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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 54778 matches for " Feng Jiang "
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Traditional Chinese medicine syndrome factors of patients with HIV infection or AIDS in China
Feng Jiang
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao , 2011,
Mild Solutions of Neutral Semilinear Stochastic Functional Dynamic Systems with Local Non-Lipschitz Coefficients
Feng Jiang
Advances in Mathematical Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/823535
Abstract: Semilinear stochastic dynamic systems in a separable Hilbert space often model some evolution phenomena arising in physics and engineering. In this paper, we study the existence and uniqueness of mild solutions to neutral semilinear stochastic functional dynamic systems under local non-Lipschitz conditions on the coefficients by means of the stopping time technique. We especially generalize and improve the results that appeared in Govinadan (2005), Bao and Hou (2010), and Jiang and Shen (2011). 1. Introduction Semilinear stochastic dynamic systems in a separable Hilbert space often model some evolution phenomena arising in physics, biology engineering, and so forth [1]. Recently, for the case where the coefficients satisfy the global Lipschitz condition and the linear growth condition, many results are known [1–3]. However, the global Lipschitz condition, even the local Lipschitz condition, is seemed to be considerably strong when one discusses variable applications in real world. Reference [4] discussed the existence of mild solution to neutral semilinear stochastic functional systems with non-Lipschitz coefficients. Reference [5] discussed the existence and uniqueness of solutions to neutral stochastic functional systems with infinite delay under the local Lipschitz conditions in the Euclidean space. We focus on neutral semilinear stochastic functional dynamic systems for the case where the coefficients do not necessarily satisfy the global Lipschitz condition. Thus we study the existence and uniqueness of mild solutions to neutral semilinear stochastic functional systems with the condition, which was investigated by [6–8] as the Carathéodory-type conditions for strong solutions. Motivated by the above papers, in this paper, we will extend the existence and uniqueness of mild solutions of (2) under the non-Lipschitz conditions to the local non-Lipschitz conditions. The rest of this paper is organized as follows. In Section 2, we introduce some preliminaries. In Section 3 we prove the existence and uniqueness of the mild solution. 2. Preliminaries Throughout this paper, let be a complete probability space with a normal filtration satisfying the usual conditions (i.e., it is increasing and right continuous while contains all -null sets). Moreover, let be two real separable Hilbert spaces, and we denote by their inner products and by their vector norms, respectively. We denote that denotes the space of all bounded linear operators from into , equipped with the usual operator norm . In this paper, we always use the same symbol to denote norms of operators
Altruism and Pricing Strategy in Dual-Channel Supply Chains  [PDF]
Kuiran Shi, Feng Jiang, Qi Ouyang
American Journal of Operations Research (AJOR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajor.2013.34038

With the development of behavioral operational management, human behavior such as altruism, fairness and trust has received considerable attention. This paper studies the effect of altruism on retailer’s and manufacturer’s pricing strategy in two classic dual-channel supply chains by presenting Stackelberg game models. The analysis shows that the player’s altruism preference strongly affects their pricing strategies. The more altruistic one player is, the more profits the other player obtains. Moreover, the effect of manufacturer’s altruistic preference is larger than that of retailer’s. In addition, online price is always lower than offline price in dual-channel supply chain, which still holds true considering altruism. The results also reveal that the product web-fit has significant effect on the player’s optimal pricing strategies. The more compatible with online market the product is, the lower the retail price is set, and the more profit the manufacturer obtains whereas the less the retailer gets.

Mixed Doubles Match Technical and Tactical Analysis of World Badminton Champion Based on Mathematical Statistics  [PDF]
Bing Zhang, Feng Li, Weiqi Jiang
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2013.34025

This paper uses mathematical statistics method and analyzes the main scoring techniques: the serve technique, the jump smash technique, the net lob technique, the pushing backcourt ball technique and the smash technique by analyzing the data of the 29th Olympic Games by He Hanbin/Yu Yang (China) and Nova/Nasir (Indonesia). The analysis shows that: in the badminton mixed doubles match, since both sides are partners for many years, in order to win the game you must have good badminton technique; particularly the error rate of the net lob technique and the pushing backcourt ball technique is high, which needs further practice. The study plays a certain role in promoting the development of badminton technique and the popularization of badminton sports.

Design and Measurement of Microwave Absorbers Comprising Resistive Frequency Selective Surfaces  [PDF]
Meng Zhang, Tian Jiang, Yijun Feng
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2014.68020

Frequency selective surfaces (FSSs) have been successfully used in constructing microwave absorbers which demonstrate the ability of modifying and improving its absorbing performances. In this paper, microwave absorber based on ferromagnetic nano-films has been proposed and investigated with a structure similar to that of the Salisbury screen except that the resistive sheet is replaced by FSS of square patch array of the nano-film. We have explored the FSS absorber from three aspects: equivalent circuit model, electromagnetic full-wave simulation and the actual sample measurement. By carefully tuning the patch size, the thickness of the dielectric spacer and the specification of the ferromagnetic nano-film, we obtain the optimized performance of broadband microwave absorbing. Due to the light weight of the nano-films, the proposed absorbers can achieve an ultra-low surface density less than 0.25 kg/m2.

Approximations of Numerical Method for Neutral Stochastic Functional Differential Equations with Markovian Switching
Hua Yang,Feng Jiang
Journal of Applied Mathematics , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/675651
Abstract: Stochastic systems with Markovian switching have been used in a variety of application areas, including biology, epidemiology, mechanics, economics, and finance. In this paper, we study the Euler-Maruyama (EM) method for neutral stochastic functional differential equations with Markovian switching. The main aim is to show that the numerical solutions will converge to the true solutions. Moreover, we obtain the convergence order of the approximate solutions.
Analytic Approximation of the Solutions of Stochastic Differential Delay Equations with Poisson Jump and Markovian Switching
Hua Yang,Feng Jiang
Journal of Applied Mathematics , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/305945
Abstract: We are concerned with the stochastic differential delay equations with Poisson jump and Markovian switching (SDDEsPJMSs). Most SDDEsPJMSs cannot be solved explicitly as stochastic differential equations. Therefore, numerical solutions have become an important issue in the study of SDDEsPJMSs. The key contribution of this paper is to investigate the strong convergence between the true solutions and the numerical solutions to SDDEsPJMSs when the drift and diffusion coefficients are Taylor approximations.
Intelligent Stability Design of Large Underground Hydraulic Caverns: Chinese Method and Practice
Quan Jiang,Xiating Feng
Energies , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/en4101542
Abstract: The global energy shortage has revived the interest in hydroelectric power, but extreme geological condition always pose challenges to the construction of hydroelectric power stations with large underground caverns. To solve the problem of safe design of large underground caverns, a Chinese-style intelligent stability design, representing recent developments in Chinese techniques for the construction of underground hydropower systems is presented. The basic aim of this method is to help designers improve the stability and design efficiency of large underground hydropower cavern groups. Its flowchart consists of two parts, one is initial design with an ordinal structure, and the other is dynamic design with a closed loop structure. In each part of the flowchart, analysis techniques, analysis content and design parameters for caverns’ stability are defined, respectively. Thus, the method provides designers with a bridge from the basic information of objective engineering to reasonable design parameters for managing the stability of hydraulic cavern groups. Application to two large underground caverns shows that it is a scientific and economical method for safely constructing underground hydraulic caverns.
A New Implementation of the Magnetohydrodynamics-Relaxation Method for Nonlinear Force-Free Field Extrapolation in the Solar Corona
Chaowei Jiang,Xueshang Feng
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/749/2/135
Abstract: Magnetic field in the solar corona is usually extrapolated from photospheric vector magnetogram using a nonlinear force-free field (NLFFF) model. NLFFF extrapolation needs a considerable effort to be devoted for its numerical realization. In this paper we present a new implementation of the magnetohydrodynamics (MHD)-relaxation method for NLFFF extrapolation. The magneto-frictional approach which is introduced for speeding the relaxation of the MHD system is novelly realized by the spacetime conservation-element and solution-element (CESE) scheme. A magnetic field splitting method is used to further improve the computational accuracy. The bottom boundary condition is prescribed by changing the transverse field incrementally to match the magnetogram, and all other artificial boundaries of the computational box are simply fixed. We examine the code by two types of NLFFF benchmark tests, the Low & Lou (1990) semi-analytic force-free solutions and a more realistic solar-like case constructed by van Ballegooijen et al. (2007). The results show that our implementation are successful and versatile for extrapolations of either the relatively simple cases or the rather complex cases which need significant rebuilding of the magnetic topology, e.g., a flux rope. We also compute a suite of metrics to quantitatively analyze the results and demonstrate that the performance of our code in extrapolation accuracy basically reaches the same level of the present best-performing code, e.g., that developed by Wiegelmann (2004).
Preprocess the Photospheric Vector Magnetograms for NLFFF Extrapolation using a Potential Field Model and an Optimization Method
Chaowei Jiang,Xueshang Feng
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1007/s11207-013-0346-0
Abstract: Numerical reconstruction/extrapolation of coronal nonlinear force-free magnetic field (NLFFF) usually takes the photospheric vector magnetogram as input at the bottom boundary. Magnetic field observed at the photosphere, however, contains force which is in conflict with the fundamental assumption of the force-free model and measurement noise which is unfavorable for practical computation. Preprocessing of the raw magnetogram has been proposed by Wiegelmann, Inhester, and Sakurai (2006) to remove the force and noise for providing better input for NLFFF modeling. In this paper we develop a new code of magnetogram preprocessing which is consistent with our extrapolation method CESE-MHD-NLFFF (Jiang, Feng, and Xiang, 2012; Jiang and Feng, 2012). Basing on a magnetic-splitting rule that a magnetic field can be split into a potential field part and a non-potential part, we split the magnetogram and deal with the two parts separately. Preprocessing of the magnetogram's potential part is based on a numerical potential field model, and the non-potential part is preprocessed using the similar optimization method of Wiegelmann et al (2006). The code is applied to the SDO/HMI data and results show that the method can remove efficiently the force and noise and improve the quality of extrapolation.
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