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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 23495 matches for " Fernando Hoffmam "
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RESENHA: LEMOS, André; LéVY, Pierre. O futuro da internet: em dire o a uma ciberdemocracia planetária. S o Paulo: Paulus, 2010.
Larissa Nunes Cavalheiro,Fernando Hoffmam
Revista Direitos Emergentes na Sociedade Global , 2012, DOI: 10.5902/231630546093
Abstract:
APLICANDO SAN ES AMBIENTAIS: Para uma análise das implica es trazidas pela Lei 9.605/98 quanto à transa o penal e suspens o condicional do processo da Lei 9.099/95
Larissa Nunes Cavalheiro,Luiz Aristeu dos Santos Filho,Fernando Hoffmam,Franciele da Silva Camara
Revista Eletr?nica do Curso de Direito da UFSM , 2012, DOI: 10.5902/198136947045
Abstract: A Lei 9.605/98 que, disp e sobre as san es para as condutas lesivas ao meio ambiente reuniu em uma única lei as inúmeras infra es ambientais esparsas. Conforme a gravidade da infra o, em se tratando de menor potencial ofensivo ambiental, o agente que comete um Crime Ambiental, será processado pelo rito da Lei 9.099/95, que institui o Juizado Especial Criminal (JECRIM). Para tanto, é necessária uma atenta leitura conjunta das referidas leis e, através dessa análise, percebem-se as peculiaridades advindas da Lei 9.605/98 para o uso dos institutos da Lei 9.099/95, quais sejam, a transa o penal e a suspens o condicional do processo. Da mesma forma, surgem alguns impasses quanto à aplicabilidade dos dispositivos nelas previstos, suscitando reflex es acerca da matéria. Diante disso, o presente trabalho analisa de forma combinada as leis, na tentativa de entender o estabelecido por ambas.
UMA QUEST O CONTROVERSA: A Separa o de Fato como elemento para concess o de pens o por morte no Regime Geral de Previdência Social e a Súmula 336 do Superior Tribunal de Justi a
Larissa Nunes Cavalheiro,Luiz Aristeu dos Santos Filho,Fernando Hoffmam,Franciele da Silva Camara
Revista Eletr?nica do Curso de Direito da UFSM , 2012, DOI: 10.5902/198136947054
Abstract: Nos casos de concess o da pens o por morte no Regime Geral da Previdência Social, quem pleiteia esse benefício às vezes encontra dificuldades legais. Um exemplo é o caso da separa o de fato do c njuge do segurado, uma vez que a Lei 8.213/91, dá ensejo a mais de uma interpreta o para a concess o do benefício, oscilando entre dependência econ mica presumida ou a comprova o da mesma. Com o advento da Súmula 336 do STJ, verifica-se outro momento em que aqueles que est o separados apenas de fato têm suprimida a possibilidade de recebimento da pens o por morte em momento futuro, e de certa forma, fere o Princípio da Igualdade. Diante da realidade, quando se refere à separa o de fato n o há uma clara abordagem, correndo-se o risco de preterir possíveis beneficiários. O presente trabalho analisa as divergências da falta de previs o legislativa, bem como os efeitos da citada súmula.
A CRIA O DO TRIBUNAL PENAL INTERNACIONAL: Um meio para efetivar a prote o dos Direitos Humanos em ambito internacional
Larissa Nunes Cavalheiro,Luiz Aristeu dos Santos Filho,Fernando Hoffmam,Franciele da Silva Camara
Revista Eletr?nica do Curso de Direito da UFSM , 2010, DOI: 10.5902/198136947058
Abstract: No atual contexto mundial, verificam-se conflitos que transgridem Direitos Humanos, originados de diversos motivos, desde quest es de credo religioso até o terrorismo. Independente das motiva es, a maior vítima acaba sendo o próprio homem, que tem seus direitos extirpados. Da preocupa o em estabelecer uma justi a criminal, surge o Tribunal Penal Internacional (TPI), trazendo per se a fun o de realizar julgamentos justos e imparciais. A sua existência se configura em um importante marco para que se possa efetivar a prote o dos Direitos do Homem em ambito mundial, pois visa punir aqueles que cometem os crimes previstos no Estatuto de Roma. O presente trabalho visa explanar acerca dos aspectos mais importantes do referido Tribunal, iniciando pelos seus antecedentes e chegando à sua cria o. Passado esse momento, argumenta-se no sentido do seu caráter protecionista dos Direitos Humanos
REFLORESTAMENTO DE PINUS, COMO ALTERNATIVA DE RENDA PARA 30 PROPRIEDADES RURAIS NA REGI O DO SUDOESTE PAULISTA NOTA TéCNICA
Rocha Rubens Hoffmam,Andrea Cressoni De Conti,Cláudio De Conti,Gláucia Aparecida Prates
Nucleus , 2012,
Abstract: This research deals with alternative income generation with reforestation of pine to 30 farms in the Southwest Region Paulista. The fundamental purpose is to demonstrate the economic viability and how to develop the implementation of reforestation in all its stages with an operational plan of action towards providing support, training and technical assistance to farmers on the correct management, respecting the environment, making is sustainable.A pesquisa trata da alternativa de gera o de renda com reflorestamento de pinus para 30 propriedades rurais na Regi o do Sudoeste Paulista. O propósito fundamental é demonstrar a viabilidade econ mica e como desenvolve a implanta o do reflorestamento em todas suas etapas operacionais no sentido de dar suporte, treinamento e assistência técnica ao produtor rural quanto ao manejo correto tornando-se sustentável e ambientalmente correto.
International Trade and Unemployment in Less Developed Countries  [PDF]
Fernando Mesa
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2012.25101
Abstract:

The main interest focus of this paper is the relation between international trade and the labour market, with an emphasis on the unemployment rate, and the allocation of workers among sectors. A general trade equilibrium model with three sectors is constructed for a less developed country. An informal and un-tradable sector is characterised by flexible wages, while the other two sectors are tradable, export and import sectors. The model imposes a binding minimum wage on unskilled labour and wage distortions on skilled labour. Comparative statics are used to analyse the effects on the labour market of an open economy, a rise in the minimum wage and a positive productivity shock in the export sector.

Intergenerational Real Wages, Technological Change, and Economic Growth in Colombia  [PDF]
Fernando Mesa
Modern Economy (ME) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.72015
Abstract: This paper focuses on the decomposition of real wages in Colombia both by workers’ ages and by cohorts, which overlap over time. The paper analyses how the Colombia’s labour structure has undergone important changes in the period 1982-2007. This period has been characterized by a demographic transition that has tilted the balance from a relatively young population to an older one. The effects of capital accumulation have been estimated and modelled considering the presence of ever more sophisticated machinery, usually replacing less-skilled, younger workers, in relation to older and more qualified ones. In general real wages present a curved shape for each generation, as is acknowledged in the life-cycle hypothesis, according to which people generally start their working life with low incomes and rising debts and then obtain higher income and accumulate assets.
On the Walker’ Model for the Carbon Dioxide in the Earth’s Atmosphere  [PDF]
Fernando Vadillo
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2019.101004
Abstract: Climate change is a wicked problem because it is hard to say what the problem is, and to define it clearly. However, we know that global temperature rise correlates with increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide [1] and [2]. In this paper, we analyze a model for the carbon dioxide developed by Walker in [3] with several source terms. Our numerical results show that the burning fossil fuels have an effect on the carbon dioxide in the earth’s atmosphere and the climate change problem, one of the major global challenger of our time.
On the Communication Requirements for the Smart Grid  [PDF]
Mohamed Daoud, Xavier Fernando
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2011.31008
Abstract: The current power grid is facing many challenges that it was not designed or engineered to handle which range from congestions and major blackouts to the overwhelming increase in demand and security concerns. The current electric grid was established before the 1960’s. It is believed that the electric grid is the most complex and gigantic machine ever made in human history; it consists of wires, cables, towers, transformers and circuit breakers installed together in outdated manner. During the 60’s, computers and sensors were used to monitor and slightly control the grid; however, fifty years later these sensors are considered less than ideal. Presented here is a review of the smart grid communication network in terms of configuration, bandwidth and latency requirements as well as the technology used. We simulate the access layer of the smart grid net-work and show that no single available communication technology can be used for all layers of the smart grid; thus, different technologies for different layers are needed. A new protocol for optimizing the smart grid is recommended.
A New Approach to the Optimization of the CVRP through Genetic Algorithms  [PDF]
Mariano Frutos, Fernando Tohmé
American Journal of Operations Research (AJOR) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajor.2012.24058
Abstract: This paper presents a new approach to the analysis of complex distribution problems under capacity constraints. These problems are known in the literature as CVRPs (Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problems). The procedure introduced in this paper optimizes a transformed variant of a CVRP. It starts generating feasible clusters and codifies their ordering. In the next stage the procedure feeds this information into a genetic algorithm for its optimization. This makes the algorithm independent of the constraints and improves its performance. Van Breedam problems have been used to test this technique. While the results obtained are similar to those in other works, the processing times are longer.
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