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MUZAFFER ZGü’NüN YKüLER NDE OCUK VE E T M TEMASI / CHILDREN AND EDUCATION THEMA IN MUZAFFER ZGü’S STORIES
Hulusi GE?GEL,Fatma DEMR
Journal of the Human and Social Science Researches (itobiad) , 2012,
Abstract: Cumhuriyet d nemiyle birlikte ocuk ve ocuk edebiyat daha ok nemsenmi ve bir ok yazar ocuk edebiyat alan nda eserler ortaya koymaya ba lam t r. Bu yazarlardan biri de, Muzaffer zgü’dür. Diyarbak r retmen Okulu’ndan mezun olduktan sonra uzun y llar retmenlik yapan yazar, kara mizah türünde yazarl k ya am na ba lar. Bu alanda yeti kinler i in bir ok ykü, roman ve oyunlar yazar. Daha sonra retmenlik mesle inden getirdi ideneyimlerle ocuk edebiyat alan na y nelerek ykü ve romanlardan olu an 76 eser meydana getirir. zgü’nün yeti kinler ve ocuklar i in yazd 65 ykü kitab nda ocuk ve e itim temas geni bir yer tutar. ocuklar zgü’nün eserlerinde vazge ilmez bir unsurdur. Yazar, yküleriyle ocuklar e itmeyi ve e lendirmeyi ama lar. zgü’nün eserlerinde ocuklara payla ma, yard mla ma, fedakarl k, eme e sayg , üretkenlik, gü süzden yana olma, vatan n sevme, evreye ve büyüklere sayg l olma gibi de erler verilmeye al l r. zgü’nün eserlerinde e itim konusu geni bir yer tuttu undan, e itimin en nemli iki unsuru da bu ykülerde kar m za s k a kar. Bu iki unsur retmen ve rencidir. ykülerde madd s k nt eken retmenler yer alsa da; okuyuculara rnek olmas a s ndan iyi, fedakar ve anlay l retmen tipleri daha ok anlat r. renci tipleri i in de ayn durum ge erlidir. Her tipte renci ykülerde yer al rken, o unlu u düzenli ve al kan renciler olu turur. Muzaffer zgü ykülerinde ocu u anlat rken, ocuk ve renci bütünlü ünü bozmaz. Ayn zamanda ykülerde yer alan ocuklar, o unlukla fakir ve al mak zorunda olan tiplerdir. ykülerin neredeyse hepsinde ocuk ve oyun kavram birlikte verilmi tir. Oyun, zgü’nün eserlerinde ocuktan ayr lmayan bir bütündür.
MEAN–VARIANCE–SKEWNESS–KURTOSIS APPROACH TO PORTFOLIO OPTIM ZATION: AN APPLICATION IN ISTANBUL STOCK EXCHANGE
Burcu ARACIO?LU,Fatma DEM?RCAN,Haluk SOYUER
Ege Academic Review , 2011,
Abstract: Portfolio optimization, the construction of the best combination of investment instruments that will meet the investors’ basic expectations under certain limitations, has an important place in the finance world. In the portfolio optimization, the Mean Variance model of Mar-kowitz (1952) that expresses a tradeoff between return and risk for a set of portfolios, has played a critical role and affected other studies in this area. In the Mean Variance model, only the covariances between securi-ties are considered in determining the risk of portfolios. The model is based on the assumptions that investors have a quadratic utility function and the return of the securities is distributed normally. Various studies that investigate the validity of these assumptions find evidence against them. Asset returns have significant skewness and kurtosis. In the light of these findings, it is seen that in recent years researchers use higher order of moments in the portfolio selection (Konno et al, 1993; Chunhachinda et al, 1997; Liu et al, 2003; Harvey et al, 2004; Jondeau and Rockinger, 2006; Lai et al, 2006; Jana et al, 2007; Maringer and Parpas, 2009; Briec et al, 2007; Taylan and Tatl dil, 2010).In this study, in the mean- variance- skewness- kurtosis framework, multiple conflicting and competing portfolio objectives such as maximizing expected return and skewness and minimizing risk and kurtosis simultaneously, will be addressed by construction of a poly-nomial goal programming (PGP) model. The PGP model will be tested on Istanbul Stock Exchange (ISE) 30 stocks. Previous empirical results indicate that for all investor preferences and stock indices, the PGP approach is highly effective in order to solve the multi conflicting portfolio goals in the mean – variance - skewness – kurtosis frame-work. In this study, portfolios will be formed in accordance with the investor preferences over incorporation of higher moments. The ef-fects of preferences both on the combination of stocks in the port-folios and descriptive statistics of portfolio returns will be analyzed. Another aim of this study is to investigate the impacts of the incor-poration of skewness and kurtosis of asset returns into the portfolio optimization on portfolios’ returns descriptive statistics
DOYUMSUZ TüKET M ARZUSU VE EVRE SORUNUNA KUR’AN ER EVES NDE BAKI
Recep DEMR
Tarih Kültür ve Sanat Ara?t?rmalar? Dergisi , 2012,
Abstract: zet Tarihin belki de bütün d nemlerinde bir evre sorunundan s z etmek mümkündür. Ancak zellikle modern d nemdeki evre sorunu ncekilerden gerek mahiyet gerekse nitelik bak m ndan ok farkl boyutlardad r. ncelikle Bat da, R nesans sonras bilim alan ndaki geli meler, sanayi devrimi ve kapitalist dünya ekonomisine ge i , muazzam bir tüketim ve beraberinde evre sorununu getirdi. Ahlak ve din de erlerin bir kenara itilerek reddedildi i, maddeye sahip olup onu tüketme dü üncesinin bütün hedeflerin nüne ge ti i bir dünyada do an n da aresiz kalaca muhakkakt r. Dolay s yla evre sorununun olu umunda, tüketimin s n rs zl ile tabi kaynaklar n s n rl l aras ndaki diyalekti in nemli bir rol oynad n ifade etmek gerekir. Ele al p irdeleyece imiz bu problemlerin ortaya kmas nda kanaatimizce metafizik de erlerin terk edilmesi nemli bir yer i gal etmektedir. Bu ba lamda Kur’an’ n üretim ve tüketim ile evre tasavvuru olduk a nemli bir muhteva ortaya koymaktad r. te bu makalede doyumsuz tüketim arzusu, evre sorunu, metafizik de erlerin nemi ele al narak de erlendirilecektir.Abstract It is possible to say that the enviromental issue has existed almost in all period of history. However, enviromental issue in modern times is very different from others in terms of both content and quality. Firstly, in the West, developments in science after Renaissance, the Industrial Revolotion and transition to capitalistic world economy brought along a huge consumer as well as many enviromental isssues. Nature is definetly helpless in the world in which men often refuse religious and moral values; it is also an important thing to have materials and consume them. Thus, it must be stated that dialectics play an important role in occurence of enviromental issues between the limetless needs of consumers and the limited amount of naturel resources. As far as I am concerned, abandonment of metaphysical values has become an important aspect in occurence of this matter. In this circumtance, the concept of products, consumers and enviroment in the Qur’an has a rather important role. In this article, we have examined the desire for consumption, enviromental issue and importance of metaphysical values. . :
Celal Bayar’ n Cumhurba kan Se ilmesi ve Demokrat Parti Hükümetinin Kurulmas (1950)/// Election of President Celal Bayar and the Formation of Democrat Party Government (1950)
?erif DEMR
History Studies : International Journal of History , 2012,
Abstract: Celal Bayar assumed important responsibilities and duties during the National Liberation War and Single-Party Period. By founding the Democratic Party in 1946, Bayar contributed to the democratization of Turkey and a smooth transition to multi-party political life. Prior to May 14, 1950 elections, he established a common sense opposition. On May 14, Celal Bayar and DP won a huge election victory. Bayar became the third President of the Republic of Turkey on May 22, 1950, and he appointed the new Prime Minister, the Chairman of the Assembly and the DP General Secretary. Thus, Bayar led Turkey successfully at the convergence of an exceptional period in Turkey.
Konya er iyye Sicillerinde R za Senedi rnekleri (1659-1749)//// The Sample of Acceptance Form in Konya Ser’iyye Registers (1659-1749)
Alpaslan DEMR
History Studies : International Journal of History , 2012,
Abstract: er’iyye registers are the most important sources for the researches of the medicine history like all fields of the Ottoman society life. This study is about the evaluation of the acceptance form in the Konya er’iyye registers and it occurs from 24 er’iyye registers that were selected by drilling amoung 48 er’iyye registers covering the years 1659-1749. Total 58 acceptance form are in these er’iyye registers. According to the acceptance forms, with 23 person bladder stone and with 23 person inguinal hernia were the most common illnesses in Konya. In addition, 7 person were suffered from herniated disc, 3 person were suffered from umbilical hernia. Other illness that has beencome across with in the acceptance forms is hydropsy that cause to water accumulation in abdominal region. Finally there was one person in the records that suffered from eye disease.
Hatay’da Siyasi eki meler ve Türkiye’nin Politikas (1936-1938)/// Political Struggles in Hatay and the Turkey's Policy (1936-1938)
Ya?ar DEMR
History Studies : International Journal of History , 2012,
Abstract: With the agreements of Ankara, France had a mandate to the Sanjak of Iskenderun. Fifteen years later in 1936, given the desire for independence from Syria, France tried to link the region to Syria. Turkey who perceived the situation, considering that the condition existing preparing a new legal basis, has immediately intervened to prevent the plan from happening. Turkey came into contact with the local population to prevent the Sanjak to be tied to Syria. Therefore, the society was divided into pro-Syrian and pro-Turkish. Thus, the conflict became inevitable. Turkey wanted to solve the case within international law by appealing to Cemiyet-Akvam. After obtaining partial results, bilateral meetings with France were taken seriously and the September 2, 1938 Turkey has managed to ensure Republic of Hatay to be created.
REFLECTIONS OF GERMANY MIGRATION TO THE YüKSEL PAZARKAYA’S STORY BOOK OTURMA ZN BY ITS SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS SOSYO-EKONOM K Y NüYLE ALMANYA’YA G üN YüKSEL PAZARKAYA’NIN ‘OTURMA ZN ’ ADLI YKü K TABINA YANSIMALARI
Ahmet DEMR
Turkish Studies , 2011,
Abstract: Yüksel Pazarkaya’s story book Oturma zni, published in 1977, presents realistic scenes from the Turkish migration to Germany and Germany lives of first generation Turks by its social, economic, cultural, psychological aspects. In Oturma zni it is especially focused that the socio-economic aspect of Germany migration which bears first of all, the characteristics of Labor Migration and the basis of which relays upon economic reasons. In the story book, the economic reasons of Germany migration, the socio-economic conditions of first generation Turkish migrants and their socio-economic status in Germany reflected in the frames both the Turkey and Germany realities. In this work, the reflections of Germany migration by its socio-economic aspects and socio-economic reality of first generation Turkish migrants to the story book of Oturma zni are being analyzed. Yüksel Pazarkaya’n n 1977 y l nda yay nlanan Oturma zni adl ykü kitab , sosyal, ekonomik, kültürel, psikolojik vb. a lardan Türklerin Almanya’ya g serüveninden ve birinci ku ak Türklerin Almanya ya am ndan ger ek i kesitler sunar. Oturma zni’nde yer alan ykülerde, her eyden nce i gücü g ü karakteristi i ta yan ve temelinde ekonomik nedenlerin yer ald Almanya’ya g ün zellikle sosyo-ekonomik y nü i lenir. Almanya’ya g ün alt nda yatan ekonomik nedenler, birinci ku ak Türklerin i inde bulunduklar sosyo-ekonomik ko ullar ve Almanya’daki sosyo-ekonomik konumlar , hem Türkiye hem de Almanya ger e i er evesinde yans t l r. Bu al mada, sosyo-ekonomik y nüyle Almanya’ya g ün ve birinci ku ak Türklerin ya am na dair sosyo-ekonomik ger ekli in Oturma zni adl ykü kitab na yans malar incelenmektedir.
THE BIBLIOGRAPHY OF FOLK NARRATIONS IN DIALECT THESES WRITTEN IN POSTGRADUATE DEGREE AND IN ACADEM C DIALECT STUDIES TüRK YE’DE L SANSüSTü DüZEYDE HAZIRLANAN A IZ TEZLER VE AKADEM K A IZ ARA TIRMALARINDAK HALK ANLATILARI B BL YOGRAFYASI
?zkan DA?DEMR
Turkish Studies , 2012,
Abstract: Bibliographic studies are of great importance in terms of scientific studies. Today, it is seen that these studies, of which importance increases, not only prevent the waste of time and energy in scientific studies but also make statistical studies easier. In our study, it is aimed to help those who are interested in folkloric studies. Our study includes the bibliography of folk narratives in dialect theses written in postgraduate degree and academic dialect studies in Turkish universities. In this sense 1036 folk narrations have been determined. These narrations –even if some are not professional- which are collected from different dialects of Turkey and Turkish World, are among the sources that researches can use. Bibliyografik al malar bilimsel ara t rmalar a s ndan son derece nemlidir. Günümüzde nemi daha da artan bu tür al malar n bilimsel ara t rmalarda zaman ve enerji kayb n nledi i ve istatistiksel al malar kolayla t rd g rülmektedir. Yap lan bu al ma, halk bilimi ara t rmalar nda ilgililerine s zü edilen kolayl klar sa lamak amac n ta maktad r. al ma, Türk üniversitelerinde lisansüstü düzeyde haz rlanan a z tezleri ve akademik a z ara t rmalar ndaki halk anlat lar n n bibliyografyas n i ermektedir. Bu ba lamda 1036 halk anlat s tespit edilmi tir. Türkiye ve Türk Dünyas ’n n de i ik b lgelerine ait a zlardan derlenen bu anlat lar -bir o u her ne kadar usta mal anlatmalar olmasa da- halk bilimi ara t rmac lar n n ba vuraca kaynaklar aras ndad r.
THE SEMANTIC AND SYNTACTICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ELEMENTS CONSTITUTING NOUN CLOSES IN TURKEY’S TURKISH / TüRK YE TüRK ES NDE S M TAMLAMASINI OLU TURAN GELER N S Z D Z MSEL VE ANLAMSAL ZELL KLER
Dr. Celal DEMR
Turkish Studies , 2007,
Abstract: The traditional approaches to the noun closes in the Turkey’s Turkish must be revised. Because there is no corespondance between the stractures named as ‘noun clauses’ and the nformations stated in the textbooks. There are two main findings as a result of the search:1. The first element in the noun closes is not always ‘complimentary’ and tehe second is not always ‘complimented’.2. Not all the word groups that are made up of the nouns with the possesives declare possesive relations. In such word groups, there are also some stractures declaring similarities and characteristics.
SOME DETERMINATIONS FROM THE SOURCE OF THE ‘ IK SüMMAN ’S “D LBER SEN N” RYHMED POEMS IK SüMM N ’N N “D LBER SEN N” RED FL RLER NDEN HAREKETLE BAZI TESP TLER
?zkan DA?DEMR
Turkish Studies , 2010,
Abstract: The word “darling” in Divan and Folk Literature is depicted in a very rich world of meanings. The expression “dilber” which the poets frequently used for “darling” especially in Divan Literature, as we know, means “a beautiful lady”. It has been determined that this word was used by especially some poets and Sufis from Erzurum and its neighborhood for God, Prophet Muhammad, Quran, and some Islamic scholars. In this way, we see that “dilber” to be found in a poem does not necessarily mean a lady to be loved. Moreover, even God who has no sex can be seen to be depicted as “dilber” by some poets. Divan ve halk edebiyat nda “sevgili” ok zengin bir anlam dünyas nda betimlenmektedir. zellikle Divan edebiyat nda airlerin sevgili i in s k a kulland “dilber” tabiri, bilindi i üzere, güzel kad n anlam ndad r. Bu s zcü ün; - zellikle- Erzurum ve evresinden baz saz airleri ve mutasavv flar taraf ndan Allah, Hz. Muhammed, Kur’an- Kerim ve baz din büyükleri i in kullan ld tespit edilmi tir. B ylece, i erisinde “dilber” ifadesinin ge ti i her iir metninde bir kad n sevgilinin tasvir edilmedi i; dahas , herhangi bir cinsiyete malik olmayan Tanr ’n n bile birtak m airler taraf ndan bu tabirle tasvir edildi i g rülmü tür.
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