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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3269 matches for " Felix Aharonian "
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High energy gamma rays from the massive black hole in the Galactic Center
Felix Aharonian,Andrii Neronov
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1086/426426
Abstract: Accreting black holes are believed to be sites of possible particle acceleration with favorable conditions also for effective gamma-ray production. However, because of photon-photon pair production, only low energy (MeV) gamma-rays can escape these compact objects with typically very large compactness parameter, given that in most cases the accretion disks within 10 Schwarzschild radii radiate with a power exceeding 10 percent of the Eddington luminosity. Therefore, the high-energy gamma-ray emission of these objects (both stellar mass and supermassive BHs) is generally suppressed, and consequently the unique information on possible particle acceleration process near the event horizon of the BH is essentially lost. Fortunately, this is not the case for the super-massive BH located at the dynamical center of our Galaxy (Sgr A*) which, thanks to its extraordinary low bolometric luminosity is transparent fo gamma-rays up to very high energies, about 10 TeV. We discuss different scenarios of gamma-ray production in Sgr A* and show that for a reasonable set of parameters one can expect detectable gamma-ray fluxes of both hadronic and electronic origin. Some of these scenarios are applicable not only for the TeV gamma-ray emission recently reported from the direction of Galactic Center, but may have broader implications relevant to highly variable nonthermal emission of Sgr A* in radio, IR and X-ray bands.
Galactic Sources of High-Energy Neutrinos: Highlights
Francesco Vissani,Felix Aharonian
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2011.12.079
Abstract: We overview high-energy neutrinos from galactic sources, transparent to their gamma-ray emission. We focus on young supernova remnants and in particular on RX J1713.7-3946, discussing expectations and upper bounds. We also consider the possibility to detect neutrinos from other strong galactic gamma-ray sources as Vela Junior, the Cygnus Region and the recently discovered Fermi Bubbles. We quantify the impact of the recent hint for a large value of $\theta_{13}$ on high-energy neutrino oscillations.
Small pitch-angle magnetobremsstrahlung in inhomogeneous curved magnetic fields
Stanislav Kelner,Felix Aharonian
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: The character of radiation of relativistic charged particles in strong magnetic fields largely depends on the disposition of particle trajectories relative to the field lines. The motion of particles with trajectories close to the curved magnetic lines is usually referred to the so-called curvature radiation. The latter is treated within the formalism of synchrotron radiation by replacing the particle Larmor radius with the curvature radius of the field lines. However, even at small pitch angles, the curvatures of the particle trajectory and the field line may differ significantly. Moreover, as we show in this paper the trajectory curvature varies with time, i.e. the process has a stochastic character. Therefore for calculations of observable characteristics of radiation by an ensemble of particles, the radiation intensities should be averaged over time. In this paper, for determination of particle trajectories we use the Hamiltonian formalism, and show that that close to curved magnetic lines, for the given configuration of the magnetic field, the initial point and particle energy, always exist a smooth trajectory without fast oscillations of the curvature radius. This is the trajectory which is responsible for the curvature radiation. The realization of this regime requires the initial particle velocity to be directed strictly along the smooth trajectory. This result might have direct relation to the recent spectral measurements of gamma-radiation of pulsars by the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope.
Limitations on the Photo-disintegration Process as a Source of VHE Photons
Felix Aharonian,Andrew M. Taylor
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2010.08.004
Abstract: We consider whether photo-disintegration is ever able to provide an effective mechanism for the production of VHE $\gamma$-ray emission from astrophysical sources. We find that the efficiency of this process is always smaller by a factor $A/Z^{2}$ ($\sim 4/A$) than that of nuclei cooling through Bethe-Heitler pair-production. Furthermore, for sources optically thin to TeV emission, we find that the efficiency of this process can be no more than $3\times 10^{-5}(R_{\rm source}/R_{\rm Larmor})$, where $R_{\rm source}$ is the source size and $R_{\rm Larmor}$ is the CR nuclei Larmor radius. We conclude that this process is unable to provide an effective mechanism for VHE $\gamma$-ray emission from astrophysical sources.
The Fermi Bubbles: Giant, Multi-Billion-Year-Old Reservoirs of Galactic Center Cosmic Rays
Roland M. Crocker,Felix Aharonian
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.101102
Abstract: Recently evidence has emerged for enormous features in the gamma-ray sky observed by the Fermi-LAT instrument: bilateral `bubbles' of emission centered on the core of the Galaxy and extending to around 10 kpc above and below the Galactic plane. These structures are coincident with a non-thermal microwave `haze' found in WMAP data and an extended region of X-ray emission detected by ROSAT. The bubbles' gamma-ray emission is characterised by a hard and relatively uniform spectrum, relatively uniform intensity, and an overall luminosity ~4 x 10^37 erg/s, around one order of magnitude larger than their microwave luminosity while more than order of magnitude less than their X-ray luminosity. Here we show that the bubbles are naturally explained as due to a population of relic cosmic ray protons and heavier ions injected by processes associated with extremely long timescale (>~8 Gyr) and high areal density star-formation in the Galactic center.
Hadronic gamma-rays from RX J1713.7-3946?
Stefano Gabici,Felix A. Aharonian
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slu132
Abstract: RXJ1713.7-3946 is a key object to check the supernova remnant paradigm of the origin of Galactic cosmic rays. While the origin of its gamma-ray emission (hadronic versus leptonic) is still debated, the hard spectrum at GeV energies reported by the Fermi collaboration is generally interpreted as a strong argument in favor of a leptonic scenario. On the contrary, we show that hadronic interactions can naturally explain the gamma-ray spectrum if gas clumps are present in the supernova remnant shell. The absence of thermal X-rays from the remnant fits well within this scenario.
Probing the central black hole in M87 with gamma-rays
Frank M. Rieger,Felix Aharonian
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1142/S0217732312300303
Abstract: Recent high-sensitivity observation of the nearby radio galaxy M87 have provided important insights into the central engine that drives the large-scale outflows seen in radio, optical and X-rays. This review summarizes the observational status achieved in the high energy (HE;<100 GeV) and very high energy (VHE; >100 GeV) gamma-ray domains, and discusses the theoretical progress in understanding the physical origin of this emission and its relation to the activity of the central black hole.
Broad-band nonthermal emission from molecular clouds illuminated by cosmic rays from nearby supernova remnants
Stefano Gabici,Felix A. Aharonian,Sabrina Casanova
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.14832.x
Abstract: Molecular clouds are expected to emit non-thermal radiation due to cosmic ray interactions in the dense magnetized gas. Such emission is amplified if a cloud is located close to an accelerator of cosmic rays and if energetic particles can leave the accelerator site and diffusively reach the cloud. We consider here the situation in which a molecular cloud is located in the proximity of a supernova remnant which is efficiently accelerating cosmic rays and gradually releasing them in the interstellar medium. We calculate the multiwavelength spectrum from radio to gamma rays which is emerging from the cloud as the result of cosmic ray interactions. The total energy output is dominated by the gamma ray emission, which can exceed the emission in other bands by an order of magnitude or more. This suggests that some of the unidentified TeV sources detected so far, with no obvious or very weak counterparts in other wavelengths, might be in fact associated with clouds illuminated by cosmic rays coming from a nearby source. Moreover, under certain conditions, the gamma ray spectrum exhibit a concave shape, being steep at low energies and hard at high energies. This fact might have important implications for the studies of the spectral compatibility of GeV and TeV gamma ray sources.
Time Dependent Modeling of the Markarian 501 X-ray and TeV Gamma-Ray Data Taken During March and April, 1997
Henric Krawczynski,Paolo S. Coppi,Felix Aharonian
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-8711.2002.05750.x
Abstract: If the high-energy emission from TeV blazars is produced by the Synchrotron Self-Compton (SSC) mechanism, then simultaneous X-ray and Gamma-ray observations of these objects are a powerful probe of the electron (and/or positron) populations responsible for this emission. Understanding the emitting particle distributions and their evolution in turn allow us to probe physical conditions in the inner blazar jet and test, for example, various acceleration scenarios. By constraining the SSC emission model parameters, such observations also allow us to predict the intrinsic (unabsorbed) Gamma-ray spectra of these sources, a major uncertainty in current attempts to use the observed Gamma-ray spectra to constrain the intensity of the extragalactic background at optical/infrared wavelengths. As a next step in testing the SSC model and as a demonstration of the potential power of coordinated X-ray and Gamma-ray observations, we attempt to model in detail the X-ray and Gamma-ray light curves of the TeV Blazar Mrk 501 during its April-May 1997 outburst using a time dependent SSC emission model. Extensive, quasi-simultaneous X-ray and gamma-ray coverage exists for this period. We discuss and explore quantitatively several of the flare scenarios presented in the literature. We show that simple two-component models (with a soft, steady X-ray component plus a variable SSC component) involving substantial pre-acceleration of electrons to Lorentz factors on the order of 1E+5 describe the data train surprisingly well. All considered models imply an emission region that is strongly out of equipartition and low radiative efficiencies (ratio between kinetic jet luminosity and comoving radiative luminosity) of 1 per-mill and less.
A Galactic Halo Origin of the Neutrinos Detected by IceCube
Andrew M. Taylor,Stefano Gabici,Felix Aharonian
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.89.103003
Abstract: Recent IceCube results suggest that the first detection of very high energy astrophysical neutrinos have been accomplished. We consider these results at face value in a Galactic origin context. Emission scenarios from both the Fermi bubble and broader halo region are considered. We motivate that such an intensity of diffuse neutrino emission could be Galactic in origin if it is produced from an outflow into the halo region. This scenario requires cosmic ray transport within the outflow environment to be different to that inferred locally within the disk and that activity in the central part of the Galaxy accelerates cosmic rays to trans-"knee" energies before they escape into an outflow. The presence of a large reservoir of gas in a very extended halo around the Galaxy, recently inferred from X-ray observations, implies that relatively modest acceleration power of $10^{39}$ erg s$^{-1}$ in PeV energy cosmic rays may be sufficient to explain the observed neutrino flux. Such a luminosity is compatible with that required to explain the observed intensity of cosmic rays around the "knee".
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