oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 276 )

2018 ( 363 )

2017 ( 369 )

2016 ( 588 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 218758 matches for " Fernando; Campuzano-Rincón "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /218758
Display every page Item
Pobreza, jóvenes y consumo de tabaco en México
Reddy-Jacobs,Carl; Téllez-Rojo,Martha Ma.; Meneses-González,Fernando; Campuzano-Rincón,Julio; Hernández-ávila,Mauricio;
Salud Pública de México , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342006000700010
Abstract: objective: to characterize tobacco use according to level of poverty in a random, nationally representative sample of adolescents (10 to 21 years old), living in urban areas with less than 50 000 inhabitants. the study was done in 2001 as part of the baseline assessment of the evaluation of the governmental program, oportunidades. material and methods: a questionnaire was applied to 29 548 adolescents living in 30 000 selected households and it included specific questions on individual tobacco use among other questions. results: the prevalence of smokers was 3.5% (95% ci: 3.3%-3.7%) and experimenters 9.9% (95% ci: 9.6%-10.2%). a logistic regression model for clustered data was constructed in order to evaluate the associated factors that distinguish a smoker from an experimenter. after adjusting for level of poverty of the household and use of alcohol and drugs, a significant association (or = 1.5, p <0.01) was found with having a paid job and a differential association was found between gender and age group. conclusions: the results of this study suggest that the additional availability of money that an adolescent has, could increase the prevalence of tobacco smoking and that the program oportunidades should include prevention campaigns directed specifically at this population group.
Medidas de prevención primaria para controlar lesiones y muertes en peatones y fomentar la seguridad vial
Rodríguez-Hernández,Jorge M; Campuzano-Rincón,Julio C;
Revista de Salud Pública , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0124-00642010000300015
Abstract: at least 30 % of traffic-related injuries involve pedestrians. these events typically result in incapacitating physical injury and may even cause death. productive-agedmen, aged 20 to 45, represent the people generally affected in latin-america. they tend to be heads of household supporting their families and whose absence greatly affects the home's financial situation. a systematic review was conducted of the burden represented by traffic-related injuries, especially those involving pedestrians, and of the primary preventative measures designed and implemented for controlling fatal and non-fatal injuries to pedestrians by improving road safety. there have been few studies in latin-america regarding these types of accidents and most interventions aimed at reducing traffic-related injuries have been directed towards vehicle drivers and passengers, little attention being focused on other traffic-related actors. this increases pedestrian inequality and vulnerability. there is a consensus among experts worldwide that rigorous investigation is needed (especially in low- and middle-income countries) to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions focused on other traffic-related actors. this review presents a variety of primary prevention strategies, other than pedestrian bridges, which (according to the available evidence) should start to be implemented. these would include modifying the physical environment, education, speed controls, enforcing legislation and imposing respect for pedestrians, valuing their limitations and vulnerability.
Comparación de datos sobre mortalidad por atropellamientos en la Ciudad de México: ?se han presentado cambios en una década?
Rodríguez-Hernández,Jorge Martín; Campuzano-Rincón,Julio César; Híjar,Martha;
Salud Pública de México , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342011000400006
Abstract: objective: to compare and analyze the main characteristics associated with pedestrian injuries mortality in mexico city. material and methods: a crossectional design was done using the mortality database related with pedestrian fatality during the periods 1994-1997 and 2004-2007. variables as sex, age, residence, education and place of evento ccurrence were analyzed. standardized mortality ratios by delegation were used to the analysis. results: there was a reduction during 2004-2007 at least 17.5% in deaths by pedestrian injuries and mortality rate of 1.9/100.000 inhabitants on the first period.the high decrease was in men (4,6/100.000) than in women (1,2/100.000). (p<0,05). four delegations presented the highest risk of pedestrian injuries death during both periods. conclusions: results show significant changes among both periods. differences by sex pointed out the need of a differential analysis of the problem. contribute to elaborate new research questions to be addressed in the future to work on the prevention of this public health problem.
Determinants of vaccination after the Colombian health system reform
Acosta-Ramírez,Naydú; Durán-Arenas,Luis G; Eslava-Rincón,Julia I; Campuzano-Rincón,Julio C;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102005000300013
Abstract: objective: to assess the effects of individual, household and healthcare system factors on poor children's use of vaccination after the reform of the colombian health system. methods: a household survey was carried out in a random sample of insured poor population in bogota, in 1999. the conceptual and analytical framework was based on the andersen's behavioral model of health services utilization. it considers two units of analysis for studying vaccination use and its determinants: the insured poor population, including the children and their families characteristics; and the health care system. statistical analysis were carried out by chi-square test with 95% confidence intervals, multivariate regression models and cronbach's alpha coefficient. results: the logistic regression analysis showed that vaccination use was related not only to population characteristics such as family size (or=4.3), living area (or=1.7), child's age (or=0.7) and head-of-household's years of schooling (or=0.5), but also strongly related to health care system features, such as having a regular health provider (or=6.0) and information on providers' schedules and requirements for obtaining care services (or=2.1). conclusions: the low vaccination use and the relevant relationships to health care delivery systems characteristics show that there are barriers in the healthcare system, which should be assessed and eliminated. non-availability of regular healthcare and deficient information to the population are factors that can limit service utilization.
Tabaquismo en profesionales de la salud del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Morelos
Salmerón-Castro Jorge,Arillo-Santillán Edna,Campuzano-Rincón Julio César,López-Antu?ano Francisco J
Salud Pública de México , 2002,
Abstract: Objetivo. Determinar la prevalencia de hábito tabáquico por categoría laboral en trabajadores de la salud del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), en el estado de Morelos, México. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal en 3 133 empleados de los servicios médicos de las 23 unidades médicas con que cuenta la delegación Morelos del IMSS, durante el periodo de octubre de 1998 a marzo de 2000. Mediante un cuestionario autoaplicable se recolectó información sobre patrones de consumo de tabaco en distintas etapas de la vida, así como algunas características demográficas y categoría laboral. Se estimaron prevalencias e intervalos de confianza al 95% por grupos de edad y sexo para distintas categorías laborales. Resultados. De los 3 133 empleados participantes, 53.4% (IC 95% 50.8-56.8) de los hombres y 27.4% (IC 95% 25.4-29.3) de las mujeres contaban con historia de tabaquismo en algún momento de la vida. La prevalencia de tabaquismo activo fue de 28.3 % (IC 95% 25.6-31.0) y 14.4% (IC 95% 12.8-15.9) en hombres y mujeres, respectivamente. Entre los hombres, los médicos presentan una prevalencia de tabaquismo activo menor (20.9%) que la observada entre trabajadores de otras áreas: personal administrativo (33.0%) y personal técnico de distintas categorías (26.6%). Las mujeres muestran en general una prevalencia menor que los hombres en todas las categorías, y las enfermeras presentan una prevalencia discretamente menor (12.5%) que las médicas (16.0%). Conclusiones. El patrón del consumo de tabaco observado en profesionales de la salud del IMSS Morelos muestra una prevalencia menor a la observada en población general. Sin embargo, es necesario continuar con programas para desalentar el consumo del tabaco entre profesionales de la salud, y tratar de hacerlos concientes acerca de la influencia positiva que pueden y deben ejercer en la sociedad para impulsar programas integrados contra el consumo del tabaco y la adicción a la nicotina.
El comportamiento de la demanda de tabaco en México: 1992-1998
Sesma-Vázquez Sergio,Campuzano-Rincón Julio César,Carreón-Rodríguez Víctor Gerardo,Knaul Felicia
Salud Pública de México , 2002,
Abstract: Objetivo. Describir el comportamiento de la demanda de tabaco en México para cuatro momentos en el tiempo: 1992, 1994, 1996 y 1998, y adicionalmente estimar una función de demanda de cigarrillos. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal con análisis longitudinal, tomando como fuentes de información la Encuesta Nacional de Ingreso y Gasto de los Hogares (ENIGH) y la lista de precios de los cigarrillos de la Procuraduría Federal del Consumidor (Profeco). El gasto, el ingreso y los precios se deflactaron a precios de 1994. Se estratificó a la población en quintiles de ingreso real, y solamente se tomaron en cuenta las áreas rurales y urbanas. Se construyeron indicadores para el consumo diario de cigarrillos y cajetillas y se calcularon los precios por cajetilla. Se calculó la prevalencia ajustada. Mediante análisis de regresión logísticos y lineales se estableció la inferencia estadística. Se estimó una función de demanda de cigarrillos mediante una regresión lineal multivariada, para encontrar los determinantes socioeconómicos del consumo de cigarrillos. Resultados. La prevalencia ajustada de los hogares que reportaron algún gasto en tabaco disminuyó de 22.4 a 9.9% entre 1992 y 1998. Los hogares asignaron poco más de 4% de su ingreso a la adquisición de tabaco. Se observó un gradiente entre nivel de ingreso y gasto en cigarrillos. El quintil I (el más pobre) destinó una mayor proporción de su ingreso que los quintiles superiores. El promedio de cigarrillos consumidos diariamente pasó de 7.5 a 9.8 entre 1992 y 1998. Se estimó que más de 90% de los "hogares fumadores" consumió hasta una cajetilla diaria. La demanda estimada de cigarrillos sin filtro aumentó entre 1992 a 1998, pasando de 0.4 a 4.8%, registrándose así el mayor incremento en 1996. Finalmente, se encontró que, tanto los precios como el ingreso, fueron los determinantes más importantes del gasto en tabaco. Conclusiones. Una política de precios podría favorecer la reducción de la demanda y, por ende, mejorar las expectativas de salud de la población.
Tabaquismo en profesionales de la salud del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Morelos
Salmerón-Castro,Jorge; Arillo-Santillán,Edna; Campuzano-Rincón,Julio César; López-Antu?ano,Francisco J; Lazcano-Ponce,Eduardo C;
Salud Pública de México , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342002000700011
Abstract: objective. to assess the prevalence of tobacco smoking by work type among healthcare workers of instituto mexicano del seguro social (mexican institute of social security, imss), in morelos state, mexico. material and methods. a cross-sectional was conducted in 3 133 healthcare workers in the 23 medical units of imss morelos district, from october 1998 to march 2000. data were collected using a self-applied questionnaire on tobacco smoking for different life-stages, some demographic characteristics, and work type. the prevalence rates of smoking and 95% confidence intervals (95% ci) were estimated by age groups, gender, and work type. results. a total of 3 133 employees participated; 53.4% (95% ci 50.8-56.8) of men and 27.4% (95% ci 25.4-29.3) of women reported having smoked tobacco some time in their lives. the prevalence of current smoking was 28.3% (95% ci 25.6-31.0) and 14.4% (95% ci 12.8-15.9) in men and women, respectively. among men, physicians have a lower prevalence (20.9%) of current smoking than that of other workers; for example, the prevalence was 26,6% among technicians and 33% among administrative personnel. women in general had a lower prevalence than men in all categories, and in nurses it was still lower t(12,5%) than that of female physicians (16%). conclusions. the prevalence of tobacco smoking in healthcare workers of imss morelos was lower than that of the general population. nevertheless, it is necessary to keep working on tobacco control programs to encourage smoking cessation among healthcare workers and make them aware of the positive role they may play in promoting programs to stop tobacco smoking and nicotine addiction.
El comportamiento de la demanda de tabaco en México: 1992-1998
Sesma-Vázquez,Sergio; Campuzano-Rincón,Julio César; Carreón-Rodríguez,Víctor Gerardo; Knaul,Felicia; López-Antu?ano,Francisco Javier; Hernández-Avila,Mauricio;
Salud Pública de México , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342002000700013
Abstract: objective. this paper aims at describing the behavior of tobacco's demand in mexico across four one-year periods: 1992, 1994, 1996, and 1998, as well as to estimate a cigarette demand function. material and methods. a cross-sectional study with longitudinal analysis was conducted. information sources were the encuesta nacional de ingreso y gasto de los hogares (enigh) (national survey of household income and spending) (nhsis) and the tobacco pack prices reported by the procuraduría federal del consumidor (profeco) (federal office of consumer's protection) (focp). spending, income, and prices were deflated to 1994 prices; the population was stratified into quintiles of real income, by rural and urban areas. indicators of daily consumption of cigarettes and packs were constructed and prices per pack calculated. adjusted prevalence figures were estimated. logistic and linear regression models were used for statistical inference; a cigarette demand function was estimated using multivariate logistic regression, to find socioeconomic determinants of cigarette consumption. results. the adjusted prevalence of household tobacco spending fell from 22.4 to 9.9% between 1992 and 1998. households allocated more than 4% of their income to tobacco consumption. a trend between income level and cigarette spending was observed, with the first quintile (the poorest population) allocated a greater share of their income than higher quintiles. the average daily consumption of cigarettes increased from 7.5 to 9.8 between 1992 and 1998. it was estimated that 90% of "smoker homes" consumed up to one package per day. the proportion of non-filter cigarettes increased from 0.4 to 4.8% between 1992-1998, with a bigger increase in 1996. finally, it was found that the most important determinants of spending were prices and income. conclusions. policies focusing on tobacco prices would help to reduce tobacco consumption and improve the health of the mexican population.
Motivos de uso y no uso de puentes peatonales en la Ciudad de México: la perspectiva de los peatones
Hidalgo-Solórzano,Elisa; Campuzano-Rincón,Julio; Rodríguez-Hernández,Jorge M; Chias-Becerril,Luis; Reséndiz-López,Héctor; Sánchez-Restrepo,Harvey; Baranda-Sepúlveda,Bernardo; Franco-Arias,Claudia; Híjar,Martha;
Salud Pública de México , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342010000600004
Abstract: objective. to analyze the motives for using and not using pedestrian bridges (pb). material and methods. a cross-sectional survey was conducted of a sample of pedestrian users and non-users of pb; a logistic regression model was used to analyze the motives for use and non-use. results. the prevalence of non-use was 50.5 % of 813 surveyed pedestrians; the principal reason to use a pb was safety, and not to use it was "laziness". there were significant differences when analyzing the reason of non-use in the age groups 19 to 36 years, adjusted for education and physical characteristics of the pb ([aor=1.7; 95 % ci=1.06-2.86] and [ora.1.9; 95 % ci=1.14-3.33], respectively). conclusions. the results of this study allow us to identify important aspects to consider "from the perspective of the pedestrians" when constructing new pb and improving existing pb to increase use in areas with a high risk of pedestrian injuries.
Effectiveness of melatonin in tardive dyskinesia Efectividad de la melatonina en la discinesia tardía
Fernando Castro,Edgardo Carrizo,Dexy Prieto de Rincón,Ciro Alberto Rincón
Investigación Clínica , 2011,
Abstract: Tardive Dyskinesia (TD) is a movement disorder associated with the clinical administration of antipsychotics. It is believed that TD is due, among other factors, to an increase in the oxidative damage produced by free radicals. Antioxidants, like vitamin E, have been used in the treatment of TD but there is no evidence of their effectiveness. Melatonin (MEL) is 6 to 10 times more effective, as an antioxidant, than vitamin E and it has been used with an apparent higher effectiveness in the treatment of TD, although the results have not been conclusive. A randomized, double blind, placebo controlled design was used to determine the effectiveness of MEL (20mg/day) during 12 weeks in 7 patients with TD. Six patients with TD were treated with placebo. The Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) was chosen to assess the severity of TD initially and after 4, 8 and 12 weeks. The psychiatric evaluation was done following the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale. In two patients treated with MEL a significant improvement (more than 60%) of the values of AIMS was detected. In the remainder five, as well as in the patients treated with placebo, no difference was observed during the 12 weeks. When compared the AIMS score in all the MEL-treated patients with the values in the placebo-treated patients, no significant differences were detected during the 12 weeks of the study. However, the significant clinical improvement observed in two patients must be considered before reaching a final conclusion on the usefulness of MEL in TD. La Discinesia Tardía (DT) es un trastorno de los movimientos asociado al uso crónico de antipsicóticos que parece producirse, entre otros factores, por un incremento en los procesos oxidativos. La vitamina E se ha utilizado en su tratamiento, pero no hay evidencia de su efectividad. Como la melatonina (MEL) es 6 a 10 veces más efectiva como antioxidante que la vitamina E, se ha utilizado con una aparente mayor efectividad, aunque los resultados no han sido concluyentes. Se realizó un estudio doble ciego, al azar y controlado con placebo, para determinar la efectividad de la administración de la MEL durante 12 semanas en 7 pacientes con DT. Seis pacientes con DT fueron tratados con placebo. La Escala de Movimientos Involuntarios Anormales (AIMS) se usó para evaluar la evolución de los movimientos al inicio y a las 4, 8 y 12 semanas de tratamiento. La evaluación clínica psiquiátrica se hizo con la Escala Breve de Evaluación Psiquiátrica. En dos pacientes tratados con MEL se observó una mejoría clínica superior al 60% pero en los restantes, así com
Page 1 /218758
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.