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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 144483 matches for " F. Masci "
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Comment on "Ultra Low Frequency (ULF) European multi station magnetic field analysis before and during the 2009 earthquake at L'Aquila regarding regional geotechnical information" by Prattes et al. (2011)
F. Masci
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) & Discussions (NHESSD) , 2012,
Abstract: Prattes et al. (2011) report ULF magnetic anomalous signals claiming them to be possibly precursor of the 6 April 2009 MW = 6.3 L'Aquila earthquake. This comment casts doubts on the possibility that the observed magnetic signatures could have a seismogenic origin by showing that these pre-earthquake signals are actually part of normal global geomagnetic activity.
Brief communication "On the recent reaffirmation of ULF magnetic earthquakes precursors"
F. Masci
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) & Discussions (NHESSD) , 2011, DOI: 10.5194/nhess-11-2193-2011
Abstract: Hayakawa et al. (2009) and Hayakawa (2011) have recently reviewed some "anomalous" ULF signatures in the geomagnetic field which previous publications have claimed to be earthquake precursors. The motivation of this review is "to offer a further support to the definite presence of those anomalies". Here, these ULF precursors are reviewed once again. This brief communication shows that the reviewed anomalies do not "increase the credibility on the presence of electromagnetic phenomena associated with an earthquake" since these anomalous signals are actually caused by normal geomagnetic activity. Furthermore, some of these ULF precursors have just been rebutted by previous publications.
On the multi-fractal characteristics of the ULF geomagnetic field before the 1993 Guam earthquake
F. Masci
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) & Discussions (NHESSD) , 2013, DOI: 10.5194/nhess-13-187-2013
Abstract: Ida et al. (2005) document significant changes in the multi-fractal parameters of the ULF geomagnetic field H component starting about one month before the 1993 Guam earthquake. According to the authors, these multi-fractal signatures can be considered as precursory signals of the Guam earthquake. As a consequence, they conclude that the multi-fractal analysis may have an important role in the development of short-term earthquake prediction capabilities. Since this and other similar reports have motivated the idea that earthquake prediction based on electromagnetic precursory signals may one day become a routine technique, the presumed precursors need to be validated through independent datasets. In this review the seismogenic origin of the multi-fractal magnetic signatures documented by Ida et al. (2005) before the 8 August 1993 Guam earthquake is seriously put into question. By means of the geomagnetic ΣKp index, it is demonstrated that these multi-fractal parameter changes are normal signals induced by the variation of the global geomagnetic activity level.
Brief communication "Further comments on the ionospheric precursor of the 1999 Hector Mine earthquake"
F. Masci
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) & Discussions (NHESSD) , 2013, DOI: 10.5194/nhess-13-193-2013
Abstract: Pulinets et al. (2007) document anomalous changes in the ionospheric total electron content (TEC) starting one week before the 16 October 1999 Hector Mine earthquake. The authors maintain that this TEC anomalous change is a precursor of the subsequent earthquake. In a previous paper, Afraimovich et al. (2004) excluded that TEC variations, which occurred before the Hector Mine earthquake, were induced by the preparation process of the seismic event. Thomas et al. (2012) reach similar conclusions by performing new analyses of the same TEC data which were investigated by Pulinets et al. (2007). They show that the TEC changes documented by Pulinets et al. (2007) are not anomalous but normal variations on global scale, and, therefore, these changes are not related to the localised seismic activity of the Hector Mine area. This paper confirms the results of Afraimovich et al. (2004) and Thomas et al. (2012). Through the use of geomagnetic indices time series it is shown that the presumed precursor of Pulinets et al. (2007) was a normal TEC variation induced by solar-terrestrial interaction.
Algorithms for the inversion of lidar signals: Rayleigh-Mie measurements in the stratosphere
F. Masci
Annals of Geophysics , 1999, DOI: 10.4401/ag-3701
Abstract: We report the features and the performances of the algorithms, developed at the Lidar Station of L'Aquila, for retrieving atmospheric parameters and constituents from elastic lidar signals. The algorithm for ozone retrieving is discussed in detail and checked with model lidar signals to take into account the numerical distortion on the profile. The performances of the aerosol backscattering ratio algorithm that includes the transmission loss due to the aerosol extinction are evaluated. A new algorithm developed to retrieve atmospheric temperature profiles from elastic lidar returns in the altitude range 30-90 km is also examined in detail.
The 1755 earthquake in the Algarve (South of Portugal): what would happen nowadays?
F. Masci, P. Palangio,M. Di Persio
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO) , 2008,
Abstract: The Italian Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) tectonomagnetic network was installed in Central Italy since the middle of 1989 to investigate possible magnetic anomalies related to earthquakes. The network is part of the INGV L'Aquila Geomagnetic Observatory and is located in an area extending approximately in latitude range [41.6°–42.8°] N and longitude range [13.0°–14.3°] E. Actually the network consists of four stations where the total magnetic field intensity data are collected using proton precession magnetometers. New stations will be added to the network starting from the end of 2007. Here we are reporting the whole data set of the network's stations for the period 2004–2006. No significant anomaly in the local geomagnetic field correlated to the seismic activity has been found. Some considerations about misleading structures present in the data sets are reported.
Magnetic anomalies possibly linked to local low seismicity
F. Masci, P. Palangio,M. Di Persio
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) & Discussions (NHESSD) , 2009,
Abstract: During the last twenty years a time-synchronized network of magnetometers has operated in Central Italy along the Apennine chain to monitor the magnetic field anomalies eventually related to the tectonic activity. At present time the network consists of five stations. In the past only few anomalies in the local geomagnetic field, possibly associated to earthquakes, has been observed, not least because the network area has shown a low-moderate seismic activity with the epicentres of the few events with Ml≥5 located away from the network station. During 2007 two Ml≈4 earthquakes occurred in proximity of two stations of the network. Here we report the magnetic anomalies in the geomagnetic field that could be related with these tectonic events. To better investigate these two events a study of ULF (ultra-low-frequency) emissions has been carried out on the geomagnetic field components H, D, and Z measured in L'Aquila Observatory during the period from January 2006 to December 2008. We want to stress that this paper refers to the period before the 2009 L'Aquila seismic sequence which main shock (Ml=5.8) of 6 April heavily damaged the medieval centre of the city and surroundings. At present time the analysis of the 2009 data is in progress.
The INGV tectonomagnetic network: 2004–2005 preliminary dataset analysis
F. Masci,P. Palangio,A. Meloni
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) & Discussions (NHESSD) , 2006,
Abstract: It is well established that earthquakes and volcanic eruption can produce small variations in the local geomagnetic field. The Italian Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) tectonomagnetic network was installed in Central Italy since 1989 to investigate possible effects on the local geomagnetic field related to earthquakes occurrences. At the present time, total geomagnetic field intensity data are collected in four stations using proton precession magnetometers. We report the complete dataset for the period of years 2004–2005. The data of each station are differentiated respect to the data of the other stations in order to detect local field anomalies removing the contributions from the other sources, external and internal to the Earth. Unfortunately, no correlation between geomagnetic anomalies and the local seismic activity, recorded in Central Italy by the INGV Italian Seismic National Network, was found in this period. Some deceptive structures present in the differentiated data are pointed out.
Disruption of Spectrin-Like Cytoskeleton in Differentiating Keratinocytes by PKCδ Activation Is Associated with Phosphorylated Adducin
Kong-Nan Zhao, Paul P. Masci, Martin F. Lavin
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0028267
Abstract: Spectrin is a central component of the cytoskeletal protein network in a variety of erythroid and non-erythroid cells. In keratinocytes, this protein has been shown to be pericytoplasmic and plasma membrane associated, but its characteristics and function have not been established in these cells. Here we demonstrate that spectrin increases dramatically in amount and is assembled into the cytoskeleton during differentiation in mouse and human keratinocytes. The spectrin-like cytoskeleton was predominantly organized in the granular and cornified layers of the epidermis and disrupted by actin filament inhibitors, but not by anti-mitotic drugs. When the cytoskeleton was disrupted PKCδ was activated by phosphorylation on Thr505. Specific inhibition of PKCδ(Thr505) activation with rottlerin prevented disruption of the spectrin-like cytoskeleton and the associated morphological changes that accompany differentiation. Rottlerin also inhibited specific phosphorylation of the PKCδ substrate adducin, a cytoskeletal protein. Furthermore, knock-down of endogenous adducin affected not only expression of adducin, but also spectrin and PKCδ, and severely disrupted organization of the spectrin-like cytoskeleton and cytoskeletal distribution of both adducin and PKCδ. These results demonstrate that organization of a spectrin-like cytoskeleton is associated with keratinocytes differentiation, and disruption of this cytoskeleton is mediated by either PKCδ(Thr505) phosphorylation associated with phosphorylated adducin or due to reduction of endogenous adducin, which normally connects and stabilizes the spectrin-actin complex.
The INGV tectonomagnetic network
P. Palangio, F. Masci, M. Di Persio,C. Di Lorenzo
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO) , 2008,
Abstract: We are reporting the technological and scientific objectives of the MEM project. The MEM project has been activated in the INGV Observatory of L'Aquila to create in Central Italy a network of observatories in order to monitoring the electromagnetic signals in the frequency band [0.001 Hz–100 kHz]. Some examples of the instrumentation developed in the frame of the project are reported. An innovative technique, based on the wide band interferometry is proposed to obtain detailed information concerning the several detected electromagnetic sources. Moreover, data from each station will be elaborated to investigate different sectors as the structure of ground electric conductibility, the electromagnetic phenomena connected with seismic activity, the separation of the electromagnetic fields originated in the Earth's interior and the electromagnetic phenomena originated in the magnetosphere, in the ionosphere and in the Earth-ionosphere cavity.
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