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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3360 matches for " Francis Etim "
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Udo Etuk on the “God of Africa”: A Response  [PDF]
Francis Etim
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2018.85041
Abstract: Some scholars like Rabbi Ini Mbebeng, Rabbi Ettah Essien and Prof Udo Etuk have argued against Ibibio nay Africans having the idea of Supreme Being identical with that of the West given their polytheistic conception of God with attendant pan-theistic proclivities. On the other hand, scholars like Idowu regard such position as anachronistic and retrogressive since African has what he calls, “diffused monotheistic” idea of God which in description and analysis is similar to that of Western typology. This article as a contribution to that debate examines Abasi as a name of the God among the Ibibio from philo-ontos-linguistic perspectives and comes to the conclusion that not only is it true that the Ibibio nay Africans in general have a superlative idea of God but that the African idea of God is more humanistic and existentially relevant than that of the West thus solving the attendant difficulties of explaining the relationship between God and the world and the issue of the problem of evil which resulted in such idea as Dues abscunditus in Western conception of God.
Metaphysics of Terrorism  [PDF]
Francis Etim
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2018.811041
Abstract: Terrorism as the calculated use of violence or the threat to violence through the employment of intimidation and violence in order to attain goals that are political, religious or ideological in nature has taken a global dimension and at alarming frequency such that any curious mind cannot afford to over look. Its persistence despite global condemnation and effort at curbing it naturally evokes curiosity regarding its root cause(s). Scholars have tried to dig out its root causes ranging from poverty, lack of education, religious fanaticism, psychological malady and political reasons and so on. Solutions however differ based on its perceived causes. The question is why terrorism has continued unabated. This paper believes that since human actions are elicited by the idea of the good then terrorism as a human act is based on a disoriented perception of the good. This disoriented perception is premised on a more primordial cause, an ontological lacuna that can be tagged a “search for meaning” which the terrorist tries to fill by his terroristic act. This gives the terrorist a sense of fulfilment and relevance. The panacea, the paper submits, is in a metaphysical deconstruction and construction of the terrorist mind-set based on an ontology called affective humanism.
Ontology of African Ritual  [PDF]
Francis Etim
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2019.91001
Abstract: African rituals, like other phenomena of African cultural heritage are usually faced with criticisms of being either superstitious, fetish, mundane or simply irrational. These criticisms, often based on certain logical criteria, have categorized the African mode of thinking as illogical, unreasonable and non-rational. Given the proclivity of the African mode of thinking of fusing the epistemological into the metaphysical, such criticism could either be excused or be regarded as a misinterpretation, misrepresentation and non-sequitur. However, the issue at stake calls for a deep examination of some of these phenomena to establish their reasonableness as veritable reality among Africans with serious existential import. One of such phenomena is ritual, which is actually pervasive as far as African existential reality is concerned. This paper examines African ritual to establish its reasonableness by establishing its ontology. The paper argues that based on African ontology, African rituals cannot be judged on the principles of Western scientific rationality but rather should be seen as a non-rational action like other human phenomenon like love or possessing rationality internal to the metaphysical beliefs that underpin the African worldview.
Ontology of Love
Francis Etim
International Journal of Asian Social Science , 2013,
Abstract: Love in its entire ramification is an encompassing human phenomenon that is so challenging that it naturally evokes interest in academics, philosophers, psychologists, religious enthusiast, etc. It appears however that its elusive nature has continued to fascinate man such that there seems to be no hard and fast rules about it. In any case, this paper tries to answer the questions as to whether love does exist in actually or is just a mere concept: Is love a preserved human activity which other sentient beings do not participate or can it be extended to animate beings as well.
Environmental Philosophy for Sustainable Development
Francis Etim
International Journal of Asian Social Science , 2012,
Abstract: The achievement of sustainable development is one of the greatest challenges facing the human race in general and African nation in particular, today. Recent ecological studies have shown that the universe is an international arena of existents. The environment as a natural locale of these reciprocal interaction is an important if not indispensable and complementary partner in any developmental agenda and project. This implies that every developmental stride has concomitant and attendant effect on the environment and vice versa. This calls for a responsive and preservative environmental philosophy that would lead to a sustainable development in Africa. This, the paper suggests, can be achieved through “Affective Humanism.”
African Metaphysics
Francis Etim
Journal of Asian Scientific Research , 2013,
Abstract: Do Africans have a metaphysics that is unique to them? If they do, what differentiates it from Metaphysics of other continents? This is the task that this paper sets to investigate and evaluate. This paper, however, holds that denying the existence of African metaphysics based on its primal pre-literate and non-documentary culture is to be unfair to the Africans, as this does not substantially inhibit the possibility of the capacity for logical reasoning and reflective capacity that are the pre-requisites for such a philosophical enterprise. The dexterity of African reasoning can best be appreciated after pains-taking analysis of African thinking pattern, which this paper sets to undertake.
The Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenon of Health: Steps towards Metaphysics of Medical Conception and Practice in Africa
Francis Etim
Journal of Asian Scientific Research , 2012,
Abstract: Medicine as practiced the world over is more than a practical phenomenon. Behind the visible praxis are underlying principles and assumptions that reflect the weltanschauung and ontological perceptions and proclivities of the patients and doctors. In Africa, the practice of medicine has lots of metaphysical and religious resonances which have unfortunately led to some misconceptions and misgivings about African Medicine. This paper believes that the acceptability of African medicine into the main stream medical practices is possible if the philosophical basis is unearthed. This, of course will clear the cloud of superstition that often hovers around African medical conception and practices.
Hegelian Dialectics: Implications for Violence and Peace in Nigeria  [PDF]
Francis Etim, Maurice Kufre-Abasi Akpabio
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2018.85037
Abstract: “Life is a mystery” is a saying that most people are familiar with. The mysteriousness of life consists, among other things, in its unpredictability despite efforts and developments in science and technology. Indeed paradoxes and contradictions abound in every facet of life to an extent that some would be inclined to subscribe to nihilism, fatalism or catastrophism as the primordial reality. This is implied in Heraclitian “flux”, the dialectic of Hegel, the “nothingness” of Sartre, etc. The logical implication of these positions would be the meaninglessness of life. But is life really meaningless? Can something positive come out of the negative events in the world like violence, conflict and war and so on? Could the myriads of violence in Nigeria, for instance, caused by Boko Haram in the North East, in the East by Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOS) and in South-South by Niger Delta Avengers be beneficial in the long run? In other words, could something positive be ensued from these obnoxious situations? These are the concern of this paper which examines the Hegelian dialectics that apparently accepts the co-existence of paradoxes and contradictions as complementary realities resulting in a synthesis. However, this paper believes that the synthesis will only lead to a better state of affairs if premised on affective humanism as an ontology.
Evaluation of the in vivo antimalarial activity of ethanolic leaf and stembark extracts of Anthocleista djalonensis
Bassey Antia,Okokon Jude,Etim Emmanuel,Umoh Francis
Indian Journal of Pharmacology , 2009,
Abstract: Objective : To evaluate the in vivo antimalarial activities of ethanolic leaf and stembark extracts of Anthocleista djalonensis used traditionally as malarial remedy in Southern Nigeria in mice infected with Plasmodium berghei berghei. Methods : The ethanolic extracts of the A. djalonensis leaf (1000 - 3000 mg/kg/day) and stembark (220 - 660 mg/kg/day) were screened for blood schizonticidal activity against chloroquine-sensitive P. berghei in mice. The schizonticidal effect during early and established infections was investigated. Results : The A. djalonensis leaf extract (1000 - 3000 mg/kg/day) exhibited a significant antiplasmodial activity both in the 4-day early infection test and in the established infection with a considerable mean survival time, which was incomparable to that of the standard drug, chloroquine (5 mg/kg/day). The stembark extract (220 - 660 mg/kg/day) also demonstrated a promising blood schizontocidal activity in early and established infections. Conclusion : These plant extracts possess considerable antiplasmodial activities, which justify their use in ethnomedicine and can be exploited in malaria therapy.
Heavy Metal Pollution of Topsoil in the Vicinity of an Industrial Estate Co-Located with a Housing Estate in Southwestern Nigeria  [PDF]
Effiong Ukorebi Etim, Percy Chuks Onianwa
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.41010

Heavy metals were determined in topsoils around a major industrial estate co-located with a housing estate in the southwestern region of Nigerian. Samples were collected on three-monthly basis for 18 months, from the industrial waste dumpsites, industrial area, residential area, around an effluent channel, outskirts of the estate and control sites. Average levels of Cu (2850 ± 3340 mg/kg), Pb (768 ± 450 mg/kg) and Ni (105 ± 30 mg/kg) at the dumpsites were significantly higher than other locations. At the industrial area and effluent channels, Pb and Cr levels were slightly elevated compared with other metals. Metal levels at the residential area and outskirts of the estate were about the levels in the control. Generally, the degree of contamination within the vicinity of the estate was of the order Cu>Pb>Ni>Cd>Co>Cr. Average total bioavailable (non-residual) fraction of the metals consisted of 52.0% of the metal load, with this fraction for Cd and Pb being 73.9% and 60.7% respectively. Topsoils around the dumpsite were evidently polluted with high levels of copper and lead. Seepage of leachate from the dumpsite has the potential of contaminating ground water reserves. Improper disposal of industrial solid wastes appears to be the likely source of metal pollution in the industrial estate. Heavy metal pollution in the estate can therefore be significantly reduced by prompt and proper disposal of generated solid wastes, and the application of particulate scrubbers in the industries.

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