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A ESPERAN A NA VIDA DE MULHERES COM HIV/AIDS: AVALIA O PELA ESCALA DE HERTH
Fabiana de Souza Orlandi,Neide de Souza Pra a
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: Estúdio transversal-descriptivo que tuvo como objetivo evaluar el nível de esperanza de vida para las mujeres mayores de 50 a os com VIH/SIDA por la Escala de Esperanza de Herth. Se entrevistaron a 200 mujeres VIH-positivas en el grupo de edad de interés, asistidas en tres Servicios de Atención Especializada de ETS/SIDA en S o Paulo. Se cumplió la Resolución 196/96 y el estudio fue aprobado por el Comité de ética en Investigación. Los datos fueron recolectados en el a o2010 con la aplicación de dos instrumentos: caracterización de los sujetos y Escala de Esperanza de Herth. Los resultados mostraron una puntuación media de la aplicación de la Escala de Esperanza de Herth de 36.75 (±4,52), dentro de los 12 a 48. Esta puntuación está por debajo de los obtenidos con la misma escala para diversas patologías, lo que indica la percepción de la esperanza de vida reducida por la muestra. El enfermero debe proponer acciones que busquen la mejoría de la esperanza de la persona asistida, estableciendo metas realistas y fortaleciendo el suporte social.
Cuidando de idosos com Alzheimer: a vivência de cuidadores familiares
Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini,Larissa Coelho de Melo,Viviane Manara Silva,Fabiana de Souza Orlandi
Revista Eletr?nica de Enfermagem , 2008,
Abstract: A doen a de Alzheimer causa comprometimento na capacidade funcional dos idosos, aumentando a demanda por cuidados. Este trabalho teve por objetivo compreender o processo de vivenciar o cuidado a idosos demenciados. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo e transversal, realizado de agosto-2005 a agosto-2006. Foram realizadas entrevistas domiciliárias com cuidadores familiares de idosos demenciados (N=14), usuários de uma unidade saúde escola. Os dados foram analisados segundo o modelo de Análise de Conteúdo- Análise Temática de Bardin. Os resultados mostram que o início da doen a é, para a maioria dos cuidadores, confundido com o próprio processo de envelhecimento. Com a evolu o da doen a, aumenta a dependência dos idosos. As altera es de comportamento por parte do idoso causam grande impacto emocional nos cuidadores. Vivenciar a situa o de cuidar de um idoso com Alzheimer é uma experiência que depende da fase da doen a, da rede de suporte familiar e da história de cada família.
Avalia o do nível de esperan a de vida de idosos renais cr nicos em hemodiálise Evaluación del nivel de esperanza de vida de ancianos con enfermedad renal crónica en hemodiálisis The evaluation of the level of hope of elderly chronic kidney disease patients undergoing hemodialysis
Fabiana de Souza Orlandi,Barbara Garbelotti Pepino,Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini,Damiana Aparecida dos Santos
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0080-62342012000400017
Abstract: O presente estudo teve por objetivo avaliar o nível de esperan a dos idosos renais cr nicos em hemodiálise, por meio da Escala de Esperan a de Herth (EEH). Trata-se de um estudo descritivo transversal, realizado em uma Unidade de Terapia Renal Substitutiva do interior do estado de S o Paulo. A amostra foi composta por 50 idosos em tratamento hemodialítico. Após o consentimento em participar da pesquisa, realizou-se entrevistas individuais com os referidos idosos aplicando-se um instrumento de caracteriza o e a Escala de Esperan a de Herth. Todos os preceitos éticos foram respeitados (protocolo 512/2009). Quanto aos resultados, houve predomínio do sexo masculino (60%) e idade média de 70,20 (±6,1) anos. O escore médio obtido com a aplica o da Escala de Esperan a de Herth foi de 36,20 (±2,90). Conclui-se que em compara o com o estudo brasileiro de valida o da Escala de Esperan a de Herth, o nível de esperan a dos sujeitos do presente estudo foi mais baixo, indicando a necessidade de interven o sobre esse sentimento. Se objetivó evaluar el nivel de esperanza de vida de ancianos con enfermedad renal crónica en hemodiálisis, mediante Escala de Esperanza de Herth (EEH). Estudio descriptivo, transversal, realizado en Unidad de Terapia Renal Sustitutiva del interior del estado de S o Paulo. Muestra compuesta por 50 ancianos en tratamiento de hemodiálisis. Con consentimiento para participar en la investigación, se realizaron entrevistas individuales con los sujetos, aplicándose un instrumento de caracterización y la Escala de Esperanza de Herth. Fueron respetados todos los preceptos éticos (protocolo 512/2009). Los resultados mostraron predominio del sexo masculino (60%), edad promedio de 70,20 a os (±6,1). El puntaje promedio obtenido con EEH fue 36,20 (±2,90). En comparación con el estudio brasile o de validación de la EEH, el nivel de esperanza de vida de los sujetos de este estudio fue más bajo, indicando la necesidad de intervención sobre tal sentimiento. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the level of hope of elderly chronic kidney disease patients undergoing hemodialysis, using the Herth Hope Scale (HHS). This cross-sectional descriptive study was performed at a Renal Replacement Therapy Unit located in upstate S o Paulo. The sample consisted of 50 elderly patients currently undergoing hemodialysis treatment. After obtaining the participants' consent to participate, individual interviews were performed with the elderly individuals, utilizing a characterization instrument and the Herth Hope Scale. All of the ethical premises were compl
O corpo e a saúde da mulher
Gualda, Dulce Maria Rosa;Pra?a, Neide de Souza;Merighi, Miriam Aparecida Barbosa;Hoga, Luiza Akiko Komura;Bergamasco, Roselena Bazilli;Salim, Natália Rejane;Orlandi, Fabiana de Souza;Caldeira, Sebasti?o;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342009000600030
Abstract: the study aimed to develop a theoretical reflection on the thematic "body" during woman′s life course events in the phenomenological perspective and the research methods used in their approach, led by faculty of women′s health area at the school of nursing, university of s?o paulo. this theme was chosen due to the centrality acquired by the body in contemporary society and the relevance of the topic. in this paper we show its applicability in the field of women's health, the results of some studies using different methods, focusing on the body on woman′s life course events.
A correspondência de Simón Bolívar e sua presen?a na literatura: uma análise de O General em seu labirinto de Gabriel García Márquez
Fredrigo, Fabiana de Souza;
História (S?o Paulo) , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-90742009000100025
Abstract: simon bolivar, one of the most important south american leaders of independence within the areas of spanish colonialism in south america, left behind an epistolary of 2815 letters. our proposal starts off with the display of the narrative epistolary project and soon encounters one of its highlights in the course of the reading, which is the general's own resignation. the several requests of resignation from his administrative position, and the justifications that followed them had taken me to the analysis of what i called the memory of the indispensability. after investigating this speech in the epistolary, the relationship between literature and the biography had been fundamental in improving our understanding of the substance of this memory of the indispensability in the epistles. this article intends to compare simon bolivar's letters and gabriel garcia marquez's novel, the general in his labyrinth. the hypothesis is that the literary text, besides using bolivar's epistolary to construct its character and the romantic scenario, opens possibilities of explanations concerning the project of memory arising from the writings in the letters, at the same measure in which it strengthens the cult of the liberating general.
As guerras de independência, as práticas sociais e o código de elite na América do século XIX: leituras da correspondência bolivariana
Fredrigo, Fabiana de Souza;
Varia Historia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-87752007000200004
Abstract: produced between 1799 and 1830, simón bolívar's epistolary allows to tie the writing of letters, the memory and the historiography. this article intends to reach two objectives: 1) to display the narrative epistolar project, to considering the cited bonds; 2) to evaluate the social practices that make possible, simultaneously, the formation of an affective community between officers, the allotment of a elite code and the construction of a memory for the rising south american republics.
O modelo chileno
Fabiana de Souza Fredigo
Estudos de Sociologia , 2007,
Abstract:
Violência contra a pessoa idosa: análise de aspectos da aten??o de saúde mental em cinco capitais brasileiras
Valadares,Fabiana Castelo; Souza,Edinilsa Ramos de;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000600014
Abstract: this is a research on the aspects of mental health care offered to elderly victims of violence in the cities of curitiba, rio de janeiro, brasília, recife and manaus. it was used the triangulation method that relied on the analysis of secondary data, information from questionnaires and individual and group interviews, defining itself as a target audience of this study, professionals and managers in mental health care. it was investigated the line of practices developed in services regarding policies governing mental health attention and addressed to the elderly who are victims of violence. among the findings are: the disparity in records between elderly care hospitals (22.3%) and outpatient (0.4%), lack of information on the care of elderly victims of violence; and the incipient perception of professionals regarding the violence as a health intervention. in conclusion, there is a need for greater public investments: in improving the quality of information; the adequacy of the physical structure of services; the training/qualification of professionals to attend for specific elder health issues; under the aspect of violence, it was observed the need to adopt actions of prevention and attention of the most frequent disorders in the elderly.
Pupas de mosca-dos-chifres, Haematobia irritans, em massas fecais de bovinos Nelore no Pantanal
SERENO, FABIANA TAVARES PIRES DE SOUZA;
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2000000800023
Abstract: this study was carried out in embrapa-centro de pesquisa agropecuária do pantanal, corumbá, ms, brazil, from june/92 to may/94. manure samples of nelore breed were collected monthly to quantify if haematobia irritans (l.) populations and parasitoids were present. during two years, 588 h. irritans pupae were collected and 10% of parasitism were observed. the parasitoids species (hymenoptera) found were: spalangia nigroaenea (pteromalidae), s. endius (pteromalidae), rhoptromeris sp. (eucoilidae) and trichopria haematobiae (diapriidae). s. nigroaenea was responsible for 91.5% parasitism in pupae of h. irritans, this species and the other parasitoids species have low selectivity regarding host choice.
Vulnerabilidades ao HIV/aids no Contexto Brasileiro: iniquidades de gênero, ra?a e gera??o
Garcia, Sandra;Souza, Fabiana Mendes de;
Saúde e Sociedade , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-12902010000600003
Abstract: objective: the objective of this paper is to assess the level of knowledge and information held by the population about hiv/aids, and to analyze discourses about condom use and sexual practices. methods: qualitative research with 64 young people and adults, black and white, sexually active men and women. vulnerability to hiv/aids was discussed from the perspective of racial (black or white), generational (between 16 and 45 or 24 years or older) and gender (male or female). in-depth interviews were conducted with a semi-structured script in the cities of s?o paulo (sp) and recife (pe) on the following themes: knowledge and perception about std/aids, perception of individual risk, negotiation and condom use, sexual initiation and practices. results: the least-educated, men, elders and residents of recife were the least informed persons as regards to hiv/aids. people over 45 years and the less educated had incipient knowledge about transmission and prevention of std/aids. condom use among respondents in both cities was relatively low, non-use of condoms among women in stable relationship was attributed to partner's refusal to using it. among respondents who reported using condoms, the type of relationship established and the phase of the relationship resulted in varied patterns of use; the consistent use of condoms was more common in occasional partnerships. conclusions: the incipient knowledge in association with unsafe sexual practice puts women in stable relationship, poorly educated, lower income, particularly above 45 years, and residents of recife in a situation of greater vulnerability to std/aids.
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