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D NEM N RLER NDEN RNEKLERLE C H L YE ARAPLARINDA AHLAK / MORALITY IN ARABS OF JAHILIYYAH WITH SAMPLES FROM JAHILIYYAH POETRY
FerihanZMEN
Journal of the Human and Social Science Researches (itobiad) , 2012,
Abstract: Bu makale, slam ncesi d nemde Araplar n ahlak zelliklerini konu etmekte, Cahiliye iiri ve atas zlerinden rneklerle onlar n iyi ve k tü davran zelliklerinden kesitler sunmaktad r. slam ncesindeki hayatlar na dair anlat lanlarda genellikle putlara tapmalar , k z ocuklar n diri diri topra a g mmeleri, i ki i ip fuhu yapmalar yo un olarak vurgulanm olsa da üphesiz Cahiliye Araplar brahim gelene e büyük sayg duyuyorlar ve hayat n her alan nda bu gelenekten baz izler ta yorlard . Bu makalede s z konusu d nemde Araplar aras nda “mür e” (mürüvvet) kavram yla ifade edilen ahde vefa, c mertlik, misafirperverlik, yoksullara yard m, cesaret, yi itlik gibi baz erdemlerin yayg n oldu undan s zedilmekte, ancak bunlar n alt ndayatan saikin keskin bir “ eref” duygusu oldu u ve zellikle ki i ve kabile erefinin, d nemin ahlak zihniyetini belirleyen en nemli etkenler oldu u vurgulanmaktad r.This article focuses on moral characteristics of pre-Islamic era Arabs and presents examples of their both positive and negative behavioral features with examples from Jahiliyyah poetry and proverbs. They are usually depicted as idolatrous, adulterous, alcoholic, atrocious people, who bury their daughters alive, but Jahiliyyah Arabs certainly had great respect for Abrahamic tradition and they bore the traces of this tradition at every aspect of their life. At that era, they used the term “mür e” or “mürüvvet” (magnanimity) for virtues like generosity, benevolence, hospitality, bravery, chivalry and helping the poor. This article emphasizes that the main incentive behind these virtues is a strong sense of “honor”, and states that individual and tribal sense of honor is the most prominent factor that determines the moral sentiment of the era.
Failure Rate of Adenoidectomy and Reasons of Failure in the Short Term  [PDF]
Süay ?zmen, ?mer Afsin ?zmen
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2012.12003
Abstract: Objectives: The aim of the present study was to analyze the recovery rate of symptoms in patients with adenoid hypertrophy and investigate the role of nasal pathologies, allergy and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) as the reason of failure in patients with persistent symptoms. Patients and Methods: Patients undergoing adenoidectomy were enrolled in this study. There were 58 males and 42 females, aged between 1 - 13 years (mean ± SD: 4.9 ± 2.2 years). The parents of each child were questioned about the following symptoms; apnea, nasal obstruction, mouth breathing, snoring and nasal discharge. Presence or absence of nasal obstruction due to septal deviation and/or chonchal hypertrophy was noted. All children were evaluated for GER by upper gastrointestinal endoscopy or pH monitorization and for allergy by specific IgE analysis or skin prick test. Three months after the operation the children were re-examined and their parents were interviewed about persistent symptoms. Patients with persistent symptoms were re-evaluated with rigid endoscopy for residual adenoid vegetation. Results: Apnea was cleared in the entire group postoperatively. However, 9 patients complained of nasal obstruction, 16 patients had mouth breathing, 9 patients had snoring and 17 patients continued to have nasal discharge two months after the operation. Statistical assessment showed a significant difference for each symptom between the pre- and postoperative level (p < 0.001). In the re-examination of the patients with persistent symptoms, none of them were found to have adenoid vegetation greater than grade 1. However, 71% of these patients had nasal pathology, 50% had allergy and 50% had GER. Conclusions: Adenoidectomy alone is an effective treatment for nasal obstruction and obstructive sleep symptoms in children. Persistent obstructive symptoms are usually due to nasal pathology and allergy.
Importance of Psychosomatic Approach For Dermatological Diseases
Mine ?zmen
Turkderm , 2010,
Abstract: Within psychosomatic approach, patients are evaluated with a multifaceted holistic approach regarding his personality characteristics, his relations with social environment and psychiatric comorbidity in the context of a positive patient-physician relationship. There is a bi-directional relationship between the patients’ minds and dermatological diseases; there are a wide variety of factors that cause dermatological disease and dermatological lesions effects persons in many ways. Personality characteristics effect how a person perceives his dermatological illness, adaptation to illness and the course of the illness. In a similar way, psychiatric disorders may be precipitated secondary to the dermatological diseases. Therefore, the management of patients with psychocutaneous diseases necessitates a comprehensive evaluation that moves beyond the visible lesion. Treating these patients with a multidisciplinary team that includes psychiatrist, clinical psychologists and psychotherapists besides dermatologists will increase the quality of health in these patients.
Pituitary infiltration by non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a case report
Gonca Tamer, Ilkay Kartal, Ferihan Aral
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-3-9293
Abstract: A 70-year-old woman with no previous history of malignancy presented with headaches, right oculomotor nerve palsy and diabetes insipidus. As magnetic resonance imaging revealed a sellar mass involving the pituitary gland and infundibular stalk, which also extended into the right cavernous sinus and sphenoid sinus, the patient underwent an immediate transsphenoidal decompression surgery. Her prolactin was 102.4 ng/ml, whereas her gonadotropic hormone levels were low. A low level of urine osmolality after overnight water deprivation, along with normal plasma osmolality suggested diabetes insipidus. Histological examination revealed that the mass had been the infiltration of a high grade B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma involving respiratory system epithelial cells. Paranasal sinus computed tomography scanning and magnetic resonance imaging of the thorax and abdomen were performed. Since magnetic resonance imaging did not reveal any abnormality, after paranasal sinus computed tomography was performed, we concluded that the primary lymphoma originated from the sphenoid sinus and infiltrated the pituitary. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy to the sellar area were planned, but the patient died and her family did not permit an autopsy.Lymphoma infiltration to the pituitary is difficult to differentiate from pituitary adenoma, meningioma and other sellar lesions. To plan the treatment of lymphoma infiltration of the pituitary gland, it must be differentiated from other sellar lesions.The most frequent tumor of the pituitary gland is pituitary adenoma, but craniopharyngioma, Rathke cleft cyst, dermoid, epidermoid germinoma, metastasis, meningioma, arachnoid cyst, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, histiocytosis, lymphocytic hypophysitis, schwannoma, infundibular glioma, cavernous carotid artery aneurysm and pituitary involvement in lymphoma or leukemia are included in the differential diagnosis of sellar and parasellar diseases [1,2].Primary sellar lymphoma is a very rare disease accompani
Acting and Teacher Education: Being Model for Identity Development
Kemal Sinan ?zmen
Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry , 2011,
Abstract: This study follows three pre-service teachers during three academic semesters in which they took an acting course for teachers and participated in practicum with a special focus on rehearsing and developing their teacher identities. In order to create the necessary context for them, an acting course for pre-service teacher education was designed in parallel with a model which is based on an influential acting theory. This model, namely the BEING (Believe, Experiment, Invent, Navigate, Generate), was also designed by the researcher. The incentive behind designing a model grounded on acting literature was that the relevant literature does not provide trainers with a universal model which can be referred as a manual for running and monitoring acting courses for teachers. In this case study, this model was also tested in terms of its applicability and functionality in practice. Based on analyses of audio taped interviews, session journals and reflections, the five stages of the BEING Model was found to be highly applicable and functional in terms of reflecting the natural development process of teacher identity development. Pre-service teachers displayed a significant development in communication skills and professional identities. Therefore, the BEING model provides a perspective and a philosophy of benefiting from acting literature for teacher educators with little or no knowledge on acting and theatre.
Psychiatric Adverse Effects of Dermatological Drugs
Mine ?zmen,Alptekin ?etin
Turkderm , 2010,
Abstract: Dermatological drugs, mostly corticosteroids and isotretinoin, cause different psychiatric adverse effects. During steroid therapy, a wide range of psychiatric conditions, from minor clinical symptoms like insomnia and anxiety to serious psychiatric syndromes like psychosis and delirium might be seen. In medical literature, a causal connection is usually suggested between “isotretinoin”, which is used for treatment of acne vulgaris and depression and suicide attempts. However, there are no statistically significant double-blind randomized studies that support this connection. Clinicians must know patient’s psychiatric history before using any dermatological treatment known as causing psychiatric adverse effects, and psychiatric consultation should be established whenever necessary.
Treatment Modalities for Psychodermatological Diseases
Mine ?zmen,?enol Turan
Turkderm , 2010,
Abstract: Although psychodermatologic diseases are diagnosed very easily, their treatment often poses a great deal since they are often associated with psychological conflicts and psychiatric disorders such as depression, anxiety disorders and delusional disorders. Therefore dermatological treatment modalities might be insufficient for sychodermatologic diseases. Associations between dermatological and psychiatric diseases and their pathological basis need to be known very well for the treatment success. In case of treatment failure or insufficient treatment, the patient’s psychological assessment should be considered and psychopharmacology, psychotherapy, biofeedback and hypnosis may need to be added to treatment plan. Psychopharmacologic, psychotherapeutic and other treatment modalities for treatment of psychodermatological diseases that are associated with psychological conflicts and comorbid major psychiatric diseases are reviewed in this article.
WASHBACK EFFECTS OF THE INTER-UNIVERSITY FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAMINATION ON FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMPETENCES OF CANDIDATE ACADEMICS
Kemal Sinan ?ZMEN
Novitas-ROYAL , 2011,
Abstract: This paper presents a study investigating the washback effect of Inter-university Foreign Language Examination (ILE) on candidate academics in Turkey. Over the last decades, washback studies have become even more critical in the field of applied linguistics due to unanimous remarks of the international research studies indicating the critical role of the high-stakes tests on students, teachers and societies. Also an effective understanding of washback is now much more important because of the increasing number of international testees taking these examinations. The present study follows twelve candidate academics during their preparation for ILE. In a qualitative design, the findings show that ILE has a negative washback effect on numerous micro and macro level variables.
Difficulties of Pre-service Teachers in Developing and Implementing Teaching Activities Based on 5E Model in Constructivist Approach
Mustafa Metin,Haluk ?zmen
Necatibey Faculty of Education, Electronic Journal of Science and Mathematics Education , 2009,
Abstract: This study aimed to determine difficulties of student teachers in developing and implementing teaching activities based on 5E model in constructivist approach. Thus, it was carried out in the context of Science Teaching II practices course in spring semester of 2007-2008 academic year. The sample group of the study consisted of 25 junior student-teachers at the Department of Classroom Teacher Education in Faculty of Education at Artvin oruh University. In the study, a qualitative research design was used, and it was implemented in three steps. In the first step, the pre-service teachers were given standards which were about fifth class Science and Technology course; then, they were asked to prepare an activity appropriate for 5E model. In the second step, they were asked to carry out those activities, and observations were carried out by one of the researchers. In the last step, semi-structured interviews were carried out with them. In the result of the study, the following problems were determined. The student-teachers were unable to use time effectively, to provide the classroom’s discipline, to apply the stage of the 5E model, to relate the concepts with daily life situation, to know how to evaluate appropriately and to attract attention of students.
Determination of the Turkish primary students' views about the particulate nature of matter
Haluk ?ZMEN,Osman KENAN
Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching , 2007,
Abstract: This study was conducted to determine 4th, 5th, and 6th grade Turkish primary students’ conceptions about the particulate nature of matter via a test. The test consists of 36 items related to the changes of microscopic properties of solid, liquid and gas matters during phase changing, cooling, heating and pressing of them. The sample of the study consists of 411 students, 139 of them are from grade 4, 121 of them are from grade 5 and 151 of them are from grade 6. The answers given to test have shown that the understanding levels of students in all grades about the microscopic properties of matter are quite low; they had little knowledge or misconceptions about the microscopic properties of the particles such as the order of the particles, spaces between particles, the number of particles, the size of particles and the movement of the particles; and progression of students’ conceptions on the particulate nature of matter is multifaceted.
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