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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 499 matches for " FOURNIER "
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Para reescrever a biografia de Marcel Mauss...
Fournier, Marcel;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69092003000200001
Abstract: there's a "mauss mystery:" the question is to understand how mauss-the tiny jew of épinal, mauss-the philosophy professor who didn't study at the école normale, mauss-the nephew always in the shade of his uncle, émile durkheim, mauss-the intellectual and the militant, became the "father of modern anthropology," contributing in a distinct way to the development of the human sciences. after the publication of the first biography of marcel mauss (paris, fayard), the publication of his political writings (écrits politiques, paris, fayard), and the publication of his correspondence with durkheim (paris, puf), i propose a reflexion on two aspects: 1) the situation of biography in the social sciences; and 2) the difficulties of writing a biography of marcel mauss (1872-1950). the question raised by the biographer in the beginning of his researches, "failure or success of a life?" turns, in the end of the paper, into another question: "failure or success of a biography?"
Entre naturalisation de la montagne et patrimonialisation identitaire : l’ambivalence des représentations du Cantal dans les topoguides de randonnée Between mountain naturalization and identity patrimonialization : ambivalence of the representations of the Cantal in topographical hiking guides
Mauricette Fournier
Belgeo : Revue Belge de Géographie , 2013,
Abstract: Le présent article se propose d’analyser les représentations du Cantal, département rural de moyenne montagne situé dans le Massif central, au travers des topoguides publiés par divers éditeurs, locaux et nationaux, et notamment Chamina qui fut l’un des acteurs majeurs du développement de la randonnée, du tourisme vert et de la redécouverte du patrimoine vernaculaire dans le Massif Central. En effet, les topoguides ne se contentent pas de proposer des itinéraires, ils fournissent aussi à leurs utilisateurs une documentation parfois très riche pour appréhender les patrimoines locaux, naturels comme culturels. Ils jouent alors un r le ambivalent, participant tout autant à naturaliser les lieux par la construction d’une image montagnarde, essentiellement destinée aux touristes, qu’à réaffirmer des identités ancrées dans la culture et l’histoire locales. The present article suggests analyzing the representations of Cantal (which is a rural, low mountain range department, located in Massif Central), in various published topographical, in particular Chamina who was one of the major actors in the development of hiking and green tourism in the area. Chamina also focuses on the valorization of local heritage sites in the Massif Central. Thus the topographical guides do not only suggest itineraries, they also supply users with detailed documents explaining the local natural as well as cultural heritages. They thus play an ambivalent role, contributing just as much to “naturalizing” places by the construction of images of a mountain life essentially intended for tourists as to reaffirming identities anchored in the local culture and history.
How to cope with distance in the future?
Guy Fournier
Economic and Business Review , 2009,
Abstract: Mobility is essential to life, human needs, and economic development. Diminishing oil reserves, a growing dependency on oil and global warming will all strongly impact on mobility. However, innovative solutions exist. To keep mobility affordable it is likely that fossil-oil-based mobility will not be substituted by just one technology. Secondand third-generation biofuels and electric vehicles are some of the best ways to be energy and CO2 efficient in a well-to-wheel view. In contrast, fuel cells do not seem to be an alternative. Original equipment manufacturers (OEM) and suppliers will be firmly impacted by this evolution. The fastest and most innovative of them can take advantage of these challenges and find new interesting business opportunities.
Inleiding: Instrumentgerichte wetenschapsgeschiedenis in de praktijk. Een zonnemicroscoop van Kleman
Marian Fournier
Tijdschrift voor de Geschiedenis der Geneeskunde, Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Techniek , 1987,
Abstract: Instrument-oriented history of science in practice. A solar microscope by Kleman A solar microscope made by the Amsterdam instrumentmaker Jan Marten Kleman in 1796 is described. This particular instrument has several interesting features, such as the unusual construction of the opake projector and an additional microscope tube which was designed to be used with artificial light for either the examination or projection of opake objects. Comparison with another solar microscope by Kleman from the Wellcome Collection in the Science Museum (London) indicates that Kleman was partial to the production of versatile instruments. Thus the various pieces of his solar microscopes, supplemented with a few auxiliary parts, could also be assembled to serve as a microscope. This study of Kleman's solar microscopes serves as a steppingstone to a discussion of various aspects of instrument-oriented history of science. This particular approach to the history of science has focussed mainly on individual instruments, their makers, the trade in instruments, collectors and collections of scientific instruments and the evolution of specific kinds of instruments. A comprehensive analysis of the role of instruments in scientific enquiry, which would supplement current history of science, has yet to be undertaken.
Zo Leeuwenhoek, zo Leeuwenhoek-commissie
Marian Fournier
Tijdschrift voor de Geschiedenis der Geneeskunde, Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Techniek , 1990,
Jan Swammerdam en de 17e eeuwse microscopie
Marian Fournier
Tijdschrift voor de Geschiedenis der Geneeskunde, Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Techniek , 1981,
Abstract: Jan Swammerdam and seventeenth century microscopy The first heyday of microscopical research brought forth the classical work of Hooke, Malpighi, Grew, Swammerdam and Van Leeuwenhoek. Swammerdam's contribution to this field is assessed by considering his work from four angles, viz. the revolution of the microscope, microscopical technique, microscopical research in the seventeenth century and the scientific atmosphere of the time. Throughout the work of the five classical microscopists three common denominators can be traced, viz. mechanical philosophy, painstaking observation and admiration for the works of God. Swammerdam's undoubtable enrichment of microscopy was the result of his skill in preparing his objects and the limited, but purposeful, scope of his research.
Spierkracht en mechanische gymnastiek
Marian Fournier
Tijdschrift voor de Geschiedenis der Geneeskunde, Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Techniek , 1979,
Abstract: Wanting
De microscopische anatomie in Bidloo’s Anatomia humani Corporis (1685)
Marian Fournier
Tijdschrift voor de Geschiedenis der Geneeskunde, Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Techniek , 1985,
Abstract: Microsopical anatomy in Bidloo's "Anatomia humani corporis" (1685) In historiography Goverd Bidloo's Anatomia humani corporis (Amsterdam, 1685) is especially famous in connection with a case of alleged plagiarism by William Cowper. This anatomical atlas is also renowned as the first in which the microscopical anatomy of some organs was included. Some of these illustrations, however, have been severely criticized by historians of science, who pointed out that the illustrations are based on Malpighi's descriptions of microscopical structures rather than on personal observation The purpose of this article is to investigate the truth of these criticisms. A survey of Bidloo's microscopical illustrations against the background of contemporary literature (Table I and II) revealed that Bidloo's microscopical anatomy is largely limited to organs on which recent anatomical studies were available. As this does not imply that Bidloo's illustrations are executed merely on the basis of descriptions I have analysed five illustrations and their correspondent legends in some detail, to wit stomach, kidney, lung, spleen and brain. On the basis of this analysis Bidloo's illustrations may be grouped into three categories: I slighty magnified, illustration conform legend; II slightly magnified, legend indicates details which are not discernable on the illustration; III. not based on microscopical evidence, the illustration either lacks any detail indicated in the legend or is constructed on the basis of a description (by Malpighi). The illustrations in the first two categories are clearly the result of Bidloo's own microscopical observations. As these two categories comprise 90% of all illustrations the conclusion must be that earlier criticisms were correct in a few instances, but should not extend to Bidloo's microscopical anatomy as a whole.
Maintenir le cap de Transcontinentales
Dominique Fournier
Transcontinentales : Sociétés, Idéologies, Système Mondial , 2011,
Abstract: Depuis le temps qu’ils se sont implantés à travers le monde, les instituts fran ais de recherche à l’étranger (IFRE) n’ont jamais manqué l’occasion de répondre aux sollicitations scientifiques légitimes venues du pays qui acceptait de les accueillir ou à celles qui émanaient du milieu de la recherche fran aise. Forts du principe de rotation de leurs chercheurs et convaincus de leur mission essentielle de formation de spécialistes tournés vers le futur, ils ont le plus souvent réussi leur inse...
E-Learning in Europe Survey
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2002,
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