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Piperacillin/tazobactam and ciprofloxacin are often used in combination as initial empiric anti-biotic therapy in critical ill patients. Especially in patients undergoing continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) the pharmacokinetics of antimicrobial agents can be highly variable. In order to avoid under- or overdosage of antibiotics therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is highly re-commendable. Based on two known HPLC assays for piperacillin a new method in combination with solid phase extraction (SPE) for the simultaneous determination of piperacillin and ciprofloxacin was developed. Method validation was performed according to the EMA guideline on validation of bioanalytical methods. The HPLC column used was a Perfect Bond ODS-HD C18 analytical column (100 mm × 4.6 mm i.d., particle size 5 μm), equipped with a guard column (10 mm × 4.6 mm, particle size 5 μm) containing the same packing material. Detection wavelength was set at 228 nm for piperacillin and benzylpenicillin was used as internal standard (IS). Ciprofloxacin was determined at two wavelengths (280 nm, 315 nm). This newly developed HPLC method in combination with SPE-extraction allows an accurate, precise, specific and efficient determination of piperacillin and ciprofloxacin in biological matrices. Results allow the calculation of all relevant pharmacokinetic data for critically ill patients undergoing CRRT and the optimization of dosing and TDM.