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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1272 matches for " Florence Descamps "
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Mémoire religieuse, patrimoine immatériel du religieux. Pour la constitution d’archives orales de la foi catholique au XXe siècle
Florence Descamps
In Situ : Revue de Patrimoines , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/insitu.4565
Abstract: L’état fran ais a fait de nombreux efforts ces dernières années pour la sauvegarde et la connaissance du patrimoine architectural et mobilier religieux. Au moment où la convention de 2003 de l’UNESCO sur le patrimoine culturel immatériel entre en application en France, il para t intéressant de développer, parallèlement aux travaux d’inventaire et de restauration des objets du patrimoine religieux (liturgique et sacré), des programmes d’archives orales autour des traditions et des pratiques religieuses individuelles et collectives qui accompagnent ces objets et leur donnent sens. Over the last few years, the French State has made considerable efforts to preserve the country's religious heritage - its church architecture and church furnishings - and to promote better understanding of this heritage. As the UNESCO's 2003 convention for the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage comes into force in France, the time seems to be ripe, in parallel with inventory and restoration work on liturgical and sacred objets, to set up oral history recording programs in order to safeguard the traditions of individual and collective religious practices, traditions without which the objects preserved will lose their meaning.
Une expérience de réforme administrative d’en bas en France : les commissions tripartites de 1933 ou la première tentative de cogestion administrative au ministère des Finances
Florence Descamps
Pyramides : Revue du Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches en Administration Publique , 2012,
Abstract: L’installation puis l’aggravation de la crise budgétaire et financière dans les années trente conduisent le gouvernement à rechercher, dans la réduction du train de vie de l’Etat, dans les économies budgétaires et dans la rationalisation de l’administration, les solutions à cette crise. Pendant une courte période, un mouvement syndicaliste réformiste original, l’Etat Moderne, constitué majoritairement de fonctionnaires des services fiscaux, préconise la participation des fonctionnaires et des syndicats à la recherche des économies et à l’élaboration des mesures de réforme administrative. Le gouvernement de néo-cartel des Gauches, issu d‘une chambre radicale et radical-socialiste tout juste élue en 1932, accepte l’expérience et en 1933, sont constituées dans chaque ministère et dans chaque direction centrale des commissions tripartites (usagers, représentants de l’administration et représentants des syndicats) chargées d‘élaborer un programme d‘économies et de réforme administrative. C’est cette expérience qu’il est proposé de relater et d‘analyser, en s’attachant au cas du ministère des Finances.
Dumb-bell-shaped equilibrium figures for fiducial contact-binary asteroids and EKBOs
Pascal Descamps
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2014.08.002
Abstract: In this work, we investigate the equilibrium figures of a dumb-bell-shaped sequence with which we are still not well acquainted. Studies have shown that these elongated and nonconvex figures may realistically replace the classic "Roche binary approximation" for modeling putative peanut-shaped or contact binary asteroids. The best-fit dumb-bell shapes, combined with the known rotational period of the objects, provide estimates of the bulk density of these objects. This new class of mathematical figures has been successfully tested on the observed light curves of three noteworthy small bodies: main-belt asteroid 216 Kleopatra, Trojan asteroid 624 Hektor and Edgeworth-Kuiper-belt object 2001 QG298. Using the direct observations of Kleopatra and Hektor obtained with high spatial resolution techniques and fitting the size of the dumb-bell-shaped solutions, we derived new physical characteristics in terms of equivalent radius and bulk density. In particular, the growing inadequacy of the radar shape model for interpreting any type of observations of Kleopatra (light curves, AO images, stellar occultations) in a satisfactory manner suggests that Kleopatra is more likely to be a dumb-bell-shaped object than a "dog-bone".
G140S/Q148R and N155H mutations render HIV-2 Integrase resistant to Raltegravir whereas Y143C does not
Xiao-Ju Ni, Olivier Delelis, Charlotte Charpentier, Alexandre Storto, Gilles Collin, Florence Damond, Diane Descamps, Jean-Fran?ois Mouscadet
Retrovirology , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1742-4690-8-68
Abstract: The integrase coding sequence was amplified from plasma samples collected from ten patients infected with HIV-2 viruses, of whom three RAL-na?ve and seven on RAL-based treatment at the time of virological failure. The genomes of the resistant strains were cloned and three patterns involving N155H, G140S/Q148R or Y143C mutations were identified. Study of the susceptibility of integrases, either amplified from clinical isolates or obtained by mutagenesis demonstrated that mutations at positions 155 and 148 render the integrase resistant to RAL. The G140S mutation conferred little resistance, but compensated for the catalytic defect due to the Q148R mutation. Conversely, Y143C alone did not confer resistance to RAL unless E92Q is also present. Furthermore, the introduction of the Y143C mutation into the N155H resistant background decreased the resistance level of enzymes containing the N155H mutation.This study confirms that HIV-2 resistance to RAL is due to the N155H, G140S/Q148R or E92Q/Y143C mutations. The N155H and G140S/Q148R mutations make similar contributions to resistance in both HIV-1 and HIV-2, but Y143C is not sufficient to account for the resistance of HIV-2 genomes harboring this mutation. For Y143C to confer resistance in vitro, it must be accompanied by E92Q, which therefore plays a more important role in the HIV-2 context than in the HIV-1 context. Finally, the Y143C mutation counteracts the resistance conferred by the N155H mutation, probably accounting for the lack of detection of these mutations together in a single genome.HIV-2 is endemic in West Africa and has spread throughout Europe over the last two decades [1,2]. The development of seven different classes of antiretroviral drugs has led to the establishment of highly active treatments that have had a profound effect on the morbidity and mortality of HIV-1-infected individuals. These classes are nucleoside (NRTIs), nucleotide (NtRTIs) and non nucleoside (NNRTIs) reverse transcriptase inhibitors
Predictive Value of Liver Enzymes and Inflammatory Biomarkers for the Severity of Liver Fibrosis Stage in HIV/HCV Co-Infected Patients
Charlotte Charpentier, Karen Champenois, Anne Gervais, Roland Landman, Véronique Joly, Sylvie Le Gac, Lucile Larrouy, Florence Damond, Fran?oise Brun-Vézinet, Diane Descamps, Yazdan Yazdanpanah
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0059205
Abstract: Objective The aim of our study was to assess a possible association between plasma inflammatory biomarkers (CRP, IL-6, soluble CD14) and the extent of fibrosis or cirrhosis using a FibroScan? in HIV/HCV co-infected patients. Methods This cross-sectional study assessed 60 HIV/HCV co-infected patients who had paired plasma samples and FibroScan? values available. All included patients were controlled for HIV infection (HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL) and had detectable HCV RNA levels. Levels of three biomarkers were measured in all samples using commercial ELISA kits. Multivariate logistic regression models identified factors associated with the METAVIR stages of fibrosis (F0–F2 vs. F3–F4). Results In univariate logistic regression analyses, in addition to sCD14 (odds ratio [OR] = 3.23, 95% confidence interval [95%CI] = 1.30–7.97, P = 0.01), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase, platelet counts, and CD4 cell counts were associated with the stage of liver fibrosis and, thus, were introduced into the model. However, only AST (OR = 1.06, 95%CI = 1.02–1.10, P = 0.0009) was independently associated with F3–F4 stage liver fibrosis. Conclusions In our study of HIV/HCV co-infected patients, sCD14 plasma level, a biomarker of monocyte activation, was not independently associated with the F3–F4 stage of liver fibrosis. We hypothesize that the higher levels of inflammation markers observed in HIV/HCV co-infected patients, compared to HCV mono-infected patients, prevent this association being observed within this population.
Nervous system disorders induced by occupational and environmental toxic exposure  [PDF]
Monat-Descamps Caroline, Deschamps Frederic
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2012.23039
Abstract: Encephalopathy, extrapyramidal features, neurodegenerative diseases, and peripheral neuropathy are commonly encountered in presentations of occupational neurotoxic syndromes. Epidemiological findings have suggested the role of pesticides, solvents and metals on the onset and progression of neurological diseases. The aim of this review is to present clinical manifestations of occupational and environmental neurologic disorders, to discuss toxic’s implications of these conditions, and to give indications about occupational branches and main jobs concerned. Better to know and categorize the clinical manifestation of neurologic disorders and toxics implicated, will improve the clinical management of occupational neurologic diseases. We performed a research of studies, case reports and review, particularly among most recent, available into Pub Med databases about occupational and environmental neurologic disorders and main toxics incriminated.
Spirituality of Depression
Marc-Alain Descamps
International Journal of Transpersonal Studies , 2003,
Winter Temperature Affects the Prevalence of Ticks in an Arctic Seabird
Sébastien Descamps
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0065374
Abstract: The Arctic is rapidly warming and host-parasite relationships may be modified by such environmental changes. Here, I showed that the average winter temperature in Svalbard, Arctic Norway, explained almost 90% of the average prevalence of ticks in an Arctic seabird, the Brünnich’s guillemot Uria lomvia. An increase of 1°C in the average winter temperature at the nesting colony site was associated with a 5% increase in the number of birds infected by these ectoparasites in the subsequent breeding season. Guillemots were generally infested by only a few ticks (≤5) and I found no direct effect of tick presence on their body condition and breeding success. However, the strong effect of average winter temperature described here clearly indicates that tick-seabird relationships in the Arctic may be strongly affected by ongoing climate warming.
Acoustic detection of high energy neutrinos in ice: Status and results from the South Pole Acoustic Test Setup
Freija Descamps,for the IceCube Collaboration
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: The feasibility and specific design of an acoustic neutrino detection array at the South Pole depend on the acoustic properties of the ice. The South Pole Acoustic Test Setup (SPATS) has been built to evaluate the acoustic characteristics of the ice in the 1 to 100 kHz frequency range. The most recent results of SPATS are presented.
Asymptotically Decreasing Lieb-Robinson Velocity for a Class of Dissipative Quantum Dynamics
Beno?t Descamps
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1063/1.4820785
Abstract: We study the velocity of the propagation of information for a class of local dissipative quantum dynamics. This finite velocity is expressed by the so-called Lieb-Robinson bound. Besides the properties of the already studied dynamics, we consider an additional relation that expresses the propagation of certain subspaces. The previously derived bounds did not reflect the dissipative character of the dynamics and yielded the same result as for the reversible case. In this article, we show that for this class the velocity of propagation of information is time dependent and decays in time towards a smaller velocity. In some cases the velocity becomes zero. At the end of the article, the exponential clustering theorem of general frustration free local Markovian dynamics is revisited.
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