumo)
Espitia-Baena,Jorge Eliecer; Duran-Sandoval,Harriette del Rosario; Fandi?o-Franky,Jaime; Díaz-Castillo,Fredyc; Gómez-Estrada,Harold Alberto;
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales , 2011,
Abstract: introduction: crescentia cujete l. (bignonaceae) tree known in colombia as totumo, is a characteristic species of tropical climates. its most distinctive feature is the fruit, which is a spherical pumpkin with hard and woody peel, and a gelatinous pulp having a lot of seeds. objective: to conduct the chemical and biological ethanol extract of crescentia cujete l. epicarp. methods: vegetal material was harvested and the total ethanol extract was obtained. then, preliminary phytochemical screening, direct physical and chemical tests on vegetal material, the quantification of heavy metals and finally the biological study against aedes aegypti l. (culicidae) larvae in stages iii and iv, artemia salina leach. (artemiidae) larvae and apical cells of allium cepa l. (amaryllidaceae) roots. results: the presence of three groups of secondary metabolites, that is, flavonoids, steroids and triterpenes were identified. likewise, the water and ash content on dry basis was quantified as well as the levels of concentration of some heavy metals such as cadmium, chromium, mercury and lead were estimated. the biological study revealed that the extract did not show acute toxicity either in any of the tested biological systems or at the concentrations and the time of experimentation. conclusions: the information obtained in this research is an important resource for the scientific community and provides elements associated to the chemical nature and the biological behavior of the totumo ′s epicarp not contained in previous reports.
Química y biología del extracto etanólico del epicarpio de Crescentia cujete L. (totumo) Chemistry and biology of ethanol extract from the epicarp of Crescentia cujete L. (totumo)
Jorge Eliecer Espitia-Baena,Harriette del Rosario Duran-Sandoval,Jaime Fandi?o-Franky,Fredyc Díaz-Castillo
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales , 2011,
Abstract: Introducción: el árbol de Crescentia cujete L. (Bignonaceae), conocido en Colombia como totumo, es una especie característica de climas tropicales. Su rasgo más distintivo es el fruto, el cual es una calabaza esférica con cáscara dura y le osa, y una pulpa gelatinosa con numerosas semillas. Objetivo: realizar el estudio químico y biológico sobre el extracto etanólico del epicarpio de Crescentia cujete L. Métodos: se recolectó el material vegetal y se obtuvo el extracto etanólico total. Luego se realizó el tamizaje preliminar fitoquímico, los ensayos físico-químicos directos sobre el material vegetal, la cuantificación de metales pesados y, finalmente, el estudio biológico frente a larvas de Aedes aegypti L. (Culicidae) en estadios III y IV, larvas de Artemia salina Leach. (Artemiidae) y células apicales de raíces de Allium cepa L. (Amaryllidaceae). Resultados: se identificó la presencia de tres grupos de metabólitos secundarios: flavonoides, esteroides y triterpenos. Asimismo, se cuantificó el contenido de agua y cenizas en base seca, y se determinaron las concentraciones de algunos metales pesados como cadmio, cromo, mercurio y plomo. En el estudio biológico se puso de manifiesto que el extracto no presenta toxicidad aguda en ninguno de los sistemas biológicos ensayados, a las concentraciones y tiempos de experimentación. Conclusiones: la información obtenida en la presente investigación, constituye un recurso importante para la comunidad científica porque proporciona elementos relacionados con la naturaleza química y el comportamiento biológico del epicarpio del totumo, antes no reportados. Introduction: Crescentia cujete L. (Bignonaceae) tree known in Colombia as totumo, is a characteristic species of tropical climates. Its most distinctive feature is the fruit, which is a spherical pumpkin with hard and woody peel, and a gelatinous pulp having a lot of seeds. Objective: to conduct the chemical and biological ethanol extract of Crescentia cujete L. epicarp. Methods: vegetal material was harvested and the total ethanol extract was obtained. Then, preliminary phytochemical screening, direct physical and chemical tests on vegetal material, the quantification of heavy metals and finally the biological study against Aedes aegypti L. (Culicidae) larvae in stages III and IV, Artemia salina Leach. (Artemiidae) larvae and apical cells of Allium cepa L. (Amaryllidaceae) roots. Results: the presence of three groups of secondary metabolites, that is, flavonoids, steroids and triterpenes were identified. Likewise, the water and ash content on dry basis was quanti
Folk medicine in the northern coast of Colombia: an overview
Harold Gómez-Estrada, Fredyc Díaz-Castillo, Luís Franco-Ospina, Jairo Mercado-Camargo, Jaime Guzmán-Ledezma, José Medina, Ricardo Gaitán-Ibarra
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-7-27
Abstract: Data on the use of medicinal plants were collected using structured interviews and through observations and conversations with local communities. A total of 1225 participants were interviewed.Approximately 30 uses were reported for plants in traditional medicine. The plant species with the highest fidelity level (Fl) were Crescentia cujete L. (flu), Eucalyptus globulus Labill. (flu and cough), Euphorbia tithymaloides L. (inflammation), Gliricidia_sepium_(Jacq.) Kunth (pruritic ailments), Heliotropium indicum L. (intestinal parasites) Malachra alceifolia Jacq. (inflammation), Matricaria chamomilla L. (colic) Mentha sativa L. (nervousness), Momordica charantia L. (intestinal parasites), Origanum vulgare L. (earache), Plantago major L. (inflammation) and Terminalia catappa L. (inflammation). The most frequent ailments reported were skin affections, inflammation of the respiratory tract, and gastro-intestinal disorders. The majority of the remedies were prepared from freshly collected plant material from the wild and from a single species only. The preparation of remedies included boiling infusions, extraction of fresh or dry whole plants, leaves, flowers, roots, fruits, and seeds. The parts of the plants most frequently used were the leaves. In this study were identified 39 plant species, which belong to 26 families. There was a high degree of consensus from informants on the medical indications of the different species.This study presents new research efforts and perspectives on the search for new drugs based on local uses of medicinal plants. It also sheds light on the dependence of rural communities in Colombia on medicinal plants.About 80% of the populations of developing countries continue using traditional resources in health care [1-6]. The main goal of ethnopharmacology is to identify novel compounds derived from plants and animals for use in indigenous medical systems. This knowledge can be used in the development of new pharmaceuticals. Most of the literature
The Physiotherapist Roll in a Context of Violence: Case Study
Luz ángela Díaz Castillo
Revista Ciencias de la Salud , 2005,
Abstract:
Females and Males Contribute in Opposite Ways to the Evolution of Gene Order in Drosophila
Carlos Díaz-Castillo
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064491
Abstract: An intriguing association between the spatial layout of chromosomes within nuclei and the evolution of chromosome gene order was recently uncovered. Chromosome regions with conserved gene order in the Drosophila genus are larger if they interact with the inner side of the nuclear envelope in D. melanogaster somatic cells. This observation opens a new door to understand the evolution of chromosomes in the light of the dynamics of the spatial layout of chromosomes and the way double-strand breaks are repaired in D. melanogaster germ lines. Chromosome regions at the nuclear periphery in somatic cell nuclei relocate to more internal locations of male germ line cell nuclei, which might prefer a gene order-preserving mechanism to repair double-strand breaks. Conversely, chromosome regions at the nuclear periphery in somatic cells keep their location in female germ line cell nuclei, which might be inaccessible for cellular machinery that causes gene order-disrupting chromosome rearrangements. Thus, the gene order stability for genome regions at the periphery of somatic cell nuclei might result from the active repair of double-strand breaks using conservative mechanisms in male germ line cells, and the passive inaccessibility for gene order-disrupting factors at the periphery of nuclei of female germ line cells. In the present article, I find evidence consistent with a DNA break repair-based differential contribution of both D. melanogaster germ lines to the stability/disruption of gene order. The importance of germ line differences for the layout of chromosomes and DNA break repair strategies with regard to other genomic patterns is briefly discussed.
Evidence for a sexual dimorphism in gene expression noise in metazoan species
Carlos Díaz-Castillo
PeerJ , 2015, DOI: 10.7717/peerj.750
Abstract: Many biological processes depend on very few copies of intervening elements, which makes such processes particularly susceptible to the stochastic fluctuations of these elements. The intrinsic stochasticity of certain processes is propagated across biological levels, causing genotype- and environment-independent biological variation which might permit populations to better cope with variable environments. Biological variations of stochastic nature might also allow the accumulation of variations at the genetic level that are hidden from natural selection, which might have a great potential for population diversification. The study of any mechanism that resulted in the modulation of stochastic variation is, therefore, of potentially wide interest. I propose that sex might be an important modulator of the stochastic variation in gene expression, i.e., gene expression noise. Based on known associations between different patterns of gene expression variation, I hypothesize that in metazoans the gene expression noise might be generally larger in heterogametic than in homogametic individuals. I directly tested this hypothesis by comparing putative genotype- and environment-independent variations in gene expression between females and males of Drosophila melanogaster strains. Also, considering the potential effect of the propagation of gene expression noise across biological levels, I indirectly tested the existence of a metazoan sexual dimorphism in gene expression noise by analyzing putative genotype- and environment-independent variation in phenotypes related to interaction with the environment in D. melanogaster strains and metazoan species. The results of these analyses are consistent with the hypothesis that gene expression is generally noisier in heterogametic than in homogametic individuals. Further analyses and discussion of existing literature permits the speculation that the sexual dimorphism in gene expression noise is ultimately based on the nuclear dynamics in gametogenesis and very early embryogenesis of sex-specific chromosomes, i.e., Y and W chromosomes.
Differential Deterrent Activity of Natural Products Isolated from Allophylus edulis (Sapindaceae)  [PDF]
Martina Díaz, Lucía Castillo, Carmen E. Díaz, Ricardo Guillermo álvarez, Azucena González-Coloma, Carmen Rossini
Advances in Biological Chemistry (ABC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/abc.2014.42021
Abstract: The phytochemical study of Uruguayan specimens of Allophylus edulis (Sapindaceae) yielded the isolation of various natural products being some of them reported for the first time in this species. Although most of them are ubiquitous in the plant kingdom, some revealed in this study to have anti insect properties. Two sesquiterpenes (6,7-Epoxicaryophyllene and spathulenol), two phytosterols (sitosterone and sitosterol), a pentacyclic triterpene (lupeol) and a clerodane diterpene were isolated. 6,7-Epoxycaryophyllene, lupeol and sitosterol showed to be deterrent against the aphid Myzus persicae and the coleopteran Epilachna paenulata. Moreover, the crude ethanolic extract of twigs of A. edulis showed to be deterrent against both insect species being some of its fractions also active against another aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi. Various active compounds against different insect models have been isolated from the twigs extract of A. edulis. The results evidenced synergic as well as antagonistic effects in the mixture, summed to differential activity against the insects, a desirable attribute when developing botanical pesticides.
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