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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13289 matches for " Flávia Meinicke Nascimento "
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Expansion of citrus crops in Botucatu - SP, obtained by aerial photography
Flávia Meinicke Nascimento
Pesquisa Aplicada & Agrotecnologia , 2010, DOI: 10.5777/1007
Abstract: A expans o da citricultura no Estado de S o Paulo e particularmente no Município de Botucatu, associada ao avan o das técnicas de monitoramento ambiental, como o sensoriamento remoto foram os fatores determinantes para o desenvolvimento da presente pesquisa. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar as altera es espa o-temporal da citricultura no Município de Botucatu-SP, no período de 1962 a 2005, utilizando-se de geotecnologias, como: fotografias aéreas pancromáticas de 1962, 1972 e 1977 e coloridas de 2000 e 2005, associadas às técnicas de Sensoriamento Remoto e Sistema de Informa es Geográficas - SIG. Os resultados obtidos permitiram concluir que a expans o citrícola do Município de Botucatu-SP teve um incremento de 3,41% e uma expans o de 65,27% no período de cinco anos (2000 a 2005); ou seja, um aumento de 12722,56 ha. As fotografias aéreas associadas ao SIG foram eficientes na determina o da expans o citrícola no Município de Botucatu-SP. The expansion of the citrus crops in the State of S o Paulo and particularly in Botucatu, associated to the progress of the techniques of environmental monitoring, as the remote sensing, were the decisive factors for the development of the present researches. The objective of this work was to evaluate the space-temporary alterations of the citrus crops in Botucatu-SP, in the period from 1962 to 2005, using geotechnology, such as: panchromatic aerial photographs of 1962, 1972 and 1977 and colored of 2000 and 2005, associated to the techniques of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System - GIS. The obtained results allowed to conclude that the expansion of the citrus crops of Botucatu-SP had an increment of 3,41% and an expansion of 65,27% in the period of five years (2000 to 2005); that means an increase of 12722,56 ha. The aerial photography associated to SIG was efficient in the determination of the expansion citrus crops in Botucatu-SP. La expansión de la citricultura en lo Estado de S o Paulo y en particular en lo municipio deBotucatu, asociado con el avance de las técnicas de monitoreo ambiental, tales como el sensoreamiento remoto, son los factores determinantes para el desarrollo de esta investigación. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los cambios espaciales y temporales de los cítricos en Botucatu-SP, en el periodo 1962 a 2005, utilizando geo tecnologías, tales como fotografías aéreas pancromáticas de 1962, 1972 y 1977 y en color 2000 y 2005 asociados a las técnicas de sensoreamiento remoto y Sistemas de Información Geográfica - GIS. Los resultados obtenidos posibilitaran la conclusión de que
Soil cover and determination of conflicts in the drainage network of the Lageado and Edgardia farms in Botucatu – SP, obtained from aerial photography Cobertura do solo e determina o de conflitos na rede de drenagem das fazendas Lageado e Edgardia, Botucatu – SP, obtidas de fotografias aéreas
Flávia Meinicke Nascimento,Katiuscia Fernandes Moreira,Bruna Soares Xavier de Barros,Zacarias Xavier de Barros
Pesquisa Aplicada & Agrotecnologia , 2011, DOI: 10.5777/1306
Abstract: O presente estudo teve como objetivo discriminar, mapear, quantificar as áreas de ocupa o do solo e também verificar possíveis áreas de conflito de uso do solo em área de Preserva o Permanente - APP ocorrentes nas Fazendas Lageado e Edgardia – Município de Botucatu (SP). Foram utilizadas fotografias aéreas coloridas do ano de 2005, tendo como ferramenta de avalia o o Sistema de Informa o Geográfica - IDRISI Andes 15.0. A área de preserva o permanente (140,91 ha) está sendo ocupada por pastagens, áreas agrícolas e outros usos (24,94 h%) e o restante por matas ciliares e várzeas com ocupa o fragmentada. As Fazendas Lageado e Edgardia, no ano de 2005, eram ocupadas de forma predominante por matas ciliares, mostrando sua recupera o com rela o ao ano de 1962; seguidas de culturas agrícolas, outras ocupa es, pastagens e várzeas, respectivamente. As fotografias aéreas associadas ao SIG-Idrisi mostraram ser ferramentas eficientes no mapeamento da área e monitoramento de impactos ambientais.
Dinámica espacial de la tierra en la cuenca del arroyo de la Figuera - S o Manuel (SP)
Flávia Meinicke Nascimento,Zacarias Xavier de Barros,Sergio Campos,José Guilherme Lan?a Rodrigues
Pesquisa Aplicada & Agrotecnologia , 2012, DOI: 10.5777/1483
Abstract: Este trabalho teve como objetivo caracterizar a evolu o do uso e ocupa o do solo no período de 20 anos, bem como verificar as possíveis áreas de conflito de uso do solo em APP ocorrentes na Microbacia do Córrego da Figueira – Município de S o Manuel (SP), obtidas de imagens de satélite por meio do aplicativo Carta Linx e do SIG-Idrisi; tendo como base cartográfica as imagens de satélite Landsat 5, bandas 3; 4 e 5, órbita 220, ponto 76, quadrante A, passagens 1990 e 2010. Os resultados mostraram que o SIG Idrisi Andes 15.0 foi eficiente na identifica o e mapeamento das áreas de uso da terra, facilitando o processamento dos dados. A área ocupada predominantemente pela cultura canavieira mostrou que as altera es espa o-temporal praticamente n o ocorreram nos últimos 20 anos. O mapeamento das áreas de conflito de uso permitiu verificar que a área de estudo está bem preservada, sendo o conflito inexpressivo, pois o relevo plano a ondulado da Microbacia é totalmente favorável para o cultivo da cana-de-a úcar. Os resultados permitiram inferir que as classes de declive de 0 a 3% e de 3 a 6% representam mais de 84% da área e as de 0 a 20% predominaram em quase 100% da microbacia. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo caracterizar la evolución del uso y ocupación del suelo dentro de los 20 a os, y determinar las posibles áreas de conflicto de uso del suelo tierra en APP que ocurre en la Cuenca del corego de la Figueira - Municipio de S oManuel (SP), obtenido a partir de imágenes de satelitales a través de la aplicación del aplicativo Carta Linux y del SIG Idrisi: teniendo por base cartográfica imágenes del satélite Landsat 5, bandas 3, 4 y 5, la órbita 220, punto 76, en el cuadrante A, pasajes 1990 y 2010. Los resultados mostraron que el SIG Idrisi Andes - 15,0 fue eficaz en la identificación y mapeo del uso del suelo, facilitando el tratamiento de los datos. El área predominantemente ocupada por la ca a de azúcar mostró que los cambios espacio-temporales casi no se produjeron en los últimos 20 a os. El mapeo de las zonas de conflicto de uso demostró que el área de estudio está bien conservada, siendo el conflicto insignificante, debido a que el relieve del terreno es llano a ondulado de la Cuenca es totalmente favorable para el cultivo de la ca a de azúcar. Los resultados mostraron que las clases de pendiente 0-3% y 3-6% representan más del 84% de la superficie y el 0-20% predominó en casi el 100% de la cuenca.
Diagnose foliar em plantas de milho em sistema de semeadura direta em fun o de doses e épocas de aplica o de nitrogênio
Flávia Meinicke Nascimento,Silvio José Bicudo,Dirceu Maximino Fernandes,José Guilherme Lan?a Rodrigues
Pesquisa Aplicada & Agrotecnologia , 2012, DOI: 10.5777/paet.v5.n1.04
Abstract: O objetivo da pesquisa foi avaliar a resposta da cultura do milho em sucess o à culturas de inverno, havendo a antecipa o da aplica o do nitrogênio na cultura da aveia, em doses crescentes, no SPD. O experimento foi conduzido na FCA/UNESP, Campus de Botucatu-SP. O delineamento experimental foi de blocos ao acaso com quatro repeti es, em parcelas subdivididas, sendo consideradas parcelas as doses de nitrogênio aplicadas na cultura da aveia: 0, 20, 40 e 60 kg ha-1 e as doses de nitrogênio aplicadas em cobertura na cultura do milho, foram consideradas subparcelas, variando nas seguintes doses: 60, 80, 100 e 120 kg ha-1, aplicados de forma parcelada em dois estádios da cultura do milho. A diagnose foliar foi feita no estádio de florescimento e após a colheita foi calculada a produtividade. Os resultados indicam que a aplica o antecipada de N na cultura do milho é dependente da cultura antecessora e que as doses e épocas destas aplica es influíram nas concentra es dos nutrientes, refletindo na produtividade do milho. El objetivo de esta investigación fue evaluar la respuesta del maíz en sucesión con cultivos de invierno, con la anticipación de la aplicación de nitrógeno en la avena, en dosis crecientes, en el sistema de siembra directa SSD. El experimento se realizó en la FCA / UNESP, Campus de Botucatu-SP. El dise o experimental fue en bloques al azar con cuatro repeticiones, en parcelas subdivididas, siendo consideradas parcelas las dosis de nitrógeno aplicadas en la avena: 0, 20, 40 y 60 kg ha-1 y las dosis de nitrógeno aplicadas en cobertura en el cultivo de maíz, fueron consideradas subparcelas, variando en: 60 kg, 80, 100 y 120 ha-1, aplicadas de manera parcelada en dos momentos de crecimiento del maíz. El análisis foliar se realizó durante la floración y después de la cosecha se calculó la productividad. Los resultados indican que la aplicación temprana de N en el maíz depende de la cosecha anterior y que las dosis y tiempos de estas aplicaciones han influido en las concentraciones de nutrientes, reflejando en la productividad del maíz.
Physical characterization of soil and operational performance of agricultural machines in the deployment of forage sorghum Caracteriza o física do solo e desempenho operacional de máquinas agrícolas na implanta o da cultura do sorgo forrageiro
José Guilherme Lan?a Rodrigues,Jairo Costa Fernandes,Flávia Meinicke Nascimento,Carlos Antonio Gamero
Semina : Ciências Agrárias , 2011,
Abstract: Forage sorghum can be grown in areas presenting dry and hot environmental situations where the yield of other grasses can often be uneconomical. The objective of this study was to analyze the operating performance of agricultural machines in the deployment of sorghum forage in four tillage systems, as follows: no-tillage system, disk harrow + seeding, disk harrow + two light disking + seeding, minimum tillage + seeding and four seeding different speeds, as follows: 3, 5, 6 and 9 km h-1. The study was performed under field conditions in FCA / UNESP, Botucatu County, SP, Brazil. The data were subjected to variance analysis in a simple factorial 4 x 4, and a random block design with split plots. Operational performance of the agricultural machinery, physical characteristics the soil, its water content and the yield of dry matter and green sorghum were determined. The operational performance of agricultural machines in the deployment of sorghum forage is influenced by the sowing speed and the soil tillage system used. Chisel plow was the equipment that required the highest mean traction force, mean traction and slip, as well as the lowest mean speed for the studied tillage system. Forage sorghum showed higher yields in no-tillage systems at a seeding speed of 5 km h-1. O sorgo forrageiro pode ser cultivado em áreas e situa es ambientais secas e quentes, onde a produtividade de outras forrageiras pode ser normalmente antiecon mica. O objetivo do trabalho foi analisar o desempenho operacional de máquinas agrícolas na implanta o da cultura do sorgo forrageiro em quatro sistemas de preparo do solo: semeadura direta; gradagem pesada + semeadura; gradagem pesada + duas gradagens leves + semeadura; cultivo reduzido + semeadura e quatro velocidades de semeadura: 3, 5, 6 e 9 km h-1. O experimento foi instalado em condi es de campo, na FCA/UNESP, Campus de Botucatu - SP. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à análise de variancia em esquema fatorial simples, 4 x 4, sendo o delineamento experimental em blocos ao acaso com parcelas subdivididas. Foram estudados o desempenho operacional das máquinas agrícolas, as características físicas do solo, o teor de água e a produtividade de massa seca e verde do sorgo. Concluiu-se que o desempenho operacional de máquinas agrícolas na implanta o da cultura do sorgo forrageiro é influenciado pela velocidade de semeadura e pelo sistema de preparo do solo. O escarificador foi o equipamento que exigiu do trator a maior for a média de tra o, potência média de tra o, patinagem e apresentou a menor velocidade média de trabalho para os
Produtividade de genótipos de milho em resposta à época de semeadura
Nascimento, Flávia Meinicke;Bicudo, Sílvio José;Rodrigues, José Guilherme Lan?a;Furtado, Mariléia Barros;Campos, Sérgio;
Revista Ceres , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-737X2011000200010
Abstract: the objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of four sowing times on the yield of three maize cultivars with different phenological stages. field experiments were carried out in the fca/unesp-campus, botucatu, s?o paulo state, brazil. the experiments were arranged in a randomized block design with six repetitions, considering maize genetic composition and sowing times as causes of variation. the treatments were arranged in a 3x4 factorial design, with three cultivars al 34 (late cycle), ag 9010 (early cycle) and dkb 333b (medium-early cycle) planted in 4 sowing times, august, october and december 2003 and february 2004. data were examined by analysis of variance and means were compared by the tukey test at 5% probability level. sowing in february provided a more rapid emergence, differing from the other times regardless of cultivar. the number of leaves above and below the ear and the initial and final population were influenced by sowing time. for plant height, genetics and physiology of cultivars predominated. sowing in february allowed the identification of differences in productivity resulted from the integration of production components. yield of cultivars al 34, ag 9010 and dkb 333b depends on sowing time and vegetative cycle of each cultivar.
Unidos em torno da mesa: a dinamica familiar na obesidade
Otto, Ana Flávia Nascimento;Ribeiro, Maria Alexina;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2012000200009
Abstract: from the perspective of the family systems approach, a case study of a patient with severe obesity being prepared to perform surgery to reduce stomach in a public hospital in brasilia-df is presented. data collection was performed in two home visits to construction of the genogram, family collage made by family and carry out two tasks. the study demonstrates the strong link between food and family membership, and strengthen aspects of family dynamics of systems with obese members of the literature, such as diffuse internal borders and external rigid, few leisure activities, emphasis on family loyalty; obesity seen as single family problem avoidance conflict. finally, the authors suggest to expand the inclusion of family therapy in the preoperative and postoperative patients with severe obesity.
Cancer cutaneo em Taubaté (SP) - Brasil, de 2001 a 2005: um estudo de prevalência
Ferreira, Flávia Regina;Nascimento, Luiz Fernando C.;
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0365-05962008000400005
Abstract: background: cancer represents the third principal cause of death in brazil. skin is the most frequent location and about 50% of caucasian patients older than sixty years will develop some type of cutaneous cancer. objective: to describe the profile of the individuals with skin cancer assisted at the university hospital of taubaté in the period between 2001 and 2005. methods: a hospital-based cross-sectional study involving individuals assisted at the dermatology department at the university hospital of taubaté in the period between january 2001 to december 2005 was performed. study variables were gender, age, skin color, location and clinical type of the tumor: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, combined and melanoma. statistical analyses were performed using qui-square, student?s t-test and anova. results: a total of 639 individuals were included in the study. prevalence was 50 cases/100.000 inhabitants. the most prevalent age group was that of individuals older than sixty years of age, gender distribution was higher among females than males (57.2% / 42.8%) and the proportion of white to non-white was of 4:1. conclusion: this study fills a gap that was due to the inexistence of studies in the region and also to the small number of studies in the state of s?o paulo, and its results are in accordance with those in the literature.
Anestesia regional para cesariana em gestantes obesas: estudo retrospectivo
Rodrigues, Flávia Romano;Brand?o, Maria José Nascimento;
Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-70942011000100002
Abstract: background and objectives: the objective of the data gathering was to indentify anesthetic techniques, and their difficulties and complications in patients with bmi > 30 kg.m-2 undergoing cesarean sections. the study intends to support the development of new protocols and more adequate conducts for this population of pregnant women. methods: this is a retrospective study of data and anesthetic complications in obese patients older than 18 years of age who underwent cesarean sections from january 2004 to december 2006; variables investigated included: age, weight, height, bmi, physical status (asa), anesthetic techniques, difficulties in palpation and puncturing, hemodynamic complications (bleeding and hypotension), and anesthetic complications. results: three hundred and fifteen anesthetic forms were evaluated. mean age was 29.1 years, mean bmi 39.25, and the majority of patients was classified as asa ii (63.2%). spinal anesthesia charts used more often, difficulty to puncture was reported in 47 procedures, and difficulty to palpate was reported in 31 procedures. conclusions: technical difficulties as well as hypotension, bleeding, and surgical time were more frequent in patients with higher degrees of obesity.
Inclus?o escolar de crian?as com síndrome de down: experiências contadas pelas famílias
Luiz, Flávia Mendon?a Rosa;Nascimento, Lucila Castanheira;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o Especial , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-65382012000100009
Abstract: this study aimed to explore families' experiences in the inclusion process of children with down syndrome into mainstream education, so as to get to know the potentials and limitations these clients experience during the transition period from the specialized institution into regular education and, thus, survey care needs with a view to these families' health promotion. a multiple case study with a qualitative approach was carried out. study participants were 11 mothers and one father of children with down syndrome, whose children attended a specialized institution and were referred to the mainstream education network in an interior city in state of s?o paulo. the results showed the need to monitor the families before, during and after the inclusion itself, so as to support them when searching and choosing the school, adapting the child to the new environment and during the transition between care offered at the specialized institution and other sectors. the goal of the knowledge produced in this study is to make the inclusion process of children with down syndrome into mainstream education a phase the children and their families experience as positively as possible, feeling prepared and welcomed.
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