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Effects of stress management training and problem solving on quality of life and life expectancy among infertile women
Mohammad Reza Zarbakhsh Bahri,Zahra Shoa Hasani,Ziba Zahiri Sorori,Farideh amirsadat Hafshejani
Pajouhan Scientific Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Introduction: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of stress management training and problem-solving training on quality of life and life expectancy of infertile women was conducted.Material and Methods: The method of this study was experimental with pretest – posttest design with a control group. population of 400 infertile women who referred to infertility center in Rasht were randomized to 250 of them were selected and the quality of life and life expectancy of the study were the 45 members of the quality of life and life expectancy lower were more randomly in three groups of 15 people, including two experimental groups and one control group were replaced. Each experimental groups were trained for 10 sessions of 90 minutes, respectively, stress management and problem-solving. Upon completion of the training program, participants were assessed again.Results: The result of present study showed that there was a significant difference between the experimental groups and control group in the scores of quality of life and life expectancy (p<0.05) while there was no significant difference between 2 experimental groups in these scores (p>0.05).Conclusion: Stress management and problem solving training were effective on life expectancy and quality of life of infertile women but there was no significant difference between the effectiveness of these two methods on life expectancy and quality of life of infertile women.
SPOROTRICHOSIS IN IRAN: FIRST REPORT OF ISOLATION OF SPOROTHRIX SCHENKII FROM CLINICAL MATERIAL
Farideh Zaini
Acta Medica Iranica , 1984,
Abstract: The i s c l ation o f Sporot hrix Schencki i in IRAN i s reported from the arm l esions of a housewi f e for the first time. The identity o f the fungus was based on its gross and microscopic cultural morphol ogy including demonstration of its dimorphic character.
Hydronephrosis Index: New Sensitive Reference for Follow up of Fetal Hydronephrosis
Farideh Gharekhanloo
Iranian Journal of Radiology , 2010,
Abstract: Background/Objective: Fetal hydronephrosis (HN)is the most common abnormality that is detected in the prenatal ultrasonography (US) and serial assessment of hydronephrosis by US is often used in clinical decision making. The present study serves to determine quantitative index for follow up of the fetal hydronephrosis versus the routine SFU grading system and AP diameter of pelvis study."nPatients and Methods: This study was performed using GE LOGIQ 500 PRO series system 40. Hydronephrotic kidney in the prenatal US were included and in each fetus hydronephrosis index (HI) was determined and 1, 6, 12 and 18-month follow-up after delivery. We selected a single sagittal view of the kidney. Perimeter of kidney and boundaries of hydronephrotic pericaliceal system within the kidney is outlined and software automatically calculated the area of kidney and dilated pelvis. HI is determined as follows: HI=total area of kidney-area of hydronephrotic sinus/total area x 100 and HI is recorded as dimentionless number."nResult: In 25 cases (62.5%) HI showed decreasing hydronphrosis (higher HI) and in 12 cases (30%) HI showed increasing hydronephrosis (lower HI) and in three cases (1.2%) hydronephrosis was stable. Statistical analysis showed that HI was determined with an objectivity of 97 %. "nConclusion: HI is a sensitive method for the assessment of hydronephrosis overtime, quanitively. Especially, in severe hydronpehrosis that SFU grading system lacks clarity and depends on individual interpretation, the value of HI is greatest in this regard and indicates that HN is improving, deteriorating or stable. Because the extrarenal HN is less harmful, the HI is a better way to follow the HN than AP diameter of renal pelvis. It is a more sensitive indicator of the renal parenchymal status and allows better informed clinical decision making, identifying changes in HN not discerned by the current SFU system.
Transient Osteoporosis of the Hip
Farideh Shahandeh
Iranian Journal of Radiology , 2009,
Abstract: "nTransient osteoporosis of the hip as originally described in women, almost exclusively involved the left hip with the third trimester of pregnancy. It is now recognized as actually being more common in middle-aged men and affecting either hip. "nSymptoms include severe hip pain and decreased range of motion that resolves spontaneously in 6 to 12 months. The etiology is poorly understood, and the disease has been associated with a type of reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome. It may be migratory, with subsequent involvement of the opposite hip on an adjacent joint. Radiological changes may simulate indolent infection, osteonecrosis or infiltrative neoplasm. The underlying pathologic condition appears to be bone marrow reaction or edema. Current terminology may refer to this entity as transient bone marrow edema syndrome. Radiographs usually show osteopenia, and bone scan reveals intense activity locally within the femoral head – unlike A.V.N which often displays central photopenia. MRI demonstrates diffuse marrow abnormalities that usually extend from the subchondral femoral head to the inter trochanteric and sub trochanteric regions. There is low signal intensity on T1 weighted MR images and high signal intensity on T2 weighted sequences. The MRI changes reflect the nonspecific marrow reaction or edema that is present. Focal osteoporotic bone marrow defects in the subchondral region or subtle femoral head flattening should be searched for diligently on MR images. Unlike the case with A.V.N. , these defects are usually absent in transient osteoporosis.
Sex bias in copy number variation of olfactory receptor gene family depends on ethnicity
Farideh Shadravan
Frontiers in Genetics , 2013, DOI: 10.3389/fgene.2013.00032
Abstract: Gender plays a pivotal role in the human genetic identity and is also manifested in many genetic disorders particularly mental retardation. In this study its effect on copy number variation (CNV), known to cause genetic disorders was explored. As the olfactory receptor (OR) repertoire comprises the largest human gene family, it was selected for this study, which was carried out within and between three populations, derived from 150 individuals from the 1000 Genome Project. Analysis of 3872 CNVs detected among 791 OR loci, in which 307 loci showed CNV, revealed the following novel findings: Sex bias in CNV was significantly more prevalent in uncommon than common CNV variants of OR pseudogenes, in which the male genome showed more CNVs; and in one-copy number loss compared to complete deletion of OR pseudogenes; both findings implying a more recent evolutionary role for gender. Sex bias in copy number gain was also detected. Another novel finding was that the observed sex bias was largely dependent on ethnicity and was in general absent in East Asians. Using a CNV public database for sick children (International Standard Cytogenomic Array Consortium) the application of these findings for improving clinical molecular diagnostics is discussed by showing an example of sex bias in CNV among kids with autism. Additional clinical relevance is discussed, as the most polymorphic CNV-enriched OR cluster in the human genome, located on chr 15q11.2, is found near the Prader–Willi syndrome/Angelman syndrome bi-directionally imprinted region associated with two well-known mental retardation syndromes. As olfaction represents the primitive cognition in most mammals, arguably in competition with the development of a larger brain, the extensive retention of OR pseudogenes in females of this study, might point to a parent-of-origin indirect regulatory role for OR pseudogenes in the embryonic development of human brain. Thus any perturbation in the temporal regulation of olfactory system could lead to developmental delay disorders including mental retardation.
Performance Evaluation of Value Engineering Workshops in Iranian Construction Projects: A Case Study
Kimars Fathi Hafshejani,Changiz Valmohammadi,Masoud Saber
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2012,
Abstract: This research aims to represent a conceptual model aimed at evaluating the performance of Value Engineering Workshops (VEWs) in Iranian construction projects, given contextual and special conditions of the country. For this purpose four steps were taken; 1-identification of performance criteria for value engineering in construction projects based on literature. 2-application of factor analysis for extraction of main criteria of the performance assessment and recognition of the performance assessment concepts. 3-use of AHP method for comparison of factors. 4-evaluation and ranking of three VEWs. Through a questionnaire and using factor analysis finally 5 constructs and 27 important measures for performance assessment of VEWs were identified. The second questionnaire was designed based on AHP method in order to prioritize 3 VEWs given the criteria identified in first phase of the research and also ranked the same constructs. 4 experts that were working in 3 workshops answered this questionnaire. The results of analyses through Expert choose software showed the order of prioritization of workshops as follows; workshop 3 ranked 1, workshop 2 ranked 2 and workshop 1 in 3rd place. Based on the proposed model, performance evaluation can be done on staff and designers of VEWs and the most important factor affecting workshops can be identified and analyzed.
Developing a Mathematical Model for Hydrate Formation in a Spray Batch Reactor  [PDF]
Mohammad Kazemeini, Farideh Freidoonian, Moslem Fattahi
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry (AMPC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2012.24B062
Abstract: The formation of methane hydrate was undertaken in this research. The purpose of this work was to model the methane hydrate formation with a hydrate-water–methane system in a semi-batch reactor under steady–state, isothermal and isobaric conditions. Obtained results were validated with experiments conducted in a semi-batch spray reactor at low temperatures and high pressures. The investigated formation of gas hydrate from pure methane required physical constants of these materials which were determined through experimental data. The experiments hence, the theoretical calculations were conducted with pure methane and carried out in a spray reactor at 273.95K and 8705kPa to determine the actual amount of hydrate formation in such reactor. Ultimately; the comparison of the results generated from the developed mathematical model with those of experimental data of others indicated a very satisfactory agreement obtained.
The Effect of Continuous Home Visits and Health Education on the Rate of Readmissions, referrals, and Health Care Costs among Discharged Patients with Heart Failure
Sh Salehitali,A Hasanpour Dehkordi,SM Hoseini Hafshejani,A Jafarei
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2009,
Abstract: Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0pt 5.4pt 0pt 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0pt; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Background & Aim: Despite the advancement of medical science, readmission of the heart failure patient remains a serous problem. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of continuous care and educational intervention on the rate of readmissions, refers to physician, and health costs in patients discharged from hospital."n"n Methods & Materials: This study was a randomized clinical trial in which 110 patients were studied. The participants were allocated in two experimental and control groups. Data were gathered using questionnaires. Home visits were carried out in the experimental group during six months. At the end of the intervention, the rate of readmissions, referrals, and health care costs were compared in the two groups. Data were analyzed using independent t-test, Fisher's exact test, and Chi-square test. "n"n Results: Results indicated that the rate of readmissions (1.65±1.01 vs. 2.74±1.07, respectively), and refers to physicians (2.73±1.24 vs. 3.32±0.94, respectively) were lower in the experiment group than the control group (P<0.05) after the intervention. The average health care cost in the intervention group (2494000±172150 Rials) did not differ significantly with the control group (2736800±167360 Rials) (P>0.05). "n"n Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that the nursing interventions such as home visits are effective in lowering readmissions and refers to physicians in patients with heart failure. It seems that home visits are necessary in promoting the patients health. "n"n "n"n Key words: home visits, heart failure, patient readmission, health costs
Operational Tau Approximation for Neutral Delay Differential Systems
J. Sedighi Hafshejani,S. Karimi Vanani,J. Esmaily
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Neutral Delay Differential Systems (NDDSs) arise in many areas of various mathematical modeling. Infectious diseases, population dynamics, physiological and pharmaceutical kinetics and chemical kinetics, the navigational control of ships and mechanical systems, chemical process simulation and optimal control are the main field concerning with NDDSs. The purpose of this study was to present an extension of the algebraic formulation of the Operational Tau Method (OTM) for the numerical solution of NDDSs. The proposed method converts the delay parts of the desired NDDS to some operational matrices. Then the NDDS reduces to a set of algebraic equations. Some orthogonal bases including shift Chebyshev and shifted Legendre polynomials are used to decrease the volume of computations. Two illustrative linear and nonlinear experiments are included to show the high accuracy and efficiency of the proposed method.
Effective Oxidation of Sulfides to Sulfoxides with Hydrogen Peroxide under Transition-Metal-Free Conditions
Hamid Golchoubian,Farideh Hosseinpoor
Molecules , 2007, DOI: 10.3390/12030304
Abstract: A “green” highly selective oxidation of organic sulfides to the corresponding sulfoxides was developed using hydrogen peroxide and glacial acetic acid under transition metal-free and mild conditions. The oxidation procedure is very simple and the products are easily isolated in excellent yields (90-99%).
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