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ESPIRITUALIDADE E RELIGIOSIDADE NA PERSPECTIVA DE ENFERMEIROS
Lucila Castanheira Nascimento,Tabatha de Freitas Moreira Santos,Fabiane Cristina Santos de Oliveira,Raquel Pan
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: Al considerar el ser humano como una unidad formada por cuerpo, mente y espíritu, es importante que los enfermeros evalúen la necesidad de intervención en el campo espiritual. Este estudio describe la comprensión del significado de la espiritualidad y la religiosidad de los enfermeros que actúan en hospitales. Esta es una investigación exploratoria y cualitativa y fue desarrollada con 17 enfermeros. La recolección de datos fue realizada con entrevistas semiestructuradas y analizadas a través de análisis de contenido. Los resultados muestran que los enfermeros identifican las particularidades involucradas en los conceptos de espiritualidad y religiosidad, así como reconocen el vínculo entre ellos. La aplicabilidad de estos términos en la práctica clínica de los enfermeros es influenciada directamente por su propia espiritualidad y religiosidad, su formación académica y el miedo de las repercusiones negativas derivadas de la aproximación directa de estas cuestiones con los pacientes.
Cuidado espiritual: componente essencial da prática da enfermeira pediátrica na oncologia
Nascimento, Lucila Castanheira;Oliveira, Fabiane Cristina Santos de;Moreno, Moisés Fargnolli;Silva, Fernanda Machado da;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002010000300021
Abstract: this is an article that addresses spiritual care in pediatric oncology nursing, as part of the concepts for promotion of health in families who have children and adolescents with cancer. indicates subjects of nursing education that prepares nurses to offer that kind of care together with knowledge of their own spirituality. it is presented as an opportunity to discuss the theme, offering subsidies to rethink the practice of pediatric oncology nurse, also points to the need for additional research in this area.
Biopsia hepática endoscópica transvaginal em cadelas
Souza, Leonardo Alves Coutinho;Brun, Maurício Veloso;Basso, Paula Cristina;Müller, Daniel Curvello de Mendon?a;Feranti, Jo?o Pedro Scussel;Santos, Fabiane Reginatto dos;Oliveira, Marília Teresa de;Colomé, Lucas Marques;Dutra, Luciana Hermes;
Ciência Rural , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782012000200021
Abstract: a technique of hepatic biopsy by transvaginal approach (notes - natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery) is proposed. seven dogs were used, and the experiment was divided into two stages including the liver biopsy and the evaluation of laparoscopic abdominal conditions after biopsy (53 days after). the animals were submitted to vaginal incision after exposition through the vulva. through the vaginal incision was introduced a flexible endoscope of 11mm with two working channels, was introduced through the vaginal incision and used to obtain liver samples. the variables analyzed to verify the feasibility of the proposed biopsy were: operative time, surgical complications, technical difficulties, the quality of sample collected, the formation of vaginal adhesions and their characteristics and the biochemical condition of the liver. in conclusion, the liver biopsy by endoscopic transvaginal access is feasible in dogs. it permits to take appropriated hepatic samples for histological studies without changinghepatic parameters and intraperitoneal adhesions.
Effect of flavonoids morin; quercetin and nicotinic acid on lipid metabolism of rats experimentally fed with triton
Ricardo Kelly Fabiane Santos,Oliveira Tania Toledo de,Nagem Tanus Jorge,Pinto Aloisio da Silva
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology , 2001,
Abstract: Atherosclerosis is a coronary disease where deposition of lipids in the arteries leads to problems of blood circulation. The present work evaluates the action of the flavonoids morin, quercetin and nicotinic acid isolated in association on lipid metabolism in hyperlipidemic rats. Blood serum levels cholesterol, cholesterol-HDL, and triacylglycerids have been analysed following the intraperitoneal administration of the flavonoid compounds dissolved in propyleneglycol by in doses of 5mg/kg body weight. Quercetin presented the largest percentual reduction of cholesterol. The best results for cholesterol-HDL have been obtained with-nicotinic acid alone while morin-nicotinic acid combination showed the best triacylglycerols results. Results showed that flavonoids could be beneficious in the treatment of coronary diseases.
Os Doutores da Alegria na unidade de interna??o pediátrica: experiências da equipe de enfermagem
Oliveira, Roberta Ramos de;Oliveira, Isabel Cristina dos Santos;
Escola Anna Nery , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-81452008000200005
Abstract: the study was focused on the nursing staff experience with clown doctors intervention at one unit of pediatric internment. the objectives were to describe the nursing staff knowledge regarding the clown doctors’ performance and to analyze the nursing staff experience with this group. a qualitative study was conducted with ten members of the nursing staff by applying non-directive interview in group. the results highlighted the recognition of the benefits of this intervention over the children illness recovery during their internment, as well as the triad of relations between clowns, accompanying mother and nursing staff. it is concluded that the clowns act as helpers agents, attempting against for the fact of that tricks and toys constitute resources, that may/might to be used in the hospital context, causing new meanings to the taking care of.
Denver II: evaluation of the development of children treated in the outpatient clinic of Project Einstein in the Community of Paraisópolis
Márcia Wanderley de Moraes,Ana Paula Rodrigues Weber,Marcela de Castro e Oliveira Santos,Fabiane de Amorim Almeida
Einstein (S?o Paulo) , 2010,
Abstract: Objectives: To evaluate the neuropsychomotor development of children treated in an outpatient clinic, using the Denver Developmental Screening Test II (DDST-R). Methods: This was an exploratory descriptive research using a quantitative approach, conducted in the outpatient clinic of the Project Einstein in the Community of Paraisopolis (PECP), S o Paulo, Brazil. The sample consisted of 35 children, from birth to 6 years of age, most of them from 1 to 3 years old (19; 54.3%). They underwent the Denver II Test, which assesses four neuropsychomotor development areas: gross motor, fine motor adaptive, language and personal-social. Results: Most of the children (24, 68.6%) had test results compatible with normal development, while 10 (28.6%) had a “risk” test and 1 (2.9%) was “untestable” due to refusal to carry out the proposed activities. As to the items evaluated in each area, 7 children (20%) showed a developmental “delay” (when the child does not perform the activity passed by more than 90% of the children of his/her age) and 18 (51%) required “attention” (when the child does not perform the activity passed by 75 to 90% of the children of his/her age), predominantly in the language area. Conclusions: Although most of the children (68.6%) presented normal development in the test, we point out that in the remaining children (31.4%), the number of items classified as “delay” or “attention”, and tests classified as “risk” or “untestable” suggest impairment in neuropsychomotor development. We underscore the importance of the routine administration of the DDST-R for an early detection of developmental disabilities and thus establish primary prevention programs.
Incidence of vascular complications in patients submitted to percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty by transradial and transfemoral arterial approach
Armendaris, Marinez Kellermann;Azzolin, Karina de Oliveira;Alves, Fabiane Jaqueline Martins Santos;Ritter, Simone Giradello;Moraes, Maria Antonieta Pereira de;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002008000100017
Abstract: objective: to describe the vascular complications of transradial and transfemoral artery punctures in patients submitted to percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (ptca). methods: prospective cohort study including patients submitted to ptca. an interview was performed and an instrument applied to collect risk factors/predictors of complications. after the procedure, a physical examination was performed, vital signs were measured and the puncture site was assessed. results: 199 patients were included, age 64±10 years. complications found for the radial and femoral approach were respectively: ecchymosis (18.29%), (17.14%); bruising (17.66%), (14.27%); urinary retention (2.43%), (25.71%); loss of vessel permeability (8.53%), (0%). conclusion: the complications found were considered minor or secondary, depending on the classification found in literature. a higher rate of vascular complications related to transradial artery punctures compared to the interventions performed by transfemoral approach.
Análise da Composi o Cianobacteriana das Esteiras Pustulares em Salina, Araruama, Rio de Janeiro.
Loreine Hermida da Silva e Silva,Fabiane Feder,Deise de Oliveira Delfino,Frederico Alves dos Santos Lopes
Anuário do Instituto de Geociências , 2007,
Abstract: Julieta saline receives water from lagoa de Araruama, which is located in the state of Rio de Janeiro, to the East of the city of Araruama and to the west of the city of Cabo Frio, between 22o 49’ and 22o 57’ S latitude and 42o 00’ and 42o 23’ W longitude. It is composed by a series of soil tanks obtained by natural excavation, where water gradually concentrates through natural evaporation until salt precipitation. The reservoirs can be divided in three types, according to their activity: cargo, evaporator and crystallizer tanks. The process of making such reservoirs waterproof is enabled bya fine layer of algae which is formed naturally with the passing of time. This study is based on monthly collects within the period ranging from May, 2004 to October, 2004, along three collection stations set up in different saline reservoirs. To identify the microbic composition, fresh, semi-permanent and permanent laminae were obtained and their analysis were performed by means of optical microscopy. The analysis revealed a total of twenty cyanobacterial types. In all layers, a predominant amount of oval spherical forms was observed. The predominance of cyanobacteria is justified by the fact that they are carriers of high morphological adaptations which enables them to survive in various types of environments andbe predominant in hypersaline sites.
Chroococcales em Esteiras Microbianas em Bolha do Brejo do Pau Fincado, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
Loreine Hermida da Silva e Silva,Frederico Alves dos Santos Lopes,Deise de Oliveira Delfino,Fabiane Feder
Anuário do Instituto de Geociências , 2007,
Abstract: Chroococcales in blister microbial mats at brejo do Pau Fincado, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Brejo do Pau Fincado (220 55’ 56,75” S e 420 16’ 54,7” W) is a natural natural coastal aquatical body. It is located at the Lagoa de Araruama complex, formed at least 7000 years ago. The local climate is characterized by low precipitation ratesand high evaporation rates; due to this, the lagoons tend to become ypersalyne. Microbial mats are organic-sedimentary structures composed mainly of cyanobacteria. Whilst the photosynthesis process cyanobacteria induct an environmental change, which leads to calcium carbonate precipitation. The aim of this study was to typify and identify the cyanobacteria at the blister microbial mat. Samples were processed and analyzed using an optical microscope. The blister mat is composed of twelve species of cyanobacteria disposed in a fragile and amorphous mass. In this structure, both quantitative andqualitative domains belong to Chroococcales Westtein 1924. Measurement has shown that the place is very selective, andcyanobacteria presented great resistance and adaptability, because they are forms which had got success surviving to big changes occurred on Earth since the beginning of life and the evolutionary history .
Tapetes Microbianos Lisos Estratificados do Brejo do Espinho, RJ, Brasil.
Loreine Hermida da Silva e Silva,Deise de Oliveira Delfino,Fabiane Feder,Frederico Alves dos Santos Lopes
Anuário do Instituto de Geociências , 2007,
Abstract: Bogs are ecosystems found mainly in lower zones that separates inner and outer sandy terraces, and rivers and streams from valleys. These environments are always flooded or suffer seasonal flooding or can stay dry in a extended dry season. Its shallow waters increase the role of the sediment in the maintenance of such ecosystem. The Brejo do Espinho (22o56’ S and 42o14’W) is a coastal body of water located 108 km from Rio de Janeiro city where are observed the development of thick microbial mats (about 2-4 cm in thickness). Aiming the characterization of the microbial mats, was made monthly collections in five collects in stations located in the bog borders. Microbial mats samples were taken using a spatula, deposited into plastics vials and later fixed with 4% formaldeid solution. For identification of the cyanobacterias, fresh and permanent slides were made. Smooth layered microbial mats present in subtidal and intertida regions are composed by thin layers with different colors: green, red and brown, who show also distinct cyanobacterialcomposition. These structures show stratus of cohesive lamina with low lithification. Analysis revealed 27 species of cyanobacterias. Chroococcaceae N geli 1849 family was the main family found with 37% of the total frequency followed by Phormidiaceae Anagnostidis & Komárek 1988 family with 18,5%, Synechococcaceae Komárek & Anagnostidis 1995 family with 11,1%, Pseudanabaenaceae Anagnostidis & Komárek 1988 family with 11,1%, Entophysalidaceae Geitler1925 family with 7,4%, Schizothricaceae Elenkin 1934 family with 7,4% and Oscillatoriaceae Gomont 1892 family with 7,4%. The domain of cyanobacterias in the Brejo do Espinho reflects its general plasticity that allows them to adapt to hostile conditions of the environment.
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