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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 234858 matches for " Fernando L. Cardoso "
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For?a dos músculos do assoalho pélvico e fun??o sexual em gestantes
Franceschet, Joseli;Sacomori, Cinara;Cardoso, Fernando L.;
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-35552009005000054
Abstract: background: sexual well-being depends on pelvic floor muscles (pfms) that are strong enough to maintain their function. during pregnancy, both the sexual function and the strength of the pfms may be altered. objectives: to compare the degree of pfm strength and the sexual function of pregnant women in the second and the third trimesters. methods: a descriptive, causal-comparative study was carried out with 37 pregnant women in florianópolis (18 in the second trimester and 19 in the third trimester) with a mean age of 25.22 years (±5.7 years). the instruments used were the female sexual function index (fsfi) questionnaire and the manual test of pelvic floor muscle strength, using the modified oxford scale to grade strength. the data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (independent t test, the mann-whitney u test, spearman's correlation) with a significance level of 0.05. results: there was no significant difference between the mean rank values of pfm strength of pregnant women in the second and third trimester (u=150.5; p=0.512). however, the sexual function of the pregnant women in the second trimester of pregnancy was better than that of the women in the third trimester (u=104; p=0.042). in addition, pfm strength had statistically significant correlations with age (ρ=0.320, p=0.041) and with fsfi score (ρ=0.540, p<0.001). conclusions: sexual function decreased significantly from the second to the third trimester while pfm strength did not differ between trimesters.
For a dos músculos do assoalho pélvico e fun o sexual em gestantes Strength of pelvic floor muscles and sexual function during pregnancy
Joseli Franceschet,Cinara Sacomori,Fernando L. Cardoso
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy , 2009,
Abstract: CONTEXTUALIZA O: O bem-estar sexual depende de músculos do assoalho pélvico (MAP) fortes o suficiente para manter a sua fun o. Durante a gesta o, tanto a fun o sexual como a for a dos MAP podem modificar-se. OBJETIVOS: Comparar o grau de for a dos MAP e a fun o sexual em gestantes do segundo e terceiro trimestres. MéTODOS: Pesquisa descritiva causal comparativa realizada com 37 gestantes de Florianópolis (18 do segundo e 19 do terceiro trimestre), com média de idade de 25,22 anos (±5,7 anos). Os instrumentos utilizados foram o Questionário Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) e o Teste Manual da Musculatura do Assoalho Pélvico, utilizando a escala de Oxford modificada para gradua o da for a. Os dados foram analisados por meio de estatística descritiva e inferencial (teste t independente, teste U de Mann Whitney, correla o de Spearman), nível de significancia de 0,05. RESULTADOS: N o houve diferen a significativa entre a média dos valores dos postos do grau de contra o dos MAP de gestantes do segundo e do terceiro trimestre (U=150,5; p=0,512). Todavia, a fun o sexual das gestantes do segundo trimestre de gesta o foi melhor que as do terceiro (U=104; p=0,042), e o grau de contra o dos MAP apresentou correla es estatisticamente significativas com a idade (ρ=0,320, p=0,041) e com o escore do FSFI (ρ=0,540, p<0,001). CONCLUS ES: A fun o sexual diminuiu significativamente do segundo para o terceiro trimestre, enquanto que a for a dos MAP n o apresentou diferen a entre os trimestres. BACKGROUND: Sexual well-being depends on pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) that are strong enough to maintain their function. During pregnancy, both the sexual function and the strength of the PFMs may be altered. OBJECTIVES: to compare the degree of PFM strength and the sexual function of pregnant women in the second and the third trimesters. METHODS: a descriptive, causal-comparative study was carried out with 37 pregnant women in Florianópolis (18 in the second trimester and 19 in the third trimester) with a mean age of 25.22 years (±5.7 years). The instruments used were the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) Questionnaire and the Manual Test of Pelvic Floor Muscle Strength, using the modified Oxford scale to grade strength. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (independent t test, the Mann-Whitney U test, Spearman's correlation) with a significance level of 0.05. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the mean rank values of PFM strength of pregnant women in the second and third trimester (U=150.5; p=0.512). However, the sexu
Gender divergence in physical education classes
Cardoso, Fernando Luiz;Felipe, Maura Lúcia;Hedegaard, Claus;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722005000300012
Abstract: we evaluate a group of students, presumed by their physical education teachers to be gender divergent. this study suggests that pe teachers confuse "gender-divergence" with uncoordinated motor behaviors. this may be because pe classes emphasize motor abilities and coordination and pe teachers may pay particular attention to these characteristics and use them (wrongly) as a criterion for gender divergence. however, the 10 presumed "divergent students" differ from their peers by being more likely to have friends of the opposite sex, interacting with groups of the opposite sex, preferring physical activities typical of the opposite sex, demonstrating less knowledge of sex, preferring interactive rather than collaborative activities and preferring more individual, less complex, less aggressive activities with less body contact.
Genótipos melhorados de mam?o (Carica papaya L.): avalia??o tecnológica dos frutos na forma de sorvete
Santana, Ligia R.R.;Matsuura, Fernando C.A.U.;Cardoso, Ricardo L.;
Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-20612003000400028
Abstract: the objective of the present work was to evaluate as an alternative of consumption the ice-cream of five selective papaya genotypes (cmf012, cmf020, cmf023, cmf031, cmf047) obtained from the active germplasm bank for papaya at embrapa cassava and fruit crops, located in cruz das almas, bahia state, brazil. these genotypes were identified at before studies because they showed atractive colour, good flavour and highter soluble solid (obrix). sensory analyses of the ice-creams were carried out using affective tests (9 point hedonic scale) for the attributes of overall appearance, colour, odour, flavour and texture. the following physico-chemical determinations were carried out: ph, total titrable acidity, soluble solid (obrix), ratio, vitamin c, total solid, ash, protein, lipid, total sugars, reducing and non-reducing sugars.the sensory and physico-chemical data were submitted to an analysis of variation, followed the tukey test. the ice creams showed higher scores for all of attributes. the genotypes cmf020 and cmf031 were preferred in terms of flavour. the judges didn!t indicate preference among the products in terms of overall appearance, colour and texture, so the less atractive genotypes for the fresh fruit market, could be utilized for the industry to make ice cream. they are a nutritive dessert, because they showed enough carbohydrates, vitamin c and protein contents. this study showed that the papaya ice cream is an excellent alternative of consumption.
Genótipos melhorados de mam?o (Carica papaya L.): avalia??o sensorial e físico-química dos frutos
Santana, Ligia R. R.;Matsuura, Fernando C.A.U.;Cardoso, Ricardo L.;
Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-20612004000200010
Abstract: the objective of the present work was the sensory and physico-chemical evaluation offruits of twelve improved papaya genotypes (cmf008, cmf012, cmf018, cmf019, cmf020, cmf021, cmf022, cmf023, cmf030, cmf031, cmf036, cmf047) obtained two years running from the active germplasm bank for papaya at embrapa cassava and fruit crops, located in cruz das almas, bahia state, brazil. sensory evaluation of the twelve papaya genotypes were carried out using affective tests (9 point hedonic scale) for the attributes of overall appearance, colour, odour, flavour and texture. the following physico-chemical determinations were carried out: ph, total titrable acidity, soluble solids (obrix), ratio and vitamin c. for both years, the fruits of genotypes cmf008, cmf020, cmf021, cmf022, cmf023, cmf030, cmf031 and cmf036 were preferred in terms of colour because they were orange-red and the fruits of genotypes cmf012, cmf022, cmf023, cmf031 and cmf047 were the most preferred in terms of flavour; the more solid papaya pulp were the most accepted, so the genotypes cmf008, cmf012, cmf022, cmf023, cmf030, cmf031, cmf036 and cmf047 reached highter scores in terms of texture. the fruits of genotypes cmf012, cmf020, cmf031 and cmf047 showed the highest soluble solids contents (12 - 14obrix) and the fruits of genotypes cmf020 and cmf031 showed higher ascorbic acid contents, about 100mg%. the results showed that the cmf031 genotype was the most accepted by the judges and it showed the highest soluble solids and ascorbic acid contents, then it could be considered as a promising genotype and has good potential for the fresh fruit market and for industrialization.
Low frequency of bipolar disorder, dopamine dysregulation syndrome, and punding in Brazilian patients with Parkinson's disease
Kummer, Arthur;Dias, Fernando M. V.;Cardoso, Francisco;Teixeira, Antonio L.;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462010000100012
Abstract: objective: to investigate the frequency of bipolar disorder, dopamine dysregulation syndrome and punding in parkinson's disease patients from a brazilian movement disorders clinic. method: one hundred patients underwent a comprehensive psychiatric examination composed of mini-plus and specific questionnaires to investigate dopamine dysregulation syndrome and punding. results: we identified, respectively, one and five parkinson's disease patients with bipolar disorder type i and type ii. all manic/hypomanic episodes occurred before parkinson's disease onset. no patient was identified with dopamine dysregulation syndrome or punding. conclusion: the frequency of manic/hypomanic episodes seems to decrease with parkinson's disease onset, and local environmental factors (e.g. drug availability) may be responsible for the low frequency of dopamine dysregulation syndrome and punding in brazilian parkinson's disease patients.
Assessment of angiogenesis by CD105 antigen in epithelial salivary gland neoplasms with diverse metastatic behavior
Sergio V Cardoso, Kelen Souza, Paulo R Faria, Ana Lucia A Eisenberg, Fernando L Dias, Adriano M Loyola
BMC Cancer , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-9-391
Abstract: Samples from the most important salivary gland tumors were segregated according to its metastatic behavior and submitted to routine immunohistochemistry to identify vessels positive for CD105 expression. Frequency of positive cases and intratumoral microvessel density (IMD) was compared among the group of lesions.CD105 positive vessels were absent in normal salivary gland tissue, were rare in pleomorphic adenomas and adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACC), more common in polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinomas and highest in mucoepidermoid carcinomas. Only ACC with such feature were metastatic. IMD was higher in malignant rather than benign tumors.Immunostaining of CD105 in salivary gland tumors implies participation of angiogenesis in the development of malignant lesions, as well as some role for myoepithelial cells in the control of new vessel formation. In addition, suggest that ACC with positive CD105 vessels are at higher risk for metastasis.Malignant salivary gland tumors constitute a major challenge in head and neck oncology because of its frequency, varied histological typing, difficult surgical approach, and poor response to other therapies. It is further complicated by the absence of clear parameters to preview biological behavior, in particular to predict development of metastasis. In this sense, there is few information regarding pathways implicated in tumor dissemination of salivary gland cancer.Tumor growth is limited by the balance between neoplastic demand for oxygen and nutrients and diffusion from preexisting surrounding vascularization, and therefore formation of new blood vessels is an essential step in progression of cancer [1]. In general, this process is named angiogenesis, requires release of activating mediators as well as suppression of inhibitory mechanisms, and may evolve through several mechanisms, such as sprouting, intussusception, recruitment, cooption, and mimicry [2]. Both angiogenesis and neoplastic invasion and metastasis are associated w
Incidência de Fusarium solani em mandioca no estado do Pará
POLTRONIERI, LUIZ S.;TRINDADE, DINALDO R.;ALBUQUERQUE, FERNANDO C.;DUARTE, MARIA L.R.;CARDOSO, SHIRLEY. S.;
Fitopatologia Brasileira , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-41582002000500019
Abstract: this paper describes for the first time the occurrence of fusarium solani infecting cassava (manihot esculenta) in the state of pará.
Inheritance of fruit color and pigment changes in a yellow tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) mutant
Rêgo, Elizanilda R. do;Finger, Fernando L.;Casali, Vicente W.D.;Cardoso, Ant?nio A.;
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47571999000100019
Abstract: a naturally occurring yellow tomato fruit mutant cv. santa clara was reciprocally crossed with the red wild type, after which f1 plants were self pollinated or backcrossed with both parents. plants from f1 generations produced all fruits with a homogeneous deep red color when ripe. f2 plants showed a 3:1 red:yellow segregation of fruit color, and 100% red when backcrossed with red wild type or 1:1 red:yellow segregation in backcrosses with the yellow mutant; hence, yellow fruit color was determined by a recessive allele. based on reciprocal crosses, fruit color is unlikely to be determined by maternal genes. accumulation of lycopene dropped by 99.3% and b-carotene by 77% in ripe yellow fruits, compared to the red wild type. leaf and flower chlorophyll and total carotenoid concentrations were not affected by the yellow mutation. however, the mutant fruit had a higher rate of chlorophyll degradation during fruit ripening, whilst fruit from the f1 generation showed lower rates of degradation, similar to that observed in red wild type fruits.
A Ligadura Tubária é Fator de Risco para a Redu??o da Densidade Mineral óssea em Mulheres na Pós-menopausa?
Zabaglia, Silval Fernando Cardoso;Costa-Paiva, Lúcia Helena Sim?es;Pinto-Neto, Aar?o Mendes;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032001001000002
Abstract: purpose: to compare bone mineral density (bmd) of postmenopausal women with and without the antecedent of tubal ligation, as well as to evaluate the associated factors that affect the bone mineral density of femur and lumbar spine of both groups. methods: 70 postmenopausal women in each group were analyzed at caism-unicamp, during the year of 1998. all women answered a questionnaire about some clinical and reproductive characteristics and underwent bone densitometry (lunar dpx) to measure bone mineral density of the femur and lumbar spine. statistical analyses were performed using student's t-test, fisher`s exact test, pearson c2 test, bonferroni`s test and multiple regression analysis. results: mean age of patients was 53.2 years and for controls it was 52.6 years. mean age of 48 years at menopause was similar in both groups. mean age at tubal ligation surgery was 33.7 years and time since surgery was 18 years. the multiple comparison of the average bone mineral density of femur and lumbar spine did not show statistical differences between the groups. the percentage distribution of the t-score categories of femur and lumbar spine, classified into normal and altered, also did not show statistical differences between both groups. multiple regression analysis showed that bone mineral density of femur was directly associated with body mass index, but age was indirectly associated. the variables dark skin, parity, age at menopause, educational level and body mass index were directly associated with bone mineral density of lumbar spine, but age at menarche was inversely associated. conclusion: these findings suggest that tubal ligation does not seem to cause an additional reduction in bone mineral density when evaluated in postmenopause.
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