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Cruces normativos y dialectales en la Proclama del chusco de Arequipa (c. 1810
Frago,Juan Antonio;
Boletín de filología , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-93032012000100003
Abstract: this proclamation is part of an account from arequipa written in america by pereira pacheco, a canary islands clergyman shortly before his return to spain in 1816. in this literary satire the camanejo way of speaking, named rustic in the title, is alluded, but it does not materialize in the text. nevertheless, we can observe in it some traits of the speech found in america and in this peruvian region, full of notes characteristic of the canarian copyist. in his arequipe?o vocabulary and across noticia de arequipa, there is a lot of information about the coastal area of peru during the fight for independence, an indication of the normative and dialectal variation american spanish presents in its regions and in relation to the diatopic diversity of european spanish.
Razones de las reformas ortográficas en la América independiente y causas de su fracaso
Frago,Juan Antonio;
Boletín de filología , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-93032012000200001
Abstract: the american orthographic reforming attitude was an important aspect of the tendency towards linguistic, a central topic of the educational concern and discourse of the intellectual elites. orthography was considered as the reflection of an individual's idiomatic correctness or incorrectness, where the principal traits of hispanic american phonetics could be observed, and the definite condemnation of the non-observance of its rules is motivated by social redemption and national progress support. the reorganization and simplification of the alphabetic corpus aims at smoothing the teaching of writing with orthographic regularity, and under the ruling of the pronunciation principle some changes are justified by that form that is felt characteristic, in sarmiento sometimes with arguments to strengthen orthography as an identifying link with americanity. but reforms were born together with discussion and opposition, the most decisive of which was the extreme difficulty to bring about even the simplest of modifications in the whole of hispanic america in the xix century. it was impossible to get away from a patrimony and orthographical usages that not only belonged to the spanish academy but that were common to the hispanic world.
Sobre el espa?ol de Chile: del período colonial al independiente
Frago Gracia,Juan Antonio;
Boletín de filología , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-93032010000100004
Abstract: many aspects of the varieties of spanish from latin america can be explained by considering their historic roots. in the same way, the interpretation of modern synchrony helps to understand its diachronic precedents, including the graphemic and phonetic features of the written language. the frst part of the present article explores this issue by focusing on texts by neruda. then it compares neruda?s texts to the corpus of the chilean úrsula suárez, which draws from the frst half of the 18th century. starting from this synchronic snapshot and with the help of references from later documents, a text written in the same chile during the years of the independence is analyzed. the analysis concludes by pointing out that there are both patterns that continue as well as those that change. several of these patterns are sociolinguistic and normative in nature in the colonial spanish on the brink of the independent period. these evolutionary patterns can be applicable, in general, to all the varieties of spanish from latin america.
El espa?ol de América en la Independencia: Adiciones gramaticales I
Frago Gracia,Juan Antonio;
Boletín de filología , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-93032011000100002
Abstract: it seems to be scientifically relevant to know, in its diatopic and sociolinguistic aspects and with the utmost empirical veracity, the spanish used in an america that was politically detaching from the metropolis. not only to verify what was the authentic linguistic reality in the emancipated continental territories, but also to tackle properly three important issues concerning the general history of american spanish. in the first place, the way in which this language evolved in america as a whole during the administration of the viceroyalty, until independence was obtained. in the second place, to establish on solid grounds the study of the normative trends pervading cultivated american circles, difficult assemblage between due academicism and the simple defence of the speech of the elite, not forgetting the idiomatical practice of the people, that was nothing else than another aspect of the norm. finally, to asses what, since then, has really meant innovation, or conservation, in the spanish of americans up to now. starting from my research already published on this matter, new documentary contributions appear, so that the historical perspective becomes deeper and more transparent. it is with this purpose in mind that i provide the first additions, related to two important grammatical phenomena in the configuration of american spanish.
La historia material e inmaterial de la escuela: memoria, patrimonio y educación = The material and immaterial history of the school: memory, heritage and education
Frago, Antonio Vi?ao
Educa??o , 2012,
Abstract: N o possui resumo em português El análisis de la cultura material de las instituciones educativas constituye un campo historiográfico en auge. Asimismo, la creación de museos y sociedades interesadas por la conservación y el estudio del patrimonio educativo ha experimentado un crecimiento notable en las dos últimas décadas. En este texto se ofrece, primero, una síntesis de dicho auge. Después, se expone la variedad de usos posibles del patrimonio educativo y se tratan algunas cuestiones metodológicas que plantea su estudio. Por último, se efectúan algunas reflexiones sobre la memoria y el patrimonio histórico en la era de la cultura electrónica. $$bspa
REVIEW: Confronting the Climatic Change
Perlita m. Frago
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2002,
Abstract: A book review of Jose Villarin's "Disturbing Climate."
Memoria, patrimonio y educación
Antonio Vi?ao Frago
História da Educa??o , 2011,
Abstract: Neste artigo se analisam as rela es e intera es entre memória, patrim nio educativo e história. Primeiro, de um modo específico, entre memória e história, mediante uma análise especial das comemora es como nexo entre ambas e instrumento institucional das políticas do esquecimento e da memória. Depois, se estudam as rela es e intera es entre memória e patrim nio educativo (exposi es, investiga es, sociedades científicas, congressos, grupos e projetos de pesquisa, declara es e recomenda es internacionais e museísmo pedagógico). Por último, se exp em algumas das quest es relacionadas à preserva o e cataloga o do patrim nio histórico e educativo: a necessidade de conectar ambas a seu estudo, a diversidade de usos e valores do mesmo e os problemas relacionados com as mudan as que aconteceram nos suportes tecnológicos da memória e da conserva o e transmiss o intergeracional do saber e do conhecimento, ou seja, da heran a do patrim nio cultural e educativo.
Cuestiones de norma lingüística en décimas de la insurgencia colombiana (Linguistic norm matters in "décimas" of the Colombian insurgency)
Juan Antonio Frago
Onomázein : Revista de Lingüística, Filología y Traducción , 2011,
Abstract: Los a os de conflicto bélico y social precedentes a la independencia de América continental conocieron numerosas manifestaciones literarias de signo patriótico, la décima fue uno de los medios de mayor utilidad propagandística por la carga narrativa y emocional que sus versos podían transmitir. En muchas composiciones al campesinado se le reconoce un importante papel en la épica insurgente y en la esencia nacional de las nacientes Repúblicas. Se procura, así, que el personaje popular hable en su auténtico idioma, trazándose de esta manera una dicotomía normativa, ya que de rechazo se contrapone la que sería el habla de los cultos, aunque el argumento empírico sea limitado, a veces tópico y de lindes sociolingüísticas no siempre claras. Pero la cuestión normativa para aquella época es en los textos donde principalmente debe determinarse, pues es en ellos donde laten los diferentes usos socioculturales del espa ol, y porque a la sazón la doctrina académica era de débil cuerpo y de limitada efectividad. (The years of social and war conflict preceding the Independence of continental America met several literary manifestations of patriotic sign. The "décima" was one of the most used propagandistic means due to the emotive and narrative charge that the verses could transmit. Many compositions recognize the important role peasantry had in the insurgent epic and in the national essence of the newborn republics. It is intended, in this way, that the popular character speaks its own language, tracing a normative dichotomy, since it opposes to the cultured way of speaking, even though the empiric argument is limited and sometimes the sociolinguistic boundaries are not clear. The matter of norm is to be found in the texts of that period, since it is in hemthat the different Spanish socio-cultural uses are present, and because the academic doctrine was weak and of limited effectiveness.)
Entre América y Espa a, el vínculo de la lengua
Juan Antonio Frago Gracia
Boletín de Filología , 2012,
Abstract:
El espa ol de América en la Independencia: Adiciones gramaticales I AMERICAN SPANISH DURING THE INDEPENDENCE: GRAMMATICAL ADDITIONS I
Juan Antonio Frago Gracia
Boletín de Filología , 2011,
Abstract: Parece científicamente relevante conocer con la mayor veracidad empírica, y en sus aspectos diatópico y sociolingüístico, el espa ol de una América que se desligaba de su dependencia política de la antigua metrópoli. Y ello no solo para comprobar cuál era la auténtica realidad lingüística en los dominios continentales emancipados, sino para poder abordar con la debida solvencia tres cuestiones importantes de la historia general del espa ol americano. En primer lugar, la manera en que había ido evolucionando la lengua en el conjunto de América mientras duró la administración virreinal, hasta llegar a la disyuntiva independentista. En segundo lugar, para establecer sobre base firme el estudio de las corrientes normativas que recorrieron los ambientes cultos americanos, en difícil maridaje entre el academicismo reglamentista y la simple defensa del hablar de las elites, sin olvidar la práctica idiomática de las masas populares, que no dejaba de ser otra vertiente de la norma. Finalmente, para así aquilatar mejor lo que desde entonces verdaderamente ha habido de innovación, o de conservación en su caso, en el espa ol de los americanos hasta el día de hoy. Partiendo de mi investigación ya publicada sobre esta problemática, nuevas aportaciones documentales se imponen, de modo que la perspectiva histórica sea cada vez más profunda y diáfana, y con tal fin entrego en este artículo las primeras adiciones, referentes a dos fenómenos gramaticales de importancia en la configuración del espa ol de América. It seems to be scientifically relevant to know, in its diatopic and sociolinguistic aspects and with the utmost empirical veracity, the Spanish used in an America that was politically detaching from the metropolis. Not only to verify what was the authentic linguistic reality in the emancipated continental territories, but also to tackle properly three important issues concerning the general history of American Spanish. In the first place, the way in which this language evolved in America as a whole during the administration of the Viceroyalty, until Independence was obtained. In the second place, to establish on solid grounds the study of the normative trends pervading cultivated American circles, difficult assemblage between due academicism and the simple defence of the speech of the elite, not forgetting the idiomatical practice of the people, that was nothing else than another aspect of the norm. Finally, to asses what, since then, has really meant innovation, or conservation, in the Spanish of Americans up to now. Starting from my research already published on
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