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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6743 matches for " Finite element "
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Delamination in Fiber Reinforced Plastics: A Finite Element Approach  [PDF]
P. K. Rakesh, V. Sharma, I. Singh, D. Kumar
Engineering (ENG) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2011.35064
Abstract: The fiber reinforced plastics (FRPs) are being used widely in the most diverse applications ranging from the aerospace to the sports goods industry. Drilling in particular is important to facilitate the assembly operations of structurally intricate composite products. The drilling of holes in FRPs leads to drilling induced damage which is an important research area. The researchers worldwide have tried to minimize the damage by optimizing the operating variables, and tool designs as well as by developing unconventional methods of hole making. Most of the work done so far has been experimental in nature with little or no focus on numerical simulation of the drilling behavior of FRPs. In the present research endeavor, a finite element model has been developed to investigate the drilling induced damage of FRP laminates.
The Finite Element Approximation in Hyperbolic Equation and Its Application—The Pollution of the Water in the West of Algeria as an Example  [PDF]
Salah Boulaaras, Khaled Mahdi, Hamza Abderrahim, Ahmed Hamou, Sarah Kabli
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.43068
Abstract: Hyperbolic variational equations are discussed and their existence and uniqueness of weak solution is established over in the last six decades. In this paper the hyperbolic equations (strong formula) can be transformed into a Hyperbolic variational equations. In this research, we propose a time-space discretization to show the existence and uniqueness of the discrete solution and how we apply it in the transport problem. The proposed approach stands on a discrete L-stability property with respect to the right-hand side and the boundary conditions of our problem which has been proposed. Furthermore the numerical example is given for the pollution in the smooth fluid as water and we have taken the pollution of the water in the west of Algeria as an example.
Micromechanical Analysis of Thermal Expansion Coefficients  [PDF]
Christian Karch
Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Material Science (MNSMS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/mnsms.2014.43012
Thermal expansion coefficients play an important role in the design and analysis of composite structures. A detailed analysis of thermo-mechanical distortion can be performed on microscopic level of a structure. However, for a design and analysis of large structures, the knowledge of effective material properties is essential. Thus, either a theoretical prediction or a numerical estimation of the effective properties is indispensable. In some simple cases, exact analytical solutions for the effective properties can be derived. Moreover, bounds on the effective values exist. However, in dealing with complex heterogeneous composites, numerical methods are becoming increasingly important and more widely used, because of the limiting applicability of the existing (semi-)analytical approaches. In this study, finite-element methods for the calculation of effective thermal expansion coefficients of composites with arbitrary geometrical inclusion configurations are discussed and applied to a heterogeneous lightning protection coating made from Dexmet® copper foil 3CU7-100FA and HexPly® epoxy resin M21. A short overview of some often used (semi-)analytical formulas for effective thermal expansion coefficients of heterogeneous composites is given in addition.
Influence of Cutting and Geometrical Parameters on the Cutting Force in Milling  [PDF]
Hedi Yangui, Bacem Zghal, Amir Kessentini, Ga?l Chevallier, Alain Rivière, Mohamed Haddar, Chafik Karra
Engineering (ENG) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2010.210097
Abstract: This paper presents a numerical modelling of the dynamic behaviour of the Machine-Tool-Part system (MOP) in milling. The numerical study of such complex structure requires the use of sophisticated method like finite elements one. Simulation is employed to predict cutting forces and dynamic response of Machine-Tool-Part system (MOP) during end-milling operation. Finally, spectral analysis is presented to see the influence of feed direction in the vibration.
Endurance Analysis of Automotive Vehicle’s Door W/H System Using Finite Element Analysis  [PDF]
Byeong-Sam Kim, Kyoungwoo Park, Young-Woo Kim
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2009.25050
Abstract: In the automotive electronics industry, demand for low-cost, high strength-to in-service performance for electronic components continues to drive the development of vehicles’ door Wiring Harness (W/H) system for new applications. The problem of the fatigue strength estimation of materials or components containing natural defects, inclusions or in homogeneities is of great importance from both a scientific and industrial point of view. This article gives some insight into the dimensioning process, with special focusing on fatigue analysis of W/H in a vehicle’s door structures. An en-durance life prediction of door W/H was calculated using finite element analyses. Endurance test data for slim test specimens were compared with the predicted fatigue life for verification. The final life expectancy of the component combines the effects of these microstructural features with the complex stress state arising from the combined service loading and residual stresses.
Analysis of trans tibial prosthetic socket materials using finite element method  [PDF]
Prasanna Kumar Lenka, Amit Roy Choudhury
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2011.412094
Abstract: The objective of this work was to analyze in a parametric study for optimum design solution of prosthetic socket material by finite element method. A realistic three-dimensional finite element model of the PTB socket was developed to find out the stress distribution pattern under physiologically relevant loading condition during normal walking. The CAD model of the rectified socket was collected from a CMET 250 non-tactile high accuracy (0.06 mm) white light scanner and analyses were carried out using finite element Method in ANSYS®. All structural materials used in the analysis were assumed to be linearly elastic, homogeneous and isotropic. Different materials were used for socket and only polypropylene was used for socket adopter. Analysis was prepared at 2 mm, 3 mm, 4 mm, 5 mm & 6 mm thickness of socket in different materials commonly used in developing countries. The bottom line of socket was made to zero displacement constraints and vertical loads in relation to stance phase of gait cycle were applied under static condition at the patella tendon brim. The 3 mm laminated composite sockets was found to be optimum in terms of strength, weight and factor of safety.
Comparison of fatigue behaviour of eight different hip stems: a numerical and experimental study  [PDF]
Mahmut Pekedis, Hasan Yildiz
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2011.410080
Abstract: In this study, finite element analysis was used to investigate the fatigue behavior of eight different hip stems. All of the prostheses investigated in the analysis are already being used in Turkish orthopaedic surgery. All stems were compared with each other in terms of fatigue, deformation and safety factors. Primary analysis was applied on three of the stems, which were tested experimentally. It was observed that the simulation and the experimental results are in good agreement with each other. After determining the reliability of the numerical method, the analysis was applied on all other stems. To obtain a more realistic simulation, boundary conditions were applied according to standards specified in the ISO 7206-4 standard. Three different types of materials were selected during analysis. These materials were Ti-6Al-4V, cobalt chrome alloy and 316L. Minimum fatigue cycles, critical fatigue areas, stresses and safety factor values have been identified. The results obtained from the finite element analysis showed that all stems were safe enough in terms of fatigue life. As a result of fatigue analysis, all stems have been found to be successful, but some of them were found to be better than the others in terms of safety factor. The current study has also demonstrated that analysing hip stems with the finite element method (FEM) can be applied with confidence to support standard fatigue testing and used as an alternative. Further studies can expand the simulations to the clinical relevance due to complex physical relevance.
Analytical Estimation of Elastic Properties of Polypropylene Fiber Matrix Composite by Finite Element Analysis  [PDF]
Bhaskar Pal, Mohamed Riyazuddin Haseebuddin
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry (AMPC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2012.21004
Abstract: A structural composite is a material system consisting of two or more phases on a macroscopic scale, whose mechanical performance and properties are designed to be superior to those of constituent materials acting independently. Fiber reinforced composites (FRP) are slowly emerging from the realm of advanced materials and are replacing conventional materials in a variety of applications. However, the mechanics of FRPs are complex owing to their anisotropic and heterogeneous characteristics. In this paper a representative volume model has been considered and a finite element model incorporating the necessary boundary conditions is developed using available FEA package ANSYS to predict the elastic property of the composite. For verification, the numerical results of elastic properties are compared with the analytical solution and it is found that there is a good agreement between these results.
Groundwater Contamination Prediction Using Finite Element Derived Geoelectric Parameters Constrained by Chemical Analysis around a Sewage Site, Southwestern Nigeria  [PDF]
Oyelowo G. Bayowa, Dele E. Falebita, Martin O. Olorunfemi, Adekunle A. Adepelumi
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2012.32045
Abstract: Vertical Electrical Sounding, the Finite Element Technique (FET) and chemical analysis of soil samples were used to map the pollution plume around two oxidation sewage ponds in Ile-Ife, Southwestern Nigeria. The elemental concentrations of the soil samples at 5 m depth around the sewage ponds were obtained using partial extraction of exchangeable metals ions of (0.05 HCl + 0.025 N H2SO4) or 0.075 N acid mixture. The VES interpreted results delineated three to four geoelectric subsurface layers comprising topsoil, laterite, weathered layer and the fresh basement. The elemental concentration of Cu, Zn, Pb and Cr in the soil samples located at the periphery of the sewage ponds are much higher than those of the control sample point indicating pollution. The finite element generated isopach map of the overburden indicates easterly direction of groundwater flow and weathered layer isoresistivity map generated using the finite element technique identifies low resistivity zone characteristic of pollution zone in the eastern flank. The study concluded that the groundwater in the area around the sewage ponds may have been polluted.
The Modeling of 2D Controlled Source Audio Magnetotelluric (Csamt) Responses Using Finite Element Method  [PDF]
Imran Hilman Mohammad, Wahyu Srigutomo, Doddy Sutarno, Prihadi Sumintadireja
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2012.47041
Abstract: This paper presents the modeling of 2D CSAMT responses generated by horizontal electric dipole using the separation of primary and secondary field technique. The primary field is calculated using 1D analytical solution for homogeneous earth and it is used to calculate the secondary electric field in the inhomogeneous Helmholtz Equation. Calculation of Helmholtz Equation is carried out using the finite element method. Validation of this modeling is conducted by comparison of numerical results with 1D analytical response for the case of homogeneous and layered earth. The comparison of CSAMT responses are also provided for 2D cases of vertical contact and anomalous conductive body with the 2D magnetotelluric (MT) responses. The results of this study are expected to provide better interpretation of the 2D CSAMT data.
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