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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 18703 matches for " Femi U. Balogun "
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Peaceful Co-Existence of the Peoples of Nigeria: The Contending Issues
Femi U. Balogun,Otti Victor Uzoma
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: This study is an expository one. It is believed that, Nigeria is the only country in the world with about 480 ethnic nationalities. Nigeria has a unique problem not experienced by any state in the world, past or present. The problem is that of achieving solidarity in action and purpose in the midst of hundreds of ethnic nationalities, each exerting both centrifugal and centripetal forces on the central issues of one nation, bound in freedom, peace and unity where justice reigns. This study will attempt to demonstrate that, sociologically, Nigeria has a hyper multi-ethnic nationality society and structurally suffers from a major chronic malady of instability syndrome at the political level. This study concludes that, the solution to this chronic malady is the problem that will always task democratic governance in Nigeria.
On the Investigation of Awareness Level of Family Planning among Rural Dwellers in Nigeria (Principal Component Analysis Approach)  [PDF]
Femi Joshua Ayoola, Nureni Olawale Adeboye, Kayode Balogun
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103762
This study examined the awareness level and attitude of family planning among rural dwellers in the South western part of Nigeria and its consequences on population/economy of Nigeria. Data were gathered from 300 respondents who were randomly selected from Seriki rural communities of western Nigeria using proportional allocation of the stratified random sampling technique. The research considered to know the level of awareness between the traditional family planning methods and modern methods of contraception. The modern methods were found to be more significantly embraced than traditional family planning methods based on the analysis of the result obtained which showed that 175% preferred modern methods while 125% preferred traditional methods. The factors considered in examining these are educational background, economic factors, marital status, social factor, ethnicity and illiteracy level; the data collected based on these factors are analyzed using principal component analysis technique in order to determine the most prevalent factor that causes attitudinal problems. The results give rise to the Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of the components, whereby the variance proportion for each is given as 0.4844, 0.2391, 0.1480, 0.0597, 0.0461 and 0.0227 for economics, educational background, ethnicity, illiteracy, marital status and social status respectively, thereby qualifying the factors as the first PC, second PC, third PC, fourth PC, fifth PC and sixth PC respectively. Thus, economic factor which is the first PC is the factor that is predominantly responsible for the discovered low level of awareness and poor attitudinal behavior towards family planning.
Indigenous Fruit Trees of Tropical Africa: Status, Opportunity for Development and Biodiversity Management  [PDF]
Rasheed Olufemi Awodoyin, Oluseun Sunday Olubode, Justin Ugochukwu Ogbu, Rasheed Babatunde Balogun, Jonah U. Nwawuisi, Kalu O. Orji
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/as.2015.61004
Abstract: Tropical fruit trees constitute important biological resources in the global agrobiodiversity context. Unlike the tropical fruit trees of American and Asian origin, indigenous fruit trees (IFT) of tropical Africa have scarcely achieved the status of international recognition in commodity markets and research arena outside Africa. This paper presented a critical review of the status of IFT in the Tropical African sub-regions (of West Africa, Central Africa, East Africa, Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean Islands) in relation to the introduced naturalised fruit trees from tropical America and Asia, threats to the diversity and sustainable use of IFT, analysis of the opportunities and challenges of developing IFT, as well as targets for crop improvement of the rich IFT of Tropical Africa. Domestication programme via relevant vegetative propagation techniques for priority IFT of the sub-regions was examined and advocated, in addition to the adoption of complementary conservation strategies, including Field GeneBanks in the management of the continent’s IFT diversity.
Developing a Framework for the 3D Visualization of Underground Petroleum Pipelines
Balogun A. L.,Matori A. N.,Lawal D. U.
International Journal of Chemical and Environmental Engineering , 2011,
Abstract: A common source of damage to subsurface petroleum pipelines is their accidental cutting by excavation workers, oblivious of the precise underground location of the pipelines. Such blind cuttings have had catastrophic consequences in the past. Lives and properties are often lost in the wake of explosions that accompany blind cuttings of underground petroleum pipelines. Because of their capability to render accurate, three dimensional views of these pipelines thereby drastically reducing the possibility of accidental cuts, three dimensional (3D) maps are increasingly becoming popular. However, one major drawback is the exorbitant cost of most of the Geographical Information Systems (GIS) packages that support the 3D modeling and visualization of subsurface pipelines. Furthermore, the advanced languages used in building many of these packages make it difficult for non-GIS experts, field workers, and other professionals to relate with them. Since people from diverse disciplines (without strong GIS background) need to visualize and analyze these subsurface pipelines on a regular basis, it is pertinent to develop a system capable of performing basic 3D visualization functions, in addition to being user-friendly and highly affordable. This paper, which proposes a framework to achieve this purpose, is part of an ongoing research on the subject matter.
A Redescriptive History of Humanism and Hermeneutics in African Philosophy  [PDF]
Oladapo Jimoh Balogun
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.31A017

The aim of this paper is to contribute to the on-going debate about self-redescription in the history of African philosophy using the method and theory of redescription. This method and theory of redescription has become the deep concern of not only Western philosophers but of many African philosophers which is markedly present in their agitated pursuits of wisdom. This self-redescription is always resiliently presented in the works of Kwasi Wiredu, Kwame Appiah, Gyekye Kwame, Olusegun Oladipo, Wole Soyinka, Sophie Oluwole, Jim Unah, Martin Heidegger and Maduabuchi Duko;r who is the most recent emergence of the problem of theory and method in African philosophy. So, the general purpose of this paperis to enact the intellectual concern of these self-redescription in the history of African philosophy while the specific purpose is to determine the adequacy of humanism and hermeneutics as concepts covering the self-image of African philosophy. This paper will further show the incoherence and incongruence of humanism and hermeneutics with the concrete self-image of African philosophy by redescribing them in the mould of emerging concepts such as the humanness of Orisa intellectual culture, in particular; and orunmineutics as a general philosophical theory.

Utility of Microwave and Optical Remote Sensing in Oil Spill Detection in the Mangrove Region of Nigeria  [PDF]
Toju Francis Balogun
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.31003
Abstract: The mangrove interfaces between land and sea and provides appropriate ecosystem and habitat and breeding ground for fishes and sea animals. However, it is also a fragile ecosystem which is exposed to environmental degradation due to oil exploration activities. Concern for mangrove environment demands that mapping of the mangrove environment should be carried out so as to know its current status. Conventional method is inadequate to achieve this due to the difficult terrain of the region. This research aims at detecting and mapping the presence of oil spill on water and land in the mangroves using microwave and optical remote sensing. The result proves that optical remote sensing has the potentials for detecting oil spill on the waterway. It also has the capability to detect oil spill on ground using the effects of oil on vegetation as proxy. The study is concluded by recommending further research work on radar as it could not discriminate between the backscatter of oil on land and that of soil with high water content.
Indigeneity and Problems of Citizenship in Nigeria
Femi Omotoso
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/pjssci.2010.146.150
Abstract: The nature and character of the Nigerian state is promoting the issue of indigeneity which in a way is affecting the survival of Nigeria as a geo-political entity. Despite the constitutional provisions guaranteeing the citizenship status of Nigerians, yet within the country, the issue of indigeneity is making Nigerians to becoming second-class citizens in states other than their own. Indigeneity is becoming albatross in the goal of national integration and is creating problems for Nigerians as they are denied their constitutional rights in states other than their own. Therefore, for the goal of national unity, political stability and political development to be achieved, issue of indigeneity needs to be discouraged while promoting citizenship. The study is of the opinion that state of residence rather than state of origin should be a major determining factor in national politics, appointments and employment. This will de-emphasize the relevance of indigeneity in Nigeria.
Corruption, Private Accumulation and Problem of Development in Nigeria
Femi Omotoso
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: Corruption in Nigeria is pervasive and endemic to such an extent that the country is rated the third most corrupt nation in the world. So many scholars have traced the roots of this social malaise to military incursion into politics. But recent events, particularly under democratic rule since 1999, show that corruption is not limited to a particular regime type, but it is very inherent in the Nigerian system. A usually expected concomitance of democracy, apart from representativeness, openness, accountability, probity and popular participation, is development. Unfortunately, the problem of corruption has not allowed Nigerians to enjoy such dividends of democracy. In Nigeria, those occupying governmental positions are benefiting from the state at the expense of the collective interest. Corruption in government increases poverty and weakens governments and lessens their ability to fight poverty. Though there seems to be a determined effort on the part of President Olusegun Obasanjo to fight corruption, unfortunately his efforts are not only not supported by many, but such efforts are also being sabotaged by many. Corruption in Nigeria manifests itself in a number of ways: in the electoral system, bureaucratic system, social system, political system, cultural system, etc. This study argues that as long as corruption continues in the Nigerian system, it would be difficult for the country to develop. It concludes that efforts should be made to stamp out corruption, so that the incidence of poverty in the land can be reduced.
Nigerian Fiscal Federalism and Revenue Allocation Formula for Sustainable Development in Niger Delta
Femi Omotoso
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2010.246.253
Abstract: Federal systems by their nature are complex administrative designs because they involve multiple levels of government. The Nigerian federal system is thus beset by a lot of complex challenges. One of such challenges is the seemingly implacable and intractable Niger Delta crisis arising from lopsidedness in revenue allocation and sharing in the country. From 1960 till date the revenue allocation system can neither be said to be efficient or equitable. However, the nature and conditions of the financial relations in any federal system are crucial to the continued existence of such a system. The study explores Nigeria s fiscal relations and the revenue allocation formula through a descriptive historical analysis. It specifically focuses on the imbalance and lopsidedness associated with the systems which have combined to affect the Nigerian federal system as a whole. The study finds that the lack of sustainable development in the Niger Delta region is traceable to imbalances in the revenue allocation formula in Nigeria which gives little to the goose that lays the golden eggs. Data for the study came primarily from secondary sources. The study concludes that for there to be efficient sustainable development and to reduce the tension in the Niger Delta, the Nigerian government should encourage the derivation principle in her revenue allocation formula. This in a way will promote peace and development in an otherwise volatile region of the country.
Journal of International Social Research , 2010,
Abstract: Corruption as it is, it has been argued, is more evil than what it amounts to, and more hydra-headed than ordinary legislation could cope with. It has pervaded every sector of the Nigerian life. Law enforcement agents and agencies take bribes brazenly, but this seems to be the least form of corruption. 419 has gone digital and it surfaces in every area of human interest. More and more billionaires emerge from people who, previously had been without any visible means of livelihood. Institutions of learning are not spared of this cankerworm as unwholesome practices hitherto alien to the ivory tower are now common place. The courts are no longer the last hope of the common man, but the bastion of corruption, greed and avarice as judges award justice to the highest bidder. The hoi-polloi have been eclipsed and cowed into hapless complacency. What should be done to rescue the soul of Nigeria from this perilous path? This paper intends to examine when and how corruption became a state-craft. The paper observes that since the entrenchment and institutionalization of corruption by the IBB administration, successive governments have only taken a cue from this lootocratic culture. While the paper acknowledges the efforts of the Obasanjo-led civilian administration to tackle corruption, the efforts fell short of steering the ship of state to a safety shore of accountability as they were marred by selective justice. The paper therefore, argues that nothing but ‘death’(as explained in the main text) as deterrence can put Nigeria and corruption asunder.
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