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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4357 matches for " Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu "
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Geometrical Synthesis of the Distribution Mechanisms
Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 2015, DOI: 10.3844/ajeassp.2015.63.81
Abstract: In this study the author presents shortly some few original trigonometric methods to make the synthesis of some main distribution mechanisms. One presents four main modules of distribution mechanisms, with rotary cam and translated or rotated tappet plane or with roll, used with priority at the distribution mechanisms from the heat engines with internal combustion. These types of distribution mechanisms can improve the changes of gases and may decrease significantly the level of vibration, noises and emissions. As long as we produce electricity and heat by burning fossil fuels is pointless to try to replace all thermal engines with electric motors, as loss of energy and pollution will be even larger. However, it is well to continuously improve the thermal engines, to reduce thus fuel consumption. At the heat engine with internal combustion a great loss of power is realized and by the distribution mechanism, reason for that we must try to improve the functionality of this mechanism. The synthesis of these types of distribution mechanisms can be made shortly by the Cartesian coordinates, but to determine these coordinates we need and some trigonometric parameters of the mechanisms.
Machine Motion Equations at the Internal Combustion Heat Engines
Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 2015, DOI: 10.3844/ajeassp.2015.127.137
Abstract: This paper presents an algorithm for setting the dynamic parameters of the classic main mechanism of the internal combustion engines. One presents the dynamic,original, machine motion equations. The equation of motion of the machine that generates angular speed of the shaft (which varies with position and rotation speed) is deduced by conservation kinetic energy of the machine. An additional variation of angular speed is added by multiplying by the coefficient dynamic(generated by the forces out of mechanism). Kinetic energy conservation shows angular speed variation (from the main shaft) with inertial masses, while the dynamic coefficient introduces the variation of w with forces acting in the mechanism. Deriving the first equation of motion of the machine it obtains the second equation of motion dynamics. From the second equation of motion of the machine one determines the angular acceleration of the motor shaft. It shows the distribution of the forces (on the main mechanism of the engine) to the internal combustion heat engines. Dynamic, the velocities can be distributed in the same way as forces. Practically, in the dynamic regimes, the velocities have the same timing as the forces. The method is applied separately for two distinct situations: When the engine is working on a compressor and into the motor system. For the two separate cases, two independent formulas are obtained for the engine dynamic cinematic (forces speeds). Calculations should be made for an engine with a single cylinder.
High Efficiency Gear
Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu, Relly Victoria Virgil Petrescu
Facta Universitatis, Series: Mechanical Engineering , 2014, DOI: no
Abstract: The paper presents an original method for determining gear efficiency, gearing forces, velocities and powers. It analyzes the way in which certain parameters affect gear efficiency. Furthermore, an original method for determining geared transmissions efficiency as a function of the contact ratio is concisely presented. With the presented relations, one can make a dynamic synthesis of geared transmissions with the aim of increasing gearing mechanisms efficiency.
Deuteron Dimensions
Relly Victoria Virgil Petrescu, Aversa Raffaella, Samuel Kozaitis, Apicella Antonio and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 2017, DOI: 10.3844/ajeassp.2017.649.654
Abstract: The exact sizes of a Deuteron are extremely important today because deuterons are proposed for use as a raw material for the completion of the merger in the nuclear power station. The work proposes a study in the kinematic and dynamic design of a particle deuteron in motion. Mechanical equations of movement introduced are original and have been already determined for the study of a basic particle located in motion, such as for example the electron. The paper presents all the dimensions of a deuteron in motion, determined with an ultra-high precision depending on its speed of travel. The equation of motion has been deducted and using the theory of the mechanisms and of the classic mechanics because they have been used and moments of mechanical inertia mass of a body when it is in motion.
Some Proposed Solutions to Achieve Nuclear Fusion
Relly Victoria Virgil Petrescu, Aversa Raffaella, Samuel Kozaitis, Apicella Antonio and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 2017, DOI: 10.3844/ajeassp.2017.703.708
Abstract: Despite research carried out around the world since the 1950s, no industrial application of fusion to energy production has yet succeeded, apart from nuclear weapons with the H-bomb, since this application does not aims at containing and controlling the reaction produced. There are, however, some other less mediated uses, such as neutron generators. The fusion of light nuclei releases enormous amounts of energy from the attraction between the nucleons due to the strong interaction (nuclear binding energy). Fusion it is with nuclear fission one of the two main types of nuclear reactions applied. The mass of the new atom obtained by the fusion is less than the sum of the masses of the two light atoms. In the process of fusion, part of the mass is transformed into energy in its simplest form: Heat. This loss is explained by the Einstein known formula E = mc2. Unlike nuclear fission, the fusion products themselves (mainly helium 4) are not radioactive, but when the reaction is used to emit fast neutrons, they can transform the nuclei that capture them into isotopes that some of them can be radioactive. In order to be able to start and to be maintained with the success the nuclear fusion reactions, it is first necessary to know all this reactions very well. This means that it is necessary to know both the main reactions that may take place in a nuclear reactor and their sense and effects. The main aim is to choose and coupling the most convenient reactions, forcing by technical means for their production in the reactor. Taking into account that there are a multitude of possible variants, it is necessary to consider in advance the solutions that we consider them optimal. The paper takes into account both variants of nuclear fusion and cold and hot. For each variant will be mentioned the minimum necessary specifications.
Some Basic Reactions in Nuclear Fusion
Relly Victoria Virgil Petrescu, Aversa Raffaella, Samuel Kozaitis, Apicella Antonio and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 2017, DOI: 10.3844/ajeassp.2017.709.716
Abstract: Over time it has advanced the idea that the achievement of a hot nuclear reaction can require tens or hundreds of millions of degrees. Precise calculations clearly indicate a much higher temperature. At least 10 million degrees are necessary for 1 keV in thermonuclear reaction. At 400 keV it needs a temperature of 4000 million degrees to occur the hot fusion reaction. Hot fusion needs a temperature of about 4000 million degrees, or 4 billion degrees if we believe in the calculations the radius of deuterium static. If we believe in the calculations the radius of the real, dynamic deuterium, in movement, the temperature required to achieve the warm fusion reaction increases still 10000 times, reaching a value of 40 trillions degrees. Unfortunately, this clarification does not bring us closer to the realization of the hot fusion reaction, but on the contrary, us away from the day when we will be able to achieve it. Today we have only made 150 million degrees. A huge problem is even the achievement of such temperatures. For these reasons we are entitled to think up next following, namely achieving the cold fusion. Authors propose to bomb the fuel with accelerated Deuterium nuclei.
The Quality of Transport and Environmental Protection, Part I
Relly Victoria Virgil Petrescu, Aversa Raffaella, Samuel Kozaitis, Apicella Antonio and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 2017, DOI: 10.3844/ajeassp.2017.738.755
Abstract: The today main challenge to protect the environment through the development of new and more efficient transportation systems is presented. The absolutely necessary goods distribution and human transfers are polluting and damaging the environment and new solution should be envisaged; the conflicting strategies to adopt new types of environment friendly transportation while maintaining operative the more economically convenient, but largely polluting, already existing machines are discussed and compared. Shipment is an activity that is occurring since the existence of man who felt the need to find ways for him and his goods transportation. Physical human body limits have led to the discovery of a variety of systems for a continuous transportation evolution. This work analyzes the new environment friendly technologies that have been recently developed or that could be further implemented in the next near future. In view of the constantly improvement of the quality of transportation to be carried out, the transportation sector has various aspects that need to be investigated. Passenger comfort, flexible design, maximum interior space, safety and greater range are main features that improve transportation efficiency while making these technologies more familiar and accepted by consumers. Avoiding any excessive generalization, the three major transportation interacting branches, namely, infrastructures, vehicles and management have been reviewed. Such a complex system needed the application of an evolutionary design approach considering renewable energy sources for Hydrogen production as well as electric or internal combustion engines. The overall transportation network and related terminals have been involved as infrastructures, while all aspects of design, construction, operation diagnostics and traffic interactions have been considered for the vehicles. Finally, the management of the engineering responsibilities chain to ensure quality, safety and environmental impact of the transportation systems has been assessed.
Our Universe
Relly Victoria Petrescu, Raffaella Aversa, Bilal Akash, Juan Corchado, Filippo Berto, MirMilad Mirsayar, Antonio Apicella and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu
Journal of Aircraft and Spacecraft Technology , 2017, DOI: 10.3844/jastsp.2017.69.79
Abstract: It's hard to know ourselves and our role as humanity, without knowing our precise location first. In the universe where we find ourselves (what we know not much about), there are billions of galaxies. A galaxy is a large cluster of stars (suns), i.e., solar systems; on average an ordinary galaxy contains about two billion stars (suns), which may or may not have planets around them. A constellation is a group of galaxies that depend on each other. Virgo is a very famous zodiacal constellation. Her name comes from Latin, the virgin and her symbol is ?. The constellation of the Virgin is located between the Lion to the west and the Libra to the east, being the second constellation in the sky (after Hydra) in size. The constellation of the Virgin can easily be observed in the sky of the earth due to its sparkling star named Spica. So our universe contains about two billion galaxies and many constellations; a constellation comprises several galaxies and a galaxy has about 2 billion stars. Nowadays, thanks to modern telescopes, we know a great many galaxies, but only 88 constellations have been identified by humanity (for now).
What is a UFO?
Relly Victoria Petrescu, Raffaella Aversa, Bilal Akash, Juan Corchado, Filippo Berto, MirMilad Mirsayar, Antonio Apicella and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu
Journal of Aircraft and Spacecraft Technology , 2017, DOI: 10.3844/jastsp.2017.80.90
Abstract: There is much talk about UFOs sometimes. Is there anyway? If so what are they? Here are some questions we want to answer them briefly in this paper. An unidentified flying object or UFO is defined as any apparent object in the sky that can’t be identified and classified as an object or phenomenon already known. But the name is generally widely used to refer to the alleged or actual observations of alien ships. Today, the vast majority of observed UFOs are later identified as conventional objects or phenomena (such as aircraft, meteorological balloons, clouds). However, some of them can not be identified, either due to lack of evidence or due to the lack of conventional explanations, despite extensive evidence. Some people believe that the latest cases represent possible observations of alien spacecraft craft. The issue of past observations is difficult to explain otherwise than through the existence of other civilizations more advanced than ours. UFO events in the last thirty years are hard to analyze and classify, as we now have intelligent ships with special capabilities that can easily be confused with an alien ship.
About Northrop Grumman
Relly Victoria Petrescu, Raffaella Aversa, Bilal Akash, Juan Corchado, Filippo Berto, Antonio Apicella and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu
Journal of Aircraft and Spacecraft Technology , 2017, DOI: 10.3844/jastsp.2017.162.185
Abstract: The Northrop Grumman (formerly Ryan Aeronautical) RQ-4 Global Hawk (known as Tier II during development) is an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) used by the United States Air Force and Navy and the German Air Force as a surveillance aircraft. The Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit (also known as the Stealth Bomber) is an American strategic bomber, featuring low observable stealth technology designed for penetrating dense anti-aircraft defenses; it is able to deploy both conventional and nuclear weapons. The bomber has a crew of two and can drop up to eighty 500 lb (230 kg)-class JDAM GPS-guided bombs, or sixteen 2,400 lb (1,100 kg) B83 nuclear bombs. The B-2 is the only aircraft that can carry large airto-surface standoff weapons in a stealth configuration. The BQM-74 Chukar is a series of aerial target drones produced by Northrop. The Chukar has gone through three major revisions, including the initial MQM-74A Chukar I, the MQM-74C Chukar II and the BQM-74C Chukar III. They are recoverable, remote controlled, subsonic aerial target, capable of speeds up to Mach 0.86 and altitudes from 30 to 40,000 ft (10 to 12,000 m). Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) is an American global aerospace and defense technology company formed by the 1994 purchase of Grumman by Northrop. The company was the fourth-largest defense contractor in the world as of 2010 and the largest builder of naval vessels. Northrop Grumman employs over 75,000 people worldwide. Its 2010 annual revenue is reported at US$34 billion. Northrop Grumman ranks #72 on the 2011 Fortune 500 list of America's largest corporations and ranks in the top ten military-friendly employers. It has its headquarters in Falls Church, Virginia. Separate sectors, such as Aerospace Systems, produce aircraft for the US and other nations. The B-2 Spirit strategic bomber, the E-8C Joint STARS surveillance aircraft, the RQ-4 Global Hawk and the T-38 Talon supersonic trainer, are used by the US Air Force. The US Army uses Northrop Grumman's RQ-5 Hunter unmanned air vehicle, which has been in operational use for more than 10 years. The US Navy uses Northrop Grumman-built aerial vehicles such as the BQM-74 Chukar, RQ-4 Global Hawk based BAMS UAS, C-2 Greyhound, E-2 Hawkeye and the EA-6B Prowler. Northrop Grumman provides major components and assemblies for different aircraft such as F/A-18 Hornet, F/A-18E/F Super Hornet and the EA-18G Growler. Many aircraft, such as the F-5, T-38 Talon and E-2 Hawkeye are used by other nations.
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