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Review on Infections of the Central Nervous System by St. Louis Encephalitis, Rocio and West Nile Flaviviruses in Brazil, 2004-2014  [PDF]
Mario Luis Garcia de Figueiredo, Luiz Tadeu Moraes Figueiredo
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2014.413106
Abstract: Rocio (ROCV), Saint Louis encephalitis (SLEV) and West Nile (WNV) are Flavivirus (Flaviviridae) probably carried by birds and transmitted by Culex mosquitoes. We show here a review on infections of the central nervous system by St. Louis Encephalitis, Rocio and West Nile Flaviviruses in Brazil, 2004-2014. In the last 10 years, serologic surveys in horses showed high proportions of seropositive animals which point out that SLEV and ROCV have circulated infecting horses in west-central, southeast and other regions of Brazil and that WNV has been introduced into Brazil and circulates mostly in Pantanal region. However humans infected by WNV have not been reported. In the State of Sao Paulo: SLEV was isolated from a case clinically diagnosed as dengue in 2004; in 2006, 6 SLEV patients including 3 cases of menigoencephalitis were reported in the middle of a large epidemic of dengue type 3; and in 2008, 1 patient with acute febrile illness that was IgM-positive for dengue was found infected by SLEV by detection of the virus genome. In 2010, ROCV genome was detected in the cerebrospinal fluids of 2 patients from the northern region with meningoenchephalitis and also AIDS. This was the first report of infections by ROCV in the last 34 years and curiously, it occured more than 2000 km from where the virus was firstly found. It is necessary to improve the surveillance of SLEV, ROCV and WNV in Brazil.
Naturotherapies Based on Minerals  [PDF]
Celso de Sousa Figueiredo Gomes
Geomaterials (GM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/gm.2013.31001

Since the antiquity, and on an empirical basis, man has accumulated experience on the benefits and risks of minerals (such as, special clay, mud and sand) and other mineral resources (such as, salt, sea water, spring water, underground water, volcanic emissions and dust) on human health. Man and minerals are chemical systems sharing a common composition, comprising major, minor and trace chemical elements, such as, oxygen, hydrogen, carbon, sulphur, phosphor, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, iron, silicon, zinc, selenium, copper, manganese and fluorine, all essential to life, to a high standard of living and to the formation of minerals; in the natural environment where man lives minerals and chemical elements are omnipresent, therefore, interactions are expected to occur and to condition mans life and his standard of living, in turn highly determined by our health state. Examples of the properties and medicinal use of certain types of special clay, certain types of special sand, and certain types of special natural mineral water, thermal or not, in the treatment of particular types of health affections will be disclosed.

Use of Male Condoms among Adolescents with Free Access at Emergency Contraception—Study among Students from the Public Education System of the Sao Paulo, Brazil  [PDF]
Regina Figueiredo, Neuber Jose Segri
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2014.42023

The research conducted in public schools in Sao Paulo city, Brazil, studied the awareness and use of emergency contraception (EC) and its possible implications on the condoms use. Among the 4929 students, 55.6% had already had sex, 19.5% had got pregnant and 7.3% had had abortions. Condoms were used by 88.6% and were options for those who did not have a steady relationship. The EC was used by 30.3% after a faulty condom usage, and by the older ones, with a steady partner. It is needed to be given contraceptive alternatives to reduce the risk and provide access to other contraceptives.

Fora do jogo: a experiência dos negros na classe média brasileira
Figueiredo, Angela;
Cadernos Pagu , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-83332004000200007
Abstract: the article deals with the meaning of social mobility for black entrepreneurs and businessmen that can be considered as part of a middle class. the metodology consists of the study of life careers and the place of colour therein. in spite of most canonical studies pointing out to the simple fact of social mobility for black brazilians as the best piece of evidence of the absence of a colour bar in brazil, i single out the way in which such bar is perceived by the informants. however, even though most of them have experienced racial discrimination, their response to it varies a lot and none ever lodged a legal complaint. my argument is that individual recognition or perception of racial discrimination do not conflate straightforwardly with an actual and effective political stance in the struggle against racism.
Estudios constitucionales , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-52002008000100008
Abstract: this article to analyze the singular aspects of the political-constitutional evolution of brazil between the decade of the sixties up to the present period. subjects like the government system, the judicial power, the fundamental rights, the po-litical parties, the defence mechanisms of the constitution, will be dealt with, and advances and theats to the democracy. we will also emphasize the importance of the federal constitution of 1988 when establishing that the federal republic of brazil is constituted in democratic rule of law, inaugurating a new era in the brazilian constitu-tionalism breaking the authoritarian cycle that dominated the country during 1964 until half-full of decade of 80. in short, our objective will be to demostrate as they are the main aspects and problems of the brazilkian policital-constitutional system.
Isto é um cachimbo
Figueiredo, Virginia;
Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-512X2005000200024
Abstract: departing from the painting la trahison des images (ceci n'est pas une pipe), by rené magritte, this paper intends to comment the relationships between art and reality. aiming this objective, i will try to interpret the work of the belgian painter according to heidegger's essay on "the origin of the work of art", and also reviewing some of the results of the analysis made by michel foulcault in his book, along with some thoughts of arthur danto.
Muros do Mediterraneo: Notas sobre a constru??o de barreiras nas fronteiras de Ceuta e Melilla
Cadernos de Estudos Africanos , 2011,
Abstract: there are many material cases that shape the frontiers between e.u. and africa thatdeserve attention. i will consider some theoretical approaches to the fences that are beingbuilt in the territorial boundaries between ceuta and melilla’s enclaves, distancing theeuropean continent from the moroccan territory, and thus, from africa. this tendency toseparate nation-states with walls can be observed in every continent. despite commercialliberalization and an increasing flow of political speeches that appeal to the freedom ofcirculation, developed countries are also engaged in this movement of barrier proliferationthat checks and controls the circulation of social agents. to better understand the conceptsunderlying these fences, i seek to insert them in the constellation of security apparatusthat shape our late modernity.
Uso de preservativos, risco e ocorrência de gravidez n?o planejada e conhecimento e acesso à contracep??o de emergência entre mulheres com HIV/aids
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000700026
Abstract: this paper focuses both the risk and the occurrence of non-planned pregnancy, abortions, as well as the awareness about and the use of emergency contraception among hiv/aids-infected women. a quantitative observational approach was used after a domiciliary survey in santo andre, s?o paulo state, brazil, where it was found that, after receiving the information about the infection, 62.8% adopted the use of male condom, 77.2% using it exclusively, 13% associated with hormone injections, and 9.8% alternated with either interrupted intercourse, fertility schedule or vaginal shower. mechanical flaws by the use of the preservative occurred to 38%. added to flaws associated to the alternation with behavioral methods, they caused together 40% of non-planned pregnancy, which occurred to 24% of the interviewed women, 22% resulting in self-provoked abortions. emergency contraception was known by 51.4%, although only 2.7% had used it. the conclusion is that mechanical or behavioral flaws related to the use of preservative by hiv/aids-infected women increased their exposure to non-planned gestations and abortions. it is needed to amplify both the options and the supply of contraceptive methods, including emergency contraception, with constant re-orientation on the use of preservative among this public.
Assistência à saúde dos homens: um desafio para os servi?os de aten??o primária
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232005000100017
Abstract: this article discusses how primary health care services may contribute towards men's acquisition of healthy lifes. this objective implies a discussion concerning health strategies focused on men as subjects and contemplating the multiple dimensions of their lives. the way in which health services are organized so as to attend users must be taken into consideration when developing these strategies. the bonds established between men and services and vice versa are also discussed. gender and necessities of health are basic concepts utilized in the analysis of the practical experience in men's primary health care, undertaken at the samuel b. pessoa health care and training center, located within the butanta neighborhood, in the city of sao paulo.
"Se pudesse ressurgir, viria como o vento". Narrativas da dor: corporalidade e emo??es na experiência da travestilidade
Figueiredo, Adrianna;
Sexualidad, Salud y Sociedad (Rio de Janeiro) , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-64872011000300005
Abstract: based on empirical research with a group of seven transvestis, ages 23 to 40, residents of the city of recife, pernambuco, brazil, this article addresses the way tactics of body modification are performed, re-invented, and lived as central elements of emotional identification in the transvesti experience. narratives of pain illustrate the operation of two languages in transvestis' networks of affection, formulated by a dual qualification of pain. within what we call a 'language of satisfaction,' the pain, risks and danger involved in metamorphic procedures of body self-construction mean little vis-à-vis the satisfaction brought by their results, in face of the desire for transformation that moves them. in contrast, a 'political language,' based on shared histories of social abjection, makes use of the negative symbolic content of pain as ominous to signify travestis' relation with the larger society.
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