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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 325006 matches for " Fazlay S. Faruque "
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Assessment of Arsenic Contamination of Groundwater and Health Problems in Bangladesh
Md. Khalequzzaman,Fazlay S. Faruque,Amal K. Mitra
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2005, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph2005020002
Abstract: Excessive amounts of arsenic (As) in the groundwater in Bangladesh and neighboring states in India are a major public health problem. About 30% of the private wells in Bangladesh exhibit high concentrations of arsenic. Over half the country, 269 out of 464 administrative units, is affected. Similar problems exist in many other parts of the world, including the Unites States. This paper presents an assessment of the health hazards caused by arsenic contamination in the drinking water in Bangladesh. Four competing hypotheses, each addressing the sources, reaction mechanisms, pathways, and sinks of arsenic in groundwater, were analyzed in the context of the geologic history and land-use practices in the Bengal Basin. None of the hypotheses alone can explain the observed variability in arsenic concentration in time and space; each appears to have some validity on a local scale. Thus, it is likely that several bio-geochemical processes are active among the region’s various geologic environments, and that each contributes to the mobilization and release of arsenic. Additional research efforts will be needed to understand the relationships between underlying biogeochemical factors and the mechanisms for arsenic release in various geologic settings.
Study of Gravitomagnetic Clock Effect Due To Gravitational Spin-Orbit Coupling
Md Arifuzzaman,,S.B. Faruque
International Journal of Engineering Research , 2014,
Abstract: Abstract: In this paper, we consider a possible gravitational spin-orbit coupling. It is shown that in presence of such a coupling there would appear a clock effect very similar to the gravitomagnetic clock effect. The new clock effect is found to be topological. According to this effect, two counter orbiting spinning test particles placed on two identical circular equatorial orbits around a central massive body would take different times to complete a full revolution. In this paper, we calculate the period difference using the gravitational spinorbit coupling term as given by the expression found by Barker and O’Connel.
Risk Factors for Severe Cholera among Children under Five in Rural and Urban Bangladesh, 2000–2008: A Hospital-Based Surveillance Study
Danny V. Colombara, Karen D. Cowgill, Abu S. G. Faruque
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054395
Abstract: Background Children under five bear the largest cholera burden. We therefore sought to identify modifiable risk factors among Bangladeshi children. Methodology/Principal Findings We used multivariate Poisson regression to assess risk factors for severe cholera among diarrheal patients presenting at hospitals in Matlab (rural) and Dhaka (urban), Bangladesh. Risk increased with age. Compared to those under one, rural and urban four-year-olds had adjusted risk ratios (aRR) of 4.17 (95% confidence interval (CI) 2.43–7.15) and 6.32 (95% CI: 4.63–8.63), respectively. Breastfeeding halved the risk in both rural (aRR = 0.49, 95% CI: 0.35–0.67) and urban (aRR = 0.51, 95% CI: 0.41–0.62) settings. Rural children’s risk decreased with maternal education (P-trend: <0.001) and increased among those with a family member with diarrhea in the past week (aRR = 1.61, 95% CI: 1.22–2.14) and those with prior vitamin A supplementation (aRR = 1.65, 95% CI: 1.12–2.43). Urban children whose mothers daily (aRR = 0.41, 95% CI: 0.21–0.79) or occasionally (aRR = 0.55, 95% CI: 0.36–0.84) read a newspaper experienced reduced risk. Urban children from households with incomes between 34–84 USD/month had a 30% increased risk compared to those from households with incomes >84 USD/month. Conclusion/Significance Increasing age, lower socioeconomic status, and lack of breastfeeding are key correlates of increased risk for cholera hospitalization among those under five in rural and urban Bangladesh. In addition, having a family member with diarrhea in the past week was associated with increased risk among rural children. Continued attention should be directed to the promotion of breastfeeding. Further research is needed to elucidate the relationship between maternal education and cholera risk. Renewed research regarding the use of chemoprophylaxis among family members of cholera cases may be warranted in rural endemic settings.
History of Vitamin A Supplementation Reduces Severity of Diarrhea in Young Children Admitted to Hospital with Diarrhea and Pneumonia  [PDF]
Mohammod J. Chisti, Mohammed A. Salam, Abu S. G. Faruque, Hasan Ashraf, Pradip K. Bardhan, Sumon K. Das, Sayeeda Huq, Fahmida Chowdhury, Shoeb B. Islam, Tahmeed Ahmed
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.42021
Abstract:

Background: Although the role of vitamin A in childhood pneumonia in association with diarrhea is not fully proven, we did not find any published data demonstrating the impact of lack of vitamin A supplementation in under-five children who present with the co-morbidities of pneumonia and diarrhea. This study examined whether previous vitamin A supplementation was associated with reduced severity and duration of diarrhea and pneumonia for children presenting with both illnesses. Methods: All admitted children (n = 189) aged 0 - 59 months to the Special Care Ward of the Dhaka Hospital of icddr,b with diarrhea and radiological pneumonia from September-December 2007 were enrolled. We compared clinical features of the children who received (n = 96) and did not receive (n = 93) high potency capsule vitamin A supplementation during previous immunization according to EPI schedule. Results: In logistic regression analysis, after adjusting for potential confounders such as respiratory rate, lower chest wall in-drawing, severe wasting and systolic blood pressure, vitamin A non-supplemented children with pneumonia and diarrhea more often presented in their early infancy (95% CI 1.01 - 1.09), had duration of diarrhea for >4 days (95% CI 1.79 - 11.88), had clinical dehydration (95% CI 1.2 - 5.63), and more often required hospitalization for >7 days (95% CI 1.03 - 8.87). But, there was no significant difference in the clinical features of pneumonia, such as history of cough, respiratory rate, lower chest wall in-drawing, nasal flaring, head nodding, grunting respiration, cyanosis, and inability to drink between the groups. Conclusion: Lack of vitamin A supplementation in under-five children with radiological pneumonia and diarrhea is independently associated with young infancy, duration of diarrhea for >4 days, dehydration and hospitalization for >7 days which underscores the importance of routine supplementation of vitamin A in young infancy. However, lack of vitamin A supplementation did not influence

Predictors of Meningitis in Under-Fifteen Children Attending an Intensive Care Unit of an Urban Large Diarrheal Disease Hospital in Bangladesh  [PDF]
Farzana Afroze, Tahmeed Ahmed, Shafiqul Alam Sarker, Abu S. G. Faruque, Hasan Ashraf, Pradip Kumar Bardhan, Sumon Kumar Das, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2014.52022
Abstract:

Background: Data are lack on predicting features of meningitis in diarrheal children although the great clinical importance. Objective: To evaluate clinical and laboratory features in predicting meningitis in under-fifteen children having diarrheal illnesses. Methods: Children aged 1 month to 15 years, admitted in the ICU of the Dhaka Hospital of icddr, b between March 2011 and February 2012 with fever and seizure or altered consciousness and having LP done were enrolled into this analysis. Those children who had abnormal CSF findings [pleocytosis (normal range of leukocyte, 0 - 10/mm3) and/or elevated protein (normal range, 0.10 - 0.45 mg/dl) and low glucose (normal value, 60% of corresponding blood glucose)] were defined as meningitis. Comparison was made between children with (cases = 17) and without meningitis (controls = 66) from our study children. Data were retrospectively collected from SHEBA, an online database system of the Dhaka Hospital of icddr, b. Results: Death was significantly higher among the cases compared to the controls (29% vs. 3%, p = 0.003). In logistic regression analysis, after adjusting for potential confounders, cases frequently had hypoxemia (95% CI 1.55 - 21.93), absent peripheral pulse (95% CI 1.95 - 27.13) and neutrophilia (95% CI 1.13 - 17.00). Conclusion: Our data suggest that children with meningitis had higher case fatality rate. Simple independent predictors of meningitis such as hypoxemia, absent peripheral pulse, and neutrophilia may help clinicians to initiate early and prompt management in order to curve lifelong sequel due to meningitis and death in such patient population especially those in resource poor settings.

A Study on the Reproductive Performance of Does in Different Genetic Groups under Village Condition
S. Faruque,S. S. Husain,M. M. Rahman,B. K. Roy
Journal of Biological Sciences , 2002,
Abstract: In this study sixty three farmers mainly from land-less and small category, having some previous experience of rearing goats were selected. There were three genetic groups viz. I) jamunapari male × black bengal female ii) selected black bengal male × selected black bengal female and iii) random black bengal. Feeding and management systems of keeping goats were almost similar. No extra inputs were provided to them except grazing from morning to evening. The main objective of this study was to investigate the effect of selection and crossbreeding in black bengal goats on various reproductive characteristics. Traits considered for the present study were age at puberty, number of services per conception, gestation length, litter size, age at first kidding, post partum heat period, kidding interval, abortion rate and survival rate of kids. Analysis of variance indicated a highly significant (p<0.01) effect of genetic groups on post-partum heat period, kidding interval and abortion rate. Gestation length was significantly (p<0.05) affected by genetic groups. Age at puberty, number of services per conception, litter size, age at first kidding and survival rate were not affected significantly (P>0.05) by genetic groups.
Comparative Study on Carcass Characteristics of Different Genetic Groups of Spent Hen in Bangladesh
K.N. Munira,M.J. Uddin,S. Faruque,M.S. Parvez
International Journal of Poultry Science , 2006,
Abstract: The carcass characteristics and meat yield studied using a total 20 number of cage reared spent hens of White Leghorn (WLH), White Rock (WR), Rhode Island Red (RIR) and Barred Plymouth Rock (BPR). There were a significant different (p< 0.05) between breeds with live weight and dressed weight although it differ breed to breed. In case of dressed weight it is observed higher in RIR intermediate in BPR & WR and lower in WLH. Shank length, head weight, liver weight and gizzard weight were statistically non-significant between breeds. Shank length was statistically non-significant between breeds but shank weight was highly significant between them and highest in WR, intermediate in RIR & BPR but lowest in WLH. Viscera loss is higher in WLH then RIR and WR, BPR are in almost similar and the similar trained was found for feather loss and blood discharge. The result exhibits that the RIR carcass is the best, BPR and WR are in second position and the lowest is WLH in qualitative or quantitative measure not only for heavy breed but the total loss (viscera, feather and blood) is the lowest in comparison to the other three breeds. On the contrary, correlation between dressed carcass weight and abdominal fat was estimated and highly correlation was found in WLH followed by BPR, RIR and WR. If dressed carcass weight increase 1 (g) then abdominal fat increase by 0.2136(g), 0.1297(g), 0.1819 (g) and 0.0591 (g) respectively for WLH, BPR, RIR and WR. Finally it can be concluded that the RIR carcass is the best in terms of quality and quantity. The WR & BPR are almost in similar holding second position and the lowest is WLH.
In Bangla There Is No Word for Vagina
—Reflections on Language, Sexual Health, and Women’s Access to Healthcare in Resource-Limited Countries
 [PDF]

Annekathryn Goodman, Mithila Faruque, Rachel M. Clark
Health (Health) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.812127
Abstract: Language plays a central role in how gender and sexuality are described. In Bangla or Bengali, physicians, when educating and counseling women patients, do not have a socially acceptable word for “vagina”. If language is missing for female genitalia or important female sexual functions, could this absence reflect on the position of women in society, reproductive rights, and access to healthcare? Is there a relationship between language and the high rates of the gender-based cervical and breast cancers in some low and middle-income countries? This commentary examines scholarship on the topic of language, the female body, gender-based violence, disparities of healthcare for women, and the consequences of language on sexual attitudes and health.
Road Traffic Accident Scenario, Pattern and Forecasting in Bangladesh  [PDF]
Md Shakhawat Hossain, Md Omor Faruque
Journal of Data Analysis and Information Processing (JDAIP) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jdaip.2019.72003
Abstract: The main aim of this research work is to be aware of the road traffic accident scenario, injurious effects and pattern in Bangladesh. Moreover we are interested to forecast the magnitude of road traffic accidents for the future so that decision makers can make appropriate decision for precaution. This study also provides an assessment of road traffic accidents in Bangladesh and its impact based on data collected for the period of 1971 to 2017. In this study we have tried to pick up the main reasons of road accidents and to observe the tremendous situation. The study observed that the general trends of road traffic accident (RTA), deaths and injuries reveal that the number of RTA, deaths and injuries increased gradually with little fluctuations form 1971 to 2007 and after 2007 there is a slow decreasing trend. Although the number of RTA and deaths observed decreasing trend in recent years, the ratio of number of deaths to number of accident increased significantly. The rate of register vehicles per 10,000 people increased moderately throughout the period but a sharp increment is exhibited from 2009. Highest percentage of RTA (34%) and deaths is due to RTA (32%) in Dhaka division while the lowest percentage of RTA (4%) in Barisal and Sylhet divisions and deaths is due to RTA (3%) in Barisal division. It is noticed that the maximum number of injuries occurred between ages 21 and 30 while the maximum number of deaths occurred between ages 11 and 30. Most of the RTA and deaths due to RTA are caused by run over by vehicles and head to head collision. The severity of occurring road accident and number of deaths are higher during the festive periods because of involving higher frequency of traveling than usual. The time plot shows that the graph maintains a decreasing movement from 2012 to 2015 but increases from 2015 to 2017. In the research an additive time series model approach is applied. It included the estimation of trend, seasonal variation and random variation using triple exponential smoothing method. We performed forecasting of RTA eliminating seasonal impact for the next three consecutive years (2018-2020) with 95% confidence interval using Holt-Winters exponential technique.
Adenovirus Induced Hydropericardium-hepatitis Syndrome in Broiler Parent Chickens in Chittagong, Bangladesh
P.K. Biswas,B.K. Sil,R. Faruque,S. Ahmed
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2002,
Abstract: A disease outbreak was investigated in a commercial broiler parent stock farm. The outbreak began at the mid of May 2000 and continued more than one month. During the period mortality was recorded around 4 % in the affected shed, flock strength of which was 5000 birds. During post mortem examination the pericardial sac was found engorged with straw colour pericardial fluid. Numerous subcapsular petechial and ecchymotic haemorrhages were seen in liver. No bacterial growth was found after 48 hours of incubation on Muller-Hinton and MacConkey agar surfaces inoculated from the pathological sample. But poor viral growth was recorded in chick embryo fibroblast cell culture propagated inoculums making from heart and liver. Harvested virus using as antigen source from the growth was found reacted positively in agar gel precipitation test with reference conventional adenovirus polyvalent antiserum. Two of the four randomly collected serum samples of the affected flock at day 20 of the outbreak were also found reacting positively with the known reference antigen produced by the same institute. Not having the type specific antiserum the present study failed to elucidate the stereotype (s) that involved in the said outbreak. Nevertheless, the study seems to be the first report of adenoviral induced hydropericardium-hepatitis syndrome or leechi heart disease affecting chicken in Bangladesh.
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