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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 56706 matches for " Fonseca Edson da "
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Prevalência do uso de medicamentos na gravidez: uma abordagem farmacoepidemiológica
Fonseca,Márcia Regina Campos Costa da; Fonseca,Edson da; Bergsten-Mendes,Gun;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102002000200013
Abstract: introduction: few brazilian papers on the use of medication in pregnancy have been found in the indexed medical literature. this paper describes the use of medication during pregnancy among women who gave birth in a teaching maternity hospital in the city of campinas, brazil. methods: a retrospective study on the pattern of drug use during pregnancy was conducted among 1,000 mothers who were interviewed using a structured questionnaire after delivery, while they were still in hospital. the following parameters were registered: sociodemographic characteristics, obstetric and contraceptive history, data on prenatal care and medications used during pregnancy. statistical analysis was performed using anova and chi-square test at p = 0.05. results: among the interviewed patients, 94.6% had taken at least one medication during pregnancy, and 46.1% had used medication in the first trimester. of 3,778 medications reported, 88.8% had been prescribed by a doctor. the median of medications taken was 3 (ranging from 0 to 18). the six most used classes of medications were: analgesics, spasmolytics, gynecological antiinfectious agents, antianemics, antacids and systemic antibiotics. the five most used medications were: butyl scopolamine, ferrous sulfate, dipirone, nistatin and multivitamin tablets. only 27.7% of the patients had been alerted to the risk of taking medication during pregnancy. conclusion: knowing the profile of medications used during pregnancy may help devising programs to provide information to the patients and continuing education to health care professionals.
Prevalência do uso de medicamentos na gravidez: uma abordagem farmacoepidemiológica
Fonseca Márcia Regina Campos Costa da,Fonseca Edson da,Bergsten-Mendes Gun
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2002,
Abstract: INTRODU O: Tendo em vista as mudan as freqüentes do mercado de medicamentos que influenciam o padr o de prescri o e automedica o, realizou-se estudo para conhecer a utiliza o de medicamentos entre mulheres durante a gravidez. MéTODOS: Em um estudo retrospectivo sobre o padr o do uso de medicamentos durante a gravidez realizado em um hospital-escola de Campinas, SP, 1.000 puérperas foram entrevistadas após o parto, ainda no hospital, por meio de um questionário estruturado. Foram registrados: características sociodemográficas, antecedentes obstétricos e de contracep o, dados sobre assistência pré-natal e sobre uso de medicamentos na gravidez. Para análise estatística dos dados, foram utilizados Anova e qui-quadrado considerando o nível de significancia (sinal de menor a 0,05). RESULTADOS: Das entrevistadas, 94,6% tomaram pelo menos um medicamento durante a gravidez, e 46,1% das pacientes utilizaram medicamentos no primeiro trimestre. Dos 3.778 itens de medicamentos relatados, 88,8% foram prescritos por médico. A mediana de medicamentos utilizados foi de 3 (0-18). As seis classes de medicamentos mais usados foram: analgésicos, antiespasmódicos, antiinfecciosos ginecológicos, antianêmicos, antiácidos e antibióticos sistêmicos. Os cinco medicamentos mais utilizados foram: butilescopolamina, sulfato ferroso, dipirona, nistatina e multivitaminas. Apenas 27,7% das pacientes haviam sido alertadas para o risco de utilizar medicamentos na gravidez. CONCLUS O: Conhecer o perfil dos medicamentos usados na gravidez pode ajudar a planejar programas de esclarecimento para pacientes e de educa o continuada para profissionais de saúde.
Improve protective efficacy of a TB DNA-HSP65 vaccine by BCG priming
Gon?alves Eduardo DC,Bonato Vania,da Fonseca Denise M,Soares Edson G
Genetic Vaccines and Therapy , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1479-0556-5-7
Abstract: Vaccines are considered by many to be one of the most successful medical interventions against infectious diseases. But many significant obstacles remain, such as optimizing DNA vaccines for use in humans or large animals. The amount of doses, route and easiness of administration are also important points to consider in the design of new DNA vaccines. Heterologous prime-boost regimens probably represent the best hope for an improved DNA vaccine strategy. In this study, we have shown that heterologous prime-boost vaccination against tuberculosis (TB) using intranasal BCG priming/DNA-HSP65 boosting (BCGin/DNA) provided significantly greater protection than that afforded by a single subcutaneous or intranasal dose of BCG. In addition, BCGin/DNA immunization was also more efficient in controlling bacterial loads than were the other prime-boost schedules evaluated or three doses of DNA-HSP65 as a naked DNA. The single dose of DNA-HSP65 booster enhanced the immunogenicity of a single subcutaneous BCG vaccination, as evidenced by the significantly higher serum levels of anti-Hsp65 IgG2a Th1-induced antibodies, as well as by the significantly greater production of IFN-γ by antigen-specific spleen cells. The BCG prime/DNA-HSP65 booster was also associated with better preservation of lung parenchyma. The improvement of the protective effect of BCG vaccine mediated by a DNA-HSP65 booster suggests that our strategy may hold promise as a safe and effective vaccine against TB.
Aptid o física relacionada à saúde de escolares de escola pública de tempo integral = Health-related physical fitness of integral time public school students
Henrique Andrade Rodrigues da Fonseca,Rodolfo André Dellagrana,Luiz Rodrigo Augustemak de Lima,Edson Itaru Kaminagakura
Acta Scientiarum : Health Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: O objetivo do presente estudo é avaliar os níveis de aptid o física relacionada à saúde de crian as de escola pública de tempo integral do município de Ponta Grossa, Estado do Paraná. A amostra constituiu de 104 crian as de 8 a 10 anos de idade, com 47 do sexo masculino e 57 do sexo feminino. A avalia o constituiu da bateria de testes motores PROESP-BR, com ênfase em qualidades físicas relacionadas à saúde como: flexibilidade no teste de sentar e alcan ar, aptid o cardiorrespiratória no teste de corrida ou caminhada de nove minutos e resistência muscular localizada através de teste de abdominais. Acomposi o corporal foi mensurada utilizando-se o índice de massa corporal (IMC). A amostra apresentou diferen as entre os sexos nos seguintes testes: flexibilidade, na faixa etária de oito anos; abdominal, nos grupos de oito e nove anos; e no teste de 9 minutos, nogrupo de 10 anos. O grupo feminino apresentou maiores características de sobrepeso, quando comparado ao masculino. N o foram verificadas diferen as estatisticamente significativas entre as idades. Os resultados observados n o apresentaram níveis satisfatórios de aptid o física relacionada à saúde, revelando um risco aumentado a doen as cr nicas n o transmissíveis aos escolares. The objective of the present study is to evaluate health-related physical fitness level in children of integral time public school of Ponta Grossa city, in the state of Paraná. The sample constituted of 104 children of 8 to 10 years old, 47 male and 57 female. The evaluation constituted of the PROESP-BR motor test battery, with emphasis in healthrelated physical qualities like: sit-and-reach flexibility test, 9 minutes run or walk cardiorespiratory test and muscular resistance identified through abdominal test. Bodycomposition was assessed utilizing body mass index (BMI). Sample presented differences between sexes in the following tests: flexibility test, in eight age group; abdominal tests, in eight and nine groups; and 9 minutes test in ten group. Female group presented higher overweight characteristics comparing with male group. Statistically significant differences among ages have not been identified. Observed results did not present satisfactory healthrelated physical fitness levels, revealing an increased risk of chronic noncommunicable diseases in schoolchildren.
A neurocisticercose humana na Baixada Fluminense, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Mendes, Ernani Costa;Silva, Scintilla Santos da;Fonseca, Edson Alexandre La? Terza;Souza, Hilana Regina Ribeiro de;Carvalho, Raimundo Wilson de;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2005000600027
Abstract: the objective of this manuscript was to know the neurocysticercosis prevalence and some epidemiological aspects in baixada fluminense, state of rio de janeiro, brazil. the data came from the service of computerized tomography of the nova igua?u general hospital from 1996 to 2002 and from neuroimage "d'imagem" center from 1992 to 2002. we analyzed 36379 tomographies identifying 72 cases of the parasitoses, the majority in women (62.5%, p>0.05) and in the chronic phase (93.1%). the neurocysticercosis had occurred in all age groups and increase with age (r=0.84, p<0.05), being that 45.8% of them up to 50 years. the 20 interviewed cases were origin from several municipal districts of baixada fluminense, the monthly per capita income was r$ 366. the growing urbanization, deficient sanitary vigilance, absence of sewage systems and sanitary education are the main factors that potentially the transmission of cistycercosis and taeniasis in the baixada fluminense.
Pneumomediastino espontaneo após esfor?o vocal: relato de caso
Lopes, Flávia Paiva Lobo;Marchiori, Edson;Zanetti, Gláucia;Silva, Talita Fonseca Medeiros da;Herranz, Laura Brasil;Almeida, Maria Isabel de Brito;
Radiologia Brasileira , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-39842010000200016
Abstract: the present article reports the case of a 14-year-old male patient who developed acute chest pain following increased vocal effort during a soccer game. chest radiography and computed tomography demonstrated pneudomediastinum with small bilateral pneumothorax. clinical, laboratory and radiological studies did not demonstrate any predisposing factor, and the case was classified as spontaneous pneudomediastinum.
Composi??o química e energia metabolizável de híbridos de milho para frangos de corte
Vieira, Rodrigo de Oliveira;Rodrigues, Paulo Borges;Freitas, Rilke Tadeu Fonseca de;Nascimento, Germano Augusto Jer?nimo do;Silva, Edson Lindolfo da;Hespanhol, Renato;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982007000400012
Abstract: the values of chemical composition and metabolizable energy of 45 hybrid corns were determined in four trials with growing chickens. a total of 1,225, nineteen days old male chicks were used: 350 in the trials 1, 2 and 3 and 175 in trial 4. in the trials 1, 2 and 3 the treatments consisted of 13 test diets, being 13 corn varieties, and the reference diet in each trial. trial 4 consisted of 7 treatments, being 6 test diets (corn varieties) and the reference. the hybrid corns, replaced 40% of the reference diets in all the trials.. a completely randomized design with five replicates of five birds per cage was used. the diets and water were offered ad libitum for a 7-day period, being four days for adaptation and three for days for excreta collection. a variation of 32% in crude protein - cp (7.79% vs. 11.45%, dry matter basis) was found. the values of gross energy (ge) presented a variation of 5.2%. the higher value observed was 4,668 kcal and the lower value 4,425 kcal/kg. the average value for corrected apparent metabolizable energy (amen) was 3,744 kcal/kg, with a variation of 15.15% (3,405 to 4,013 kcal/kg). however, it was observed that the two hybrids presenting this variation (608 kcal amen/kg dm) had similar ge values (3914 and 3931 kcal ge/kg of dm; 0.36% variation). this variation in the amen can possibly be accounted on the coefficient of gross energy metabolization which was 75% for the hybrid with the lowest amen and 88% for the hybrid with the highest amen. despite of corn being an energy source , the evaluation of its cp content is important due to the considerable variation in the protein values of the different hybrids found currently. the same is valid for the energy values.
Keynes’ Analytical System as an Econometric Tool: Examining Macroeconomic Trends in the U.S. from 1950s to 1980s  [PDF]
Manuel A. R. Da Fonseca
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2018.810112
Abstract: The initial goal of this paper is to develop the standard Keynes’ analytical system into a dynamic macro-econometric model, which is then applied to the analysis of macroeconomic indicators for the U.S. from 1950s to 1980s—a period marked by strong volatility of inflation, exchange rates and commodity prices. Based on the results obtained and, in particular, on the model’s structure and exogenous variables, it is possible to single out the main factors that explain the macro-trends observed in the American economy. Further, a second and more important goal is to evaluate if a simple macro-dynamic model can be a relevant tool in empirical analysis of macroeconomic developments. The results obtained indicate that, although the elements of the Keynesian system are most often used in a purely theoretical perspective, a macro-econometric model based on those elements can be successfully used in reproducing overall macroeconomic variables in a certain period—and the determinants of those macro-trends can be traced to the model’s exogenous variables.
A Unipampa no contexto atual da educa??o superior
Marchioro, Dáfni Fernanda Zenedin;Nedel, Daniel Luiz;Voss, Dulce Mari da Silva;Kakuno, Edson Massayuki;Fonseca, Gabriela Dalcin da;Negr?o, Margarida Maria Rodrigues;Irala, Valesca Brasil;Ferreira, Vera Lúcia Duarte;
Avalia??o: Revista da Avalia??o da Educa??o Superior (Campinas) , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-40772007000400008
Abstract: this article presents a study developed by a group of professors in which we analyze the process of implementation of the pampa federal university as part of the national public policies for the expansion of access to higher education. the study includes a diagnosis of the local educational reality and deals with two main topics: the social relevance of creating this new university in the present local context characterized by cultural and economic stagnation and the role of development as a transforming element of such reality. the purpose of the investigation was to contribute to the historical process in which we are involved.
Uma breve história da teoria evolutiva
Silva, Edson Perreira da;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702001000400009
Abstract: the history of the theory of evolution has been told a number of times by historians, philosophers, professors, writers, scientists and so on. however, many of these versions differ from or even contradict one another. in this article, the history of the theory of evolution is retold according to a dialectical-materialistic perspective. it analyzes the historical contradictions between darwinian evolution theory and mendel's model, the background that led to the synthetic theory of evolution, the debate carried out by classic schools and the result of synthesis, as well as the still current debate between neutralism and selectionism. finally, it also discusses the interpretative model used ("an idiosyncratic dialectic materialism"), mainly in relation with popper's and kuhn's models.
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