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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13451 matches for " Fadia El SHERIF "
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In vitro NaCl tolerances of Artemisia dracunculus
Fadia El SHERIF
International Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants , 2012,
Abstract: In vitro evaluation of salinity effects on Artemisia dracunculus was investigated using five NaCI concentrations (0, 25, 50, 100 and 150 mM). The exposure to NaCl in multiplication and root stages affects, all the vegetative parameters which showed significant decrease with increaseing NaCl concentrations in the both stage. Biochemical and chemical parameters such as pigments, Na+, K+ and Cl- in plant were tested in order to put forward the relative tolerance of plant to salinity. Additionally, electrophoretic analysis of total soluble protein (SDS-PAGE) has revealed that plant subjected to NaCl showed induction in the synthesis of new polypeptides. This finding suggest that, the response of Artemisia dracunculus to salt stress may be accomplished by synthesis of new protein which could be in turn contribute to select a salt resistant lines. The highest values of estragol were obtained under non-salinity condition (control) using HPLC analysis .Salinity stress significantly decreased estragol.
New Technique for Medial Patellar Desmotomy in Cattle and Donkeys  [PDF]
Mohamed Wefky El Sherif Sherif
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine (OJVM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2017.710015
Abstract: The present technique is designed to transect the medial patellar ligament indicated for treatment of upward fixation of patella in cattle and donkeys. A medial patellar desmotomy was performed first on cadavers and then on 21 live cattle or donkeys. In live animals under local anesthesia, a sterile silk strand (USP 1) mounted on a curved needle is inserted through skin at the medial aspect of the medial patellar ligament to the subcutaneous fascia and directed beneath the ligament to emerge at opposite side. The silk is then sawed to cut the ligament. In contrast to other procedures, the desmotomy is less invasive as skin at the surgical site is not incised, pericapsular fat and joint capsules not invaded, and the ligament is fully transected in a one-step procedure. Minimal tissue invasiveness limited infection of surgical site, minimized bleeding, and decreased related postoperative consequences.
Salt-Affected Soil Mapping in an Arid Environment Using Semi-Empirical Model and Landsat-OLI Data  [PDF]
Abderrazak Bannari, Ali El-Battay, Nadir Hameid, Fadia Tashtoush
Advances in Remote Sensing (ARS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ars.2017.64019
Abstract: The aim of this research is to map the salt-affected soil in an arid environment using an advanced semi-empirical predictive model, Operational Land Imager (OLI) data, a digital elevation model (DEM), field soil sampling, and laboratory and statistical analyses. To achieve our objectives, the OLI data were atmospherically corrected, radiometric sensor drift was calibrated, and distortions of topography and geometry were corrected using a DEM. Then, the soil salinity map was derived using a semi-empirical predictive model based on the Soil Salinity and Sodicity Index-2 (SSSI-2). The vegetation cover map was extracted from the Transformed Difference Vegetation Index (TDVI). In addition, accurate DEM of 5-m pixels was used to derive topographic attributes (elevation and slope). Visual comparisons and statistical validation of the semi-empirical model using ground truth were undertaken in order to test its capability in an arid environment for moderate and strong salinity mapping. To accomplish this step, fieldwork was organized and 120 soil samples were collected with various degrees of salinity, including non-saline soil samples. Each one was automatically labeled using a digital camera and an accurate global positioning system (GPS) survey (σ ≤ ± 30 cm) connected in real time to the geographic information system (GIS) database. Subsequently, in the laboratory, the major exchangeable cations (Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+, Cl- and SO42-), pH and the electrical conductivity (EC-Lab) were extracted from a saturated soil paste, as well as the sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) being calculated. The EC-Lab, which is generally accepted as the most effective method for soil salinity quantification was used for statistical analysis and validation purposes. The obtained results demonstrated a very good conformity between the derived soil salinity map from OLI data and the ground truth, highlighting six major salinity classes: Extreme, very high, high, moderate, low and non-saline. The laboratory chemical analyses corroborate these results. Furthermore, the semi-empirical predictive model provides good global results in comparison to the ground truth and laboratory analysis (EC-Lab), with correlation coefficient (R2) of 0.97, an index of agreement (D) of 0.84 (p < 0.05), and low overall root mean square error (RMSE) of 11%. Moreover, we found that topographic attributes have a substantial impact on the spatial distribution of salinity.
Promethazine-Tetraphenyl Boron(III) Modified Carbon Paste Electrode for the Determination of Promethazine Hydrochloride  [PDF]
Sayed Sayed Badawy, Sherif Abo El Seoud El Said
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2013.45032
Abstract:

Promethazine modified carbon paste ion selective electrode has been prepared, based on the ion pair of promethazine hydrochloride Pm.Cl with sodium tetraphenyl boron(III) Pm-TPB dissolved in dioctyl phthalate DOP as a pasting liquid. The electrode showed the linear response with mean calibration graph slope of 58 mV/decade at 25℃; at a concentration range and a lower detection limit of 1 × 10-5 -6 × 10-2 M and 8 × 10-6 M promethazine hydrochloride, respectively. The change of pH of the tested solution within the range 4.2 -6.8 did not affect the electrode performance. The electrode showed a very good selectivity toward Pm+ cations with respect to a large number of organic and inorganic cations and compounds. The standard addition and potentiometric titration methods were applied for the determination of promethazine hydrochloride in pure solution and in pharmaceutical preparations with an average recovery range of 97.3% -101.4% and a mean relative standard deviation (RSD) of 0.35% -1.83 % which were of comparable accuracy and precision to the previously reported works.

Diode Pumped High Peak Power Quasi Q-Switched and Passively Q-Switched Nd:YVO4 Lasers at 1064 nm and 532 nm using Cr:YAG and KTP crystals  [PDF]
Ashraf F. El-Sherif, Mahmoud M. Talat
Optics and Photonics Journal (OPJ) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/opj.2013.31009
Abstract:

Diode end-pumped solid-state lasers have the potential to yield high quality laser beams with high efficiency for laser range finding and warning receiver applications as well as day and night military laser designation systems. In this paper we presents theoretical calculations using Advanced Dynamics Professional LASCAD software and experimental studies for a high power pigtailed fiber diode laser module of 8 W operating at 808 nm with a specially designed high efficiency cooling system, end pumped high-efficiency Nd:YVO4 laser of 3 × 3 × 10 mm rod and overall cavity length of 44 mm. To the best of our knowledge a self Q-switching effects was generated in Nd:YVO4 laser by changing the cavity dimensions and the position of the intracavity KTP crystal at certain regime of operation for the first time, in which the cavity length is reduced to be 30 mm and the distance between Nd:YVO4 rod and KTP crystal is only 1mm. Self Q-switched laser pulse at 532 nm with high peak power of 96 W, pulse width of 88 ns at FWHM and repetition rate of 400 kHz was achieved. Experimental studies of a passive Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser using Cr:YAG crystal with three different transmissions of 30%, 40% and 70% were investigated. Passive Q-switched laser pulse at 1064 nm and narrow line width of less than 1.5 nm with highest peak power of nearly 18 kW, short pulse width of less than 4 ns at FWHM and higher repetition rate of 45 kHz using Cr:YAG with transmission of 30% was achieved for the first time.

Outcome Values of Adding Sodium Bicarbonate, Dexamethasone and Fentanyl to Local Anesthetic in Peribulbar Block during Vitreoretinal Surgeries. A Randomized Prospective Study  [PDF]
Sherif Kamal Arafa, Amir Abouzkry El-Sayed
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2017.81001
Abstract:
Background and aims: we aimed to detect the outcome values of adding fentanyl, dexamethasone and sodium bicarbonate to mixture of local anesthetic in peribulbar block for vitreoretinal surgery. Methods: 120 adult ASA I & II patients, admitted for vitreoretinal surgery under peribulbar block were included in this comparative study. This study included 4 groups: Group I: (30) patients using a mixture of 1 ml normal saline, 4 ml lidocaine 2% plus 4 ml from bupivacaine 0.5% 20 ml vial containing hyaluronidase 1500 IU. Group II: (30) patients using a mixture of 1 ml of sodium bicarbonate (from 1 ml sodium bicarbonate 8.4% diluted in 10 ml normal saline), 4 ml lidocaine 2% plus 4 ml from bupivacaine 0.5% 20 ml vial containing hyaluronidase 1500 IU. Group III: (30) patients using a mixture of 1 ml fentanyl 20 μg (from a mixture of fentanyl 100 μg diluted in 5 ml normal saline), 4 ml lidocaine 2% plus 4 ml from bupivacaine 0.5% 20 ml vial containing hyaluronidase 1500 IU. Group IV: (30) patients using a mixture of 1 ml of 4 mg dexamethasone (1 ampoule = 8 mg/2 ml), 4 ml lidocaine 2% plus 4 ml from bupivacaine 0.5% 20 ml vial containing hyaluronidase 1500 IU. We measured the onset and duration of anesthesia, IOP, eyelid and global akinesia, postoperative pain by numerical pain rating scale, first analgesic requirement and postoperative side effects. Results: No significant differences were detected among the four groups as respect to age, sex and the intraocular pressure (IOP) before the anesthesia block. While the intraocular pressure (IOP) after the anesthesia block there was a significant difference, as IOP was markedly decreased postoperatively in group II compared with other groups. As regard to the onset & duration of anesthesia there was significant difference among all groups, there was rapid onset and prolonged duration of anesthesia in group III compared with other groups (1.77 ± 0.63 & 5.03 ± 0.89) respectively. As regard the onset of lid akinesia there was significant difference among the four groups with better outcome in group III, as in group III represented the most rapid onset of lid akinesia. As respecting to the onset of global akinesia there was significant difference among the four groups. There was better outcome in group III as it represented more rapid onset of global akinesia compared with other groups. There were significant differences among the four groups as regard postoperative pain all over 6 hours, better results were in group III
Can We Predict Menorrhagia with Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD) Insertion?  [PDF]
Ghada M. Mansour, Sherif H. Hussein, Haitham F. Mohammed, Sherif F. El Mekkawy, Sherif A. Akl, Asmaa A. Abd El Dayem
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2017.77077
Abstract: Objective: Studying sub endometrial vascularity and blood flow in cases using intrauterine contraceptive devices for contraception with and without menorrhagia compared to cases not using intrauterine contraceptive devices. Methods: Three hundred and fifteen women attending gynecology and family planning outpatient clinics in the maternity hospital, Ain Shams University were included in the study. They were classified into three groups, 105 women using IUCD with menorrhagia (group I), 105 women using IUCD without menorrhagia (group II), and 105 normal controls not using IUCD (group III). After excluding local causes for bleeding, blood disease or any medical disorders, transvaginal ultrasound including three dimensional power Doppler (3DPD) ultrasound was done for all women. Right and left uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI) were calculated, subednometrial blood flow RI and PI were obtained then 3DPD Vascular indices (VI, FI and VFI) of subendometrial blood flow were obtained for all cases. Statistical analysis was done to compare between the three groups. Results: A significant statistical difference was found as regards subendometrial vascularity indices, while there was no difference as regards bilateral uterine arteries Doppler indices in the three groups. Conclusion: Subendometrial vascularity in cases of menorrhagia with IUCD was markedly higher than in cases without menorrhagia and cases with no IUCD. 3DPD may be used for selection of cases prior to insertion of IUCD.
Regulation of nuclear factor-κB in intestinal epithelial cells in a cell model of inflammation
Fadia R. Homaidan,Iman Chakroun,Marwan E. El-sabban
Mediators of Inflammation , 2003, DOI: 10.1080/09629350310001619681
Abstract: Background: Interleukin-1 (IL-1), an inflammatory cytokine whose levels are elevated in inflamed mucosa, causes part of its effect on intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) through inducing ceramide production.
Effect of laser assisted hatching on outcome of assisted reproductive technology  [PDF]
Amro Elhussieny, Mohamed El Mandouh, Sherif Hanafi, Ghada M. Mansour, Ahmed El-Kotb
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2013.35A2004
Abstract:

Objective: To determine whether laser-assisted hatching can improve clinical outcome of assisted reproductive techniques in both unselected patients and patients with advanced female age, with recurrent implantation failure, or who are using frozen-thawed embryos. Study design: Prospective randomized study. Patients and methods: 179 consecutive women scheduled for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) were randomised to either laser assisted hatching (LAH) or non LAH group. Patients were divided into 94 test and 85 control groups. On the day of embryo transfer, the zona pellucida of the selected embryos in the test group was thinned by using an infrared optical laser system, whereas in the control group they were left intact. Clinical pregnancy rates (CPR) and implantation rates (IR) were estimated. Result(s): Patients that underwent LAH (n = 94) had CPR, and IR of 35.1% and 50%, respectively. Patients that did not undergo LAH (n = 85) had lower CPR (28.2%, P = 0.324) and IR (33%, P = 230), with no statistically significant difference P < 0.05. Conclusion: The current study suggested that there is no need for the routine use of laser assisted hatching. However, there is evidence of laser assisted hatching benefit in selected patients

Influence of Nanocrystalline ZrO2 Additives on the Fracture Toughness and Hardness of Spark Plasma Activated Sintered WC/ZrO2 Nanocomposites Obtained by Mechanical Mixing Method  [PDF]
M. Sherif El-Eskandarany, Hesham M. A. Soliman, M. Omoric
Open Journal of Composite Materials (OJCM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojcm.2012.21001
Abstract: The present study reports the formation of ultrafine hard particles of nanocomposite WC with different additions of ZrO2 powders (0.5 - 20 vol.%). The initial mixed powders of WC with the desired ZrO2 concentrations were mechanically mixed for 360 ks (end-product) under argon gas atmosphere at room temperature, using high energy ball mill. The end-product consists of average grain size of about 17 nm in diameter. The obtained nanocomposite powders were consolidated into fully dense compact, using spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique in vacuum. The experimental results revealed that the consolidation step, which was conducted at 1673 K with uniaxial pressure ranging from 19.6 to 38.2 MPa for short time (0.18 ks), does not lead to dramatic grain growth in the powders so that the consolidated nanocomposite bulk objects maintain their nanocrystalline behavior, being fine grains with an average size of 63 nm in diameter. The relative densities of consolidated nanocomposite WC/ZrO2 materials increase from 99.1% for WC-0.5% ZrO2 to 99.93% for WC-20% ZrO2. The indentation fracture toughness of the composites can be tailored between 7.31 and 19.46 MPa/m1/2 by controlling the volume fraction of ZrO2 matrix from 0.5% to 20%. The results show that the Poisson’s ratio increased monotonically with increasing the ZrO2 concentrations to get a maximum value of 0.268 for WC-20% ZrO2. In the whole range of ZrO2 concentrations (0.5 - 20 vol.%), high hardness values (20.73 to 22.83 GPa) were achieved. The Young’s modulus tends to decrease with increasing the volume fraction of the ZrO2 matrix to reach a minimum value of 583.2 GPa for WC-20% ZrO2. These hard and tough WC/ZrO2 nanocomposites are proposed to be employed as higher abrasive-wear resistant materials.
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