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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 207 matches for " Fainida Rahmat "
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Encapsulation of a Chloroform Molecule in a Peptide Nanotube  [PDF]
Fainida Rahmat, Ngamta Thamwattana
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2014.59088
Abstract:

We determine the encapsulation of a chloroform molecule into a D,L-Ala cyclopeptide nanotube by investigating the interaction energy between the two molecular structures. We employ the Lennard-Jones potential and a continuum approach which assumes that the atoms are evenly distributed over the molecules providing average atomic densities. Our result demonstrates that the encapsulation depends on the size of the molecule and the internal diameter of the peptide nantube. In particular, the on-axis chloroform molecule is only accepted into a peptide nanotube whose internal radius is greater than 5 ?. If located near the edge of the nanotube, then it is unlikely that the chloroform molecule will enter the nanotube. This is due to the energy valley that the molecule will need to overcome to move past the edge into the open end of the nanotube.

Evaluation of Disparities between Transportation Needs and Trip Patterns of Men and Women in Kandahar City, Afghanistan  [PDF]
Mohibullah Rahmat, Shoshi Mizokami
Journal of Transportation Technologies (JTTs) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2019.91005
Abstract: Consideration of gender equality in transportation planning is quite a new phenomenon. However, its significance is discussed widely by several researchers, particularly, in developing countries. In Kandahar city of Afghanistan, women have limited choices when it comes to using transportation services. With respect to some cultural, social, contextual, environmental, technological and physical barriers; women do not receive equal services from the current transport sectors. Using Revealed Preference and Stated Preference techniques, a survey was conducted in Kandahar city to identify the differences between trip patterns and transportation needs among men and women of the city. Our findings show distinct and clear disparities in socio-demographic characteristics of men and women of Kandahar city leading to trip disparities. Almost all of women do not own any types of personal vehicles, they are less educated and do not have jobs. Likewise, there is a considerable gap between trip characteristics and patterns of men and women. Majority of female trips are for educational purposes while male trips are more dispersed over multiple activities. Motorcycle is the most dominant and preferred mode for men, while women are mostly walking or using available public transit. Compared to men, women were recorded to have lesser trips per day over short distances. Transportation choices of women are also limited to walking, accompanying other male members of family or using public modes. However, men are generally using their private cars, motorcycles and bicycles together with all those options available for women. The results of Multinomial Logit Model showed that all selected variables such as vehicle ownership, income, travel cost and time will be significant factors for mode choice behavior of men, though for female respondents travel time and travel cost are main factors.
Differential Evolution Immunized Ant Colony Optimization Technique in Solving Economic Load Dispatch Problem  [PDF]
N. A. Rahmat, I. Musirin
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.51B029
Abstract: Since the introduction of Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) technique in 1992, the algorithm starts to gain popularity due to its attractive features. However, several shortcomings such as slow convergence and stagnation motivate many researchers to stop further implementation of ACO. Therefore, in order to overcome these drawbacks, ACO is proposed to be combined with Differential Evolution (DE) and cloning process. This paper presents Differential Evolution Immunized Ant Colony Optimization (DEIANT) technique in solving economic load dispatch problem. The combination creates a new algorithm that will be termed as Differential Evolution Immunized Ant Colony Optimization (DEIANT). DEIANT was utilized to optimize economic load dispatch problem. A comparison was made between DEIANT and classical ACO to evaluate the performance of the new algorithm. In realizing the effectiveness of the proposed technique, IEEE 57-Bus Reliable Test System (RTS) has been used as the test specimen. Results obtained from the study revealed that the proposed DEIANT has superior computation time.
Evaluation of flavonoids and diverse antioxidant activities of Sonchus arvensis
Rahmat Khan
Chemistry Central Journal , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1752-153x-6-126
Abstract: Results of the present study revealed that various fractions of Sonchus arvensis significantly scavenged the free radicals (DPPH·, ABTS·+, ·OH, superoxide), however its methanolic fraction is more potent than other fractions. Significant correlation was found between DPPH·, ABTS·+, superoxide radical and total antioxidant activity with total flavonoids and phenolics contents. Phytochmical analysis revealed the presence kaempferol, quercetin, orientin, rutin, hyperoside, catechin and myricetin.From the present data it is concluded that various fractions of Sonchus arvensis significantly scavenged the free radical, which might be due the presence of polyphenolic constituent.Oxidation provides energy to living organisms for various metabolic processes. Normally a balance is present between amounts of free radicals produced in our body and antiradicals enzymatic and non enzymatic system to quench these and protect the body from their harmful effects [1]. Free radicals including superoxide anions, hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl are extensively involved in oxidative damage at cellular level. Growing number of evidences suggest that reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced biochemical changes are decisive factors in various chronic human disease such as diabetes mellitus, cancer, atherosclerosis, arthritis, inflammation and neurodegeneration [2]. Human body has developed many mechanisms both enzymatic and nonenzymatic to eliminate ROS but not enough in severe oxidative stress conditions. Many studies have been carried out to investigate, that how to avoid the onset of oxidative diseases. The most studied system to fight against oxidative stress is to combat their level in body by supplying with greater amount of natural antioxidants, which can be attained by elevated use of vegetables and fruits. Natural antioxidants, particularly polyphenolics are safe and also bioactive. For that reason, in recent times, extensive studies have been conducted to identify plants with antiradi
Photographic Technology – The Value of Photo-documentation in Laryngeal Cases: Foreign Bodies Detection In The Airway
Rahmat Omar
Asian Journal of Information Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Foreign bodies inhalation or impaction into the airway are more commonly seen in children as compared to adults. We present the different scenarios of these cases and the photograph taken during the procedure attempted. Our intention is to illustrate how photo-documentation can be made feasible during this acute intervention. Although airway management is far more important, with the cooperation between the anaesthetist and the operating surgeon, this can be made possible. In the case studies illustrated, we have successfully captured the images of the implicated foreign bodies. It was also found that the images taken by using rigid scope has a superior quality as compared to the flexible scopes. The taken photograph is an absolute proof of the impacted foreign bodies and it can be an ideal example for teaching, examination and other education purpose.
Phosphatase Activity and Solubilization of Calcium phosphate by Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria
SULIASIH,RAHMAT
Biodiversitas , 2007,
Abstract: A study was undertaken to investigate the ability of phosphate solubilizing bacteria to solubilize insoluble phosphate. Seventeenth phosphate solubilizing bacteria were isolated from soil in Wamena, Papua. These organism was identified as Bacillus sp, Bacillus pantothenticus, Bacillus megaterium, flavobacterium sp, Flavobacterium breve, Klebsiella aerogenes , Chromobacterium lividum and Pseudomonas sp. Four isolates (B. pantothenticus, K. Aerogenes, B megaterium and C. lividum) are choosen for further study. B pantothenticus Solubilizer greatest amounth of tricalsium phosphate indicated by increasing of orthophosphate about 12.39 mg/l in liquid medium. Four isolates also produces phosphatase and the higest phosphatase activity is from B. pantothenticus about 1.947 ug pnitrophenol/g/h.
THE MANUFACTURING PROPERTIES OF GALVANISED STEEL SHEET WITH HEXAGONAL AND TETRAGONAL NETWORK OF CIRCLE HOLES
Rahmat Saptono
Makara Seri Teknologi , 2002,
Abstract: Galvanized steel sheet of 0.8 mm in thickness was drilled with circle holes of 2.5 mm diameter and spacing arranged in tetragonal and hexagonal pattern. The manufacturing properties of specimen were studied through drawing and stretching simulative test. It was concluded from the results that, at high ratio of punch to hole diameter (40/2.5), the drawing properties (LDR) of both square and hexagonal perforated sheet were slightly lower than that of solid sheet, while hexagonal perforated showing LDR somewhat higher than the square one. The stretching properties (LDH) of sheet, however, were much lower than that of solid sheet while the hexagonal perforated exhibiting LDH lower than the square one. Provided the effi ciency factor was well defi ned, which was not effective in the present experiment, the intrinsic drawing properties might be indirectly determined through the simulative test by assuming the perforated materials as an equivalent continuum.
THE SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR ROLLER CHAINS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF MANUFACTURING PROCESS
Rahmat Saptono
Makara Seri Teknologi , 2003,
Abstract: The selection of materials for an engineering component is not only requested by its design function and shape, but also the sequence through which it is manufactured. The manufacturing operation of roller chains involves drawing and trimming processes aimed at producing semi-finished chain drives component with a well-standardized dimension. In addition to final combination of properties required by design constraints, the ability of materials to be formed into a desired shape and geometry without failure is also critical. The objective of materials selection should therefore involve additional attributes that are not typically accommodated by the standard procedure of materials selection. The present paper deals with the selection of materials for roller chains from the perspective of manufacturing process. Ears and un-uniform wall thickness have been identified as a key problem in the mass production of component. Provided allprocess parameters were established, the anisotropy factor of materials is critical. Simulative test can be reasonably used to obtain material performance indices that can be added up to the standard procedure of material selection. Of three commercially available steel grades evaluated with regard to the criteria defined, one grade is more suitable for the present objective.
Protective effects of Launaea procumbens on rat testis damage by CCl4
Khan Rahmat
Lipids in Health and Disease , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1476-511x-11-103
Abstract: Background Traditionally various human diseases of kidneys, hormonal imbalance and sexual diseases are treated with Launaea procumbens (L). In the present study protective effects of methanolic extract of Launaea procumbens (LPME) was evaluated against CCl4-induced oxidative damages in rat testis. Methods To examine the protective effects of Launaea procumbens on testis against oxidative stress of carbon tetrachloride in male rat, 30 male albino rats were equally divided into 5 groups (6 rats). First group was given standard diet and drinking water. Second group received CCl4 3 ml/kg intraperitoneally (30% in olive oil). Third and forth were given orally 100; 200 mg/kg b.w., in 99.8% dimethyl sulphooxide (DMSO), Launaea procumbens methanolic extracts (LPME) after 48 h of CCl4 treatment twice a week and sixth group received only LPME in DMSO at a dose of 200 mg/kg b.w., for four weeks. Protective effects of Launaea procumbens were observed on sperm concentration, motility and morphology, serum reproductive hormonal level, activity of antioxidant enzymes, lipid peroxidation (TBARS) and DNA damages. Results Results of the present study revealed that treatment of CCl4 significantly (p < 0.01) reduced sperm concentration and motility comparatively to controls. Level of testosterone, luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone, were depleted markedly (p <0.01) with treatment of CCl4. In addition, CCl4 induction in rats reduced activities of antioxidant enzymes while increased lipid peroxidation and DNA damages. Co-administration of LPME significantly (p <0.01) improved these alterations in improving of hormonal level, activities of antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation near to control rats. Conclusion From the results it is suggested that Launaea procumbens methanolic extract has the ability to protect testis against oxidative damages, possibly through antioxidant effects of its bioactive compounds.
Effects of Launaea procumbens on brain antioxidant enzymes and cognitive performance of rat
Khan Rahmat
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-12-219
Abstract: Background Launaea procumbens is used in the treatment of oxidative stress and mental disorders. The effects of Launaea procumbens methanolic extracts (LPMEs), i.e., 100 and 200 LPME mg/kg body weight (b.w.), on cognitive performance as well as on the activity of acetylcholinesterase, and antioxidant enzymes in rat brain tissue homogenates were evaluated. Methods Thirty male Sprague–Dawley rats were divided equally into three groups. Rats in group I (control) were given saline (vehicle), group II received LPME (100 mg/kg b.w., p.o.), and group III were treated with LPME (200 mg/kg b.w., p.o.) in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) for 7 days. Antioxidant potential was assessed by measuring the activity of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSHpx), glutathione reductase (GSR) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) as well as lipid peroxidation and glutathione (GSH) contents in brain tissue homogenates. Activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and cognitive performance were also assessed. Results LPME administration reduced the levels of lipid peroxidation products (TBARS contents), increased GSH levels and enhanced the activities of SOD, CAT, GSHpx, GSR and GST. AChE activity was reduced by LPME treatment compared with untreated controls. Conclusion These findings suggested the significant impact of LPMEs on brain function. These effects could be through the antioxidant effects of the bioactive constituents present in LPME.
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