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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 407871 matches for " Frederick M. Walter "
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The Proper Motion, Parallax, and Origin of the Isolated Neutron Star RX J185635-3754
Frederick M. Walter
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1086/319058
Abstract: The isolated neutron star RX J185635-3754 is the closest known neutron star to the Sun. Based on HST WFPC2 obervations over a 3 year baseline, I report its proper motion (332 +/- 1 mas/yr at a position angle of 100.3 +/- 0.1 degrees) and parallax (16.5 +/- 2.3 mas; 61 pc). This proper motion brings the neutron star from the general vicinity of the Sco-Cen OB association. For an assumed neutron star radial velocity between -55 and -60 km/s, the runaway O star zeta Oph, the Upper Sco OB association, and the neutron star come into spatial coincidence between 0.9 and 1.0 million years ago. RX J185635-3754 may be the remnant of the original primary of the zeta Oph system. If so, the space velocity suggests that the neutron star received a kick of about 200 km/s at birth.
A Revised Parallax and its Implications for RX J185635-3754
Frederick M. Walter,James Lattimer
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1086/343850
Abstract: New astrometric analysis of four WFPC2 images of the isolated neutron star RX J185635-3754 show that its distance is 117 +/- 12 pc, nearly double the originally published distance. At the revised distance, the star's age is 5 x 10^5 years, its space velocity is about 185 km/s, and its radiation radius inferred from thermal emission is approximately 15 km, in the range of many equations of state both with and without exotic matter. These measurements remove observational support for an extremely soft equation of state. The star's birthplace is still likely to be in the Upper Sco association, but a connection with zeta Oph is now unlikely.
NEW INSIGHTS INTO NON-RADIATIVE HEATING IN LATE-A STAR CHROMOSPHERES
Frederick M. Walter,Lynn D. Matthews,Jeffrey L. Linsky
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1086/175879
Abstract: Using new and archival spectra from the Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph, we have searched for evidence of chromospheric and transition region emission in six stars of mid- to late-A spectral type. Two of the stars, alpha Aql (A7 IV-V) and alpha Cep (A7 IV-V), show emission in the C~II 1335 A doublet, confirming the presence of hot plasma with temperatures comparable to that of the solar transition region. Using radiative equilibrium photospheric models, we estimate the net surface fluxes in the C II emission line to be 9.4 X 10^4 erg/cm/cm/s for alpha Aql and 6.5 X 10^4 erg/cm/cm/s for alpha Cep. These are comparable to fluxes observed in early to mid-F-type dwarfs, indicating that significant upper atmospheric heating is present in at least some stars as hot as ~8000 K (B-V=0.22). We find no evidence for the blue-shifted emission reported by Simon et al (1994). We estimate the basal flux level to be about 30% of that seen in early~F stars, and that the bulk of the emission is not basal in origin. We conclude that the basal flux level drops rapidly for B-V < 0.3, but that magnetic activity may persist to B-V as small as 0.22.
Distance and Reddening of the Enigmatic Gamma-ray-Detected Nova V1324 Sco
Thomas Finzell,Laura Chomiuk,Ulisse Munari,Frederick M. Walter
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/809/2/160
Abstract: It has recently been discovered that some, if not all, classical novae emit GeV gamma-rays during outburst. Despite using an unreliable method to determine its distance, previous work showed that nova V1324 Sco was the most gamma-ray luminous of all gamma-ray-detected novae. We present here a different, more robust, method to determine the reddening and distance to V1324 Sco using high-resolution optical spectroscopy. Using two independent methods we derived a reddening of E(B-V) = 1.16 +/- 0.12 and a distance rD > 6.5 kpc. This distance is >40% greater than previously estimated, meaning that V1324 Sco has an even higher gamma-ray luminosity than previously calculated. We also use periodic modulations in the brightness, interpreted as the orbital period, in conjunction with pre-outburst photometric limits to show that a main-sequence companion is strongly favored.
Towards a Mass and Radius Determination of the Nearby Isolated Neutron Star RX J185635-3754
Jose A. Pons,Frederick M. Walter,James M. Lattimer,Maddapa Prakash,Ralph Neuhaeuser,Penghui An
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1086/324296
Abstract: We discuss efforts to determine the mass, radius, and surface composition of the nearby compact object RX J185635-3754 from its multi-wavelength spectral energy distribution. We compute non-magnetized model atmospheres and emergent spectra for selected compositions and gravities, and discuss efforts to fit existing and new observational data from ROSAT, EUVE and the HST. The spectral energy distribution matches that expected from a heavy-element dominated atmosphere, but not from a uniform temperature blackbody. Non-magnetic light element atmospheres cannot be simultaneously reconciled with the optical and X-ray data. We extend previous studies, which were limited to one fixed neutron star mass and radius. For uniform temperature models dominated by heavy elements, the redshift z is constrained to be 0.3 < z < 0.4 and the best-fit mass and radius are M approx 0.9 solar masses and R approx 6 km (for a 61 pc distance). These values for M and R together are not permitted for any plausible equation of state, including that of a self-bound strange quark star. A simplified two-temperature model allows masses and radii up to about 50% larger, or a factor of 2 in the case of a black body. The observed luminosity is consistent with the thermal emission of an isolated neutron star no older than about 1 million years, the age inferred from available proper motion and parallax information
Observations of T-Tauri Stars using HST-GHRS: II. Optical and Near UV lines
David R. Ardila,Gibor Basri,Frederick M. Walter,Jeff A. Valenti,Christopher M. Johns-Krull
Physics , 2001,
Abstract: We have analyzed GHRS data of eight Classical T Tauri stars (CTTSs) and one Weak T Tauri star (WTTS). The GHRS data consist of an spectral range 40 A wide centered on 2800 A. For 4 of the CTTS we have nearly simultaneous optical observations which contain Halpha, Hbeta, HeI, NaD, and the CaII infrared triplet. The MgII resonance doublet is the strongest feature in the 2800 A range. This line has a fairly wide and symmetric emission component (~200 to \~300 km/s for the CTTSs), with a narrow central absorption and a wide blueshifted absorption superimposed to it. The narrow central absorption width and equivalent width are inconsistent with being due only to ISM clouds described in the literature, which lead us to conclude that it is partially due to non-LTE processes in the emission line region itself. The emission profile closely follows Halpha. Its large width in CTTS cannot be due to the Stark effect and we suggest that it is due to supersonic turbulence. All the stars show blueshifted absorptions that are evidence of outflows (terminal velocities \~300 km/s), with multiple flows observed in two stars. We show evidence that the wind is not spherical, with wind signatures being stronger for lower inclinations at a given accretion rate. We briefly compare other optical lines with the hot transition region lines observed in CTTS.
Deconstructing HD 28867
Frederick M. Walter,Tracy L. Beck,Jon A. Morse,Scott J. Wolk
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1086/368245
Abstract: The 3" pair of B9 stars, HD 28867, is one of the brightest X-ray sources in the Taurus-Auriga star forming region. In this multi-wavelength study, we attempt to deduce the source of the X-ray emission. We show that the East component is the X-ray source. The East component has a near-IR excess and displays narrow absorption lines in the optical, both of which are consistent with a cool stellar companion. This companion is one of the brightest low mass pre-main sequence stars in Tau-Aur; at 2 microns it and the B9 star are equally bright. We see evidence for radial velocity variability in the cool component of >34 km/s. It is not visible in K band speckle imaging, which constrains the companion to lie within 14 AU of the B star. We also report on a possible fourth member of the group, an M1 star 18" south of HD 28867.
V474 Car: A Rare Halo RS CVn Binary in Retrograde Galactic Orbit
Eric J. Bubar,Eric E. Mamajek,Eric L. N. Jensen,Frederick M. Walter
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/141/4/140
Abstract: We report the discovery that the star V474 Car is an extremely active, high velocity halo RS CVn system. The star was originally identified as a possible pre-main sequence star in Carina, given its enhanced stellar activity, rapid rotation (10.3 days), enhanced Li, and absolute magnitude that places it above the main sequence. However, its extreme radial velocity (264 km s$^{-1}$) suggested that this system was unlike any previously known pre-MS system. Our detailed spectroscopic analysis of echelle spectra taken with the CTIO 4-m finds that V474 Car is both a spectroscopic binary with orbital period similar to the photometric rotation period, and metal poor ([Fe/H] $\simeq -$0.99). The star's Galactic orbit is extremely eccentric (e $\simeq$ 0.93) with perigalacticon of only $\sim$0.3 kpc of the Galactic center - and its eccentricity and smallness of its perigalacticon are only surpassed by $\sim$0.05%, of local F/G-type field stars. The observed characteristics are consistent with V474 Car being a high velocity, metal poor, tidally-locked chromospherically active binary (CAB), i.e.\ a halo RS CVn binary, and one of only a few such specimens known.
Velocity-Resolved [Ne III] from X-Ray Irradiated Sz 102 Microjets
Chun-Fan Liu,Hsien Shang,Frederick M. Walter,Gregory J. Herczeg
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/786/2/99
Abstract: Neon emission lines are good indicators of high-excitation regions close to a young stellar system because of their high ionization potentials and large critical densities. We have discovered [Ne III]{\lambda}3869 emission from the microjets of Sz 102, a low-mass young star in Lupus III. Spectroastrometric analyses of two-dimensional [Ne III] spectra obtained from archival high-dispersion ($R\approx 33,000$) Very Large Telescope/UVES data suggest that the emission consists of two velocity components spatially separated by ~ 0."3, or a projected distance of ~ 60 AU. The stronger redshifted component is centered at ~ +21 km/s with a line width of ~ 140 km/s, and the weaker blueshifted component at ~ -90 km/s with a line width of ~ 190 km/s. The two components trace velocity centroids of the known microjets and show large line widths that extend across the systemic velocity, suggesting their potential origins in wide-angle winds that may eventually collimate into jets. Optical line ratios indicate that the microjets are hot ($T\lesssim1.6\times10^4$ K) and ionized ($n_e\gtrsim5.7\times10^4$ cm$^{-3}$). The blueshifted component has ~ 13% higher temperature and ~ 46% higher electron density than the redshifted counterpart, forming a system of asymmetric pair of jets. The detection of the [Ne III]{\lambda}3869 line with the distinct velocity profile suggests that the emission originates in flows that may have been strongly ionized by deeply embedded hard X-ray sources, most likely generated by magnetic processes. The discovery of [Ne III]{\lambda}3869 emission along with other optical forbidden lines from Sz 102 support the picture of wide-angle winds surrounding magnetic loops in the close vicinity of the young star. Future high sensitivity X-ray imaging and high angular-resolution optical spectroscopy may help confirm the picture proposed.
The Stony Brook / SMARTS Atlas of mostly Southern Novae
Frederick M. Walter,Andrew Battisti,Sarah E. Towers,Howard E. Bond,Guy S. Stringfellow
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1086/668404
Abstract: We introduce the Stony Brook / SMARTS Atlas of (mostly) Southern Novae. This atlas contains both spectra and photometry obtained since 2003. The data archived in this atlas will facilitate systematic studies of the nova phenomenon and correlative studies with other comprehensive data sets. It will also enable detailed investigations of individual objects. In making the data public we hope to engender more interest on the part of the community in the physics of novae. The atlas is on-line at \url{http://www.astro.sunysb.edu/fwalter/SMARTS/NovaAtlas/} .
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