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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7354 matches for " Francesco Palermo "
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Internazionalizzanione del diritto costituzionale e costituzionalizzazione del diritto internazionale delle differenze
Francesco Palermo
European Diversity and Autonomy Papers - EDAP , 2009,
Abstract: Il trattamento giuridico delle differenze ha assistito, negli ultimi anni, alla convergenza di due fenomeni epocali: da un lato la proliferazione degli strumenti internazionali per la protezione delle minoranze etno-nazionali, dall’altro la sfida del pluralismo e le sue ripercussioni giuridiche. Il concomitante effetto di questi due fenomeni ha dato vita a ciò che potrebbe definirsi il nuovo diritto delle differenze, che presenta aspetti per molti versi innovativi rispetto al passato, sia sotto il profilo delle fonti, sia rispetto al modo di operare degli strumenti da queste prodotti. Si tratta di una sfida fondamentale per il giurista, che costringe a confrontarsi con problemi e strumenti parzialmente nuovi. Il presente contributo prova a toccare alcuni degli elementi principali di questa nuova sfida.
Judicial Adjudication of Language Rights in Central, Eastern, and South-Eastern Europe. Principles and Criteria
Francesco Palermo
European Diversity and Autonomy Papers - EDAP , 2011,
Abstract: Central, Eastern, and South-Eastern Europe are among the regions where minority including linguistic rights are more developed, at least on paper. Not always, however, have these rights been fully and effectively implemented so far. Several obstacles hamper effective implementation. Besides general problems, such as high costs or administrative and organizational requirements, in many countries of Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe, linguistic rights have been granted as a concession to the international community rather than out of sincere commitment. Minority rights are thus often highly politicized. In such a context, the role of the judiciary in determining principles and criteria for linguistic rights is of extreme importance. The paper casts some light on the adjudication of linguistic rights of national minorities in Central, Eastern, and South-Eastern Europe, by examining the relevant case law and, above all, by trying to infer the underlying principles and criteria developed by the courts. It concludes that courts are overall quite deferential to the general political climate in their respective country. At the same time, however, some judicial decisions clearly indicate that courts are gradually emancipating from the mainstream political options and are increasingly able to impose non-majoritarian decisions, thus proving evidence of a slow but evolving establishment of the rule of law.
Linguistic Diversity within the Integrated Constitutional Space
Francesco Palermo
European Diversity and Autonomy Papers - EDAP , 2006,
Abstract: The language issue within the European constitutional space is one of the most fascinating challenges to supranational integration. On the one hand, the principle of equal standing of all official and working languages is constantly reaffirmed; on the other hand the necessity to simplify the European Babel on the basis of a more functional consideration of the language issue seems unavoidable. Several solutions have been proposed both by scholars and by European institutions. The paper argues that there is an intimate contradiction in today’s linguistic policy in the EU, oscillating between the need to simplification and the constitutional duty to respect linguistic pluralism as imposed by the member states. In fact, the language issue is just the mirror of the constitutional law of integration as a whole. Looking closer at the constitutional dimension of supranational integration cal help better address the language issue too. The analysis is divided in four parts, dealing respectively with the role and the limits of law in matters of language, the present allocation of competences in language-issues, the development of the concept of “integrated constitutional space”, and its legal nature under the viewpoint of the language dimension, elaborating some tentative proposals.
The Dynamics of Decentralization in Italy: Towards a Federal Solution?
Francesco Palermo,Alex Wilson
European Diversity and Autonomy Papers - EDAP , 2013,
Abstract: This paper analyses the recent process of state decentralisation in Italy from the perspectives of political science and constitutional law. It considers the conflicting pressures and partisan opportunism of the decentralising process, and how these have adversely affected the consistency and completeness of the new constitutional framework. The paper evaluates the major institutional reforms affecting state decentralisation, including the 2001 constitutional reform and the more recent legislation on fiscal federalism. It argues that while the legal framework for decentralisation remains unclear and contradictory in parts, the Constitutional Court has performed a key role in interpreting the provisions and giving life to the decentralised system, in which regional governments now perform a much more prominent role. This new system of more decentralised multi-level government must nevertheless contend with a political culture and party system that remains highly centralised, while the administrative apparatus has undergone no comparable shift to take account of state decentralisation, leading to the duplication of bureaucracy at all territorial levels and continuing conflicts over policy jurisdiction. Unlike in federal systems these conflicts cannot be resolved in Italy through mechanisms of “shared rule”, since formal inter-governmental coordination structure are weak and entirely consultative.
Una violencia invisible: la "colonialidad del saber"
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales. Universidad Nacional de Jujuy , 2010,
Abstract: eurocentered paradigms in circulation are abundant considering different characters about "the other" all of then at least the ones validated through the academic discourse becoming concrete from the inside of hegemonic thought (dussel). we believe necessary to propose alternatives from the external word of this thought, from the "us" perspective of this i offer an approach to the modernity colonialism decolonization paradigm (escobar, grosfogel, palermo) from the analysis of the colonization of knowledge (mignolo), one of the forms of colonization of power (quijano) constituted by the latin american cultures. among the multitude of convalidate serial officers in our days for the expert discourse as for the political, multicultural processes stand out (walsh). from the perspective we operate, we believe it is pertinent to offer on it a critical look, printing out the possible reappropriations local preactices, considering new hegemonic forms (lander). our research work clearly in-disciplinarian (castro-gómez) and because of his antinationalist position do not define a method the way modern science understand. on the other hand, we are interested, principally, the problems on the emergency questions, either sociocultural or economical from the sector in the world marked by the "colonial difference" (quijano), to construct a southern epistemology (de souza santos). advancements of this transnational group and their discussions are found circulating through an important corpus of individual publications as well as group publications whose data is found in the bibliography of the proposal.
Metanalysis: Respiratory Effects in the General Population Exposed to Urban Pollution  [PDF]
Angela Sancini, Francesco Tomei, Assunta Capozzella, Alessandro Pacchiarotti, Simone De Sio, Gianfranco Tomei, Paola Palermo, Manuela Ciarrocca
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2011.27112
Abstract: Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate spirometric lung function parameters in the general population exposed to urban pollution and confirm the existence of an association between exposure to environmental pollutants and effects from these products and which respiratory parameters are associated to urban pollution in general population. Methods: This study is a systematic research of all articles on the assessment of respiratory effects on general population exposed to urban pollution, excluding studies on adolescents and children. The research included articles from January 2008 to May 2009. In the articles included in our meta-analysis, the exposed group is represented by general population aged between 15 and 75 years for both genders, resident in very polluted urban areas, while the control group is represented by general population resident in rural and suburban areas, where pollution is lower. Results: The results confirm the presence of statistically significant effects of urban pollution on the respiratory system for cough, phlegm, shortness of breath/breathlessness, wheezing, FVC, FEV1, PEFR, chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, rhinitis, emphysema.
DEXA analysis of Antega total hip prosthesis
Luigi Molfetta,Augusto Palermo,Patrizia Monteforte,Gerolamo Bianchi,Francesco Pipino
Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology , 2000, DOI: 10.1007/s101950070024
Abstract: Periprosthetic bone remodeling can be studied using dual-energy absorptiometry X-ray analysis (DEXA), the most precise and effective method for analyzing bone mineral density (BMD). However, in order to show significant differences in BMD using DEXA, it is necessary to use high resolution equipment, to demonstrate reproducibility of the examination, and to adopt statistical rigor in data analysis. We performed a longitudinal study using DEXA on a consecutive and homogeneous series of 40 patients (20 males and 20 females) who underwent total hip replacement. The patients received a cementless Antega prosthesis, of titanium alloy with a plasma spray covering. DEXA exams were performed 1, 4, 7, 12 and 24 months after surgery, and the images were analyzed in the areas of Gruen. Globally, BMD was significantly reduced at month 4 in reference to baseline (exam at month 1). At subsequent exams, BMD did not further decrease but was followed by a progressive recovery over the 2-year study. The recovery at 2 years (with respect to the 4-month exam) was statistically significant for female patients but not for males. No statistical differences in BMD were found between patients (60 years and > 60 years, nor for patients with different sized stems. For the individual zones of Gruen, the mineralometric behaviors for zones 2, 3, 5 and 6 were similar while that for zones 1 and 7 showed a particular behavior. The trend in variations of periprosthetic BMD observed in our population differs from that in the majority of studies published in the literature. Our longitudinal densitometric study has all the requisites to be considered reliable; a longer follow-up will strengthen our results which, already in the short term, are valid and support the use of the Antega stem in hip replacement surgery.
Linezolid treatment of prosthetic hip infections due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
Matteo Bassetti,Antonio Di Biagio,Giovanni Cenderello,Valerio Del Bono,Augusto Palermo,Luigi Molfetta,Francesco Pipino,Dante Bassetti
Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology , 2000, DOI: 10.1007/s101950070008
Abstract: Prosthetic joint infection is an infrequent but serious complication of total joint arthroplasty. Complete removal of all foreign material is essential, however when prosthesis removal is not possible or is contraindicated, suppressive antibiotic therapy with retention of the functioning hip arthroplasty may be considered. Linezolid, the first approved oxazolidinone, appears to be a promising new agent for the treatment of serious gram-positive infections. We report two cases of prosthetic hip infections with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) that were successfully treated with long courses of linezolid. This observation suggests that linezolid is a promising drug for the treatment of prosthetic joint infections due to MRSA or other gram-positive bacteria, particularly when other therapeutic approaches are not feasible or a long-term antibiotic therapy is required.
Os caminhos da reforma na Argentina e no Brasil
Palermo, Vicente;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64451998000300006
Abstract: the political dynamics of market oriented reforms in brazil and argentina are characterized by a dilemma which is put into evidence by the reelection amends in both countries, between maintaining the stability of constitutional rules (and risking the reformist coalition) and maintaining the stability of the reformist coalition (with risks to the institutional rules).
Usos del pasado, memoria e identidad entre un grupo de descendientes de inmigrantesirlandeses de Buenos Aires: Una lectura a partir de dos héroes culturales
Av?? , 2007,
Abstract: as a result of hunger, poverty and lack of political and religious liberties in ireland, a great number of irish immigrants arrived to argentina in the mid of the nineteenth century. still nowadays, descendents of those immigrants continue to celebrate and commemorate irish festivities and national days, to participate in irish-argentine institutions founded by their ancestors and sharing hobbies in irish clubs. the present article intends to analyze through two historic figures (father fahy and admiral brown), the way in which these people, joined in what they call "community", symbolically recreate the past, being able to legitimate themselves in time and space, joining their present with both pasts -the argentine and the irish pasts- and being able to construct a dual identity that, without forgetting costumes and traditions inherited by their irish routes, goes beyond "the irish" to amalgamate with and place into the nation that adopted and sheltered their parents and grandparents.
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