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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4211 matches for " FA Farid "
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Tissue factor pathway inhibitor in paediatric patients with nephrotic syndrome
FA Farid, AA Mohammed, RS Beltagi, HM Afify
South African Journal of Child Health , 2011,
Abstract: Background. Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is an endogenous protease inhibitor that regulates the initiation of the extrinsic coagulation pathway by producing factor Xa-mediated feedback inhibition of the tissue factor/factor VIIa (TF/VIIA) catalytic complex. Objectives. To evaluate plasma TFPI levels in paediatric patients with nephrotic syndrome (NS) and its correlation with disease activity. Subjects and methods. Fifteen nephrotic patients in relapse (proteinuria >40 mg/m2/h, hypo-albuminaemia and oedema) before initiating steroid therapy (group I) and another 15 nephrotic patients in remission after withdrawal of steroid therapy (group II) were compared with 15 age- and sex-matched healthy children (group III). Besides clinical evaluation and routine laboratory investigations of NS, tissue factor pathway inhibitor levels in plasma were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results. The plasma TFPI level was higher in nephrotic patients during relapse (group I) and during remission (group II) (mean 102.53 (standard deviation (SD) 14.23) and 82.93 (SD 3.83) ng/ml, respectively) compared with that in the control group (62.40 (SD 7.53) ng/ml) (p<0.0001). In children with NS the plasma TFPI level was higher during relapse (group I) compared with the level in remission (group II) (p<0.0001). There was a negative correlation between the plasma TFPI level and total protein and serum albumin, and a positive correlation between the plasma TFPI level and the urinary protein/creatinine ratio (p<0.05). Conclusion. NS was associated with increased level of plasma TFPI in comparison with the control group, and the increase was more apparent in patients with active disease.
Taxpayers Fraudulent Behavior Modeling The Use of Datamining in Fiscal Fraud Detecting Moroccan Case  [PDF]
Farid Ameur, Mohamed Tkiouat
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.310176
Abstract: The fraudulent behavior of taxpayers impacts negatively the resources available to finance public services. It creates distortions of competition and inequality, harming honest taxpayers. Such behavior requires the government intervention to bring order and establish a fiscal justice. This study emphasizes the determination of the interactions linking taxpayers with tax authorities. We try to see how fiscal audit can influence taxpayers’ fraudulent behavior. First of all, we present a theoretical study of a model pre established by other authors. We have released some conditions of this model and we have introduced a new parameter reflecting the efficiency of tax control; we found that the efficiency of a fiscal control have an important effect on these interactions. Basing on the fact that the detection of fraudulent taxpayers is the most difficult step in fiscal control, We established a new approach using DATA MINING process in order to improve fiscal control efficiency. We found results that reflect fairly the conduct of taxpayers that we have tested based on actual statistics. The results are reliable.
Using a GIS to Assessment the Load-Carrying Capacity of Soil Case of Berhoum Area, Hodna Basin, (Eastern Algeria)  [PDF]
Amar Guettouche, Farid Kaoua
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2013.55046
Abstract: The concept of load-carrying capacity of the soil can be evaluated by two main components: permissible stress and permissible depth; and therefore, running it begins its assessment that allows an outline of exploitation. Nevertheless, the assessment of the load-carrying capacity made the object of several works of research and many models, based on the multi-criteria analysis, have been established. This work examines the contribution of GIS approach to assessment load-carrying capacity of the soil. This one has been finished in two practicums: 1) Assessment of the capacity of soil by a multi-criteria approach, using the Weighted Sum Model (WSM); 2) It brought to use the GIS approach to evaluate and spatialize degree of soil bearing stresses resulting from the buildings, as well as load distribution. The method has been applied to the Berhoum area of Hodna Basin, in eastern Algeria, where each is characterized by its various natural properties and density of equipment. Final results are better in the classification of the degree of load-carrying capacity possible in each site. This results in allowing exploiters to program their optimal designs for the rational management of the area.
Characterization and Valorization of Two Algerian Bentonites in the Waterproofing Systems  [PDF]
Messaouda Debieche, Farid Kaoua
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2014.55040

The interest in environment has recently considerably grown, and its protection is now included in the continuous action of the governments and the industries. In Algeria, the different types of waste are currently produced in almost 3.000 illegal dumps, occupying approximately 150.000 hectares. To overcome this problem, waterproofing sites prove the most appropriate solution. It is a geotechnical method to guard against the action of water by narrowing the flow of water through a surface in a given time. The site’s waterproofing technique, in the landfills sites, is nowadays a very necessary condition to protect the environment, which requires the use of appropriate materials. This work deals within the valorization of local materials (sand and bentonite), in the waterproofing technique of the technical landfills site “TLS”. To this end, two types of bentonites from the west of Algeria are used. In order to achieve an optimal mixture, ensuring good performance in terms of hydraulic conductivity, durability and shear strength, mixtures based of sand at different concentrations of bentonite, at compact state are prepared and studied. This study showed that a low permeability of mixture (sand/bentonite) can be achieved with introducing 8% of a calcium bentonite, against 6% of a sodium bentonite. The latter presents a great adsorption capacity and a self healing ability, compared to calcium bentonite. This gives a good sustainability against climate variations of mixture based on sodium bentonite. This mixture has also confered a good mechanical behavior, expressed by the recorded, reduction of the friction angle (Φ) and the increase of the cohesion (C). Therefore it represents an optimal mixture for waterproofing systems, due to its economical and ecological advantages.

On Classes of Matrices with Variants of the Diagonal Dominance Property  [PDF]
Farid O. Farid
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory (ALAMT) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/alamt.2017.72005
Abstract: We study the relations between several classes of matrices with variants of the diagonal dominance property, and identify those classes which form pairs of incomparable classes. For an incomparable pair (X1,X2) of classes of matrices with variants of the diagonal dominance property, we also study the problem of providing sufficient conditions for the matrices in Xi to be in Xj with {i,j}={1,2}. The article is a continuation of a series of articles on the topic and related topics by the author; see [1][2][3][4].
Beating the Drum of Third World War and the First Thermonuclear War: Religion, Democracy and Nuclear Weapon Acquisition as Gadflies  [PDF]
Fa Olasupo
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2015.51005
Abstract: Recently, two powerful personalities have raised issues of global concern, both of which point to the fact that the world is tacitly at WW III. For Pope Francis, conflicts around the globe today are effectively “piecemeal” World War III. For the heir to the British throne, Prince Charles, President Vladimir Putin is “doing just about the same as Hitler”. What informed these outbursts from these world leaders: Spiritual and the temporal? This paper is out to examine what informed these spiritual and royal outbursts.
3D Display System Based On Digital Holography Application In Making Cartoon Holography  [PDF]
Niveen Farid, Mohamed El Bahrawi
Engineering (ENG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2012.47045
Abstract: Holography is an interesting tool in creating real objects and scenes which can be projected anywhere with accurate details and depth impression. It is also found to be more attractive to the artists than other alternatives. For that reason, digital holography is being used as a display technology in cartoon movies. Since this application is dependent on the performance and the simplicity of the available display technology, it becomes very useful to improve the display technique in order to become fast, simple, and attractive by being combined with computer graphical effects. This paper discusses a simulation of a digital holographic model as a three dimensional (3D) display system and its application in making cartoon holography.
Early Post-Operative Complications in Surgeries Pertaining Oral and Maxillofacial Region in MNH, Tanzania  [PDF]
Karpal Singh Sohal, Farid Shubi
Surgical Science (SS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2015.610068
Abstract: The Oral and maxillofacial region is one of the complex regions of the body considering the vast anatomical structures that are found in this region; head and neck surgery has potential for many complications, yet inadequate information on occurrence of post-operative complications in oral and maxillofacial surgeries in our setting has been documented. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of common early post-operative complications after oral and maxillofacial surgery in relationship to the underlying systemic condition. A descriptive postoperative study was done whereby patients who underwent oral and maxillofacial surgery were included. The included patients were those who underwent surgery for different pathological conditions, trauma, developmental/congenital conditions and inflammatory conditions to mention few. Demographic data, complications developed within one week post operative, and underlying systemic comorbidities before and after surgery were documented and analysed. A total of 102 patients were included in the study. The mean age of participants was 30.00 ± 17.01 years with a range of 2 to 81 years. Majority 43.1% (n = 44) had benign tumors with a leading diagnosis of ameloblastoma. In general, the most common complications which were noted in the cases included Pain 98% (n = 100) and Post-operative Swelling 97.1% (n = 99). The presence of underlying systemic comorbid conditions has a significant role in occurrence of some severe complications. The occurrence of complications does increase the duration of stay in the hospital hence increasing cost of treatment for which bearers are both patients and the hospital.
Neonatal sepsis due to multidrug-resistant Klebsiella terrigena in the neonatal intensive care unit in Gaza, Palestine
Farid Elamreen
Critical Care , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/cc5991
Abstract: Blood taken from newborn babies admitted to the NICU at Alshifa Hospital, Gaza, Palestine with a clinical diagnosis of neonatal sepsis was cultured. A total of 355 positive blood cultures isolated from January to December 2005 were studied. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by disc diffusion method.A total of 355 blood cultures positive were studied; the most common organism found were Klebsiella spp. 202/355 (56.9%), and 56/202 (25.5%) were K. terrigena. K. terrigena showed a high degree of resistance to commonly used antibiotics (Ampicillin, Piperacillin, Cephalexin, Cefuroxime, Cefaclor and Gentamicin), a moderate degree of resistance to Cefotaxime, Ceftazidim, Ceftriaxone and Amikacin, and most of the isolates were sensitive to Meropenem.Neonatal sepsis remains one of the leading causes of neonatal admission, morbidity, and mortality in developing countries. Klebsiella spp. were the major cause of neonatal sepsis in Gaza in 2005. The rare Klebsiella species (K. terrigena) have developed multidrug resistance, and management of patients infected with them is becoming a problem in developing countries. There is a need to carefully formulate therapeutic strategies to control infections in NICUs.
The role of testosterone in type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome in men
Saad, Farid;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27302009000800002
Abstract: over the last three decades, it has become apparent that testosterone plays a significant role in glucose homeostasis and lipid metabolism. the metabolic syndrome is a clustering of risk factors predisposing to diabetes mellitus type 2, atherosclerosis and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. the main components of the syndrome are visceral obesity, insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, raised blood pressure and dyslipidemia (elevated triglycerides, low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol), and a pro-inflammatory and thrombogenic state. cross-sectional epidemiological studies have reported a direct correlation between plasma testosterone and insulin sensitivity, and low testosterone levels are associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, dramatically illustrated by androgen deprivation in men with prostate carcinoma. lower total testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin (shbg) predict a higher incidence of the metabolic syndrome. there is evidence that hypotestosteronemia should be an element in the definition of the metabolic syndrome since low levels of testosterone are associated with or predict the development of the metabolic syndrome and of diabetes mellitus. administration of testosterone to hypogonadal men reverses part of the unfavorable risk profile for the development of diabetes and atherosclerosis. so far, studies on the effects of normalization of testosterone in hypogonadal men on glucose homeostasis are limited, but convincing, and if diabetes mellitus is viewed in the context of the metabolic syndrome, the present results of testosterone treatment are very encouraging.
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