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Statistical Analysis of Natural Water Conductivity Data Behavior in Two Wells: Seismic Coastal Border Limits of Guerrero-Oaxaca States, Mexico  [PDF]
Fidel Martínez-García
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103900
Abstract:
In this document, with the purpose of strengthening more in the knowledge of the previous events on the earthquakes, the possible connection between natural voltage and electromagnetic energy emanating from the inner layers of the Earth and the seismic activity in the Mexican seismic coastal border, is evaluated, through an indirect estimation of the statistical analysis of natural water conductivity data (μS/cm) and the seismic activity occurred in the same period within continental and marine environment, monitored intensively from February 2 to April 15, 2015 and from May 11 to July 17, 2015 in two ordinary man-made wells. A total 128,469 water conductivity data with a sampling frequency of 45 seconds, confronted with 950 earthquakes occurred in the same periods to distance range of 50, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 350 and 400 kilometers far away from a conductivity sensor, are analyzed. As results, in the range of 50 kilometers round the conductivity sensor, the study area applied demonstrates to be a location where the major quantity of earthquakes and most atypical conductivity variations occurred. The influence of the local environment on the behavior of the conductivity data is debated according to the geographical position of the conductivity sensor. Within the continental environment, the range of 0 to 50 km showed the most important statistical significance, revealing to have the most number of earthquakes, with higher values and more intensity, particularly when the trend of conductivity data is descending. Within the marine environment, a very similar connection between the conductivity data behavior and seismic activity occurred was observed.
Atypical Variations of Water Conductivity Prior to Tectonic Earthquakes  [PDF]
Fidel Martínez-García, Arturo Colín-Cruz, Salvador Adame-Martínez, Jorge J. Ramírez-García
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2015.612108
Abstract: Within the framework of precursor events related to earthquakes, this paper analyzes the possible effect on the aquatic environment of the surrounding energy that accompanies earthquakes, particularly in the area where oceanic and continental plates collide (Cocos Plate and North American Plate, south of Mexico). As a preamble, the types of precursor events, characteristics, and their possible origin are described. A project was designed under the assumption that in areas with high frequency and intensity seismicity there is an electrical and electromagnetic potential promoter which is detectable and assessable indirectly by measuring water conductivity behavior, which also may have atypical variations of data; the outcome of intensive conductivity monitoring in different settings, natural as well as manmade (wellsprings, artesian well and a cistern), are presented herein. The results of the conductivity monitoring for seven months, highlight two patterns in data behavior: one pattern shows the subtle dependence of data behavior on the geographic location of data monitoring instruments, revealing that could have a slight relationship between areas with increased seismic frequency and intensity and the presence of atypical conductivity variations. Another pattern reveals the possible relationship between atypical variations in conductivity and subsequent earthquake events; a total of 241 seismic events were analyzed and 59 of them are provided as evidence related with patterns mentioned.
Natural Water Conductivity Behavior within the Seismic Pacific Coast of Southern Mexico  [PDF]
Fidel Martínez-García, Arturo Colín-Cruz, Alberto Pereira-Corona, Salvador Adame-Martínez, Jorge J. Ramírez-García
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1102836
Abstract: Clouse to faults or unstable areas where an earthquake could happen with capacity of affecting buildings or infrastructure, there is often a previous energy that wanders around surroundings, this energy regularly is associated to electromagnetic emissions that generate an electric potential frequently studied as very, ultra-low and extreme frequency emissions (VLF-ULFELF_ EM) by remote sensing; under the assumption that this natural potential exist, in aquatic environment within the micro-seismic active area in the coastal border of Guerrero and Oaxaca estates, Mexico, an intensive conductivity monitoring in two artesian well was carried out. The results of intensive conductivity (μS/cm) monitoring done since March to July of 2015, using a low-cost Data logger sensor are presented. The results obtained of the study of 235 seismic events show that 61.64% of them manifest prior conductivity oscillation versus 38.36% of early conductivity oscillation; a discussion of the origin of such oscillation and the possible relation with to recharge flux, ground light compression, ground tilt, local electromagnetic energy emissions, human interaction, was debated. The data analysis for long periods of conductivity monitoring and seismic events show that when the number of seismic events became intense, conductivity decreases and vice versa, resulting large fluctuations that grew over time lake waves, within the studied area appears to be there is a possible previous long term energy oscillation associated to the process of earthquakes manifestation around.
Health Systems as Complex Systems  [PDF]
Mireya Martínez-García, Enrique Hernández-Lemus
American Journal of Operations Research (AJOR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajor.2013.31A011
Abstract:

Health systems are paradigmatic examples of human organizations that blend a multitude of different professional and disciplinary features within a critically performance environment. Communication failure and defective processes in health systems have a tremendous impact in society, both in the financial and human aspects. Traditionally, health systems have been regarded as linear hierarchic structures. However, recent developments in the sciences of complexity point out to health systems as complex entities governed by non-linear interaction laws, self-organization and emergent phenomena. In this work we review some aspects of complexity behind health systems and how they can be applied to improve the performance of healthcare organizations.

THE EC DECISION TO INCLUDE THE AVIATION ACTIVITIES IN THE EUROPEAN EMISSIONS TRADING SYSTEM (EU ETS): A BREACH OF INTERNATIONAL LAW?
Martínez-García,Juan Diego;
International Law , 2012,
Abstract: on the 2nd of february 2009 the european union enacted the directive 2008/101/ec, which amended directive 2003/87/ec, to include aviation activities in the scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the community. the purpose of this paper is to define whether this unilateral measure constitutes a breach of international law.
Carbonización cadavérica Cadaverous Carbonization
P. Martínez-García
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense , 2006,
Abstract:
Embolismo de cristales de colesterol secundario a trombolisis: a propósito de un caso A case of embolism caused by cholesterol crystals secondary to thrombolysis
P. Martínez-García
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense , 2006,
Abstract:
Testing theories in barred spiral galaxies
Eric E. Martínez-García
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/744/2/92
Abstract: According to one version of the recently proposed "manifold" theory that explains the origin of spirals and rings in relation to chaotic orbits, galaxies with stronger bars should have a higher spiral arms pitch angle when compared to galaxies with weaker bars. A sub-sample of barred-spiral galaxies in the Ohio State University Bright Galaxy Survey, was used to analyze the spiral arms pitch angle. These were compared with bar strengths taken from the literature. It was found that the galaxies in which the spiral arms maintain a logarithmic shape for more than 70$\degr$ seem to corroborate the predicted trend.
Contusión figurada en precipitación
Sibón Olano,A.; Martínez-García,P.;
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense , 2003, DOI: 10.4321/S1135-76062003000300006
Abstract: we present a case of precipitation from great height in which some figured bruises that reproduce the drawing of the pavement are highlighted. a combination of bruise and laceration that imitates the same figure stands ont on the forearm. the elasticity of the skin resists the traumatism with more effectiveness than the internal organs, for which reason, as in most of these events, the disproportion of the internal lesions in relation to the external ones predominates. likewise, the lesions found in the autopsy are described, and the etiology, incidence and frequency of lesions in the lateral precipitation of the body are discussed.
Contusión figurada en precipitación Figured bruise from a fall
A. Sibón Olano,P. Martínez-García
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense , 2003,
Abstract: Presentamos un caso de precipitación desde gran altura en el que destacan unas contusiones figuradas que reproducen el dibujo del acerado en abdomen. En el antebrazo, sobresale una combinación de contusión y laceración que imitan la misma figura. La elasticidad de la piel resiste el traumatismo con mayor eficacia que los órganos internos, por lo que predominan, como en la mayoría de estos sucesos, la desproporción de las lesiones internas en relación a las externas. Se describen, así mismo, las lesiones encontradas en la autopsia y se comenta la etiología, incidencia y frecuencia de las lesiones en la precipitación lateral del cuerpo. We present a case of precipitation from great height in which some figured bruises that reproduce the drawing of the pavement are highlighted. A combination of bruise and laceration that imitates the same figure stands ont on the forearm. The elasticity of the skin resists the traumatism with more effectiveness than the internal organs, for which reason, as in most of these events, the disproportion of the internal lesions in relation to the external ones predominates. Likewise, the lesions found in the autopsy are described, and the etiology, incidence and frequency of lesions in the lateral precipitation of the body are discussed.
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